Year 2019, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 1257 - 1271 2019-05-15

Farklı Öğretim Yolları Kullanılarak Tasarlanan Bir Öğrenme Ortamının Matematiksel Muhakemeye ve Matematik Tutumuna Etkisi
The Effect of a Learning Environment Designed Using Different Teaching Ways on Mathematical Reasoning and Mathematics Attitude

Emrullah Erdem [1] , Yasin Soylu [2]

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Bu araştırmanın amacı, farklı öğretim yolları kullanılarak zenginleştirilen bir öğrenme ortamının matematiksel muhakemeye ve matematik tutumuna etkisini belirlemektir. Çalışma, Türkiye’deki bir il merkezinden rastgele seçilen bir devlet ortaokulunda okuyan 27 yedinci sınıf öğrencisinin katılımıyla yürütülmüştür. Tasarlanan öğrenme ortamında kesirler ve tamsayılar konularının öğretimi; eğitsel oyunlar, somut materyaller, karikatürler ve bilgisayar destekli uygulamalar kullanılarak, günlük yaşamla ilişkilendirilerek ve işbirlikli heterojen gruplarla tartışılarak sekiz hafta boyunca (toplam 32 ders saati) gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırmanın verileri, öğrencilerin Matematiksel Muhakeme Testi (MMT)’ne ve Matematik Tutum Ölçeği (MTÖ)’ne öntest ve sontestte verdikleri cevaplardan elde edilmiştir. MMT ve MTÖ’ye verilen cevaplar Wilcoxon İşaretli Sıralar Testi kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir. Yapılan analizler; bu öğrenme ortamında yapılan müdahalenin öğrencilerin matematiksel muhakemelerini anlamlı düzeyde geliştirdiğini ve öğrencilerin matematiğe ilişkin tutumlarını anlamlı düzeyde iyileştirdiğini göstermiştir. Öte yandan, işbirlikli gruplarda sunulan açık uçlu problemler sayesinde öğrencilerin cevap seçeneklerine odaklanmak yerine bir çözüm sunmaya çalıştığı, çözümünü açıkladığı, grup arkadaşlarıyla tartışarak farklı stratejiler geliştirdikleri ve bu sayede daha fazla matematiksel muhakemede bulundukları gözlenmiştir. Bu sonuç, matematiksel muhakemeyi belirlemede, değerlendirmede ve geliştirmede açık uçlu problemlerin kullanılması gerektiğinin altını çizmektedir. 

The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of a learning environment enriched by using different teaching ways on mathematical reasoning and mathematics attitude. The study was carried out with the participation of 27 seventh-grade students who study at a state middle school randomly selected from a city center in Turkey. Instruction of fractions and integers was performed in the designed learning environment for 8 weeks (32 lesson hours in total) by using educational games, concrete materials, cartoons, computer-aided applications, and associating with daily life and discussing in cooperative heterogeneous groups. The data were obtained from students’ responses to the Mathematical Reasoning Test (MRT) and the Mathematical Attitude Scale (MAS) on pretest and posttest. Responses to MRT and MAS were analyzed using the Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test. Analyzes have shown that the intervention in this environment improves students’ mathematical reasoning significantly and improves their attitudes towards mathematics to a significant degree. It has been observed that through open-ended problems presented in cooperative groups, instead of focusing on the answer options, students tried to provide a solution, explaining the solution, discussing it with their group friends, developing different strategies and thus they were found to have more mathematical reasoning. This result underscores the need to use open-ended problems in determining, evaluating, and improving mathematical reasoning. 

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Education, Scientific Disciplines
Published Date Mayıs-2019
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-6588-5431
Author: Emrullah Erdem

Orcid: 0000-0003-0906-4994
Author: Yasin Soylu

Bibtex @research article { kefdergi561407, journal = {Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2147-9844}, address = {Kastamonu University}, year = {2019}, volume = {27}, pages = {1257 - 1271}, doi = {10.24106/kefdergi.3056}, title = {Farklı Öğretim Yolları Kullanılarak Tasarlanan Bir Öğrenme Ortamının Matematiksel Muhakemeye ve Matematik Tutumuna Etkisi}, key = {cite}, author = {Erdem, Emrullah and Soylu, Yasin} }
APA Erdem, E , Soylu, Y . (2019). Farklı Öğretim Yolları Kullanılarak Tasarlanan Bir Öğrenme Ortamının Matematiksel Muhakemeye ve Matematik Tutumuna Etkisi. Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi, 27 (3), 1257-1271. DOI: 10.24106/kefdergi.3056
MLA Erdem, E , Soylu, Y . "Farklı Öğretim Yolları Kullanılarak Tasarlanan Bir Öğrenme Ortamının Matematiksel Muhakemeye ve Matematik Tutumuna Etkisi". Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi 27 (2019): 1257-1271 <http://dergipark.org.tr/kefdergi/issue/45133/561407>
Chicago Erdem, E , Soylu, Y . "Farklı Öğretim Yolları Kullanılarak Tasarlanan Bir Öğrenme Ortamının Matematiksel Muhakemeye ve Matematik Tutumuna Etkisi". Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi 27 (2019): 1257-1271
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Farklı Öğretim Yolları Kullanılarak Tasarlanan Bir Öğrenme Ortamının Matematiksel Muhakemeye ve Matematik Tutumuna Etkisi AU - Emrullah Erdem , Yasin Soylu Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.24106/kefdergi.3056 DO - 10.24106/kefdergi.3056 T2 - Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1257 EP - 1271 VL - 27 IS - 3 SN - -2147-9844 M3 - doi: 10.24106/kefdergi.3056 UR - https://doi.org/10.24106/kefdergi.3056 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Kastamonu Education Journal Farklı Öğretim Yolları Kullanılarak Tasarlanan Bir Öğrenme Ortamının Matematiksel Muhakemeye ve Matematik Tutumuna Etkisi %A Emrullah Erdem , Yasin Soylu %T Farklı Öğretim Yolları Kullanılarak Tasarlanan Bir Öğrenme Ortamının Matematiksel Muhakemeye ve Matematik Tutumuna Etkisi %D 2019 %J Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi %P -2147-9844 %V 27 %N 3 %R doi: 10.24106/kefdergi.3056 %U 10.24106/kefdergi.3056
ISNAD Erdem, Emrullah , Soylu, Yasin . "Farklı Öğretim Yolları Kullanılarak Tasarlanan Bir Öğrenme Ortamının Matematiksel Muhakemeye ve Matematik Tutumuna Etkisi". Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi 27 / 3 (May 2019): 1257-1271. https://doi.org/10.24106/kefdergi.3056