Volume: 8 Issue: 2, 7/31/22

Year: 2022

The Journal of Tourism Theory and Research is a periodical devoted specifically to scientific principles to improve tourism theories and researches. The journal publishes research and review articles, reports from the tourism field, discussions, and book reviews on the topics that are critical to today's tourism education and sector practitioners, operations managers, and human resource professionals.

The Journal of Tourism Theory and Research focuses on specific topics such as:
Alternative Tourism
Consumer Behavior in Tourism
Destination Management
Gastronomy and Culinary Arts
HRM in Tourism
International Tourism
Leisure studies
Organizational Behavior in Tourism
Recreation Management
Social Media in Tourism
Tourism and Environment
Tourism Economics
Tourism Education
Tourism Ethics
Tourism Geography
Tourism Guidance
Tourism History
Tourism Law
Tourism Management
Tourism Marketing
Tourism Planning
Tourism Sociology
Tourism and Sport
Tourist Behavior
Travel and Transportation

Manuscript Submission

JTTR receives all manuscript submissions electronically, only online at https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jttr Preparing a manuscript that follows the guidelines concerning length, style, and acceptable file formats will facilitate the evaluation process. Authors must have an account to sign into JTTR manuscript submission and information portal at http://dergipark.gov.tr/jttr If not have an account, Authors will need to create one, but then can use this account for any future submissions to JTTR. All manuscripts must be submitted in 3 MS Word documents separately such as; Cover page, including authors information (name, title, institution, country, e-mail), Title and Abstract page and Main text

Preparation of Manuscript

Manuscripts should have “Title”, “Abstract”, “Keywords”, “Main text”, “References”.

Title: The title of manuscripts should be no more than 120 characters (including spaces).

Abstract: The Abstract of the manuscript should explain to the general reader why the research was done, what was found, and why the results are important. The abstract should be min. 100-max 125 words and includes the purpose and scope of the study, research method, and result and contain no references. The abstract is not divided into sub-headings.

Keywords: Immediately after the abstract, manuscripts should have min 3, max 5 keywords.

Main text: The main text of the manuscript includes literature, method, findings, results, and discussion, conclusion, and implications. It can be divided into sub-headings. Max. three levels of subheadings may be used if warranted; please distinguish them clearly. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. The manuscript should start with a brief introduction describing the paper’s importance and significance. The introduction should provide readers with the background information needed to understand the study and the reasons why the authors conducted its experiments. Technical and vocational terms, symbols, abbreviations, and acronyms should be defined the first time they are used.

Literature: This subsection will be the longest of the introduction which contains prior research studies relevant to the current study. 

Method: The method section is to provide a detailed description of how the study was conducted, and include scales, data gathered, and analysis types.

Findings: The findings of the research should be included in a separate section of the article, as it is the only section that contains data and results of the analysis.

Results: In this section, only findings should be described without discussion of their significance. Results are typically presented with no duplication of information in the text.

Discussion: The largest part of interpreting and discussing the research findings should be reserved for this section. Authors compare or contrast the results with findings from previous and similar studies.

Manuscript Format

The main text of the manuscript should ideally be no more than 6000 words (not including Abstract, References, Tables, and figure legends). The main text of manuscripts should be typewritten using Times New Roman font (11-point size) and double-spaced on an A-4 size paper with at least 2.5 cm margins.

Table and Figure

All tables and figures should be cited in numerical order. Table and Figures of manuscripts should be typewritten using Times New Roman font (10-point size) and single-spaced. All figures include relevant captions and begin each figure caption with a label, “Figure 1.”, above the figure. All tables include a title which begins each table caption with a label “Table 1.” above the table, description, footnote, and source are below the table. Tables and Figures should present new information rather than duplicating what is in the text.


The journal uses the APA-American Psychological Association’s format (6th edition) for bibliographic citations. Explanatory material will be presented in endnotes. See APA 06 for information about APA. All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text. References to unpublished materials are not allowed to substantiate significant conclusions of the paper.

Publication Ethics
Journal of Tourism Theory and Research is a double-blind peer-reviewed online international journal that publishes original research papers. JTTR welcomes submissions related to academic and scientific practices, approaches, applied research studies, critical reviews on major issues, development of new technologies and tools in tourism in English. JTTR will only publish articles in English from 2021 onwards.
The JTTR is loyal to open access for academic work. All the original articles and review papers are free to access immediately from the date of publication. JTTR doesn’t charge any fees for any reader to download articles and reviews for their own scholarly use. There are no submission fees or page charges for this journal. 
The ethical principles and rules below have been prepared according to the '' Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors '' directive of the Committee on Publication Ethics - (https://publicationethics.org/files/Code_of_conduct_for_journal_editors_Mar11.pdf). Based on these ethical principles and rules, the ethical responsibilities, roles, and duties of the editor with publisher, referees, authors, and reader are explained.

General duties and responsibilities of editors
Editors are accountable for; 
• Meeting the needs of readers and writers' academic publications
• Continually improving JTTR;
• The implementation of processes to ensure the quality of the material they publish,
• The freedom of expression;
• Maintaining the integrity of the academic record,
• Precluding business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards,
• Publishing corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when needed.

Relationships with readers
• Readers know the institution and fund contribution rate that finances research published in the journal.

Relations with authors
• Editors make the decision to accept or reject an article for publication, in terms of the importance of the article, its originality, and compliance with journal rules.
• Editors do not reject submissions unless serious issues are identified.
• Sustainable editorial management is applied in the journal. Even if the editor changes, the decisions made by the previous editor do not change.
• Double-blind review is applied in the journal. And Authors can object to the editorial decision. Editors guide the authors on every topic expected of them. 

Relations with editors
• The editors guide every issue the referees need through updated guides.
• The editors ask the reviewers to be notified of any conflict of interest with authors before making reviews.
• Editors have systems to ensure that peer reviews' identities (both reviewer and author) are protected.

Relations with editorial board members
• Editors provide new information to members of the editorial board and provide information and support on new policies and developments.
• Relations with journal owners and publishers
• Editors act on the principle of editorial independence without being influenced by publishers and make the decision to publish the article for the development of the journal itself.
• The editors have a written contract that determines their relationship with the publisher in accordance with the COPE Code of Conduct.

Editorial and peer review processes
• Editors have systems to ensure that material submitted to their journal remains confidential and they strive to ensure that peer review at their journal is fair, unbiased, and timely.

Protecting individual data 
• Editors obey laws on confidentiality in their own jurisdiction.
• However, they strive to protect personal rights and ensure confidentiality in article data, such as the privacy information of reviewers and authors.

Encouraging ethical research (e.g. research involving humans or animals)
• Editors endeavor to ensure that research they publish was carried out according to the relevant internationally accepted guidelines (e.g. the Declaration of Helsinki for clinical research, the AERA, and BERA guidelines for educational research).
• Editors seek assurances that all research has been approved by an appropriate body (e.g. research ethics committee, institutional review board) where one exists. However, editors recognize that such approval does not guarantee that the research is ethical.

Dealing with possible misconduct
• Editors can decide whatever they suspect about the article. In this case, it follows the process to the end. This duty extends to both published and unpublished papers.
• Editors follow the COPE flowcharts where applicable. 
• Editors first seek a response from those suspected of misconduct. And then, they ask the relevant institution, others, or some appropriate body to investigate.
• Editors make all reasonable efforts to ensure that a proper investigation into alleged misconduct is conducted.

Ensuring the integrity of the academic record
• Errors, inaccurate or misleading statements are corrected promptly and with due prominence.
• Editors follow the COPE guidelines on retractions

Intellectual property
• Editors work with their publishers on intellectual property rights issues.

Encouraging debate
• Editors welcome all positive or negative reviews for articles published in the journal and share them with their authors.

• Editors respond quickly to complaints. Complainants who are not satisfied with the editor's responses contact the editorial board, chief editor, or publisher.

Commercial considerations
• In the journal, the editorial operations are carried out independently, without being affected by advertisement and sponsor support.

Conflicts of interest
• Editors, including themselves, have a conflict of the interest management system with the editorial board, referees, authors, and journal staff.
• For this, the JTTR requests a "conflict of interest statement" from all parties.

Relations with reviewers
• The editor appoints the referees (considering the referee's knowledge and expertise) appropriate to the subject of the article and ensures that they make an objective review.
• Editors need to know that there are no conflicts of interest between the authors and the reviewers.
• The editors provide the reviewers with a guide to the article evaluation process and convey all the necessary information.
• According to a double-blind review, the editor keeps the information of the referees and authors confidential in the article evaluation process and does not share them in any way.
• Referees are grouped according to their article evaluation performances and encouraged accordingly.
• Practices and policies that increase the performance of the reviewers are determined.
• A list of reviewers is created based on the constantly updated and increasing performance score.
• Reviewers who do not perform their duties in a timely manner and do not make scientific and objective evaluations are removed from the list. Likewise, those who make disrespectful and unqualified reviews and evaluations are also removed from the list.

Ethical Responsibilities of Authors
• The articles sent to JTTR must be original studies in the social sciences and educational sciences.
• It should be noted that the articles submitted to the journal are not sent to another journal and the Copyright Transfer Form (https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jttr) must be filled.
• All citations (authors, online pages, personal interviews, etc.) used in the articles should be cited correctly and appropriately. According to the citation method adopted by the journal; citation-bibliography matching should be done.
• The names of the people who do not contribute to the article should not be written as a writer, it should not be suggested to change the author's order of an article, to remove a writer, or to add an author.
• Conflicts of interest regarding the submitted article should be stated and the reason should be explained.
• In the evaluation process, if the author (s) are asked for information about their articles or raw data, they should present the expected information to the editors.
• The authors should document that they have the participants' consent and the permissions related to the sharing and research of the data that are used.
• Authors should contact the editor to provide information, correct, or withdraw it when they notice the article's error in the stages before its publication.
• The authors received the ethics committee approval for experimental, questionnaire, scale, interview, observation, focus group work that requires ethical committee decision in quantitative or qualitative research; Ethics committee name, decision date, and number should be specified on the first page and method section of the article (footer), and upload the ethics committee document to the system.
• Ethics committee approval is not required from authors for review articles. However, in articles that do not require an ethical committee decision, it should be stated that the ethical committee decision is not required on the first page of the article (footer) and in the method section.
• Authors should present proof of their ethical principles regarding data (such as obtaining permission for others' scale, questionnaire, photograph etc.) in the article. It should be noted that the articles comply with copyright regulations for research and publication ethics and intellectual and artistic works. It should be reported that researches on human and animal subjects are carried out in accordance with international papers, guidelines, etc.

Ethical Responsibilities of Reviewers
In the JTTR article evaluation process, the principle of double-blind review, in which the authors and the referees do not know each other, is applied, reviewers cannot communicate directly with the authors; the correction requests and notes specified in the article evaluation forms are sent to the authors by the editors through the journal management system. The reviewers registered in JTTR have the following ethical responsibilities;
• Reviewers should only agree to evaluate articles related to their specialty.
• Reviewers should evaluate the article in neutrality and confidentiality.
• Reviewers are expected not to evaluate articles with conflicts of interest. Reviewers should inform the editor about articles with any conflict of interest and abandon the review of the related article.
• Reviewers should evaluate the article within due time.
• Reviewers should make the assessment in a constructive, gentle language and in an academic style. Never make insulting or humiliating personal comments in the evaluation.
• Reviewers should never use the article data and results they evaluated before it is published.
• Reviewers should not write their own personal information (name, institution, etc.) in the article evaluation forms.

Ethical Responsibilities of Publisher
• The publisher acknowledges that the decision-maker and the refereeing process are the responsibility of the editor during the article publishing process in JTTR.
• The publisher provides open and free access to the journal's web page.

Notification of unethical behavior and situation
If it is noticed any behavior or situation in JTTR that does not comply with ethical principles regarding people, articles, processes and other issues, please email to journalttr@gmail.com

There are no subscription fees or pay-per-view fees or publishing fees in this journal.