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Fajların Balık Hastalıklarının Kontrolünde Kullanımı

Yıl 2021, Cilt 17, Sayı 4, 474 - 488, 01.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.22392/actaquatr.866136

Öz

Kültür balıkçılığında antibiyotik direncin ortaya çıkması sonucu, daha önce kolaylıkla tedavi edilen hastalıklar ile mücadele gittikçe zorlaşmış hatta imkânsız hale gelmiştir. Acil çevreyle dost alternatif yöntemlerin araştırılması ve geliştirilmesine ihtiyaç vardır. Olası seçeneklerden biri, sorunlu bakteriyel balık patojenlerini hedef alan suşa özgü bakteriyofajların profilaktik veya terapötik kullanımıdır. Yapılmış olan bu çalışmada su ürünleri yetiştiriciliğinde özellikle ülkemizde görülen bakteriyel hastalık etkenlerine karşı izole edilen bakteriyofajlar ile ilgili bugüne kadar yapılmış araştırmalar derlenmiştir. Sonuç olarak ülkemiz akuakültür sektörü açısından baktığımızda fajlar ile ilgili detaylı çalışmalara ihtiyaç bulunmaktadır. Faj terapisi stratejisinden tam olarak yararlanabilmek için faj adaylarının dikkatle seçilmesi ve izole edilmiş fajların kullanımlarının güvenli olduğundan emin olmak için ayrıntılı bir şekilde karakterize edilmesi gerekmektedir. Bugüne kadar yapılmış faj çalışmalarının çoğu in vitro koşullarda yapılmıştır ve sahada kullanıma geçmeden önce daha detaylı in vivo çalışmalara ihtiyaç vardır.

Kaynakça

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  • Ackermann, H.W. (2011). The first phage electron micrographs. Bacteriophage, 1(4), 225–227.
  • Akmal, M., Rahimi-Midani, A., Hafeez-ur-Rehman, M., Hussain, A., Choi, T.-J. (2020). Isolation, characterization, and application of a bacteriophage infecting the fish pathogen Aeromonas hydrophila. Pathogens, 9, 215.
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The use of Phages for Fish Disease Control

Yıl 2021, Cilt 17, Sayı 4, 474 - 488, 01.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.22392/actaquatr.866136

Öz

It has become increasingly difficult or sometimes impossible to combat bacterial diseases that were previously easily treated due to the emergence of antibiotic resistance in bacterial fish pathogens. There is therefore an urgent need for more research and the development of eco-friendlier alternatives to antibiotics. One very promising option is the preventive or therapeutic use of strain-specific bacteriophages that target problematic bacterial fish pathogens. In this article, the studies on bacteriophages isolated against bacterial disease agents in aquaculture, especially in our country, have been reviewed. As a result, when we look at the aquaculture sector in our country, detailed studies on phages are needed. To take full advantage of the phage strategy, phage therapy candidates must be carefully selected and characterized in detail to ensure that they are safe to use. One main conclusion is that there is a need for more basic research related to the use of phages in the aquaculture sector of our country. So far, most of the phage studies have been carried out in vitro, and more detailed in vivo studies are needed before the phages can be used in the field.

Kaynakça

  • Ackermann H.W. (1999). Tailed bacteriophages. The order Caudovirales. Advances in Virus Research, 51: 135–201.
  • Ackermann, H.W. (2001). Frequency of morphological phage descriptions in the year 2000. Archives of Virology, 146, 843–857.
  • Ackermann, H.W. (2005). Bacteriophage Classification: In: Kutter E, Sulakvelidze A (eds), Bacteriophages: biology and applications. CRC Press, Boca Raton.
  • Ackermann, H.W. (2007). 5500 Phages examined in the electron microscope. Archives of Virology, 152, 227–243.
  • Ackermann, H.W. (2011). The first phage electron micrographs. Bacteriophage, 1(4), 225–227.
  • Akmal, M., Rahimi-Midani, A., Hafeez-ur-Rehman, M., Hussain, A., Choi, T.-J. (2020). Isolation, characterization, and application of a bacteriophage infecting the fish pathogen Aeromonas hydrophila. Pathogens, 9, 215.
  • Alisky, J., Iczkowski K., Rapoport A., Troitsky N. (1998). Bacteriophages show promise as antimicrobial agents. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 36:5–15.
  • Alves, D.R. (2015). Development and characterisation of a responsive polyvalent bacteriophage therapeutic. PhD thesis, Department of Chemistry University of Bath, İngiltere.
  • Barrow, P.A., Soothill, J.S. (1997). Bacteriophage therapy and prophylaxis: rediscovery and renewed assessment of potential. Trends in Microbiology, 5: 268–271.
  • Barton, B.A., Iwama, G.K., (1991). Physiological changes in fish from stress in aquaculture with emphasis on the response and effects of corticosteroids, Annual Review of Fish Diseases, 1(6), 3–26.
  • Bilgehan, H. (2002). Temel Mikrobiyoloji ve Bağışıklık Bilimi. Barış yayınları, Fakülteler Kitabevi, İzmir.
  • Bogovazova, G.G., Voroshilova, N.N., Bondarenko, V.M., (1991). The efficacy of Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteriophage in the therapy of experimental Klebsiella infection. Zhurnal mikrobiologii, epidemiologii, immunobiologii, (4), 5-8.
  • Cabello, F.C., (2006). Heavy use of prophylactic antibiotics in aquaculture: a growing problem for human and animal health and for the environment, Environmental Microbiology, 8(7), 1137 – 1144.
  • Candan, A.A., Karataş, S., (2010). Balık Sağlığı. Kalmak Ofset Matbaacılık, İstanbul, ISBN: 978-605-88665-0-8.
  • Cao, Y., Li S., Li, S., Han, S., Wang, D., Zhao, J., Xu, L., Liu, H., Lu, T. (2020). Characterization and application of a novel Aeromonas bacteriophage as treatment for pathogenic Aeromonas hydrophila infection in rainbow trout. Aquaculture, 523, 30.
  • Carlton, R.M. (1999). Phage Therapy: Past History and Future Prospects. Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis, 47: 267-274.
  • Chow, M.S., Rouf, M.A. (1983). Isolation and partial characterization of two Aeromonas hydrophila bacteriophages. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 45(5), 1670–1676.
  • Culot A., Grosset N., Gautier M. (2019). Overcoming the challenges of phage therapy for industrial aquaculture: A review. Aquaculture, 513, 734423.
  • Çağırgan, H. (1991). First Isolation of Yersinia ruckerii from a rainbow trout farm in Turkey. European Association of Fish Pathologists: EAFP 5th International Conferences on fish diseases, Budapeşte, Macaristan, 131.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Biyoloji
Bölüm Derleme Makaleler
Yazarlar

Süheyla KARATAŞ STEINUM> (Sorumlu Yazar)
İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-2006-7854
Türkiye


Fatma KARAÇOBAN Bu kişi benim
İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0000-0000-0000
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum İ.Ü. Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Yürütücü Sekreterliği
Proje Numarası FYL-2018-30132
Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Aralık 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 17, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

APA Karataş Steınum, S. & Karaçoban, F. (2021). Fajların Balık Hastalıklarının Kontrolünde Kullanımı . Acta Aquatica Turcica , 17 (4) , 474-488 . DOI: 10.22392/actaquatr.866136