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Evaluation of Biofloc Technology for Astacus leptodactylus: Effect of Different Stocking Densities on Production Performance and Physiological Responses

Yıl 2021, Cilt 17, Sayı 4, 569 - 579, 01.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.22392/actaquatr.920606

Öz

The use of biofloc technology (BFT) in narrow-clawed crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus) culture for 45 days was evaluated by production performance and physiological status of crayfish. Four different stocking densities of crayfish were tested in BFT (20, 41.66, 62.5, and 83.33 individuals m-2). Water quality parameters were monitored to sustain desired levels for crayfish and biofloc management. The growth performance of narrow-clawed crayfish did not show any significant differences among the groups. However, the survival rate changed by the stocking density. Hemolymph indices represented by total hemocyte counts and relative abundance of hyalinocyte, semi-granulocyte, and granulocyte were not affected by different stocking densities. Overall hemolymph glucose and lactate levels of narrow-clawed crayfish reflected mild stress in response to BFT conditions. Hemolymph protein concentrations did not change by the stocking ratio in BFT. Hemolymph protein levels were in the normal range, indicating the healthy status of the individuals. The hepatopancreas histology was observed as a typical morphology for healthy crayfish in all stocking densities in BFT. Notwithstanding the relatively lower survival rate in higher stocking density of narrow-clawed crayfish, the results of the present research revealed that the adaptation of narrow-clawed crayfish to BFT conditions is promising for the crayfish culture.

Kaynakça

  • Anderson, M. B., Preslan, J.E., Jolibois, L., Bollinger, J.E., & George, W.J, (1997). Bioaccumulation of lead nitrate in red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii). Journal of Hazardous Materials, 54(1-2),15-29. https//doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3894(96)01852-3
  • AOAC. (1997). Official methods of analysis of AOAC international, (Cunniff PA ed.) 16th edn. Association of Official Analytical Communities International, Arlington, VA, USA.
  • APHA. (1998). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 20th edn. American Public Health Association, New York.
  • Avnimelech, Y. (2012). Biofloc technology - a practical guide book, 2nd edn. The World Aquaculture Society, Baton Rouge
  • Azhar, M. H., Suciyono, S., Budi, D. S., Ulkhaq, M. F., Anugrahwati, M., & Ekasari, J. (2020). Biofloc-based co-culture systems of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and red claw crayfish (Cherax quadricarinatus) with different carbon–nitrogen ratios. Aquaculture International, 1-12. https,//doi.org/10.1007/s10499-020-00526-z
  • Bancroft, J. D, & Stevens, A. (1977). Theory and practice of histological techniques, Churchill Livingstone, London Bligh, E. G, & Dyer, W. J. (1959). A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification. Canadian Journal Biochemichal Physiolology, 37, 911-917.
  • Bonvillain, C. P., Rutherford, D. A., Kelso, W. E., & Green, C. C. (2012). Physiological biomarkers of hypoxic stress in red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii from field and laboratory experiments. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 163(1), 15-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2012.04.015
  • Emerenciano, M., Cuzon, G., Paredes, A., & Gaxiola, G. (2013). Evaluation of biofloc technology in pink shrimp Farfantepenaeus duorarum culture: growth performance, water quality, microorganisms profile and proximate analysis of biofloc. Aquaculture international, 21(6), 1381-1394.
  • Fanjul-Moles, M. L., Bosques-Tistler, T., Prieto-Sagredo, J., Castanón-Cervantes, O., & Fernández-Rivera-Rıo, L. (1998). Effect of variation in photoperiod and light intensity on oxygen consumption, lactate concentration and behavior in crayfish Procambarus clarkii and Procambarus digueti. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 119(1), 263-269. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1095-6433(97)00413-3
  • FAO. (2016). The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2016. Contributing to food security and nutrition for all. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
  • Farhadi, A., & Jensen, M. A. (2016) Effects of photoperiod and stocking density on survival, growth and physiological responses of narrow-clawed crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus). Aquaculture Research, 47(8), 2518-2527. https://doi.org/10.1111/are.12700
  • Fóes, G. K., Fróes, C., Krummenauer, D., Poersch, L., & Wasielesky, W. (2011). Nursery of pink shrimp Farfantepenaeus paulensis in biofloc technology culture system: survival and growth at different stocking densities. Journal of Shellfish Research, 30(2), 367-373. https://doi.org/10.2983/035.030.0224
  • Furtado, P. S., Campos, B. R., Serra, F. P., Klosterhoff, M., Romano, L. A., & Wasielesky, W. (2015). Effects of nitrate toxicity in the Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, reared with biofloc technology (BFT). Aquaculture international, 23(1):315-327.
  • Gargioni, R., & Barracco, M. A. (1998). Hemocytes of the palaemonids Macrobrachium rosenbergii and M. acanthurus, and of the Penaeid Penaeus paulensis. Journal of Morphology, 236(3), 209-221. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4687(199806)236:3%3C209::AID-JMOR4%3E3.0.CO;2-Y
  • Genc, M. A., Aktas, M., Genc, E., & Yilmaz, E. (2007). Effects of dietary mannan oligosaccharide on growth, body composition and hepatopancreas histology of Penaeus semisulcatus (de Haan 1844). Aquaculture Nutrition, 13(2), 156-161. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2095.2007.00469.x
  • Genç, E., Kaya, D., Dinçer, S., Genç, M. A., & Aktaş, M. (2019). Biofloc application in narrow-clawed crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus) culture: Preliminary results. Sözlü Sunum, 3rd International Congress on Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ICABB), 10-14 july 2019. (pp: 71-78) https://www.icabb.eu/sites/default/files/icabb_2019_proceedings.pdf
  • Harlıoğlu, M. M., & Farhadi, A. (2017). Factors affecting the reproductive efficiency in crayfish: implications for aquaculture. Aquaculture Research, 48(5), 1983-1997. https://doi.org/10.1111/are.13263
  • Hauton, C. (2012). The scope of the crustacean immune system for disease control. Journal of invertebrate pathology, 110(2), 251-260. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2012.03.005
  • Johnson, P. T. (1980). Histology of the blue crab Callinectes sapidus A model for the Decapoda. Praeger Publishers. New York
  • Jussila, J., Jago, J., Tsvetnenko, E., Dunstan, B., Evans, L. H. (1997). Total and differential haemocyte counts in western rock lobsters (Panulirus cygnus George) under post-harvest stress. Marine and Freshwater Research, 48(8), 863-868. https://doi.org/10.1071/MF97216
  • Kaya, D., Genc, E., Genc, M. A., Aktas, M., Eroldogan, O. T, & Guroy, D. (2020). Biofloc technology in recirculating aquaculture system as a culture model for green tiger shrimp, Penaeus semisulcatus: Effects of different feeding rates and stocking densities. Aquaculture, 735526. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.735526
  • Kaya, D., Genc, M. A., Aktas, M., Yavuzcan, H., Ozmen, O., & Genc, E. (2019). Effect of biofloc technology on growth of speckled shrimp, Metapenaeus monoceros (Fabricus) in different feeding regimes. Aquaculture Research, 50(10), 2760-2768. https://doi.org/10.1111/are.14228
  • Yildiz, H. Y., Köksal, G., & Benli, A. C. K. (2004). Physiological response of the crayfish, Astacus leptodactylus to saline water. Crustaceana, 77(10), 1271-1276. https://doi.org/10.1163/1568540043166056
  • LeMoullac, G., Haffner, P. (2000). Environmental factors affecting immune responses in Crustacea. Aquaculture, 191(1-3), 121-131. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(00)00422-1
  • Li, J., Li, J., Li, W., Sun, Y., Liu, X., Liu, M., & Cheng, Y. (2019). Juvenile Procambarus clarkii farmed using biofloc technology or commercial feed in zero water exchange indoor tanks: A comparison of growth performance, enzyme activity and proximate composition. Aquaculture Research, 50(7), 1834-1843. https://doi.org/10.1111/are.14065
  • Lin, X., & Söderhäll, I. (2011). Crustacean hematopoiesis and the astakine cytokines. Blood, The Journal of the American Society of Hematology, 117(24), 6417-6424. https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2010-11-320614
  • Liu, G., Zhu, S., Liu, D., Guo, X., & Ye, Z. (2017). Effects of stocking density of the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone) on immunities, antioxidant status, and resistance against Vibrio harveyi in a biofloc system. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 67, 19-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2017.05.038
  • Mazlum, Y. (2007). Stocking density affects the growth, survival, and cheliped injuries of third instars of narrow-clawed crayfish, Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz, 1823 juveniles. Crustaceana, 803-815. https://doi.org/10.1163/156854007781363114
  • Nedaei, S., Noori, A., Valipour, A., Khanipour, A. A., & Hoseinifar, S. H. (2019). Effects of dietary galactooligosaccharide enriched commercial prebiotic on growth performance, innate immune response, stress resistance, intestinal microbiota and digestive enzyme activity in Narrow-clawed crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz, 1823). Aquaculture, 499, 80-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2018.08.076
  • Negrini, C., Castro, C. S. D., Bittencourt-Guimarães, A. T., Frozza, A., Ortiz-Kracizy, R., & Cupertino-Ballester, E. L. (2017). Stocking density for freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (Decapoda, Palaemonidae) in biofloc system. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 45(5), 891-899. http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol45-issue5-fulltext-3
  • Panigrahi, A., Sundaram, M., Saranya, C., Swain, S., Dash, R. R., & Dayal, J. S. (2019). Carbohydrate sources deferentially influence growth performances, microbial dynamics and immunomodulation in Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) under biofloc system. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 86, 1207-1216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2018.12.040
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Astacus leptodactylus İçin Biyoyumak Teknolojisinin Değerlendirilmesi: Farklı Stoklama Yoğunluklarının Üretim Performansı ve Fizyolojik Tepkileri Üzerine Etkisi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 17, Sayı 4, 569 - 579, 01.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.22392/actaquatr.920606

Öz

Biyoyumak teknolojisinin (BFT) Astacus leptodactylus yetiştiriciliğinde üretim performansı ve fizyolojik durumuna etkileri 45 gün süreyle değerlendirilmiştir. Kerevitler dört farklı stoklama yoğunluğunda (20, 41.66, 62.5 ve 83.33 adet m-2) BFT ortamında test edilmiştir. Su kalitesi parametreleri kerevit ve biyoyumak ortamı için istenen seviyeleri sürdürmek amacıyla takip edilmiştir. Çalışmanın sonunda kerevitlerin büyüme performansı gruplar arasında önemli bir farklılık göstermemiştir. Bununla birlikte, farklı stoklama yoğunluklarının yaşama oranlarını etkilediği belirlenmiştir (p<0.05). Toplam hemosit sayıları ve göreceli olarak hyalinosit, yarı granülosit ve granülosit bolluğu ile temsil edilen hemolenf indeksleri, farklı stoklama yoğunluklarından etkilenmemiştir. Ancak kerevitin genel hemolenf glikoz ve laktat seviyeleri, BFT koşullarına yanıt olarak hafif stresi yansıtmıştır. Hemolenf protein konsantrasyonları, BFT'deki stoklama yoğunluğuna göre değişmemiştir. Hemolimf protein seviyeleri ise kerevitlerin sağlıklı durumunu gösteren normal sınırlar arasında bulunmuştur. Hepatopankreas histolojisi, BFT'deki tüm stoklama yoğunluğunda sağlıklı kerevit için tipik bir yapı göstermiştir. Kerevitlerin daha yüksek stoklama yoğunluğundaki nispeten düşük yaşama oranına rağmen, mevcut araştırmanın sonuçları, kerevitlerin BFT koşullarına adaptasyonunun kerevit yetiştiriciliği için umut verici olduğunu ortaya koymuştur.

Kaynakça

  • Anderson, M. B., Preslan, J.E., Jolibois, L., Bollinger, J.E., & George, W.J, (1997). Bioaccumulation of lead nitrate in red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii). Journal of Hazardous Materials, 54(1-2),15-29. https//doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3894(96)01852-3
  • AOAC. (1997). Official methods of analysis of AOAC international, (Cunniff PA ed.) 16th edn. Association of Official Analytical Communities International, Arlington, VA, USA.
  • APHA. (1998). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 20th edn. American Public Health Association, New York.
  • Avnimelech, Y. (2012). Biofloc technology - a practical guide book, 2nd edn. The World Aquaculture Society, Baton Rouge
  • Azhar, M. H., Suciyono, S., Budi, D. S., Ulkhaq, M. F., Anugrahwati, M., & Ekasari, J. (2020). Biofloc-based co-culture systems of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and red claw crayfish (Cherax quadricarinatus) with different carbon–nitrogen ratios. Aquaculture International, 1-12. https,//doi.org/10.1007/s10499-020-00526-z
  • Bancroft, J. D, & Stevens, A. (1977). Theory and practice of histological techniques, Churchill Livingstone, London Bligh, E. G, & Dyer, W. J. (1959). A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification. Canadian Journal Biochemichal Physiolology, 37, 911-917.
  • Bonvillain, C. P., Rutherford, D. A., Kelso, W. E., & Green, C. C. (2012). Physiological biomarkers of hypoxic stress in red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii from field and laboratory experiments. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 163(1), 15-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2012.04.015
  • Emerenciano, M., Cuzon, G., Paredes, A., & Gaxiola, G. (2013). Evaluation of biofloc technology in pink shrimp Farfantepenaeus duorarum culture: growth performance, water quality, microorganisms profile and proximate analysis of biofloc. Aquaculture international, 21(6), 1381-1394.
  • Fanjul-Moles, M. L., Bosques-Tistler, T., Prieto-Sagredo, J., Castanón-Cervantes, O., & Fernández-Rivera-Rıo, L. (1998). Effect of variation in photoperiod and light intensity on oxygen consumption, lactate concentration and behavior in crayfish Procambarus clarkii and Procambarus digueti. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 119(1), 263-269. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1095-6433(97)00413-3
  • FAO. (2016). The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2016. Contributing to food security and nutrition for all. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
  • Farhadi, A., & Jensen, M. A. (2016) Effects of photoperiod and stocking density on survival, growth and physiological responses of narrow-clawed crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus). Aquaculture Research, 47(8), 2518-2527. https://doi.org/10.1111/are.12700
  • Fóes, G. K., Fróes, C., Krummenauer, D., Poersch, L., & Wasielesky, W. (2011). Nursery of pink shrimp Farfantepenaeus paulensis in biofloc technology culture system: survival and growth at different stocking densities. Journal of Shellfish Research, 30(2), 367-373. https://doi.org/10.2983/035.030.0224
  • Furtado, P. S., Campos, B. R., Serra, F. P., Klosterhoff, M., Romano, L. A., & Wasielesky, W. (2015). Effects of nitrate toxicity in the Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, reared with biofloc technology (BFT). Aquaculture international, 23(1):315-327.
  • Gargioni, R., & Barracco, M. A. (1998). Hemocytes of the palaemonids Macrobrachium rosenbergii and M. acanthurus, and of the Penaeid Penaeus paulensis. Journal of Morphology, 236(3), 209-221. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4687(199806)236:3%3C209::AID-JMOR4%3E3.0.CO;2-Y
  • Genc, M. A., Aktas, M., Genc, E., & Yilmaz, E. (2007). Effects of dietary mannan oligosaccharide on growth, body composition and hepatopancreas histology of Penaeus semisulcatus (de Haan 1844). Aquaculture Nutrition, 13(2), 156-161. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2095.2007.00469.x
  • Genç, E., Kaya, D., Dinçer, S., Genç, M. A., & Aktaş, M. (2019). Biofloc application in narrow-clawed crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus) culture: Preliminary results. Sözlü Sunum, 3rd International Congress on Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ICABB), 10-14 july 2019. (pp: 71-78) https://www.icabb.eu/sites/default/files/icabb_2019_proceedings.pdf
  • Harlıoğlu, M. M., & Farhadi, A. (2017). Factors affecting the reproductive efficiency in crayfish: implications for aquaculture. Aquaculture Research, 48(5), 1983-1997. https://doi.org/10.1111/are.13263
  • Hauton, C. (2012). The scope of the crustacean immune system for disease control. Journal of invertebrate pathology, 110(2), 251-260. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2012.03.005
  • Johnson, P. T. (1980). Histology of the blue crab Callinectes sapidus A model for the Decapoda. Praeger Publishers. New York
  • Jussila, J., Jago, J., Tsvetnenko, E., Dunstan, B., Evans, L. H. (1997). Total and differential haemocyte counts in western rock lobsters (Panulirus cygnus George) under post-harvest stress. Marine and Freshwater Research, 48(8), 863-868. https://doi.org/10.1071/MF97216
  • Kaya, D., Genc, E., Genc, M. A., Aktas, M., Eroldogan, O. T, & Guroy, D. (2020). Biofloc technology in recirculating aquaculture system as a culture model for green tiger shrimp, Penaeus semisulcatus: Effects of different feeding rates and stocking densities. Aquaculture, 735526. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.735526
  • Kaya, D., Genc, M. A., Aktas, M., Yavuzcan, H., Ozmen, O., & Genc, E. (2019). Effect of biofloc technology on growth of speckled shrimp, Metapenaeus monoceros (Fabricus) in different feeding regimes. Aquaculture Research, 50(10), 2760-2768. https://doi.org/10.1111/are.14228
  • Yildiz, H. Y., Köksal, G., & Benli, A. C. K. (2004). Physiological response of the crayfish, Astacus leptodactylus to saline water. Crustaceana, 77(10), 1271-1276. https://doi.org/10.1163/1568540043166056
  • LeMoullac, G., Haffner, P. (2000). Environmental factors affecting immune responses in Crustacea. Aquaculture, 191(1-3), 121-131. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(00)00422-1
  • Li, J., Li, J., Li, W., Sun, Y., Liu, X., Liu, M., & Cheng, Y. (2019). Juvenile Procambarus clarkii farmed using biofloc technology or commercial feed in zero water exchange indoor tanks: A comparison of growth performance, enzyme activity and proximate composition. Aquaculture Research, 50(7), 1834-1843. https://doi.org/10.1111/are.14065
  • Lin, X., & Söderhäll, I. (2011). Crustacean hematopoiesis and the astakine cytokines. Blood, The Journal of the American Society of Hematology, 117(24), 6417-6424. https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2010-11-320614
  • Liu, G., Zhu, S., Liu, D., Guo, X., & Ye, Z. (2017). Effects of stocking density of the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone) on immunities, antioxidant status, and resistance against Vibrio harveyi in a biofloc system. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 67, 19-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2017.05.038
  • Mazlum, Y. (2007). Stocking density affects the growth, survival, and cheliped injuries of third instars of narrow-clawed crayfish, Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz, 1823 juveniles. Crustaceana, 803-815. https://doi.org/10.1163/156854007781363114
  • Nedaei, S., Noori, A., Valipour, A., Khanipour, A. A., & Hoseinifar, S. H. (2019). Effects of dietary galactooligosaccharide enriched commercial prebiotic on growth performance, innate immune response, stress resistance, intestinal microbiota and digestive enzyme activity in Narrow-clawed crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz, 1823). Aquaculture, 499, 80-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2018.08.076
  • Negrini, C., Castro, C. S. D., Bittencourt-Guimarães, A. T., Frozza, A., Ortiz-Kracizy, R., & Cupertino-Ballester, E. L. (2017). Stocking density for freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (Decapoda, Palaemonidae) in biofloc system. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 45(5), 891-899. http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol45-issue5-fulltext-3
  • Panigrahi, A., Sundaram, M., Saranya, C., Swain, S., Dash, R. R., & Dayal, J. S. (2019). Carbohydrate sources deferentially influence growth performances, microbial dynamics and immunomodulation in Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) under biofloc system. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 86, 1207-1216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2018.12.040
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Gıda Bilimi ve Teknolojisi
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Doğukan KAYA (Sorumlu Yazar)
TOKAT GAZİOSMANPAŞA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-8832-5496
Türkiye


Ercüment GENÇ
ANKARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-7474-2208
Türkiye


Derya GÜROY
YALOVA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-8254-1403
Türkiye


Serhat DİNÇER Bu kişi benim
ANKARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-6717-5137
Türkiye


Bilgenur HARMANŞA YILMAZ
ANKARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-0679-8327
Türkiye


Hijran YAVUZCAN
ANKARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-6567-7467
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Aralık 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 17, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

APA Kaya, D. , Genç, E. , Güroy, D. , Dinçer, S. , Harmanşa Yılmaz, B. & Yavuzcan, H. (2021). Evaluation of Biofloc Technology for Astacus leptodactylus: Effect of Different Stocking Densities on Production Performance and Physiological Responses . Acta Aquatica Turcica , 17 (4) , 569-579 . DOI: 10.22392/actaquatr.920606