Year 2020, Volume 9 , Issue 3, Pages 1731 - 1749 2020-07-21

Maslow’un İhtiyaçlar Hiyerarşisinin Genç Bireylerin Yaşam Tarzları İle Girişimcilik Niyetleri Açısından İncelenmesi

İbrahim DURMUŞ [1]


Günümüzde bireyler yaşam tarzları gereği çeşitli girişimsel faaliyetleri ihtiyaçları doğrultusunda gerçekleştirebilmektedirler. Özellikle genç bireyler teknolojik gelişmelere bağlı olarak sürekli değişen ekonomik ve sosyo-kültürel çevrede girişimcilik niyetleri farklılık gösterebilmektedir. Bu açıdan çalışma ile henüz eğitimi devam eden veya beş yıla kadar tamamlamış olan genç bireylerin yaşam tarzı değişkenlerinin (kendine özgü olmak, çeşitlilik aramak ve fikir liderliği yapmak) girişimcilik niyetleri üzerindeki etkileri ve girişimcilik niyetlerinin de Maslow’un ihtiyaçlar hiyerarşisi üzerindeki etkileri ölçülmeye çalışılmıştır. Daha önce gerçekleştirilen çalışmalarda genellikle Maslow’un ihtiyaçlar hiyerarşisi kendi içerisindeki değişkenler ile veya derecelendirme seviyelerine göre incelenmiştir. Ayrıca birçok çalışmada bu hiyerarşi bağımsız değişken olarak değerlendirmeye koyulmuştur. Uygulamada daha önceki çalışmalardan farklı olarak hiyerarşik yapı derecelendirilerek değil bir bütün halinde ve bağımlı değişken olarak incelemeye alınmıştır. Yani uygulamada genç bireylerin yaşam tarzı değişkenlerinin girişimcilik niyeti üzerindeki etkisi ve girişimcilik niyetlerinin de ihtiyaçlar hiyerarşisi üzerindeki etkileri araştırılmıştır. Çalışmada sadece bireylerin çeşitlilik aramaları değişkeninde anlamlı ilişki elde edilmemiş, diğer bütün değişkenler arasında anlamlı ilişkilere ulaşılmıştır. Uygulama sonuçlarında genç bireylerin kendine özgü olmalarının ve fikir liderliği yapmalarının girişimcilik niyetlerini pozitif olarak etkilediği görülmüştür. Çalışmada ayrıca genç bireylerin girişimcilik niyetlerinin fizyolojik ihtiyaçlarını, güvenlik ihtiyaçlarını, ait olma ihtiyaçlarını, saygı ihtiyaçlarını ve kendilerini gerçekleştirme ihtiyaçlarını pozitif olarak etkilediği sonuçlarına ulaşılmıştır. 

Yaşam Tarzı Değişkenleri, Girişimcilik Niyeti, İhtiyaçlar Hiyerarşisi
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Social
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-3872-2258
Author: İbrahim DURMUŞ
Institution: GÜMÜŞHANE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, GÜMÜŞHANE MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU, FİNANS BANKACILIK VE SİGORTACILIK BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : July 21, 2020

Bibtex @research article { mjss565309, journal = {MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi}, issn = {1694-7215}, address = {Chyngyz Aytmatov Campus, 720038, Djal, Bishkek, KYRGYZSTAN}, publisher = {Kyrgyz-Turkish Manas University}, year = {2020}, volume = {9}, pages = {1731 - 1749}, doi = {10.33206/mjss.565309}, title = {Maslow’un İhtiyaçlar Hiyerarşisinin Genç Bireylerin Yaşam Tarzları İle Girişimcilik Niyetleri Açısından İncelenmesi}, key = {cite}, author = {Durmuş, İbrahim} }
APA Durmuş, İ . (2020). Maslow’un İhtiyaçlar Hiyerarşisinin Genç Bireylerin Yaşam Tarzları İle Girişimcilik Niyetleri Açısından İncelenmesi . MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi , 9 (3) , 1731-1749 . DOI: 10.33206/mjss.565309
MLA Durmuş, İ . "Maslow’un İhtiyaçlar Hiyerarşisinin Genç Bireylerin Yaşam Tarzları İle Girişimcilik Niyetleri Açısından İncelenmesi" . MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 9 (2020 ): 1731-1749 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/mjss/issue/56124/565309>
Chicago Durmuş, İ . "Maslow’un İhtiyaçlar Hiyerarşisinin Genç Bireylerin Yaşam Tarzları İle Girişimcilik Niyetleri Açısından İncelenmesi". MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 9 (2020 ): 1731-1749
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Maslow’un İhtiyaçlar Hiyerarşisinin Genç Bireylerin Yaşam Tarzları İle Girişimcilik Niyetleri Açısından İncelenmesi AU - İbrahim Durmuş Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.33206/mjss.565309 DO - 10.33206/mjss.565309 T2 - MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1731 EP - 1749 VL - 9 IS - 3 SN - 1694-7215- M3 - doi: 10.33206/mjss.565309 UR - https://doi.org/10.33206/mjss.565309 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi Maslow’un İhtiyaçlar Hiyerarşisinin Genç Bireylerin Yaşam Tarzları İle Girişimcilik Niyetleri Açısından İncelenmesi %A İbrahim Durmuş %T Maslow’un İhtiyaçlar Hiyerarşisinin Genç Bireylerin Yaşam Tarzları İle Girişimcilik Niyetleri Açısından İncelenmesi %D 2020 %J MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi %P 1694-7215- %V 9 %N 3 %R doi: 10.33206/mjss.565309 %U 10.33206/mjss.565309
ISNAD Durmuş, İbrahim . "Maslow’un İhtiyaçlar Hiyerarşisinin Genç Bireylerin Yaşam Tarzları İle Girişimcilik Niyetleri Açısından İncelenmesi". MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 9 / 3 (July 2020): 1731-1749 . https://doi.org/10.33206/mjss.565309
AMA Durmuş İ . Maslow’un İhtiyaçlar Hiyerarşisinin Genç Bireylerin Yaşam Tarzları İle Girişimcilik Niyetleri Açısından İncelenmesi. MJSS. 2020; 9(3): 1731-1749.
Vancouver Durmuş İ . Maslow’un İhtiyaçlar Hiyerarşisinin Genç Bireylerin Yaşam Tarzları İle Girişimcilik Niyetleri Açısından İncelenmesi. MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2020; 9(3): 1731-1749.