Developments in physics have affected the epistemology of natural sciences. Social sciences, and more particularly geography, have long been trying to take position themselves by natural sciences, which dominate the scientific field for a long time. The institutionalization of social science and geography goes back to the 18th century. The philosophy of natural sciences, dominated by social sciences, and geography, in its way of dealing with issues, scientific claims and approaches, has been influential. The changes that took place in physics in the early 20th century resulted in the coming of quantum mechanics and the criticism of modern science and its loss of legitimacy. The effects of quantum mechanics and the social, economic and political events of the period have led to scientific paradigm shifts in the field. In the emerging new situation, there have been changes in the philosophy of social sciences and geography. In this period, social sciences and geography have entered a multi-paradigmatic period, seeking different ways of achieving real knowledge in an environment where the legitimacy of modern natural sciences is questioned. The main purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effects of the quantum mechanics on social sciences and geography in addition to the social, economic and political developments of the period. According to the evaluations, quantum mechanics revealed that not only did undermine modern science’s "scientificnesss" claim but also set forth that scientific studies are prejudiced, and that "truth" depends on cultural factors, and the role of the researcher has an effect on research results.
|Bölüm||Beşeri Bilimler Sayısı|
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 24 Mart 2020
|APA||BİLGİLİ, M , TOPRAK, M . (2020). Kuantum Mekaniği, Sosyal Bilimler Felsefesi ve Coğrafya. Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 18 (1) , 369-381 . DOI: 10.18026/cbayarsos.705019|