Author Guide


1.      Editorial Principles

a.      UDEKAD (International Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Researches) is an international peer-reviewed journal, published twice a year except for special numbers.

b.      UDEKAD (International Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Researches) is a journal that publishes articles on language, literature and culture research.

c.       In the studies, criteria of originality and contributing to the field are sought.

d.      Members who sent/send articles to our journal need to add their Orcid Number to their user credentials.

e.       The articles submitted to UDEKAD (International Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Researches) should not have been published anywhere before or should not be accepted for publication.

f. Those who want to submit articles for the publication of UDEKAD (International Journal of Language, Literature and Cultural Researches) should send their work as a member of the Article Tracking System at

g. Except for the editorial board's special decision, articles that are less than 8 pages and more than 30 pages are not evaluated.

h. Similarity report (no filtering should be done) from should be uploaded as an additional file or sent to our journal's e-mail address. (MS / PhD students can get similarity report through their advisors or with the account of any faculty member. If the affiliated university has an iThenticate subscription, a similarity report can be obtained free of charge).

i. The addition of any text to the electronic system of the UDEKAD (International Journal of Language, Literature and Cultural Researches) is accepted as an application for publication and the process of evaluation of the article begins. No royalties are paid for articles.

j. UDEKAD is an electronic journal. As a result, all the processes from the application to the publication of the article take place in the electronic environment.

k. The publication rights of the publication sent to UDEKAD (International Journal of Language, Literature and Cultural Researches) will be transferred to the journal. These articles can not be published, reproduced, or used without reference to another publication without permission from the editor of the journal.

l.   Any possible legal, economic and ethical responsibility arising from the writings sent to the UDEKAD (International Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Researches) Journal belongs to the authors even if the mentioned article is published. The journal does not accept any liability.

m.    UDEKAD (International Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Research) is published in Turkish. However in English, Russian, German, French, Arabic, Persian and so on. Languages articles will also be evaluated and published if they are deemed appropriate by the referees.

n.  At the beginning of the article, which will be uploaded to the article tracking system, up to 200 words in Turkish and English abstract, 3-5 words for keywords; Turkish and English titles should be included. It should reflect the purpose, scope and outcome of the study in English and allow readers to quickly determine the content of the article. Articles written in foreign languages - in addition to Turkish and English - must include title, abstarct and keywords in the article language. Care should be taken not to have language mistakes in foreign summaries. Abstact and Key Words must comply with international standards such as Medical Subject Headings, CAB Theasarus, JISCT, ERIC.

o. It should be compatible with the content, it should be the title that best expresses it, and it should be written in capital letters, aligned with 12 pt bold and without the beginning of the paragraph and indentation. The head should be as short as possible.

p. Titles in the article should be bold, only the first letter of each word should be capital, left aligned and no other formatting should be included.

q.  The main text should not exceed 30 pages using IBM compatible computer and Microsoft Word software program.

r.  In studies supported by a research institution / organization, the name of the institution / organization and the project, if any, date and number, should be indicated in footnotes.

s. Book title and translations should include the title, keywords and abstract in English. At the beginning of the manuscript, the cover image and the identification of the book to be introduced (date of publication, edition of the book, information about the place of publication) should be included in the book introductions. In the translations, the title of the translated book / publication should be indicated with a footnote.

t. The name, place and date of the congress or symposium should be indicated in the reports or articles.

u.  Articles which are not prepared according to the rules of our journal will not be accepted unless they are corrected.


2.      Writing Rules

a.      Manuscripts should be written in Microsoft Word and the page structure should be arranged as follows: The format used for referencing is APA (American Psychological Association) Style 6th Edition. In both quotations and bibliography, authors should follow the spelling rules and format specified in the American Psychological Association's Publication Guide published by the American Psychological Association. For more information, see

Paper Size

A4 Vertical

Top Margin

2,5 cm

Bottom Margin

2,5 cm

Left Margin

2,5 cm

Right Margin

2,5 cm


Times News Roman

Font Style


Type Size (Regular Text)


Type Size (Footnote Text)




Paragraph Entry (First Line)

1 cm

Paragraph Spacing

Before 6 nk, after 0 nk (Table and graphic – before and after 0 nk)

Line Spacing



Hanging and indentation 0.63 cm, Alignment: Justify, Range before 6 nk, then 0 nk, line spacing 1.15 cm.

b.      In the special font used articles, the font used should be sent with the article.

c.       Do not spell at the end of the line. At the beginning of the paragraph, “ENTER” or “RETURN” key should be used instead of “TAB” key. Punctuation should be written adjacent to the preceding words. The space must be followed by one letter.

d.      Manuscripts should not include details such as page numbers, headers and footers. Footnotes are used only for mandatory explanations and are given automatically with the “NOTE” command. References should be written in brackets with the surname of the author, year of publication and page number. Example: (Kaya 2000: 15). The work used in the footnote should be included in the bibliography.

e.       Citations should be given in citation marks and the source should be indicated in parenthesis according to APA rules. Citations less than five lines should be italicized between sentences and citations longer than five lines should be italicized 1 cm from the left of the page and in block form with 0.5 cm indentation. At the end of non-verbal citations, only references should be given in parentheses.

f.        Images should be bright, hard (high contrast). In addition, the rules given for the figures must be followed. Figures, tables and photographs should not extend beyond the writing area, if necessary, each should be on a separate page. Figures and tables should be numbered and named according to their contents. Numbers and titles should be capitalized with only the first letters of the words under the figures and above the tables. Tables should be made with the table command in the WORD program. In compulsory cases, “EXCEL” tables can be used. If necessary, explanatory footnotes or abbreviations should be given just below the figures and tables. Figures, tables and images should not exceed ten pages.

g.      In terms of spelling and punctuation, Turkish Language Institution Spelling Guide should be based on beyond exceptions required by the article or topic.

h.      APA should be used as the citation reference system. At the end of the article, there must be a bibliography.


The APA system is based on in-text references and references.

1. In-text citation (Citation)

Citations to be made in the article should be given in brackets immediately after the relevant place, in the order of the author's surname, year of publication and page number. For citations given at the end of the sentence, the period should be placed after the reference parenthesis.

Single Author, Single Study

* The author's surname, the year of publication and the page number of the work should be given in parenthesis immediately after the relevant place.

Example: (Karahan 1996: 37)

* If the author's name is mentioned in the relevant sentence, it is sufficient to specify the date and page in parentheses.

Example: According to Karahan (1996: 37)…

* If the author and the publication year are specified in the text, the author and date are not given in parenthesis.

* In the references to the entire source, the surname of the author and the year of publication are written in parenthesis.

Example: (Karahan 1996)

* If the cited source consists of volumes, the volume number is written before the page number and in Roman numerals.

Example: (Dal 1955: II / 30)

* If a source is referenced to successive pages, a hyphen (-) is inserted between the page numbers, and a comma (,) is placed if it is referenced to different pages.

Example: (Karahan 1996: 37-45), (Karahan 1996: 103, 106, 124)

Two-Author Work

* If there are two authors, the surnames of both are written and a dash (-) is inserted.

Example: (Kubryakova-Klobukov 1998: 15)

Working with More Than Two Authors

* In the works with more than two authors, the surnames of the first two authors are written with a dash (-) and the abbreviation “et al. Eklen is added after the surname of the second author.

Example: (Şvedova-Uluhanov et al. 1980: 157)

Author's Works in the Same Year

* The works of an author in the same year are distinguished by adding the letters a, b, c sonra after the year.

Example: (Klobukov 2016a: 25), (Klobukov 2016b: 78)

Works of the same authors

* The works of two authors whose surnames are the same in the same year or in different years are indicated by shortening the first letters of their names after the surnames of the authors.

Example: (Çelik, A. 2007: 46), (Çelik, H. 2003: 27)

Multiple Works

* If more than one study is to be cited, the works are listed in the same parenthesis, separated from the oldest date to the new one, separated by semicolons.

Example: (Korkmaz 1982: 120; Karahan 1996: 15)

Citing or Transferring Source

* In the studies it is essential to reach the primary sources, but if it is not reached due to some difficulties, the reference quoted or transmitted is indicated.

Example: (Transferring from Inalcik 1955: 74; Çelik 2007: 25)

Books with Legal Entity Author

Example: (TDK 2012: 35), (TTK 2006: 30)

Books with No Author or Institution Name

* If the name of the author or institution is not specified, the name or abbreviation (italic) of the source is written directly. If the abbreviation is made, “Bibliography” should be given with its opening.

Example: (Great Culture Encyclopedia: I / 59) or (RDA: I / 59)

Electronic Resources

* Year of publication is known: (Bucak 2000: 7)

* If the publication year is not known, the year of access to the document is written: (Demir 2018: 14)

Printed Sources with No Publication Year

* If there is no publication date record in a printed source, the abbreviation “t.y. içinde is used in square brackets.

Example: (Demir [t.y.]: 14)

Laws and Regulations

* The name of the law or regulation and the year in which it is accepted is given in parentheses. Abbreviation can also be made.

Example: (National Education Act 1991) or (MEK 1991).


2. References

All references used in the article should be included in the “Bibliography”. References should be given at the end of the main text in alphabetical order according to the surnames of the author. Names of works should be written in italics. References should be written in Latin alphabet.

2.1. Books

Single Author Books

Author's Surname, Name (Publication Year). Title of the Book (Italic). Place of Publication: Publisher.

Example: Karahan, Leyla (1996). Anadolu Ağızlarının Sınıflandırılması. Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu Yayınları.

Two Author Books

In the works with two authors, both authors are given and a hyphen (-) is placed between them.

Example: Taner, Refika-Bezirci, Asım (1981). Edebiyatımızda Seçme Hikâyeler. İstanbul: Gözlem Yayınları.

* In articles written in English, instead of hyphen (-), and or & are used.

Books with More Than Two Authors

For works with more than two authors, only the first two authors are indicated, for others the abbreviation “et al.. ıs used.

Example: Şvedova, Natalya-Uluhanov, İgor vd. (1980). Russkaya grammatika. Moskova: Nauka.

An Author's Books Published Same Year

Letters are used to distinguish an author's works published in the same year.


Bondarko, Aleksandr (1976a). Slav ve Balkan Dil Bilimi. Moskova: Nauka.

Bondarko, Aleksandr (1976b). Morfolojik Kategoriler Teorisi. Leningrad: Nauka.

Multiple Books of One Author

Multiple works of the same author are listed in chronological order by the year of publication.

Books with Legal Entity Author

Legal Entity (Year of Publication). Book Title. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Example: Türk Dil Kurumu (2012). Yazım Kılavuzu. Ankara: TDK Yay.

Books with No Author or Institution Name

Example: Türk Dili ve Edebiyatı Ansiklopedisi (8 Cilt) (1977). İstanbul: Dergâh Yay.

Translation Book

In the case of a translation book, the name of the translator (s) is indicated by the abbreviation “trans.” after the title.

Example: Fıscher, Steven Roger (1999). Dilin Tarihi. trans. Muhtesim Güvenç. İstanbul: Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları.

Chapter in a Book

Author's Surname, Name (Publication Year). “Section name”. Book Title (Italic). ed. Name and surname. Place of Publication: Publisher. Page Range.

Example: Klobukov, Evgeniy (2009). “Morfoloji”. Çağdaş Rus Dili. ed. Pavel Lekant. Moskova: Nauka. 402-585.  

2.2. Periodicals

Journal Articles

Author's Surname, Name (Year). “Title of Article ”. Journal Name, Volume No (Number): Page Range.

Example: Ergün, Mustafa (2009). “Westernization Efforts and Reforms in Russian Education”. Journal of Theoretical Educational Sciences, 2 (1): 31-56.


Author's Surname, Name (Year, Month, Day). “Title of Manuscript”. Name of the newspaper. (if applicable) Page number.

Example: Köse, Pınar (2017.11.16). “İdam sehpasından edebiyatın zirvesine: Dostoyevski”. Yeni Şafak.


In interviews, the persons who do these are given as the author's name.

Example: Yağmur, Özge (2019.01.21). “Tek kişilik oyunda 11 karaktere hayat vermek: Güle Güle Diva ile Selen Uçer Kampüs’te”. Hürriyet.

2.3. Theses

Author's Surname, Name (Date). Thesis Title. Thesis Type. University City: University Name.

Example: Uğurlu, Mesut (2018). Âşık Tarzı Şiir Geleneğinde Aruzlu Şiirler Üzerine Bir Araştırma. Doktora Tezi. Ankara: Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü.

2.4. Proceedings

Published Papers

Author Surname, Name (Date). Name of the paper. Title of the book (if any). Date of the event. Publication place: Publisher. Page Range.

Example: Güllüdağ, Nesrin (2009). Artvin ağzındaki Gürcüce kelimeler. Türkiye Türkçesi Ağız Araştırmaları Çalıştayı Bildirileri. 25-30 Mart 2008. Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu yay. 237-249.

Unpublished Papers

Author's Surname, Name (Date). Name of the paper. Name of the event. The City of the Event.

Example: Santhanam, E.-Martin, K. vd. (2001). “Bottom-up steps towards closing the loop in feedback on teaching: A CUTSD project”. Teaching and Learning Forum – Expanding horizons in teaching and learning. Perth, Australia.

2.5. Electronic Resources

Electronic Resources with DOI Number

If there is a DOI number paired with the publication, it must be given on the tag.

Example: Yaylalı, Yasemin (2018). “Emîrî Divan’ında Geçen Şahsiyetler”. Türkiyat Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi (63): 117-134.

Electronic Resources Without DOI Number

The excerpts from journals published on the web environment include the title, access address and date of the publication.

Author Surname, Name (Publication Year). “Article Name”. Journal Title Volume No (Issue): Page Range. Electronic address [Access Date].

Example: Özdemir, Çağatay (2018). “Rusya’nın Doğu Akdeniz Stratejisi”. Seta Analiz (230): 1-20. [20.04.2018].


Author's Surname, Name (Publication Year). Title of the Internet Document. Electronic address [Access Date].

Example: Akkuş, Metin (2018). Nefi Divanı,nefi-divanipdf.pdf?0  [23.01.2019].

* If there is no publication year, the date of access to the site is written in parentheses as the year, month and day.

Example: Berkutova, Veronika (2018). “Feminitivı v russkom yazıke: lingvistiçeskiy aspekt”. Svobodnoye psihoanalitiçeskoye partnerstvo. [18.12.2018].