Yıl 2016, Cilt 2 , Sayı 4, Sayfalar 47 - 64 2016-10-16

Kentsel Sürdürülebilirliğin Uygulanması ve Ölçülmesi Bağlamında Yerel Yönetimlerin Fonksiyonu
Function of Local Governments in the Context of Achieving and Measuring of Urban Sustainability

Onur AKÇAKAYA [1]


Sürdürülebilirlik, son yıllarda uluslararası alanda önemini artırmış ve yükselen bir küresel paradigma haline dönüşmüştür. Günümüzde, yerel, bölgesel ve küresel seviyede ele alınan sürdürülebilirlik olgusu, büyük insan topluluklarını barındıran kentlere yaşamsal sorumluluklar yüklemektedir. ‘‘Kentsel sürdürülebilirlik’’, ‘‘sürdürülebilir kent’’ ve ‘‘sürdürülebilir insan yerleşkeleri’’ kavramlarının uluslararası boyutta yaygın bir şekilde tartışılması sonucunda ortaya çıkan uzlaşıya dayalı yaklaşımlar, kentlerin sosyal, ekonomik ve çevresel sorumluluklarını günbegün artırmaktadır. Kentleri, sürdürülebilir insan yerleşkelerine dönüştürme sürecinde en önemli rollerden birisi, insan topluluklarına en yakın kamu kurumları olan yerel yönetimlere düşmektedir. Yerel yönetimlerin bu husustaki en başlıca görevleri sürdürülebilirlik politikaları üretmek ve sürdürülebilirlik performansını ölçmektir.
In recent years, sustainability has increased its importance in the international arena and has become an emerging global paradigm. Nowadays, the phenomenon of sustainability, which discussed in local, regional and global levels, lands the cities, hosting enormous human communities, with great responsibilities. The approaches, emerging as a result of internationally widespread debates on the case of concepts such as ‘‘urban sustainability’’, ‘sustainable city’’ and ‘‘sustainable human settlements’’, increase the social, economical and environmental resporsibilities of cities day by day. In the process of converting cities to sustainable human settlements, local governments, which is the closest public authorities to human communities, take one of the most important roles. The main tasks of local governments in this context are to produce sustainability policies and to measure sustainability performance.
  • ALBERTI, M. (1996),‘‘Measuring Urban Sustainability’’,Environ Impact Assess Rev., Vol.16, 381-424.
  • BIRNEY, A.; CLARKSON H.; MADDEN P., PORRITT J. and B. TUXWORTH. (2010), ‘‘Stepping up- A Framework for public Sector Leadership on Sustainability’’, Forum for the Future, February, 1-19.
  • COHEN, B. (2006),‘‘Urbanization in Developing Countries: Current Trends, Future Projections and Key Challenges for Sustainability’’,Technology in Society, Vol.28, 63-80.
  • ECCLES, R.; KRZUS, M.; ROGERS, J. ve G. SERAFEIM. (2012),‘‘The Need for Sector-Specific Materiality and Sustainability Standards’’, Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, Vol.24, No.2, Spring, 8-14.
  • European Comission-In Depth Report: Indicators for Sustainable Cities, (2015), European Comission.
  • Indicators for Sustainable Cities, (2015), European Comission Science for Environment Policy, November, Issue.12.
  • KELEŞ, R. (2001),‘‘Sustainable Urbanization and Its Policy Implications the Case of Turkey’’, (Ed. CAMARDA, D. ve L. GRASSINI) Interdependency Between Agriculture and Urbanization: Conflicts on Sustainable Use of Soil and Water, Bari: CIHEAM, Options Méditerranéennes: Série A. Séminaires Méditerranéens; N.44, 119-135.
  • KENNEDY, C.; PINCETL S. ve P. BUNJE, (2010),‘‘The Study of Urban Metabolism and Its Applications to Urban Planning and Design’’,Environmental Pollution, 1-9.
  • KJÖLLERSTRÖM, M. (2008),‘‘Public Procurement as a Tool for Promoting More Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns’’, United Nations Sustainable Development Innovation Brief, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Issue 5, August, 1-12.
  • Local and Regional Governments Partners for the Global Agenda, (2015), UCLG.
  • NIDUMOLU, R.; PRAHALAD, C.K. ve M.R. RANGASWAMI. (2009), ‘‘Why Sustainability is Now the Key Driver of Innovation?’’, Harvard Business Review, September, 1-10.
  • NSHIMBI, M. ve R. VINYA, (2014), ‘‘Impacts of Public-Private Partnership on Local Livelihoods and Natural Resource Dynamics: Perceptions from Eastern Zambia’’, Resources 2014, 3, 471-487.
  • Public Agency Sustainability Reporting, (2004), A Resource Document in Support of the Public Agency Sector Supplement Project, GRI, January.
  • ROSALES, N., (2010),‘‘Towards a Design of Sustainable Cities: Incorporating Sustainability Indicators in Urban Planning’’, Sustainability Indicators in Urban Planning, 46th ISOCARP Congress, 1-11.
  • SATTERTWAITE, D., (1997),‘‘Sustainable Cities or Cities that Contribute to Sustainable Development?’’ Urban Studies, Vol.34, No.10, 1667-1691.
  • SELMAN, P., (1996), ‘‘Local Sustainability: Managing and Planning Ecologically Sound Places’’, New York: St. Martin’s Press.
  • SCIULLI, N., (2009),‘‘Sustainability Reporting by Local Council in Coastal Regions: An Australian Study’’,Asian Journal of Finance&Accounting, Vol.1, No.1, 76- 86.
  • SHEN, Li-Y.; OCHOA, J.J.; SHAH, M..N. ve X. ZHANG, (2011),‘‘The Application of Urban Sustainability Indicators- A Comparison Between Various Prospects’’, Habitat International, 35, 17-29.
  • TORJMAN, S. ve E. L. REID, (2003),‘‘The Social Role of Local Government’’,The Caledon Institute of Social Policy, March, 1-24.
  • The China Urban Sustainability Index, (2014), UCI.
  • World Urbanization Prospects, (2014),The 2014 Revision. U.N. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, New York.
Birincil Dil tr
Konular Kentsel Çalışmalar
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Yazar: Onur AKÇAKAYA
Kurum: ARDAHAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 16 Ekim 2016

APA Akçakaya, O . (2016). Kentsel Sürdürülebilirliğin Uygulanması ve Ölçülmesi Bağlamında Yerel Yönetimlerin Fonksiyonu . Ardahan Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi , 2 (4) , 47-64 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/aruiibfdergisi/issue/60489/887297