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Wild Edible Fruits: A Rich Source of Biodiversity

Yıl 2017, Cilt 27, Sayı 2, 116 - 122, 15.12.2017

Öz

Wild edible fruits are highly valued fruit crops for their unique flavors, textures, and colors. In recent years, wild edible fruits have been shown to provide significant health benefits because of their high antioxidant content, vitamins and minerals, fiber, folic acid, etc. In addition to fresh consumption, wild edible fruits are widely used in beverages, ice cream, yogurt, jams, jellies and many other food products. A number of wild edible fruits are used by rural and tribal populations and significantly contribute to their livelihood. The use of non-cultivated foods, of which wild fruits form a part, as a diet supplement, or as a coping mechanism in times of food shortage, provides an important safety net for the rural poor especially in underdeveloped countries. There is now a greater awareness that products from the wild may support household subsistence and also that income may be created from their sale, either in raw or processed forms. This awareness has prompted a research on the diversity of species that are used and their relation to the socio-economic status of those who use them. Wild edible fruits are important constituents of biodiversity. The aim of this study is to compare the morphological, biochemical and molecular diversity among wild edible fruits and cultivated ones.

Kaynakça

  • Adebooye, O. C., and O. T. Phillips. 2006. Studies of seed characteristics and chemical composition of three morphotypes of Mucuna urens (L.) Medikus-Fabaceae. Food Chem. 95: 658-663.
  • Andersen, L. T., S. H. Thilsted., B. B. Nielsen., and S. Rangasamy. 2003. Food and nutrient intakes among pregnant women in rural Tamil Nadu, South India. Public Health Nutr. 6: 131-137.
  • Anttonen, M. J., and R. O. Karjalainen. 2005. Environmental and genetic variation of phenolic compounds in red raspberry. Food Comp Anal. 18: 759-769.
  • Bowman, D. T., O. L. May., and J. B. Creech. 2003. Genetic uniformity of the U.S. upland cotton crop since the introduction of transgenic cottons. Crop Sci. 43: 515-518.
  • Delang, C. O. 2006. The role of wild plants in poverty alleviation and biodiversity conservation in tropical countries. Prog Dev Stud. 4: 275-286.
  • Deshmukh, B. S., and V. Shinde. 2010. Fruits in the Wilderness: A Potential of local food resource: Int J Pharm Bio Sci. 2 (1): 1-11.
  • Duvick D. N. 1984. Genetic diversity in major farm crops on the farm and in reserve. Econ Bot. 38: 161-178.
  • Ercisli, S. 2004. A short review of the fruit germplasm resources of Turkey. Genet. Res. Crop. Evol. 51: 419-435.
  • Halász, J., A. Pedryc., S. Ercisli., K. U. Yilmaz., and A. Hegedűs. 2010. S-genotyping supports the genetic relationships between Turkish and Hungarian apricot germplasm. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 135: 410-417.
  • Halasz, J., A. Hegedus., B. Szikriszt., S. Ercisli, E. Orhan., and H. M. Unlu. 2013. The S-genotyping of wild-grown apricots reveals only self-incompatible accessions in the Erzincan region of Turkey. Turk. J. Biol. 37: 733-740
  • Ipek, A., K. Yilmaz., P. Sıkıcı., N. A. Tangu., A. T. Oz., M. Bayraktar., M. Ipek., and H. Gulen. 2016. SNP discovery by GBS in olive and the construction of a high-density genetic linkage map. Biochem Genet. 54: 313-325.
  • Kaczmarska, E., J. Gawronski., M. Dyduch-Sieminska., A. Najda., W. Marecki., and J. Zebrowska. 2015. Genetic diversity and chemical characterization of selected Polish and Russian cultivars and clones of blue honeysuckle (Lonicera caerulea).Turk. J. Agric. For. 39: 394-402.
  • Kacar, Y., O. Simsek., D. Donmez., M. Boncuk., T. Yesiloglu., and P. Ollitrault. 2014. Genetic relationships of some citrus genotypes based on the candidate iron chlorosis genes. Turk J Agric For. 38: 340-347.
  • Kumbhojkar, M. S., and V. D. Vartak. 1988. Ethno botanical studies on wild edible grapes from sacred groves in Western Maharashtra. J. Econ. Tax. Bot. 12 (2): 257-263.
  • Mahapatra, A. K., P. C. Panda. 2012. Wild edible fruit diversity and its significance in the livelihood of indigenous tribals: Evidence from eastern India. Food Sec. 4: 219-234.
  • Mishra, S. N., P. C. Tomar., and N. Lakra. 2007. Medicinal food value of Capparis sp. Indian J. Tradit Know. 6 (1): 232-237.
  • Mishra, P. K., R. B. Ram., and N. Kumar. 2015. Genetic variability, heritability, and genetic advance in strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.). Tur. J. Agric. For. 39: 451-458.
  • Natarajan, B., and B.S. Paulsen. 2000. An ethnopharmacological study from Thane district, Maharashtra, India: Traditional knowledge compared with modern Biological Science. Pharm Biol. 38: 139-151.
  • Pimentel, D., M. Mcnair., L. Buck., M. Pimentel., and J. Kamil. 1997. The value of forests to world food security. Hum. Ecol. 25: 91-120.
  • Rauf, S., J. T. da Silva., A. A. Khan., and A. Naveed. 2010. Consequences of plant breeding on genetic diversity. Int. J. Plant Breed. 41: 1-21.
  • Reddy, K. N., C. Pattanaik., C. S. Reddy., and V. S. Raju. 2006. Traditional knowledge on wild food plants in Andhra Pradesh. Indian J. Tradit Know. 6 (1): 223-229.
  • Redzic, S. J. 2007. Wild edible plants and their traditional use in the human nutrition in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Ecol Food Nutr. 45 (3): 189-232.
  • Reyes-Carmona, J., G. G. Yousef., R. A. Martinez-Peniche., and M. A. Lila. 2005. Antioxidant capacity of fruit extracts of blackberry (Rubus sp.) produced in different climatic regions. J. Food Sci. 70: 497-503.
  • Tetik, N., I. Turhan., H. R. Oziyci., H. Gubbuk., M. Karhan., and S. Ercisli. 2011. Physical and chemical characterization of Ceratonia siliqua L. germplasm in Turkey. Sci. Hort. 129: 583-589.
  • Tsou, C., L. Li., and K. Vijayan. 2016. The intra-familial relationships of Pentaphylacaceae as revealed by DNA sequence analysis. Biochem Genet. 54: 270-282.
  • Tuxill, J. 1999. Appreciating the Benefits of Plant Biodiversity. In: Brown, L.R., Flavin, C., French, H. and Starke, L., State of the World 1999: a Worldwatch Institute Report on Progress Toward a Sustainable Society, W.W. Norton, New York. pp. 96-114.
  • Yildiz, H., M. Sengul M., F. Celik., A. Hegedus., S. Ercisli., and M. Tosun. 2010. Some phytochemical and antioxidant characteristics of wild and cultivated blackberry (Rubus caucasicus) fruits. J. Food Agric Environ. 8 (3-4): 156-159.

Yabani Yenilebilir Meyveler: Zengin Biyolojik Çeşitlilik Kaynağı

Yıl 2017, Cilt 27, Sayı 2, 116 - 122, 15.12.2017

Öz

Yabani yenilebilir meyveler, benzersiz lezzetleri, dokuları ve renkleri ile son derece değerli meyve grubunu oluştururlar. Son yıllarda yapılan çalışmalarla, yabani yenilebilir meyvelerin, yüksek antioksidan içeriği, vitaminler, mineraller, lif, folik asit, vb. zengin olması nedeniyle sağlık bakımından önemli yararlar sağladığı ortaya konulmuştur. Yabani yenilebilir meyveler, taze tüketime ek olarak, içecek, dondurma, yoğurt, reçel, jöle ve diğer pek çok gıda ürünlerinde yaygın olarak kullanılmaktadır. Bir takım yabani yenilebilir meyveler kırsal ve yerli nüfusları tarafından kullanılmakta ve onların geçim kaynaklarına önemli ölçüde katkıda bulunmaktadırlar. Yabani meyveleri içine alan kültüre alınmamış bitkilerin, diyet takviyesi olarak veya gıda yetersizliğinde kullanılması, özellikle az gelişmiş ülkelerde kırsalda yaşayanlar için önemli bir gıda güvenlik ağı sağlar. Günümüzde, doğadan gelen ürünlerin hane halkının geçimini destekleyebileceği ve ayrıca ham ya da işlenmiş halde satışlarından elde edilecek gelirin daha fazla farkındalık oluşturacağına inanılmaktadır. Bu farkındalık, kullanılan türlerin çeşitliliği ve bunları kullananların sosyo-ekonomik durumu ile olan ilişkileri üzerine araştırma yapmayı teşvik etmektedir. Yabani yenilebilir meyveler biyolojik çeşitliliğinde önemli bir bileşenini oluşturmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı yabani yenilebilir meyveler ile kültür meyveleri arasındaki morfolojik, biyokimyasal ve moleküler çeşitliliği karşılaştırmaktır.

Kaynakça

  • Adebooye, O. C., and O. T. Phillips. 2006. Studies of seed characteristics and chemical composition of three morphotypes of Mucuna urens (L.) Medikus-Fabaceae. Food Chem. 95: 658-663.
  • Andersen, L. T., S. H. Thilsted., B. B. Nielsen., and S. Rangasamy. 2003. Food and nutrient intakes among pregnant women in rural Tamil Nadu, South India. Public Health Nutr. 6: 131-137.
  • Anttonen, M. J., and R. O. Karjalainen. 2005. Environmental and genetic variation of phenolic compounds in red raspberry. Food Comp Anal. 18: 759-769.
  • Bowman, D. T., O. L. May., and J. B. Creech. 2003. Genetic uniformity of the U.S. upland cotton crop since the introduction of transgenic cottons. Crop Sci. 43: 515-518.
  • Delang, C. O. 2006. The role of wild plants in poverty alleviation and biodiversity conservation in tropical countries. Prog Dev Stud. 4: 275-286.
  • Deshmukh, B. S., and V. Shinde. 2010. Fruits in the Wilderness: A Potential of local food resource: Int J Pharm Bio Sci. 2 (1): 1-11.
  • Duvick D. N. 1984. Genetic diversity in major farm crops on the farm and in reserve. Econ Bot. 38: 161-178.
  • Ercisli, S. 2004. A short review of the fruit germplasm resources of Turkey. Genet. Res. Crop. Evol. 51: 419-435.
  • Halász, J., A. Pedryc., S. Ercisli., K. U. Yilmaz., and A. Hegedűs. 2010. S-genotyping supports the genetic relationships between Turkish and Hungarian apricot germplasm. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 135: 410-417.
  • Halasz, J., A. Hegedus., B. Szikriszt., S. Ercisli, E. Orhan., and H. M. Unlu. 2013. The S-genotyping of wild-grown apricots reveals only self-incompatible accessions in the Erzincan region of Turkey. Turk. J. Biol. 37: 733-740
  • Ipek, A., K. Yilmaz., P. Sıkıcı., N. A. Tangu., A. T. Oz., M. Bayraktar., M. Ipek., and H. Gulen. 2016. SNP discovery by GBS in olive and the construction of a high-density genetic linkage map. Biochem Genet. 54: 313-325.
  • Kaczmarska, E., J. Gawronski., M. Dyduch-Sieminska., A. Najda., W. Marecki., and J. Zebrowska. 2015. Genetic diversity and chemical characterization of selected Polish and Russian cultivars and clones of blue honeysuckle (Lonicera caerulea).Turk. J. Agric. For. 39: 394-402.
  • Kacar, Y., O. Simsek., D. Donmez., M. Boncuk., T. Yesiloglu., and P. Ollitrault. 2014. Genetic relationships of some citrus genotypes based on the candidate iron chlorosis genes. Turk J Agric For. 38: 340-347.
  • Kumbhojkar, M. S., and V. D. Vartak. 1988. Ethno botanical studies on wild edible grapes from sacred groves in Western Maharashtra. J. Econ. Tax. Bot. 12 (2): 257-263.
  • Mahapatra, A. K., P. C. Panda. 2012. Wild edible fruit diversity and its significance in the livelihood of indigenous tribals: Evidence from eastern India. Food Sec. 4: 219-234.
  • Mishra, S. N., P. C. Tomar., and N. Lakra. 2007. Medicinal food value of Capparis sp. Indian J. Tradit Know. 6 (1): 232-237.
  • Mishra, P. K., R. B. Ram., and N. Kumar. 2015. Genetic variability, heritability, and genetic advance in strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.). Tur. J. Agric. For. 39: 451-458.
  • Natarajan, B., and B.S. Paulsen. 2000. An ethnopharmacological study from Thane district, Maharashtra, India: Traditional knowledge compared with modern Biological Science. Pharm Biol. 38: 139-151.
  • Pimentel, D., M. Mcnair., L. Buck., M. Pimentel., and J. Kamil. 1997. The value of forests to world food security. Hum. Ecol. 25: 91-120.
  • Rauf, S., J. T. da Silva., A. A. Khan., and A. Naveed. 2010. Consequences of plant breeding on genetic diversity. Int. J. Plant Breed. 41: 1-21.
  • Reddy, K. N., C. Pattanaik., C. S. Reddy., and V. S. Raju. 2006. Traditional knowledge on wild food plants in Andhra Pradesh. Indian J. Tradit Know. 6 (1): 223-229.
  • Redzic, S. J. 2007. Wild edible plants and their traditional use in the human nutrition in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Ecol Food Nutr. 45 (3): 189-232.
  • Reyes-Carmona, J., G. G. Yousef., R. A. Martinez-Peniche., and M. A. Lila. 2005. Antioxidant capacity of fruit extracts of blackberry (Rubus sp.) produced in different climatic regions. J. Food Sci. 70: 497-503.
  • Tetik, N., I. Turhan., H. R. Oziyci., H. Gubbuk., M. Karhan., and S. Ercisli. 2011. Physical and chemical characterization of Ceratonia siliqua L. germplasm in Turkey. Sci. Hort. 129: 583-589.
  • Tsou, C., L. Li., and K. Vijayan. 2016. The intra-familial relationships of Pentaphylacaceae as revealed by DNA sequence analysis. Biochem Genet. 54: 270-282.
  • Tuxill, J. 1999. Appreciating the Benefits of Plant Biodiversity. In: Brown, L.R., Flavin, C., French, H. and Starke, L., State of the World 1999: a Worldwatch Institute Report on Progress Toward a Sustainable Society, W.W. Norton, New York. pp. 96-114.
  • Yildiz, H., M. Sengul M., F. Celik., A. Hegedus., S. Ercisli., and M. Tosun. 2010. Some phytochemical and antioxidant characteristics of wild and cultivated blackberry (Rubus caucasicus) fruits. J. Food Agric Environ. 8 (3-4): 156-159.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Fen
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Sezai ERCISLI


Halil IBRAHİM SAGBAS Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Aralık 2017
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017, Cilt 27, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @derleme { anadolu376959, journal = {ANADOLU Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {1300-0225}, eissn = {2667-6087}, address = {}, publisher = {Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü}, year = {2017}, volume = {27}, number = {2}, pages = {116 - 122}, title = {Wild Edible Fruits: A Rich Source of Biodiversity}, key = {cite}, author = {Ercıslı, Sezai and Ibrahim Sagbas, Halil} }
APA Ercıslı, S. & Ibrahim Sagbas, H. (2017). Wild Edible Fruits: A Rich Source of Biodiversity . ANADOLU Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi , 27 (2) , 116-122 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/anadolu/issue/34063/376959
MLA Ercıslı, S. , Ibrahim Sagbas, H. "Wild Edible Fruits: A Rich Source of Biodiversity" . ANADOLU Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi 27 (2017 ): 116-122 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/anadolu/issue/34063/376959>
Chicago Ercıslı, S. , Ibrahim Sagbas, H. "Wild Edible Fruits: A Rich Source of Biodiversity". ANADOLU Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi 27 (2017 ): 116-122
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Wild Edible Fruits: A Rich Source of Biodiversity AU - Sezai Ercıslı , Halil Ibrahim Sagbas Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - DO - T2 - ANADOLU Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 116 EP - 122 VL - 27 IS - 2 SN - 1300-0225-2667-6087 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 ANADOLU Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi Wild Edible Fruits: A Rich Source of Biodiversity %A Sezai Ercıslı , Halil Ibrahim Sagbas %T Wild Edible Fruits: A Rich Source of Biodiversity %D 2017 %J ANADOLU Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi %P 1300-0225-2667-6087 %V 27 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Ercıslı, Sezai , Ibrahim Sagbas, Halil . "Wild Edible Fruits: A Rich Source of Biodiversity". ANADOLU Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi 27 / 2 (Aralık 2017): 116-122 .
AMA Ercıslı S. , Ibrahim Sagbas H. Wild Edible Fruits: A Rich Source of Biodiversity. ANADOLU. 2017; 27(2): 116-122.
Vancouver Ercıslı S. , Ibrahim Sagbas H. Wild Edible Fruits: A Rich Source of Biodiversity. ANADOLU Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2017; 27(2): 116-122.
IEEE S. Ercıslı ve H. Ibrahim Sagbas , "Wild Edible Fruits: A Rich Source of Biodiversity", ANADOLU Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi, c. 27, sayı. 2, ss. 116-122, Ara. 2017