Yıl 2019, Cilt , Sayı , Sayfalar 169 - 179 2019-09-23

ANALYZING SECURITY GAPS AT URBAN AREAS: CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR “URBAN SECURITY DIVIDE”
KENTSEL ALANLARDA GÜVENLİK AÇIKLARININ ANALİZ EDİLMESİ: “KENTSEL GÜVENLİK BÖLÜNMESİ” İÇİN KAVRAMSAL ÇERÇEVE

Ahmet BARBAK [1]


This study aims to propose urban security divide as a descriptive concept to analyze security gaps at urban areas, arising from varying levels of access to public security services and/or ineffective provision of public security. In this context, the ultimate aim of urban security policies should be to narrow security gaps as much as possible so as to eliminate inequalities. In an urban area, which includes the city and its surrounding areas such as towns and suburbs, security divide may exist between those living at different urban spaces, between socioeconomic groups, and between communities etc. Issues of urban security has come to forefront in the last three decades within United Nations (UN) sustainable development agenda due to rapid and/or unplanned urbanization, increasing poverty and inequalities, migration, organized crime and terrorism, thus leading to deterioration of social cohesion and human security conditions. While the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development interrelates security and sustainable development in general, the Goal 11 of it dedicates a particular focus on making cities and human settlements safer. European Forum for Urban Security (EFUS) also renewed its commitment to urban security in 2017, emphasizing the co-production of urban security policies and interdependency between security, democracy and sustainable development. Drawing upon pertinent literature and documents, the study first describes urban security divide and develops a conceptual framework for it to analyze urban security gaps. The study proceeds with methodological discussion of urban security divide as an analytical tool and puts some conclusions for researchers.

Bu çalışma, kentsel alanlarda kamu güvenliği hizmetlerine farklı erişim seviyeleri ve/veya etkili olmayan kamu güvenliği hizmeti sunumu nedeniyle ortaya çıkan güvenlik boşluklarının analiz edilmesi için betimleyici bir kavram olarak kentsel güvenlik bölünmesi kavramını önermeyi amaçlamaktadır. Bu çalışma açısından, kentsel güvenlik politikalarının nihai amacı eşitsizlikleri ortadan kaldırmak için güvenlik açıklarını mümkün olduğunda daraltmak olmalıdır. Şehir merkezini ve onu çevreleyen banliyöler ve kasabalar gibi alanları içeren bir kentsel alanda farklı kentsel mekanlarda yaşayanlar, farklı sosyoekonomik gruplar, topluluklar ve benzerleri arasında güvenlik bölünmesi var olabilir. Kentsel güvenlik meseleleri, hızlı ve/veya plansız kentleşme, artan yoksulluk ve eşitsizlikler, göç, organize suç ve terörizm gibi toplumsal dayanışmanın ve insani güvenlik koşullarının bozulmasına yol açan nedenlerle son otuz yılda Birleşmiş Milletlerin sürdürülebilir kalkınma gündeminde öne çıkmıştır. BM’nin 2030 Sürdürülebilir Kalkınma Gündemi genel olarak güvenlik ile kalkınmayı bibirleriyle ilişkilendirirken Gündemin Amaç No. 11’i şehirlerin ve insan yerleşimlerinin daha emniyetli hale getirilmesine özel olarak odanlanmaktadır. Avrupa Kentsel Güvenlik Forumu da, 2017 yılında kentsel güvenlik politikalarının birlikte üretimine ve güvenlik, demokrasi ve sürdürülebilir kalkınma arasındaki karşılıklı bağımlılığa vurgu yaparak kentsel güvenliğe yönelik taahhütünü yenilemiştir. Bu çalışma öncelikle, kentsel güvenlik bölünmesi kavramını tanımlamakta ve güvenlik açıklarının analiz edilmesi için bir ona ait bir kavramsal çerçeve geliştirmektedir. Daha sonra, çalışma analitik bir araç olarak kentsel güvenlik bölünmesi kavramını yöntembilimsel olarak tartışmakta ve araştırmacılar için sonuçlara yer vermektedir.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makale
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-6573-6308
Yazar: Ahmet BARBAK (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: İZMİR KATİP ÇELEBİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İKTİSADİ VE İDARİ BİLİMLER FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 23 Eylül 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { assam576637, journal = {ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi}, issn = {2148-5879}, address = {Yakuplu Mahallesi Hürriyet Bulvarı Newport Sitesi No: 155 1. Blok Kat 7 D.55 Beylikdüzü İstanbul}, publisher = {Adaleti Savunanlar Stratejik Araştırmalar Merkezi Derneği}, year = {2019}, volume = {}, pages = {169 - 179}, doi = {}, title = {ANALYZING SECURITY GAPS AT URBAN AREAS: CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR “URBAN SECURITY DIVIDE”}, key = {cite}, author = {BARBAK, Ahmet} }
APA BARBAK, A . (2019). ANALYZING SECURITY GAPS AT URBAN AREAS: CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR “URBAN SECURITY DIVIDE”. ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi , () , 169-179 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/assam/issue/48907/576637
MLA BARBAK, A . "ANALYZING SECURITY GAPS AT URBAN AREAS: CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR “URBAN SECURITY DIVIDE”". ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi (2019 ): 169-179 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/assam/issue/48907/576637>
Chicago BARBAK, A . "ANALYZING SECURITY GAPS AT URBAN AREAS: CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR “URBAN SECURITY DIVIDE”". ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi (2019 ): 169-179
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - ANALYZING SECURITY GAPS AT URBAN AREAS: CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR “URBAN SECURITY DIVIDE” AU - Ahmet BARBAK Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 169 EP - 179 VL - IS - SN - 2148-5879- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi ANALYZING SECURITY GAPS AT URBAN AREAS: CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR “URBAN SECURITY DIVIDE” %A Ahmet BARBAK %T ANALYZING SECURITY GAPS AT URBAN AREAS: CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR “URBAN SECURITY DIVIDE” %D 2019 %J ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi %P 2148-5879- %V %N %R %U
ISNAD BARBAK, Ahmet . "ANALYZING SECURITY GAPS AT URBAN AREAS: CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR “URBAN SECURITY DIVIDE”". ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi / (Eylül 2019): 169-179 .
AMA BARBAK A . ANALYZING SECURITY GAPS AT URBAN AREAS: CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR “URBAN SECURITY DIVIDE”. ASSAM-UHAD. 2019; 169-179.
Vancouver BARBAK A . ANALYZING SECURITY GAPS AT URBAN AREAS: CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR “URBAN SECURITY DIVIDE”. ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi. 2019; 179-169.