Yıl 2020, Cilt 18 , Sayı 4, Sayfalar 411 - 420 2020-12-31

Polikarbonat Su Damacanalarının Bisfenol-A Kalıntı Miktar ve Migrasyonu Açısından Güvenliği
Safety of Polycarbonate Water Carboys for Residual and Migration Levels of Bisphenol-A

Özlem KIZILIRMAK ESMER [1] , Özlem ÇAĞINDI [2]


Polikarbonat (PC) malzemeler, sahip olduğu özellikleri itibariyle içme sularının ambalajlanmasında oldukça yaygın olarak kullanılan malzemelerdir. PC malzeme; monomeri olan Bisfenol-A (BPA)’dan dolayı gıda ambalajı olarak kullanımına dair BPA migrasyonu açısından bazı endişeler yaratmaktadır. Bu nedenle bu araştırmada yeni (hiç kullanılmamış) ve eski (kullanım ömrünü tamamlamış) PC su damacanalarının kalıntı BPA miktarları açısından kalitelerinin değerlendirilmesi; depolama sıcaklığı ve depolama süresinin BPA migrasyonu üzerine etkisinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. BPA kalıntı analizi ve BPA migrasyon analizi Floresans Dedektörlü Yüksek Basınç Sıvı Kromatografisi kullanılarak gerçekleştirilmiştir. Bu amaçla, üç farklı temas sıcaklığı (5, 20 ve 40ºC) ve yedi farklı depolama süresinde (1., 5., 10., 20., 30., 45. ve 60. gün) depolama yapılarak BPA migrasyon miktarları belirlenmiştir. Çalışma sonucunda PC damacana örneklerinin BPA kalıntı miktarlarının düşük olduğu ve damacanaların eski olması durumunda yeni damacanalara göre daha düşük ya da daha yüksek kalıntı BPA miktarlarına sahip olabileceği tespit edilmiştir. BPA migrasyon miktarlarının ise sıcaklığa ve süreye bağlı olarak artış gösterdiği ve damacanaları güneş ışığı altında depolamanın BPA migrasyon miktarlarını artırdığı tespit edilmiştir. Tüm depolama koşullarında tespit edilen BPA migrasyon miktarlarının, BPA için belirtilen spesifik migrasyon limitinin oldukça altında olduğu belirlenmiştir. 60 kilogram ağırlığındaki bir kişinin BPA’nın tolere edilebilir günlük alım miktarına (4 mikrogram/ 60kg vücut ağırlığı-gün) ulaşmak için, en kötü depolama koşulunda (40ºC/60 gün) bir günde 16 litre su tüketmesi gerektiği hesaplanmıştır. Ancak günlük koşullar dikkate alındığında bu miktarda su içilmesi olası değildir. Bu nedenlerle, gerçekleştirilen bu çalışma sonucunda, belirtilen koşullar altında kullanıldığında polikarbonat su damacanalarının BPA migrasyonu açısından bir risk teşkil etmediği belirlenmiştir.
Polycarbonate (PC) materials are widely used for the packaging of drinkable water. The use of PC materials as food packaging raises some concerns for the migration of Bisphenol A (BPA), which is the monomer of PC. Therefore, in this research, it was aimed to determine the quality of new and old (life time ended) PC water carboys in terms of residual BPA and BPA migration levels with respect to storage conditions. For this purpose, BPA migration was determined by storing at three different temperatures (5, 20 and 40C) for seven different storage times (1., 5., 10., 20., 30., 45. and 60 days.) Residual and migrated BPA levels were determined by High Performance Liquid Chromatography with Fluorescence Detector. As a result, PC water carboys contained low levels of residual of BPA, and lower or higher residual BPA levels were detected in old materials compared to new materials. The BPA migration level increased by temperature and time, and storage under sunlight increased the level of BPA migration. BPA migration levels under all storage conditions were below the specific migration limit for BPA. In order to reach the tolerable daily intake of BPA even under the worst storage condition of PC water carboys, daily water consumption was calculated as 16 liters for a person with a body weight of 60 kg. On the other hand, this daily water consumption might not be rational for a person. Therefore, it was concluded that PC water carboys possessed no risk in terms of BPA migration levels under the conditions studied.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Gıda Bilimi ve Teknolojisi
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-4652-0514
Yazar: Özlem KIZILIRMAK ESMER (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Ege University, Engineering Faculty, Food Engineering Department
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6436-9208
Yazar: Özlem ÇAĞINDI
Kurum: Manisa Celal Bayar University, Engineering Faculty, Food Engineering Department
Ülke: Turkey


Destekleyen Kurum Ege University Scientific Research Projects Commission
Proje Numarası 2015-MUH-019
Teşekkür The authors would like to thank the Ege University Scientific Research Projects Commission (2015-MUH-019) for financial support.
Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { akademik-gida850930, journal = {Akademik Gıda}, issn = {1304-7582}, eissn = {2148-015X}, address = {Fevzipaşa Bulv. Çelik İş Merkezi, No: 162, Kat: 3, D:302, Çankaya, İzmir}, publisher = {Sidas Medya Ajans Tanıtım Danışmanlık Ltd. Şti.}, year = {2020}, volume = {18}, pages = {411 - 420}, doi = {10.24323/akademik-gida.850930}, title = {Safety of Polycarbonate Water Carboys for Residual and Migration Levels of Bisphenol-A}, key = {cite}, author = {Kızılırmak Esmer, Özlem and Çağındı, Özlem} }
APA Kızılırmak Esmer, Ö , Çağındı, Ö . (2020). Safety of Polycarbonate Water Carboys for Residual and Migration Levels of Bisphenol-A . Akademik Gıda , 18 (4) , 411-420 . DOI: 10.24323/akademik-gida.850930
MLA Kızılırmak Esmer, Ö , Çağındı, Ö . "Safety of Polycarbonate Water Carboys for Residual and Migration Levels of Bisphenol-A" . Akademik Gıda 18 (2020 ): 411-420 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/akademik-gida/issue/59170/850930>
Chicago Kızılırmak Esmer, Ö , Çağındı, Ö . "Safety of Polycarbonate Water Carboys for Residual and Migration Levels of Bisphenol-A". Akademik Gıda 18 (2020 ): 411-420
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Safety of Polycarbonate Water Carboys for Residual and Migration Levels of Bisphenol-A AU - Özlem Kızılırmak Esmer , Özlem Çağındı Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.24323/akademik-gida.850930 DO - 10.24323/akademik-gida.850930 T2 - Akademik Gıda JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 411 EP - 420 VL - 18 IS - 4 SN - 1304-7582-2148-015X M3 - doi: 10.24323/akademik-gida.850930 UR - https://doi.org/10.24323/akademik-gida.850930 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Akademik Gıda Safety of Polycarbonate Water Carboys for Residual and Migration Levels of Bisphenol-A %A Özlem Kızılırmak Esmer , Özlem Çağındı %T Safety of Polycarbonate Water Carboys for Residual and Migration Levels of Bisphenol-A %D 2020 %J Akademik Gıda %P 1304-7582-2148-015X %V 18 %N 4 %R doi: 10.24323/akademik-gida.850930 %U 10.24323/akademik-gida.850930
ISNAD Kızılırmak Esmer, Özlem , Çağındı, Özlem . "Safety of Polycarbonate Water Carboys for Residual and Migration Levels of Bisphenol-A". Akademik Gıda 18 / 4 (Aralık 2020): 411-420 . https://doi.org/10.24323/akademik-gida.850930
AMA Kızılırmak Esmer Ö , Çağındı Ö . Safety of Polycarbonate Water Carboys for Residual and Migration Levels of Bisphenol-A. Akademik Gıda. 2020; 18(4): 411-420.
Vancouver Kızılırmak Esmer Ö , Çağındı Ö . Safety of Polycarbonate Water Carboys for Residual and Migration Levels of Bisphenol-A. Akademik Gıda. 2020; 18(4): 411-420.
IEEE Ö. Kızılırmak Esmer ve Ö. Çağındı , "Safety of Polycarbonate Water Carboys for Residual and Migration Levels of Bisphenol-A", Akademik Gıda, c. 18, sayı. 4, ss. 411-420, Ara. 2021, doi:10.24323/akademik-gida.850930