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Fıstıkçamı (Pinus pinea L.) Ağaçlandırmalarında Budama Uygulamasının Boy ve Çap Gelişimi Üzerine Etkileri

Yıl 2010, Cilt: 12 Sayı: 18, 1 - 10, 20.04.2010

Öz

Bartın-Karaçaydere yöresindeki fıstıkçamı ağaçlandırmalarında yürütülen bu çalışmada, budama
uygulamalarının 5. yılsonunda fıstıkçamı bireylerinin boy ve çap gelişimi üzerindeki etkileri incelenmiştir.
Ölçüm ve tespitlerden elde edilen bulgulara göre, boy ve çap gelişimi yönünden budama yapılan ağaçlar ile
yapılmayan ağaçlar arasında P<0.05 ve P<0.01 güven düzeyinde anlamlı farklılıkların olduğu belirlenmiştir. Bu
kapsamda 18. yılsonunda, budama yapılmayan fıstıkçamı ağaçlarının ortalama boyu 8,3 m ve budama yapılan
fıstıkçamı ağaçlarının ortalama boyu 10,5 m olarak ölçülmüştür. Budama yapılmayan fıstıkçamı bireylerinin
ortalama çapı 24,2 cm, budama yapılan ağaçların ortalama çapı ise 36,3 cm olarak tespit edilmiştir. Bu sonuçlar
budama uygulamalarının fıstıkçamının boy ve çap gelişimi üzerinde olumlu etki yaptığını göstermektedir.

Kaynakça

  • o Aşk, M. K. 1987. Yaylak ve Mera Islahı. 283s. Ankara.
  • o Baltruschat, H. and Schönbeck, F. 1975. Studies on the Influence of Endotrophic Mycorrhiza on the Infection of Tobacco by Thielaviopsis basicola Phytopath. Z., 84: 172 - 188.
  • o Bethlenfalvay, J. G 1992. Mycorhizae and Crop Productivity. Mycorhizae in Sustainable Agriculture. ASA Special Publication, Number 14, p: 1 - 27.
  • o Bolan, N.S., Robson A.D. and Barrow N.J. 1987. Effects of Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorhizae the Availability of Iron Phosphates to Plants. Plant and Soil, Vol: 99, p: 401 - 410.
  • o Bolan, N.S. 1991. A Critical Review on the Role Mycorrhizal Fungi in the Uptake of Phosphorus by Plants. Plant and Soil, 134: 189 - 207.
  • o Bonfante - Fasolo, P. 1984. Anatomy and Morphology of VA Mycorrhizae. pp: 5 - 33 in: VA Mycorrhiza. Ed., C.L.I. Powel and D.J. Bagyaraj. CRC Press. Boca Rafon, Florida.
  • o Brown, M.F., King, E.J. 1991. Morphology and Histology of Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorrhizae. A. anatomy and Cytology. In: Methods and Principles of Mycorrhizal Research. p: 15 21.
  • o Brundrett, M. 1991. Mycorrhizas in Naturel Ecosystem. Advanced in Ecological Research, Vol (21): 171 - 313.
  • o Davis, R.M. 1980. Influence of Glomus fasciculatus on Thielaviopsis basicola Root Rot of Citrus. Plant Dis., 64: 839 - 840.
  • o Dehne, H.W. and Schönbeck, F. 1979. Unterschungen Zum Einfluss der Endotraphen Mykorrhiza auf Pflanzenkrankheiten. II. Phenolstaffwecsel und Lignifizierung (The Influence of Endotrophic Mycorrhiza on Plant Diseases. II. Phenolmetabolism and Lignification) Phytopath. Z., 95: 210 - 216.
  • o Dehne, H.W., Schönbeck, F., Baltruschat, H. 1978. Untersuchungen zum Einfluss der Endotrophen Mycorrhiza auf Pflanzenkrankheiten. 3. Chitinase Aktivitat und Ornithin Zyklus (The influence Endotrophic Mycorrhiza on Plant Disease. 3. Chitinase - Activity and Ornithinecycle) Z. Pflkrankh. 85: 666 - 678.
  • o Dehne, H.W. 1982. Interactions Between Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Plant Pathogens. Phytopathology, (72): 1115 - 1119.
  • o Demir, S. 1998. Bazı Kültür Bitkilerinde Vesiküler-Arbusküler Mikorrhiza (VAM) Oluşumu ve Bunun Bitki Gelişimi ve Dayanıklılıktaki Rolü Üzerinde Araştırmalar. Ege Üniv. Fen Bilimleri Enst. Bitki koruma Anabilim Dalı, Doktora Tezi, 114 s. İzmir
  • o Demir, S. ve Onoğur, E. 1999. Bitkilerde Vesiküler-Arbüsküler Mikoriza Oluşumunun Bitki Besleme ve Bitki Korumadaki Önemi. Anadolu Dergisi, 9(2), 12-32.
  • o Erkun, V. 1999. Çayır Mera Amenajmanı ve Islahı. TKB TÜGEM. Ankara, s. 131.
  • o Fitter, A.H., Garbaye, J. 1994. Interactions Between Mycorrhizal Fungi and Other Soil Organism. Plant and Soil, Vol: 159, No: 1, p: 123 - 133.
  • o Frank, A.B. 1885. Über die auf Wurzelsymbiose Beruhende Ernährung Gewisser Baume Durch Unterirdische Pilze. Berichte der Deutsche Botanische Gesellschaft 3, 128-145. (In German)
  • o Gerdemann, J.W. 1968. Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorhiza and Plant Growth. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 6: 397 - 418.
  • o Gerdemann, J.W. and Trappe, J.M. 1974. The Endogenaceae in the Pasific North West. Mycol. Mem.,5
  • o Graham, J.H. and Menge, J.A. 1982. Influence of Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorrhizae and Soil Phosphorus on Take - all Disease of Wheat. Phytopathology 72: 95 - 98.
  • o Harley, J.L. 1975. The Mycorhizal Associations. Encylopedia of Plant Physiology, Vol:17, p: 148 – 186
  • o Hayman, D. 1981. Mycorhiza and it’s Significance in Horticulture. The Plantsman, Vol: 2, part: 4, p: 214 - 224.
  • o Hayman, D. 1982. Influence of Soils and Fertility on Activity and Survial Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi. Phytopathology, (72): 1119 - 1126.
  • o Hayman, D., Mosse, B. 1972. Plant Growth to Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorrhiza. III Increased Uptake of Labille P from Soil. New Phytol, 71: 41 - 47.
  • o Jasper, D.A., Robson, A.D., Abott, L.K. 1979. Phosphorus and the Formation of Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorrhizas. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 11: 501 - 505.
  • o Kapulnik, Y. and Douds, D. D. Jr (eds.) 2000a. Arbuscular Mycorrhizas: Physiology and Function.Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.p: 47-68.
  • o Kapulnik, Y. and Douds, D. D. Jr (eds.) 2000b. Arbuscular Mycorrhizas: Physiology and Function.Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.p: 85-106.
  • o Kapulnik, Y. and Douds, D. D. Jr (eds.) 2000c. Arbuscular Mycorrhizas: Physiology and Function.Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.p: 3-18.
  • o Kara Ö. ve Tilki F. 2001. Mikoriza ve Ormancılıkta Kullanımı. İ.Ü. Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, Seri: B, Cilt: 51, Sayı: . 1. pp. 127-139.
  • o Tisdall, J. M. and Oades, J. M. 1980. The Effect of Crop Rotation on Aggregation in a red-brown Earth. Aust. J. Soil Res. 18: 423-433.
  • o Linderman, R.G. 1988. Mycorrhizal Interactions with the Rhizosphere Microflora: The Mycorrhizosphere Effect. Phytopathology Vol: 78, No: 3 p: 366 - 370.
  • o Linderman, R.G. 1994. Role of VAM Fungi in Biocontrol. Pages 1 - 17 in: Mycorrhizae and Plant Health. Edited by F.L. Pfleger and R.G. Linderman, 344 p., APS Press, St Paul, Minnesota, USA
  • o Li, X. L., Marschner, H. and George, E. 1991. Extension of the Phosphorus Depletion Zone in VA Mycorrhizal White Clover in a Calcareous Soil. Plant and Soil, Vol:135, p: 41 - 48.
  • o Marschner, H. 1995. Mycorrhizas. Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants (Second Edition), Academic Press. p: 566 - 595.
  • o Moser, M., and Haselwandter, K. 1975. Ecophysiology of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. Encylopedia of Plant Physiology. Vol: 12, p:391 - 421.
  • o Mosse, B. 1973. Advances in the Study of Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorrhiza. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. , 11: 429 - 454.
  • o Morton, J.B. and Benny, G.L. 1990. Revised Classification of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (Zygomycetes): a New Order, Glomales, Two New Suborders, Glominae and Gigasporinae and Two New Families Acaulosporaceae and Gigasporaceae with Emendation of Glomaceae. Mycotaxon, 37: 471 - 284.

Effects of Pruning on Height and Diameter Growth at Stone Pine (Pinus pinea L.) Afforestations

Yıl 2010, Cilt: 12 Sayı: 18, 1 - 10, 20.04.2010

Öz

In this study which was carried out in the stone pine afforestations in Bartın-Karaçaydere district, the effects of

purning applications on height and diameter growth of stone pine trees at the end of the 5th year following the

purining were investigated. According to results obtained from measurements and determinations, it was

determined that there were significant differences between the pruned and control trees in terms of height and

diameter at P<0.05 and P<0.01 significance levels respectively. At the end of the 18th year, the mean height of

control stone pine trees was 8,3 m and pruned trees was 10,5 m respectively. The mean diameter of control stone

pine trees was 24,2 cm and pruned trees was 36,3 cm respectively. These results showed that pruning

applications had a positive effect on the height and diameter growth of stone pine.

Kaynakça

  • o Aşk, M. K. 1987. Yaylak ve Mera Islahı. 283s. Ankara.
  • o Baltruschat, H. and Schönbeck, F. 1975. Studies on the Influence of Endotrophic Mycorrhiza on the Infection of Tobacco by Thielaviopsis basicola Phytopath. Z., 84: 172 - 188.
  • o Bethlenfalvay, J. G 1992. Mycorhizae and Crop Productivity. Mycorhizae in Sustainable Agriculture. ASA Special Publication, Number 14, p: 1 - 27.
  • o Bolan, N.S., Robson A.D. and Barrow N.J. 1987. Effects of Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorhizae the Availability of Iron Phosphates to Plants. Plant and Soil, Vol: 99, p: 401 - 410.
  • o Bolan, N.S. 1991. A Critical Review on the Role Mycorrhizal Fungi in the Uptake of Phosphorus by Plants. Plant and Soil, 134: 189 - 207.
  • o Bonfante - Fasolo, P. 1984. Anatomy and Morphology of VA Mycorrhizae. pp: 5 - 33 in: VA Mycorrhiza. Ed., C.L.I. Powel and D.J. Bagyaraj. CRC Press. Boca Rafon, Florida.
  • o Brown, M.F., King, E.J. 1991. Morphology and Histology of Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorrhizae. A. anatomy and Cytology. In: Methods and Principles of Mycorrhizal Research. p: 15 21.
  • o Brundrett, M. 1991. Mycorrhizas in Naturel Ecosystem. Advanced in Ecological Research, Vol (21): 171 - 313.
  • o Davis, R.M. 1980. Influence of Glomus fasciculatus on Thielaviopsis basicola Root Rot of Citrus. Plant Dis., 64: 839 - 840.
  • o Dehne, H.W. and Schönbeck, F. 1979. Unterschungen Zum Einfluss der Endotraphen Mykorrhiza auf Pflanzenkrankheiten. II. Phenolstaffwecsel und Lignifizierung (The Influence of Endotrophic Mycorrhiza on Plant Diseases. II. Phenolmetabolism and Lignification) Phytopath. Z., 95: 210 - 216.
  • o Dehne, H.W., Schönbeck, F., Baltruschat, H. 1978. Untersuchungen zum Einfluss der Endotrophen Mycorrhiza auf Pflanzenkrankheiten. 3. Chitinase Aktivitat und Ornithin Zyklus (The influence Endotrophic Mycorrhiza on Plant Disease. 3. Chitinase - Activity and Ornithinecycle) Z. Pflkrankh. 85: 666 - 678.
  • o Dehne, H.W. 1982. Interactions Between Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Plant Pathogens. Phytopathology, (72): 1115 - 1119.
  • o Demir, S. 1998. Bazı Kültür Bitkilerinde Vesiküler-Arbusküler Mikorrhiza (VAM) Oluşumu ve Bunun Bitki Gelişimi ve Dayanıklılıktaki Rolü Üzerinde Araştırmalar. Ege Üniv. Fen Bilimleri Enst. Bitki koruma Anabilim Dalı, Doktora Tezi, 114 s. İzmir
  • o Demir, S. ve Onoğur, E. 1999. Bitkilerde Vesiküler-Arbüsküler Mikoriza Oluşumunun Bitki Besleme ve Bitki Korumadaki Önemi. Anadolu Dergisi, 9(2), 12-32.
  • o Erkun, V. 1999. Çayır Mera Amenajmanı ve Islahı. TKB TÜGEM. Ankara, s. 131.
  • o Fitter, A.H., Garbaye, J. 1994. Interactions Between Mycorrhizal Fungi and Other Soil Organism. Plant and Soil, Vol: 159, No: 1, p: 123 - 133.
  • o Frank, A.B. 1885. Über die auf Wurzelsymbiose Beruhende Ernährung Gewisser Baume Durch Unterirdische Pilze. Berichte der Deutsche Botanische Gesellschaft 3, 128-145. (In German)
  • o Gerdemann, J.W. 1968. Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorhiza and Plant Growth. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 6: 397 - 418.
  • o Gerdemann, J.W. and Trappe, J.M. 1974. The Endogenaceae in the Pasific North West. Mycol. Mem.,5
  • o Graham, J.H. and Menge, J.A. 1982. Influence of Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorrhizae and Soil Phosphorus on Take - all Disease of Wheat. Phytopathology 72: 95 - 98.
  • o Harley, J.L. 1975. The Mycorhizal Associations. Encylopedia of Plant Physiology, Vol:17, p: 148 – 186
  • o Hayman, D. 1981. Mycorhiza and it’s Significance in Horticulture. The Plantsman, Vol: 2, part: 4, p: 214 - 224.
  • o Hayman, D. 1982. Influence of Soils and Fertility on Activity and Survial Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi. Phytopathology, (72): 1119 - 1126.
  • o Hayman, D., Mosse, B. 1972. Plant Growth to Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorrhiza. III Increased Uptake of Labille P from Soil. New Phytol, 71: 41 - 47.
  • o Jasper, D.A., Robson, A.D., Abott, L.K. 1979. Phosphorus and the Formation of Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorrhizas. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 11: 501 - 505.
  • o Kapulnik, Y. and Douds, D. D. Jr (eds.) 2000a. Arbuscular Mycorrhizas: Physiology and Function.Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.p: 47-68.
  • o Kapulnik, Y. and Douds, D. D. Jr (eds.) 2000b. Arbuscular Mycorrhizas: Physiology and Function.Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.p: 85-106.
  • o Kapulnik, Y. and Douds, D. D. Jr (eds.) 2000c. Arbuscular Mycorrhizas: Physiology and Function.Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.p: 3-18.
  • o Kara Ö. ve Tilki F. 2001. Mikoriza ve Ormancılıkta Kullanımı. İ.Ü. Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, Seri: B, Cilt: 51, Sayı: . 1. pp. 127-139.
  • o Tisdall, J. M. and Oades, J. M. 1980. The Effect of Crop Rotation on Aggregation in a red-brown Earth. Aust. J. Soil Res. 18: 423-433.
  • o Linderman, R.G. 1988. Mycorrhizal Interactions with the Rhizosphere Microflora: The Mycorrhizosphere Effect. Phytopathology Vol: 78, No: 3 p: 366 - 370.
  • o Linderman, R.G. 1994. Role of VAM Fungi in Biocontrol. Pages 1 - 17 in: Mycorrhizae and Plant Health. Edited by F.L. Pfleger and R.G. Linderman, 344 p., APS Press, St Paul, Minnesota, USA
  • o Li, X. L., Marschner, H. and George, E. 1991. Extension of the Phosphorus Depletion Zone in VA Mycorrhizal White Clover in a Calcareous Soil. Plant and Soil, Vol:135, p: 41 - 48.
  • o Marschner, H. 1995. Mycorrhizas. Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants (Second Edition), Academic Press. p: 566 - 595.
  • o Moser, M., and Haselwandter, K. 1975. Ecophysiology of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. Encylopedia of Plant Physiology. Vol: 12, p:391 - 421.
  • o Mosse, B. 1973. Advances in the Study of Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorrhiza. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. , 11: 429 - 454.
  • o Morton, J.B. and Benny, G.L. 1990. Revised Classification of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (Zygomycetes): a New Order, Glomales, Two New Suborders, Glominae and Gigasporinae and Two New Families Acaulosporaceae and Gigasporaceae with Emendation of Glomaceae. Mycotaxon, 37: 471 - 284.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Erol KIRDAR Bu kişi benim

Halil Barış ÖZEL Bu kişi benim

Murat ERTEKİN Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 20 Nisan 2010
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2010 Cilt: 12 Sayı: 18

Kaynak Göster

APA KIRDAR, E., ÖZEL, H. B., & ERTEKİN, M. (2010). Fıstıkçamı (Pinus pinea L.) Ağaçlandırmalarında Budama Uygulamasının Boy ve Çap Gelişimi Üzerine Etkileri. Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, 12(18), 1-10.


Bartin Orman Fakultesi Dergisi Editorship,

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Tel: +90 (378) 223 5094, Fax: +90 (378) 223 5062,

E-mail: bofdergi@gmail.com