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Psychotherapy Process Analysis: Application of the Qualitative Research Methods to Psychotherapy Research

Yıl 2019, Cilt 6, Sayı 1, 1 - 17, 25.02.2019
https://doi.org/10.31682/ayna.507463

Öz

This article focused on discourse, narrative and conversational analysis to investigate the change of meaning in psychotherapy research. Psychotherapy process research was reviewed based on different epistemological stances that accepted and challenged psychotherapeutic assumptions. In this regard, the psychotherapy research concerning client’s problems, emotions, cognitive processes; psychotherapy research focusing on therapeutic interaction, and psychotherapy research investigating cultural context, power relations and ideology were analyzed. Lastly, ethical dilemmas and quality of research in psychotherapy research were discussed.

Kaynakça

  • Angus, L., & Hardtke, K. (1994). Narrative processes in psychotherapy. Canadian Psychology, 35(2), 190-203.
  • Angus, L., Hardtke, K., & Levitt, H. (1996). The narrative processes coding System manual: Expanded edition. Department of Psychology, York University, North York, Ontario, Canada.
  • Angus, L., Levitt, H., & Hardtke, K. (1999). The Narrative Processes Coding System: Research applications and implications for psychotherapy practice. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 55(10), 1255-1270.
  • Arkonaç, S. A. (2012). Söylem çalışmaları. Ankara: Nobel Akademik Yayıncılık.
  • Arkonaç, S. A. (2014). Psikolojide söz ve anlam analizi: Niteliksel duruş. İstanbul: Ayrıntı.
  • Avdi, E., & Georgaca, E. (2007a). Discourse analysis and psychotherapy: A critical review. European Journal of Psychotherapy and Counselling, 9(2), 157-176.
  • Avdi, E., & Georgaca, E. (2007). Narrative research in psychotherapy: A critical review. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 80(3), 407-419.
  • Avdi, E., & Georgaca, E. (2009). Narrative and discursive approaches to the analysis of subjectivity in psychotherapy. Social & Personality Psychology Compass, 3(5), 654-670.
  • Avdi, E. (2015). Discourses of development in the consulting room: Analysing family therapy with children. Feminism & Psychology, 25(3), 363-380.
  • Berger, R. (2015). Now I see it, now I don't: researcher's position and reflexivity in qualitative research. Qualitative Research, 15(2), 219-234.
  • Billig, M. (1997). From codes to utterances: Cultural studies, discourse and psychology. M. Ferguson, P. Golding, M. Ferguson, P. Golding (Eds.), Cultural studies in question içinde (205-226). Thousand Oaks, CA, US: Sage Publications, Inc.
  • Boothe, B., von Wyl, A., & Wepfer, R. (1999). Narrative dynamics and psychodynamics. Psychotherapy Research, 9(3), 258-273.
  • Brinkmann, S., & Kvale, S. (2005). Confronting the ethics of qualitative research. Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 18(2), 157-181.
  • Bugental, J.F.T. (1999). Psychotherapy isn’t what you think: Bringing the psychotherapeutic engagement into the living moment. Phoenix: Zeig, Tucker.
  • Burck, C., Frosh, S., Strickland-Clark, L., & Morgan, K. (1998). The process of enabling change: a study of therapist interventions in family therapy. Journal Of Family Therapy, 20 (3), 253- 267.
  • Burman, E., & Parker, I. (1993). Discourse analytic research: repertoires and readings of texts in action. London; New York: Routledge.
  • Burman, E. (1995). Identification, subjectivity, and power in feminist psychotherapy. J. Siegfried, J. Siegfried (Eds.), Therapeutic and everyday discourse as behavior change: Towards a microanalysis in psychotherapy process research içinde (469-489). Norwood, New Jersey: Ablex Publishing Corp.
  • Edwards, D., & Potter, J. (1992). Discursive psychology. Thousand Oaks, CA, US: Sage Publications, Inc.
  • Elliott, R., Fischer, C.T., & Rennie, D.L. (1999). Evolving guidelines for publication of qualitative research studies in psychology and related fields. The British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 38, 215-229.
  • Finlay, L. (2002). "Outing" the researcher: the provenance, process, and practice of reflexivity. Qualitative Health Research, 12(4), 531-545.
  • Fischer, C. (2009). Bracketing in qualitative research: Conceptual and practical matters. Psychotherapy Research, 19(4-5), 583-590.
  • Freud, S. (1953). Fragment of an analysis of a case of hysteria [Dora]. J. Strachey (Ed.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud içinde (7–122). London: Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psychoanalysis.
  • Frosh, S., Burck, C., Strickland-Clark, L., & Morgan, K. (1996). Engaging with change: A process study of family therapy. Journal Of Family Therapy, 18(2), 141-161.
  • Georgaca, E., & Avdi, E. (2009). Evaluating the talking cure: the contribution of narrative, discourse, and conversation analysis to psychotherapy assessment. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 6(3), 233-247.
  • George, C., Kaplan, N., & Main, M. (1984). Adult attachment interview. Unpublished manuscript, University of California, Berkeley.
  • George, C., Kaplan, N., & Main, M. (1985). Adult attachment interview (2nd ed.). Unpublished manuscript, University of California, Berkeley.
  • George, C., Kaplan, N., & Main, M. (1996). Adult attachment interview (3rd ed.). Unpublished manuscript, University of California, Berkeley.
  • Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. L. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory; strategies for qualitative research. Chicago, Aldine Pub. Co.
  • Harre, R. & van Langenhove, L. (1992). Varieties of positioning. Journal for The Theory of Social Behavior, 20, 393-407.
  • Heenan, C. (2006). Psychotherapy research in a postmodern world: discourse analysis and psychoanalysis. In D. Loewenthal, D. Winter, D. Loewenthal, D. Winter (Eds.), What is psychotherapeutic research? (pp. 183-191). London, England: Karnac Books.
  • Heritage, J. (1988). Explanations as accounts: A conversation analytic perspective. C. Antaki, C. Antaki (Eds.) , Analysing everyday explanation: A casebook of methods içinde (127-144). Thousand Oaks, CA, US: Sage Publications, Inc.
  • Kogan, S. M. (1998). The politics of making meaning: Discourse analysis of a 'postmodern' interview. Journal of Family Therapy, 20(3), 229-251.
  • Kondratyuk, N. & Perakyla, A. (2011). Therapeutic work with the present moment: A conversation analytical study of guidance into immediacy. Psychotherapy Research, 21(3), 316-330.
  • Korobov, N. (2010). A discursive psychological approach to positioning. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 7(3), 263-277.
  • Kuş, E. (2007). Sosyal bilim metodolojisinde paradigma dönüşümü ve psikolojide nitel araştırma. Türk Psikoloji Yazıları, 10 (20), 19-41.
  • Larsson, P., Loewenthal, D., & Brooks, O. (2012). Counselling psychology and schizophrenia: A critical discursive account. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 25(1), 31-47.
  • Levitt, H., Butler, M., Hill, T. (2006). What clients find helpful in psychotherapy: Developing principles for facilitating moment-to-moment change. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53, 314–324.
  • Levitt, H. M. (2015). Qualitative psychotherapy research: The journey so far and future directions. Psychotherapy, 52(1), 31-37.
  • Levitt, H. M., Motulsky, S. L., Wertz, F. J., Morrow, S. L., & Ponterotto, J. G. (2017). Recommendations for designing and reviewing qualitative research in psychology: Promoting methodological integrity. Qualitative Psychology, 4(1), 2-22.
  • Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications.
  • Madill, A., & Doherty, K. (1994). 'So you did what you wanted then': Discourse analysis, personal agency, and psychotherapy. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 4(4), 261-273.
  • Madill, A. (1996). “Some of this seems to me straight feminist stuff”: Representing the other in discursive psychotherapy research. S. Wilkinson & C. Kitzinger (Eds.), Representing the other: A reader içinde (159–164). London: Sage.
  • Madill, A., & Barkham, M. (1997). Discourse analysis of a theme in one successful case of brief psychodynamic-interpersonal psychotherapy. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 44, 232-244.
  • Madill, A., Sermpezis, C., & Barkham, M. (2005). Interactional positioning and narrative selfconstruction in the first session of psychodynamic-interpersonal psychotherapy. Psychotherapy Research, 15(4), 420-432.
  • McLeod, J., & Balamoutsou, S. (1996). Representing narrative process in therapy: Qualitative analysis of a single case. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 9, 61–76.
  • McLeod, J. (1997). Narrative and psychotherapy. London: Sage.
  • McLeod, J. & Lynch, G. (2000). 'This is our life': Strong evaluation in psychotherapy narrative. European Journal of Psychotherapy, Counselling and Health, 3(3), 389-406.
  • McLeod, J. (2001). Qualitative research in counselling and psychotherapy. London : Sage.
  • Medico, D., & Santiago-Delefosse, M. (2014). From reflexivity to resonances: Accounting for interpretation phenomena in qualitative research. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 11(4), 350-364.
  • Parry, A., & Doan, R.E. (1994). Storry re-visions: Narrative therapy in the post modern world. London: Guilford.
  • Patton, M.Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Perakyla, A. (2004). Making links in psychoanalytic interpretations: A conversation analytical perspective. Psychotherapy Research, 14, 289-307.
  • Perakyla, A., Antaki, C., Vehvilainen, S. & Leudar, I. (2008). Conversational analysis and psychotherapy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: Sage.
  • Potter, J. (1996). Discourse analysis and constructionist approaches: theoretical background. J.T.E. Richardson, (Ed.), Handbook of qualitative research methods içinde (125-141). UK: BPS Blackwell.
  • Potter, J. (2012). Discourse analysis and discursive psychology. H. Cooper, P. M. Camic, D. L., Long, A. T. Panter, D. Rindskopf, K. J. Sher (Eds.), APA handbook of research methods in psychology, Vol 2: Research designs: Quantitative, qualitative, neuropsychological, and biological içinde (119-138). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.
  • Sacks, H. (1995). Lectures on conversation. UK: Blackwell Publishing.
  • Sflakidou, S., & Kefalopoulou, M. (2015). The person-centred approach as an ideological discourse: A discourse analysis of person-centred counsellors' accounts on their way of being. European Journal of Psychotherapy and Counselling, 17(2), 179-193.
  • Smith, J. A., & Osborn, M. (2003). Interpretative phenomenological analysis. J. A. Smith, (Ed.), Qualitative psychology: A practical guide to research methods içinde (51-80). London, Sage.
  • Stancombe, J., & White, S. (1997). Notes on the tenacity of therapeutic presuppositions in process research: examining the artfulness of blaming in family therapy. Journal of Family Therapy, 19, 21-41.
  • Sutherland, O., & Strong, T. (2011). Therapeutic collaboration: a conversation analysis of constructionist therapy. Journal of Family Therapy, 33 (3), 256-278.
  • Tanyaş, B. (2014). Nitel araştırma yöntemlerine giriş: Genel ilkeler ve psikolojideki uygulamaları. Eleştirel Psikoloji Bülteni, 25-37.
  • Thompson, A. R., & Russo, K. (2012). Ethical dilemmas for clinical psychologists in conducting qualitative research. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 9(1), 32-46.
  • Viklund, E., Holmqvist, R., & Nelson, K. Z. (2010). Client-identified important events in psychotherapy: Interactional structures and practices. Psychotherapy Research, 20(2), 151-164.
  • Voutilinen, L., Perakyla, A., & Ruusuvuori, J. (2010). Recognition and interpretation: Responding to emotional experience in psychotherapy. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 43 (1), 85-107.
  • Voutilinen, L., Perakyla, A., & Ruusuvuori, J. (2011). Therapeutic change in interaction: Conversational analysis of a transforming sequence. Psychotherapy Research, 21(3), 348-

Psikoterapide Süreç Analizi: Nitel Araştırma Yöntemlerinin Psikoterapi Araştırmalarına Uygulanışı

Yıl 2019, Cilt 6, Sayı 1, 1 - 17, 25.02.2019
https://doi.org/10.31682/ayna.507463

Öz

Bu makale psikoterapi araştırmalarında söylem, anlatı ve konuşma analizinin kullanımı ile psikoterapide değişen anlamın incelenmesine odaklanmıştır. Psikoterapi sürecinin incelendiği araştırmalar terapötik varsayımların kabul edildiği ve sorgulandığı farklı epistemolojik duruşlar esas alınarak aktarılmıştır. Bu bağlamda, vakaya odaklanan ve danışanın problemini, içsel duygu durumunu, bilişsel sürecini yansıtan araştırmalar, terapi ilişki ve terapi etkileşimine odaklanan araştırmalar ve kültürel bağlam, güç ilişkisi, ideoloji gibi makro seviyede psikoterapi sürecini ele alan araştırmalar incelenmiştir. Son olarak psikoterapi araştırmalarında etik ikilemler ve araştırmanın niteliği konuları tartışılmıştır.

Kaynakça

  • Angus, L., & Hardtke, K. (1994). Narrative processes in psychotherapy. Canadian Psychology, 35(2), 190-203.
  • Angus, L., Hardtke, K., & Levitt, H. (1996). The narrative processes coding System manual: Expanded edition. Department of Psychology, York University, North York, Ontario, Canada.
  • Angus, L., Levitt, H., & Hardtke, K. (1999). The Narrative Processes Coding System: Research applications and implications for psychotherapy practice. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 55(10), 1255-1270.
  • Arkonaç, S. A. (2012). Söylem çalışmaları. Ankara: Nobel Akademik Yayıncılık.
  • Arkonaç, S. A. (2014). Psikolojide söz ve anlam analizi: Niteliksel duruş. İstanbul: Ayrıntı.
  • Avdi, E., & Georgaca, E. (2007a). Discourse analysis and psychotherapy: A critical review. European Journal of Psychotherapy and Counselling, 9(2), 157-176.
  • Avdi, E., & Georgaca, E. (2007). Narrative research in psychotherapy: A critical review. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 80(3), 407-419.
  • Avdi, E., & Georgaca, E. (2009). Narrative and discursive approaches to the analysis of subjectivity in psychotherapy. Social & Personality Psychology Compass, 3(5), 654-670.
  • Avdi, E. (2015). Discourses of development in the consulting room: Analysing family therapy with children. Feminism & Psychology, 25(3), 363-380.
  • Berger, R. (2015). Now I see it, now I don't: researcher's position and reflexivity in qualitative research. Qualitative Research, 15(2), 219-234.
  • Billig, M. (1997). From codes to utterances: Cultural studies, discourse and psychology. M. Ferguson, P. Golding, M. Ferguson, P. Golding (Eds.), Cultural studies in question içinde (205-226). Thousand Oaks, CA, US: Sage Publications, Inc.
  • Boothe, B., von Wyl, A., & Wepfer, R. (1999). Narrative dynamics and psychodynamics. Psychotherapy Research, 9(3), 258-273.
  • Brinkmann, S., & Kvale, S. (2005). Confronting the ethics of qualitative research. Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 18(2), 157-181.
  • Bugental, J.F.T. (1999). Psychotherapy isn’t what you think: Bringing the psychotherapeutic engagement into the living moment. Phoenix: Zeig, Tucker.
  • Burck, C., Frosh, S., Strickland-Clark, L., & Morgan, K. (1998). The process of enabling change: a study of therapist interventions in family therapy. Journal Of Family Therapy, 20 (3), 253- 267.
  • Burman, E., & Parker, I. (1993). Discourse analytic research: repertoires and readings of texts in action. London; New York: Routledge.
  • Burman, E. (1995). Identification, subjectivity, and power in feminist psychotherapy. J. Siegfried, J. Siegfried (Eds.), Therapeutic and everyday discourse as behavior change: Towards a microanalysis in psychotherapy process research içinde (469-489). Norwood, New Jersey: Ablex Publishing Corp.
  • Edwards, D., & Potter, J. (1992). Discursive psychology. Thousand Oaks, CA, US: Sage Publications, Inc.
  • Elliott, R., Fischer, C.T., & Rennie, D.L. (1999). Evolving guidelines for publication of qualitative research studies in psychology and related fields. The British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 38, 215-229.
  • Finlay, L. (2002). "Outing" the researcher: the provenance, process, and practice of reflexivity. Qualitative Health Research, 12(4), 531-545.
  • Fischer, C. (2009). Bracketing in qualitative research: Conceptual and practical matters. Psychotherapy Research, 19(4-5), 583-590.
  • Freud, S. (1953). Fragment of an analysis of a case of hysteria [Dora]. J. Strachey (Ed.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud içinde (7–122). London: Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psychoanalysis.
  • Frosh, S., Burck, C., Strickland-Clark, L., & Morgan, K. (1996). Engaging with change: A process study of family therapy. Journal Of Family Therapy, 18(2), 141-161.
  • Georgaca, E., & Avdi, E. (2009). Evaluating the talking cure: the contribution of narrative, discourse, and conversation analysis to psychotherapy assessment. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 6(3), 233-247.
  • George, C., Kaplan, N., & Main, M. (1984). Adult attachment interview. Unpublished manuscript, University of California, Berkeley.
  • George, C., Kaplan, N., & Main, M. (1985). Adult attachment interview (2nd ed.). Unpublished manuscript, University of California, Berkeley.
  • George, C., Kaplan, N., & Main, M. (1996). Adult attachment interview (3rd ed.). Unpublished manuscript, University of California, Berkeley.
  • Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. L. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory; strategies for qualitative research. Chicago, Aldine Pub. Co.
  • Harre, R. & van Langenhove, L. (1992). Varieties of positioning. Journal for The Theory of Social Behavior, 20, 393-407.
  • Heenan, C. (2006). Psychotherapy research in a postmodern world: discourse analysis and psychoanalysis. In D. Loewenthal, D. Winter, D. Loewenthal, D. Winter (Eds.), What is psychotherapeutic research? (pp. 183-191). London, England: Karnac Books.
  • Heritage, J. (1988). Explanations as accounts: A conversation analytic perspective. C. Antaki, C. Antaki (Eds.) , Analysing everyday explanation: A casebook of methods içinde (127-144). Thousand Oaks, CA, US: Sage Publications, Inc.
  • Kogan, S. M. (1998). The politics of making meaning: Discourse analysis of a 'postmodern' interview. Journal of Family Therapy, 20(3), 229-251.
  • Kondratyuk, N. & Perakyla, A. (2011). Therapeutic work with the present moment: A conversation analytical study of guidance into immediacy. Psychotherapy Research, 21(3), 316-330.
  • Korobov, N. (2010). A discursive psychological approach to positioning. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 7(3), 263-277.
  • Kuş, E. (2007). Sosyal bilim metodolojisinde paradigma dönüşümü ve psikolojide nitel araştırma. Türk Psikoloji Yazıları, 10 (20), 19-41.
  • Larsson, P., Loewenthal, D., & Brooks, O. (2012). Counselling psychology and schizophrenia: A critical discursive account. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 25(1), 31-47.
  • Levitt, H., Butler, M., Hill, T. (2006). What clients find helpful in psychotherapy: Developing principles for facilitating moment-to-moment change. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53, 314–324.
  • Levitt, H. M. (2015). Qualitative psychotherapy research: The journey so far and future directions. Psychotherapy, 52(1), 31-37.
  • Levitt, H. M., Motulsky, S. L., Wertz, F. J., Morrow, S. L., & Ponterotto, J. G. (2017). Recommendations for designing and reviewing qualitative research in psychology: Promoting methodological integrity. Qualitative Psychology, 4(1), 2-22.
  • Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications.
  • Madill, A., & Doherty, K. (1994). 'So you did what you wanted then': Discourse analysis, personal agency, and psychotherapy. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 4(4), 261-273.
  • Madill, A. (1996). “Some of this seems to me straight feminist stuff”: Representing the other in discursive psychotherapy research. S. Wilkinson & C. Kitzinger (Eds.), Representing the other: A reader içinde (159–164). London: Sage.
  • Madill, A., & Barkham, M. (1997). Discourse analysis of a theme in one successful case of brief psychodynamic-interpersonal psychotherapy. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 44, 232-244.
  • Madill, A., Sermpezis, C., & Barkham, M. (2005). Interactional positioning and narrative selfconstruction in the first session of psychodynamic-interpersonal psychotherapy. Psychotherapy Research, 15(4), 420-432.
  • McLeod, J., & Balamoutsou, S. (1996). Representing narrative process in therapy: Qualitative analysis of a single case. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 9, 61–76.
  • McLeod, J. (1997). Narrative and psychotherapy. London: Sage.
  • McLeod, J. & Lynch, G. (2000). 'This is our life': Strong evaluation in psychotherapy narrative. European Journal of Psychotherapy, Counselling and Health, 3(3), 389-406.
  • McLeod, J. (2001). Qualitative research in counselling and psychotherapy. London : Sage.
  • Medico, D., & Santiago-Delefosse, M. (2014). From reflexivity to resonances: Accounting for interpretation phenomena in qualitative research. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 11(4), 350-364.
  • Parry, A., & Doan, R.E. (1994). Storry re-visions: Narrative therapy in the post modern world. London: Guilford.
  • Patton, M.Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Perakyla, A. (2004). Making links in psychoanalytic interpretations: A conversation analytical perspective. Psychotherapy Research, 14, 289-307.
  • Perakyla, A., Antaki, C., Vehvilainen, S. & Leudar, I. (2008). Conversational analysis and psychotherapy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: Sage.
  • Potter, J. (1996). Discourse analysis and constructionist approaches: theoretical background. J.T.E. Richardson, (Ed.), Handbook of qualitative research methods içinde (125-141). UK: BPS Blackwell.
  • Potter, J. (2012). Discourse analysis and discursive psychology. H. Cooper, P. M. Camic, D. L., Long, A. T. Panter, D. Rindskopf, K. J. Sher (Eds.), APA handbook of research methods in psychology, Vol 2: Research designs: Quantitative, qualitative, neuropsychological, and biological içinde (119-138). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.
  • Sacks, H. (1995). Lectures on conversation. UK: Blackwell Publishing.
  • Sflakidou, S., & Kefalopoulou, M. (2015). The person-centred approach as an ideological discourse: A discourse analysis of person-centred counsellors' accounts on their way of being. European Journal of Psychotherapy and Counselling, 17(2), 179-193.
  • Smith, J. A., & Osborn, M. (2003). Interpretative phenomenological analysis. J. A. Smith, (Ed.), Qualitative psychology: A practical guide to research methods içinde (51-80). London, Sage.
  • Stancombe, J., & White, S. (1997). Notes on the tenacity of therapeutic presuppositions in process research: examining the artfulness of blaming in family therapy. Journal of Family Therapy, 19, 21-41.
  • Sutherland, O., & Strong, T. (2011). Therapeutic collaboration: a conversation analysis of constructionist therapy. Journal of Family Therapy, 33 (3), 256-278.
  • Tanyaş, B. (2014). Nitel araştırma yöntemlerine giriş: Genel ilkeler ve psikolojideki uygulamaları. Eleştirel Psikoloji Bülteni, 25-37.
  • Thompson, A. R., & Russo, K. (2012). Ethical dilemmas for clinical psychologists in conducting qualitative research. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 9(1), 32-46.
  • Viklund, E., Holmqvist, R., & Nelson, K. Z. (2010). Client-identified important events in psychotherapy: Interactional structures and practices. Psychotherapy Research, 20(2), 151-164.
  • Voutilinen, L., Perakyla, A., & Ruusuvuori, J. (2010). Recognition and interpretation: Responding to emotional experience in psychotherapy. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 43 (1), 85-107.
  • Voutilinen, L., Perakyla, A., & Ruusuvuori, J. (2011). Therapeutic change in interaction: Conversational analysis of a transforming sequence. Psychotherapy Research, 21(3), 348-

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Psikoloji
Bölüm Kuramsal Derleme
Yazarlar

Sevda SARI> (Sorumlu Yazar)
istanbul medeniyet üniversitesi
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 25 Şubat 2019
Başvuru Tarihi 3 Ocak 2019
Kabul Tarihi 19 Şubat 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 6, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Sarı, S. (2019). Psikoterapide Süreç Analizi: Nitel Araştırma Yöntemlerinin Psikoterapi Araştırmalarına Uygulanışı . AYNA Klinik Psikoloji Dergisi , 6 (1) , 1-17 . DOI: 10.31682/ayna.507463