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Nefret Söylemi Üzerinden Ötekileştirme: Twitter’da Mültecilere Yönelik Nefret Tipolojisi Analizi

Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı 36, 501 - 520, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.31123/akil.989074

Öz

2010 yılından bu yana Suriye’de yaşanan iç savaş nedeniyle ülkelerinden göç eden halk için Türkiye önemli bir göç merkezi haline gelirken, yaşanan bu kaos ve mülteci krizi sonucunda Avrupa ülkelerinde ve Türkiye’de mülteci sorunu nefret söyleminin merkezine yerleşmiştir. Mülteciler ve yaşadıkları sorunlarla ilgili çevrimiçi ortamlarda üretilen içerikler, kullanılan dil mültecilere yönelik oluşan nefret söyleminin daha güçlenmesine sebep olmaktadır. Çalışmada Türkiye’de Suriyelilerle ilgili çevrimiçi paylaşımların nefret unsurları taşıyıp taşımadığı, ayrımcı söylem stratejileri temelinde sınıflandırılarak araştırılmıştır. Türkiye’deki Twitter kullanıcılarının Türkçe içerikleri üzerinden gerçekleştirilen bu araştırmada, #suriyeli”, “#mülteci”, “#suriyelimülteci”, “#suriyelileriistemiyoruz” ve “#suriyelilerdefolsun” hashtaglerinin altına yapılan 4.217 adet tweet incelenmiş ve mültecilere geliştirilen söylemlerin daha çok hangi ayrımcı söylem stratejileri tipolojileri altında toplandığı keşfedilmeye çalışılmıştır. Çalışmada olumsuz söylemlerin ötekileştirici ve kışkırtıcı bir arka planı olduğu, Twitter kullanıcılarının söylemlerinin sertleşip hakaret boyutuna vardığı, mültecilere yönelik nefret ve düşmanlık söylemlerinin kolektif olarak kamusal eleştiriler çerçevesinde toplandığını söylemek mümkündür.

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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular İletişim
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Özlem ALİKILIÇ (Sorumlu Yazar)
YAŞAR ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-6311-2622
Türkiye


Ebru GÖKALİLER
YAŞAR ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-4134-8447
Türkiye


İnanç ALİKILIÇ
MALATYA TURGUT ÖZAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-9079-8420
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 31 Ağustos 2021
Kabul Tarihi 6 Aralık 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı 36

Kaynak Göster

APA Alikılıç, Ö. , Gökaliler, E. & Alikılıç, İ. (2021). Nefret Söylemi Üzerinden Ötekileştirme: Twitter’da Mültecilere Yönelik Nefret Tipolojisi Analizi . Akdeniz Üniversitesi İletişim Fakültesi Dergisi , (36) , 501-520 . DOI: 10.31123/akil.989074