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DISTANCE EDUCATION IN RUSSIA: A HISTORICAL OVERVIEW

Yıl 2022, Cilt 4, Sayı 1, 1 - 18, 30.06.2022

Öz

Distance education has long been an integral component of the education system of the Russian Federation and the former Soviet Union. A great many students and teachers in the country have been benefiting from the merits of distance education. The statistics announced by the state officials indicate strong evidence for the presence of mainstream remote learning. However, there is little information with regard to distance education of the country in the western literature. This necessitates an overview of the system and the history of the integration. This article, thus, sheds light on the general information regarding the history and demography of the general and higher education system across the country. It further takes a slight detour to the history of distance education and contemporary practices.

Kaynakça

  • Daletskaya, T. (2008). Open and distance education in Russia: Thoughts about Russian distance education from the American perspective. Educational Technology, 48(6) 27-29. https://www.jstor.org/stable/44429623
  • De Witt, N. (1961). Education and professional employment in the USSR. National Science Foundation.
  • Moiseeva, M., & Visser, L. (2005). Distance education in Russia: Between the past and the future. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 6(3), 217-225. https://www.learntechlib.org/p/106772/
  • Peters, O. (1967). Das Fernstudium an den Hochschulen der Sowjetunion. W. Schultz.
  • Philippov, V., & Tikhomirov, V. (2000). Open education as a strategy of XXI century for Russia. Moscow: MESI.
  • Polat, E. S., Moiseeva, M. V., Petrov, A. E., Buharkina, M. Y., Aksyonov, Y. U., & Gorbunkova, T. F. (1998). Distantsionnoe obuchenie [Distance learning]. Moscow: Vlados, 192 p.
  • Singh, V., & Thurman, A. (2019). How many ways can we define online learning? A systematic literature review of definitions of online learning (1988-2018). American Journal of Distance Education, 33(4), 289-306. https://doi.org/10.1080/08923647.2019.1663082
  • Uvarov, A. Y., & Prussakova, A. A. (1992). The international telecommunication project in the schools of Moscow and New York State. Educational Technology Research and Development, 40(4), 111-118. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02296904
  • Zawacki-Richter, O., & Kourotchkina, A. (2012). The development of distance education in the Russian Federation and the former Soviet Union. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 13(3), 165-184. https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v13i3.1165
  • Zawacki-Richter, O., Kondakci, Y., Bedenlier, S., Alturki, U., Aldraiweesh, A., & Püplichhuysen, D. (2015). The Development of Distance Education Systems in Turkey, the Russian Federation and Saudi Arabia. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-learning, 18(2), 112-128. https://doi.org/10.1515/eurodl-2015-0016
  • Zukerman, V. (1990). Origin and initial period of development of higher correspondence learning in Russian Federation. Pedagogical Education and In-Service Training. Year-book, (1)
  • OECD (2021), Education spending (indicator). https://doi.org/10.1787/ca274bac-en
  • OECD (2021), Teaching hours (indicator). https://doi.org/10.1787/af23ce9b-en
  • Bagrova, E. V., Kruchinin, S. V., & Nazarenko, M. A. (2018, September). Additional education in Russia. Ways of development. In 2018 IEEE International Conference" Quality Management, Transport and Information Security, Information Technologies"(IT&QM&IS) (pp. 561-564). IEEE.
  • BRICS 2019. Top Universities. (n.d.). https://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/brics-rankings/2019.
  • Development of Education in Russia between 2018-2025. Документы - Правительство России. (n.d.). http://government.ru/docs/30832/
  • OECD and the Russian Federation. (n.d.). https://www.oecd.org/russia/oecd-and-the-russian-federation/
  • Russian Education Portal. Российское образование. Федеральный образовательный портал: учреждения, программы, стандарты, ВУЗы, тесты ЕГЭ, ГИА. (n.d.). http://www.edu.ru/
  • The Russian Fedaration in the Bologna Process. (n.d.). http://ehea.info/page-russian-federation

Yıl 2022, Cilt 4, Sayı 1, 1 - 18, 30.06.2022

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Daletskaya, T. (2008). Open and distance education in Russia: Thoughts about Russian distance education from the American perspective. Educational Technology, 48(6) 27-29. https://www.jstor.org/stable/44429623
  • De Witt, N. (1961). Education and professional employment in the USSR. National Science Foundation.
  • Moiseeva, M., & Visser, L. (2005). Distance education in Russia: Between the past and the future. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 6(3), 217-225. https://www.learntechlib.org/p/106772/
  • Peters, O. (1967). Das Fernstudium an den Hochschulen der Sowjetunion. W. Schultz.
  • Philippov, V., & Tikhomirov, V. (2000). Open education as a strategy of XXI century for Russia. Moscow: MESI.
  • Polat, E. S., Moiseeva, M. V., Petrov, A. E., Buharkina, M. Y., Aksyonov, Y. U., & Gorbunkova, T. F. (1998). Distantsionnoe obuchenie [Distance learning]. Moscow: Vlados, 192 p.
  • Singh, V., & Thurman, A. (2019). How many ways can we define online learning? A systematic literature review of definitions of online learning (1988-2018). American Journal of Distance Education, 33(4), 289-306. https://doi.org/10.1080/08923647.2019.1663082
  • Uvarov, A. Y., & Prussakova, A. A. (1992). The international telecommunication project in the schools of Moscow and New York State. Educational Technology Research and Development, 40(4), 111-118. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02296904
  • Zawacki-Richter, O., & Kourotchkina, A. (2012). The development of distance education in the Russian Federation and the former Soviet Union. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 13(3), 165-184. https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v13i3.1165
  • Zawacki-Richter, O., Kondakci, Y., Bedenlier, S., Alturki, U., Aldraiweesh, A., & Püplichhuysen, D. (2015). The Development of Distance Education Systems in Turkey, the Russian Federation and Saudi Arabia. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-learning, 18(2), 112-128. https://doi.org/10.1515/eurodl-2015-0016
  • Zukerman, V. (1990). Origin and initial period of development of higher correspondence learning in Russian Federation. Pedagogical Education and In-Service Training. Year-book, (1)
  • OECD (2021), Education spending (indicator). https://doi.org/10.1787/ca274bac-en
  • OECD (2021), Teaching hours (indicator). https://doi.org/10.1787/af23ce9b-en
  • Bagrova, E. V., Kruchinin, S. V., & Nazarenko, M. A. (2018, September). Additional education in Russia. Ways of development. In 2018 IEEE International Conference" Quality Management, Transport and Information Security, Information Technologies"(IT&QM&IS) (pp. 561-564). IEEE.
  • BRICS 2019. Top Universities. (n.d.). https://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/brics-rankings/2019.
  • Development of Education in Russia between 2018-2025. Документы - Правительство России. (n.d.). http://government.ru/docs/30832/
  • OECD and the Russian Federation. (n.d.). https://www.oecd.org/russia/oecd-and-the-russian-federation/
  • Russian Education Portal. Российское образование. Федеральный образовательный портал: учреждения, программы, стандарты, ВУЗы, тесты ЕГЭ, ГИА. (n.d.). http://www.edu.ru/
  • The Russian Fedaration in the Bologna Process. (n.d.). http://ehea.info/page-russian-federation

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Eğitim, Bilimsel Disiplinler
Bölüm Derleme Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Nazmi DİNÇER> (Sorumlu Yazar)
NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-2901-5367
Türkiye


Rabia DİNÇER Bu kişi benim
NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY
0000-0001-8414-0331
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Haziran 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 4, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Dinçer, N. & Dinçer, R. (2022). DISTANCE EDUCATION IN RUSSIA: A HISTORICAL OVERVIEW . International Journal of Current Approaches in Language, Education and Social Sciences , 4 (1) , 1-18 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/caless/issue/69005/1040204

Uluslararası Dil, Eğitim ve Sosyal Bilimlerde Güncel Yaklaşımlar Dergisi (CALESS)