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Year 2013, Volume 9, Issue 2, 461 - 469, 28.10.2013

Abstract

The Adaptation of the Romantic Beliefs Scale: Validity and Reliability Studies. The purpose of this study is to adapt the Romantic Beliefs Scale which was originally developed by Sprecher and Metts to Turkish and investigate the validity and reliability of the scale. The data was collected from 957 (559 girls, 398 boys) university students enrolled in 4 faculties (Arts & Sciences, Education, Engineering, and Economics & Administrative Sciences) at Mersin University. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the construct validity of the scale. Results of the study indicated that the scale composed of 4 factors namely, “Love Finds a Way”, “One and Only”, “Idealization”, and “Love at First Sight”. The results also showed that internal consistency coefficients of the factors as estimated by Cronbach Alpha were satisfactory.

References

  • Baucom, D. H., Epstein, N., Sayers, S. ve Sher, G. (1989). The role of cognition in marital relationships: Definitional, methodological and conceptual issues. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 31-38.
  • Bentler, P. M. (1995). EQS structural equations program manual. Encino, CA: Multivariate Software.
  • Bentler, P. M. (1990). Comparative fit indexes in structural models. Psychological Bulletin, 107, 238-246.
  • Bollen, K. A. (1989). Structural equations with latent variables. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Bradbury, T. N. ve Fincham, F. D. (1988). Individual difference variables in close relationships: A contextual model of marriage as an integrative framework. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(4), 713-21.
  • Creasey, G. ve Ladd, A. (2004). Negative mood regulation expectancies and conflict behaviors in late adolescent college student romantic relationships: The moderating role of generalized attachment representations. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 14(2), 235–255.
  • Connolly, J. A. ve Konarski, R. (1994). Peer self-concept in adolescence: Analysis of factor structure and of associations with peer experience. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 4, 385-403.
  • Davies, M. F. (2006). Irrational beliefs and unconditional self-acceptance. I. Correlational evidence linking two key features of REBT. Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 24(2), 113-124.
  • DeBord, J., Romans, J. S .C. ve Krieshok, T. (1996). Predicting dyadic adjustment from general and relationship-specific beliefs. Journal of Psychology, 130, 263-280.
  • Duck, S. ve Wright, P. H. (1993). Reexamining gender differences in same gender friendships: A close look at two kinds of data. Sex Roles, 28, 709-727.
  • Erikson, E. H. (1994). Identity: Youth and crisis. New York: W.W. Norton and Co.
  • Figueredo, A. J., Sefcek, J. A. ve Jones, D. N. (2006). The ideal romantic partner personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 41, 431-441.
  • Furman, W. (2002). The emerging field of adolescent romantic relationships. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 177-180.
  • Gizir, C. A. (2012). İlişki İnançları Ölçeği’nin uyarlanması: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışmaları. Mersin Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 8(2), 37-45.
  • Green, J. D., Campbell, W. K. ve Davis, J. L. (2007). Ghosts from the past: An examination of romantic relationships and self-discrepancy. The Journal of Social Psychology, 147, 243-264.
  • Hendrick, S. S. ve Hendrick, C. (1995). Gender differences and similarities in sex and love. Personal Relationships, 2, 55–
  • Honeycutt, J. ve Cantrill, J. (2001). Cognition, communication and romantic relationships. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Jones, W. H., Freemon, J. E. ve Goswick, R. A. (1981). The persistence of loneliness: Self and other determinants. Journal of Personality, 49(1), 27-48.
  • Jöreskog, K. ve Sörbom, D. (1993). Structural equation modeling with the SIMPLIS command language. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrance Erlbaum Associates.
  • Jöreskog, K. ve Sörbom, D. (1989). LISREL 7 user’s reference guide. Chicago: Scientific Software.
  • Kanemasa, Y., Taniguchi, J. ve Daibo, I. (2004). Love styles and roomantic love experiences in Japan. Social Behavior and Personality, 32(3), 265-282.
  • Kline, R. B. (1998). Principles and practices of structural equation modeling. New York: The Guilford Press.
  • Knee, C. R. (1998). Implicit theories of relationships: Assessment and prediction of romantic relationship initiation, coping and longevity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 360-370.
  • Kuttler, A. F. ve Greca, A. M. L. (2004). Linkages among adolescent girls’ romantic relationships, best friendships and peer networks. Journal of Adolescence, 27, 395-414.
  • Q’sullivan, F. C., Cheng, M. M., Harris, M. H. ve Brooks-Gunn, J. (2007). I wanna hold your hand: The progression of social, romantic and sexual events in adolescent relationships. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 39(2), 100-107.
  • Raley, R. K. ve Sullivan, M. K. (2010). Social-contextual influences on adolescent romantic involvement: The constarnints of being a numerical minority. Sociological Spectrum, 30, 65-89.
  • Schumacker, R. E. ve Lomax, R. G. (1996). A Beginner’s Guide to Structural equation Modeling. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.
  • Sharp, E. A. ve Ganong, L. H. (2000). Raising awareness about marital expectations: Are unrealistic beliefs changed by integrative teaching? Family Relations, 49, 71-76.
  • Shi, L. (2003). The association between adult attachment styles and conflict resolution in romantic relationships. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 31, 143-157.
  • Sprecher, S., Cate, R. ve Levin, L. (1998). Parental divorce and young adults' beliefs about love. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 28(3), 107-120.
  • Sprecher, S., & Metts, S. (1999). Romantic beliefs: Their influence on relationships and patterns of change over time. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 16, 834-851.
  • Sprecher, S., & Metts, S. (1989). Development of the Romantic Beliefs Scale and examination of the effects of gender and gender-role orientation. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 6, 387-411.
  • Steiger, J. H. (1990). Structural model evaluation and modification: An interval estimation approach. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 25, 173-180.
  • Sternberg, R. J. (1986). A triangular theory of love. Psychological Review, 93(2), 119-135.
  • Tanaka, J. S. ve Huba, G. J. (1984). Confirmatory hierarchical factor analyses of psychological distress measures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 621-635.
  • Weaver, S. E. ve Ganong, L. H. (2004). The factor structure of the Romantic Beliefs Scale for African Americans and European Americans. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 21(2), 171-185.
  • Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J. (2002). The development of romantic relationships and adaptations in the system of peer relationships. The Journal of Adolescent Health, 31, 216-225.
  • Zuroff, D. C. ve Lorimier, S. (1989). Ideal end actual romantic partners of women varying in dependency and self- criticism. Journal of Personality, 57(4), 825-846.

Romantik İnançlar Ölçeği’nin Uyarlanması: Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışmaları

Year 2013, Volume 9, Issue 2, 461 - 469, 28.10.2013

Abstract

Bu araştırmanın amacı, Sprecher ve Metts (1989) tarafından geliştirilen Romantik İnançlar Ölçeği’ni Türkçe’ye uyarlayarak geçerlik ve güvenirliğini incelemektir. Araştırmanın verileri, Mersin Üniversitesi’nde bulunan Eğitim, Fen-Edebiyat, İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler ile Mühendislik Fakültelerinde öğrenim gören 957 (559 kız, 398 erkek) üniversite öğrencisinden elde edilmiştir. Ölçeğin yapı geçerliğini sınamak üzere açıklayıcı ve doğrulayıcı faktör analizi yöntemleri kullanılmıştır. Bulgular, ölçeğin  “aşk bir yol bulur“, ‘ilk ve tek“, ‘idealleştirme“ ve “ilk görüşte aşk“ olarak adlandırılan 4 faktörden oluştuğunu göstermiştir. Cronbach alfa güvenirlik katsayısı ile hesaplanan ölçeğin iç tutarlığına ilişkin bulgular da ölçeğin güvenirliğinin yeterli düzeyde olduğuna işaret etmiştir.

References

  • Baucom, D. H., Epstein, N., Sayers, S. ve Sher, G. (1989). The role of cognition in marital relationships: Definitional, methodological and conceptual issues. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 31-38.
  • Bentler, P. M. (1995). EQS structural equations program manual. Encino, CA: Multivariate Software.
  • Bentler, P. M. (1990). Comparative fit indexes in structural models. Psychological Bulletin, 107, 238-246.
  • Bollen, K. A. (1989). Structural equations with latent variables. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Bradbury, T. N. ve Fincham, F. D. (1988). Individual difference variables in close relationships: A contextual model of marriage as an integrative framework. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(4), 713-21.
  • Creasey, G. ve Ladd, A. (2004). Negative mood regulation expectancies and conflict behaviors in late adolescent college student romantic relationships: The moderating role of generalized attachment representations. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 14(2), 235–255.
  • Connolly, J. A. ve Konarski, R. (1994). Peer self-concept in adolescence: Analysis of factor structure and of associations with peer experience. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 4, 385-403.
  • Davies, M. F. (2006). Irrational beliefs and unconditional self-acceptance. I. Correlational evidence linking two key features of REBT. Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 24(2), 113-124.
  • DeBord, J., Romans, J. S .C. ve Krieshok, T. (1996). Predicting dyadic adjustment from general and relationship-specific beliefs. Journal of Psychology, 130, 263-280.
  • Duck, S. ve Wright, P. H. (1993). Reexamining gender differences in same gender friendships: A close look at two kinds of data. Sex Roles, 28, 709-727.
  • Erikson, E. H. (1994). Identity: Youth and crisis. New York: W.W. Norton and Co.
  • Figueredo, A. J., Sefcek, J. A. ve Jones, D. N. (2006). The ideal romantic partner personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 41, 431-441.
  • Furman, W. (2002). The emerging field of adolescent romantic relationships. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 177-180.
  • Gizir, C. A. (2012). İlişki İnançları Ölçeği’nin uyarlanması: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışmaları. Mersin Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 8(2), 37-45.
  • Green, J. D., Campbell, W. K. ve Davis, J. L. (2007). Ghosts from the past: An examination of romantic relationships and self-discrepancy. The Journal of Social Psychology, 147, 243-264.
  • Hendrick, S. S. ve Hendrick, C. (1995). Gender differences and similarities in sex and love. Personal Relationships, 2, 55–
  • Honeycutt, J. ve Cantrill, J. (2001). Cognition, communication and romantic relationships. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Jones, W. H., Freemon, J. E. ve Goswick, R. A. (1981). The persistence of loneliness: Self and other determinants. Journal of Personality, 49(1), 27-48.
  • Jöreskog, K. ve Sörbom, D. (1993). Structural equation modeling with the SIMPLIS command language. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrance Erlbaum Associates.
  • Jöreskog, K. ve Sörbom, D. (1989). LISREL 7 user’s reference guide. Chicago: Scientific Software.
  • Kanemasa, Y., Taniguchi, J. ve Daibo, I. (2004). Love styles and roomantic love experiences in Japan. Social Behavior and Personality, 32(3), 265-282.
  • Kline, R. B. (1998). Principles and practices of structural equation modeling. New York: The Guilford Press.
  • Knee, C. R. (1998). Implicit theories of relationships: Assessment and prediction of romantic relationship initiation, coping and longevity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 360-370.
  • Kuttler, A. F. ve Greca, A. M. L. (2004). Linkages among adolescent girls’ romantic relationships, best friendships and peer networks. Journal of Adolescence, 27, 395-414.
  • Q’sullivan, F. C., Cheng, M. M., Harris, M. H. ve Brooks-Gunn, J. (2007). I wanna hold your hand: The progression of social, romantic and sexual events in adolescent relationships. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 39(2), 100-107.
  • Raley, R. K. ve Sullivan, M. K. (2010). Social-contextual influences on adolescent romantic involvement: The constarnints of being a numerical minority. Sociological Spectrum, 30, 65-89.
  • Schumacker, R. E. ve Lomax, R. G. (1996). A Beginner’s Guide to Structural equation Modeling. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.
  • Sharp, E. A. ve Ganong, L. H. (2000). Raising awareness about marital expectations: Are unrealistic beliefs changed by integrative teaching? Family Relations, 49, 71-76.
  • Shi, L. (2003). The association between adult attachment styles and conflict resolution in romantic relationships. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 31, 143-157.
  • Sprecher, S., Cate, R. ve Levin, L. (1998). Parental divorce and young adults' beliefs about love. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 28(3), 107-120.
  • Sprecher, S., & Metts, S. (1999). Romantic beliefs: Their influence on relationships and patterns of change over time. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 16, 834-851.
  • Sprecher, S., & Metts, S. (1989). Development of the Romantic Beliefs Scale and examination of the effects of gender and gender-role orientation. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 6, 387-411.
  • Steiger, J. H. (1990). Structural model evaluation and modification: An interval estimation approach. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 25, 173-180.
  • Sternberg, R. J. (1986). A triangular theory of love. Psychological Review, 93(2), 119-135.
  • Tanaka, J. S. ve Huba, G. J. (1984). Confirmatory hierarchical factor analyses of psychological distress measures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 621-635.
  • Weaver, S. E. ve Ganong, L. H. (2004). The factor structure of the Romantic Beliefs Scale for African Americans and European Americans. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 21(2), 171-185.
  • Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J. (2002). The development of romantic relationships and adaptations in the system of peer relationships. The Journal of Adolescent Health, 31, 216-225.
  • Zuroff, D. C. ve Lorimier, S. (1989). Ideal end actual romantic partners of women varying in dependency and self- criticism. Journal of Personality, 57(4), 825-846.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Müzeyyen KÜÇÜKARSLAN This is me


Cem GİZİR>

0000-0002-1928-781X

Publication Date October 28, 2013
Published in Issue Year 2013, Volume 9, Issue 2

Cite

APA Küçükarslan, M. & Gizir, C. (2013). Romantik İnançlar Ölçeği’nin Uyarlanması: Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışmaları . Mersin Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi , 9 (2) , 461-469 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/mersinefd/issue/17383/181561

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