Yıl 2020, Cilt 2 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 385 - 397 2020-03-13

Fuel Wood Marketing System & The Need for Eco-tax Policy in Nigeria
Fuel Wood Marketing System & The Need for Eco-tax Policy in Nigeria

Felix ACHOJA [1]


What obligations do fuelwood suppliers and end-users have to the environment in the market-driven economy? Can fuelwood supply and demand behaviors be managed through tax governance to preserve the ecosystem? To provide answers to the questions, this study investigates the environmental conscious supply and demand for fuelwood in rural and urban areas and implications for ethical argument and tax governance in Nigeria. To achieve the stated objective, primary data collected with a questionnaire from randomly selected fuelwood suppliers and end-users were analyzed with mean, percentage, standard deviation, and t-statistics. The findings show that respondents were mainly young females (45years), literate (64%), married with relatively large family size (8 persons). They depend on farming (41%) and trading (41%) as major sources of livelihood. Fuelwood market participants and channel involve fuelwood gatherers, wholesalers, retailers, and end-users. The markets assume a competitive structure. The per capita fuelwood consumption in rural areas (19kg) is significantly (p<0.05) higher than the value (9.8kg) obtained in urban areas. Households’ per capita expenditure on fuelwood was ₦3,800 (US$108.57) and ₦1,960 (US$5.60) in rural and urban areas, respectively. Environmentally consciousness of fuelwood end-users should be fine-tuned by eco-tax and eco-subsidy governance in Nigeria.

What obligations do fuelwood suppliers and end-users have to the environment in the market-driven economy? Can fuelwood supply and demand behaviors be managed through tax governance to preserve the ecosystem? To provide answers to the questions, this study investigates the environmental conscious supply and demand for fuelwood in rural and urban areas and implications for ethical argument and tax governance in Nigeria. To achieve the stated objective, primary data collected with a questionnaire from randomly selected fuelwood suppliers and end-users were analyzed with mean, percentage, standard deviation, and t-statistics. The findings show that respondents were mainly young females (45years), literate (64%), married with relatively large family size (8 persons). They depend on farming (41%) and trading (41%) as major sources of livelihood. Fuelwood market participants and channel involve fuelwood gatherers, wholesalers, retailers, and end-users. The markets assume a competitive structure. The per capita fuelwood consumption in rural areas (19kg) is significantly (p<0.05) higher than the value (9.8kg) obtained in urban areas. Households’ per capita expenditure on fuelwood was ₦3,800 (US$108.57) and ₦1,960 (US$5.60) in rural and urban areas, respectively. Environmentally consciousness of fuelwood end-users should be fine-tuned by eco-tax and eco-subsidy governance in Nigeria.

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Birincil Dil en
Konular İktisat
Bölüm Research Articles
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-9705-4923
Yazar: Felix ACHOJA (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: DELTA STATE UNIVERSITY, ASABA CAMPUS, NIGERIA
Ülke: Mauritius


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 13 Mart 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { bilturk683681, journal = {BİLTÜRK Journal of Economics and Related Studies}, issn = {}, eissn = {2667-5927}, address = {http://dergipark.gov.tr}, publisher = {Fatih DEYNELİ}, year = {2020}, volume = {2}, pages = {385 - 397}, doi = {}, title = {Fuel Wood Marketing System \& The Need for Eco-tax Policy in Nigeria}, key = {cite}, author = {Achoja, Felix} }
APA Achoja, F . (2020). Fuel Wood Marketing System & The Need for Eco-tax Policy in Nigeria . BİLTÜRK Journal of Economics and Related Studies , 2 (2) , 385-397 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/bilturk/issue/52960/683681
MLA Achoja, F . "Fuel Wood Marketing System & The Need for Eco-tax Policy in Nigeria" . BİLTÜRK Journal of Economics and Related Studies 2 (2020 ): 385-397 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/bilturk/issue/52960/683681>
Chicago Achoja, F . "Fuel Wood Marketing System & The Need for Eco-tax Policy in Nigeria". BİLTÜRK Journal of Economics and Related Studies 2 (2020 ): 385-397
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Fuel Wood Marketing System & The Need for Eco-tax Policy in Nigeria AU - Felix Achoja Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - BİLTÜRK Journal of Economics and Related Studies JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 385 EP - 397 VL - 2 IS - 2 SN - -2667-5927 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 BİLTÜRK Ekonomi ve İlişkili Çalışmalar Dergisi Fuel Wood Marketing System & The Need for Eco-tax Policy in Nigeria %A Felix Achoja %T Fuel Wood Marketing System & The Need for Eco-tax Policy in Nigeria %D 2020 %J BİLTÜRK Journal of Economics and Related Studies %P -2667-5927 %V 2 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Achoja, Felix . "Fuel Wood Marketing System & The Need for Eco-tax Policy in Nigeria". BİLTÜRK Journal of Economics and Related Studies 2 / 2 (Mart 2020): 385-397 .
AMA Achoja F . Fuel Wood Marketing System & The Need for Eco-tax Policy in Nigeria. BILTURK. 2020; 2(2): 385-397.
Vancouver Achoja F . Fuel Wood Marketing System & The Need for Eco-tax Policy in Nigeria. BİLTÜRK Journal of Economics and Related Studies. 2020; 2(2): 385-397.