Yıl 2019, Cilt 17 , Sayı 34, Sayfalar 465 - 484 2019-09-13

Unemployment and Crime Nexus in European Union Countries: A Panel Data Analysis
Avrupa Birliği Ülkelerinde İşsizlik ve Suç İlişkisi: Bir Panel Veri Analizi

Fatih Ayhan [1] , NURBANU BURSA [2]


Unemployment is crucial and a chronic problem for many economies due to the its social and economic cost dimensions. The problem of unemployment, which causes economies to produce below their potential level of production, can also lead to a number of social problems. In this study, it was investigated whether unemployment had any effect on crime rates. The effect of unemployment on crime rates in EU-28 was examined for the period 1993-2016 and dataset were obtained from World Bank and Eurostat sources. There are numerous studies examining the relationship between unemployment and crime. However, with this study, it is evaluated that analyzing this relationship on EU-28 that consists of both developed and developing countries will provide general information on the relationship between unemployment and crime rates for all economies. In addition, the fact that the study was conducted with contemporary methods and datasets provides up-to-date analysis findings on the subject.

 

In this study, second generation panel cointegration and causality tests were applied on EU-28 in order to analyse the relationship between unemployment and crime rates, and reciprocal dependence between countries. The cointegration relationship was examined by Westerlund cointegration test and causality relationship was evaluated by Panel Granger Causality Test. The Westerlund Cointegration Test’s findings show that there is a long-term relationship between unemployment and crime rates. At the same time, Panel Granger Causality Test results revealed that the causality relationship is from unemployment to crime rates. The results obtained by Panel Dynamic Least Squares method, model coefficients confirm that increase in unemployment rates positively affect crime rates. According to the results, the measures to combating of unemployment reduction can also provides a reduction in crime rates, as in the case of EU-28 countries, this also confirms that by reducing crime rates, societies will be safer and more prosperious.


İşsizlik, sosyal ve ekonomik maliyet boyutlarından dolayı birçok ekonomi için hayati ve kronik bir sorundur. Ekonomilerin potansiyel üretim seviyelerinin altında üretim yapmasına neden olan işsizlik sorunu, bir takım sosyal sorunlara da yol açabilmektedir. Bu çalışmada işsizliğin suç oranlarını etkileyip etkilemediği araştırılmıştır. İşsizliğin AB-28'deki suç oranlarına etkisi 1993-2016 dönemi için incelenmiş ve veri seti Dünya Bankası ve Eurostat kaynaklarından elde edilmiştir. İşsizlik ve suç arasındaki ilişkiyi inceleyen çok sayıda çalışma var. Ancak, bu çalışma ile hem gelişmiş hem de gelişmekte olan ülkelerden oluşan AB-28'de bu ilişkinin analiz edilmesinin, tüm ekonomiler için işsizlik ve suç oranları arasındaki ilişki hakkında genel bilgi sağlayacağı değerlendirilmektedir. Ek olarak, çalışmanın çağdaş yöntem ve veri setleri ile gerçekleştirilmiş olması, konuyla ilgili güncel analiz bulguları sağlamaktadır. Bu çalışmada, işsizlik ve suç oranları ile ülkeler arasındaki karşılıklı bağımlılık ilişkisini analiz etmek için AB-28'de ikinci nesil panel eşbütünleşme ve nedensellik testleri uygulanmıştır. Eşbütünleşme ilişkisi Westerlund eşbütünleşme testi ile incelenmiş ve nedensellik ilişkisi Panel Granger Nedensellik Testi ile değerlendirilmiştir. Westerlund Eşbütünleşme Testi’nin bulguları, işsizlik oranı ile suç oranları arasında uzun vadeli bir ilişki olduğunu göstermektedir. Aynı zamanda Panel Granger Nedensellik Testi sonuçları, nedensellik ilişkisinin işsizlikten suç oranlarına kadar olduğunu ortaya koydu. Panel Dinamik En Küçük Kareler yöntemi ile elde edilen sonuçlar, model katsayıları, işsizlik oranlarındaki artışın suç oranlarını olumlu yönde etkilediğini doğrulamaktadır. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre, işsizliğin azaltılmasıyla mücadeleye yönelik tedbirler, AB-28 ülkelerinde olduğu gibi, suç oranlarında da bir düşüş sağlayabilir, bu aynı zamanda suç oranlarının düşürülmesiyle toplumların daha güvenli ve daha refah olacağını da doğrular.

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-7447-5506
Yazar: Fatih Ayhan (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: BANDIRMA ONYEDİ EYLÜL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3747-5870
Yazar: NURBANU BURSA
Kurum: HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 10 Haziran 2019
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 13 Eylül 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { comuybd574808, journal = {Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1304-5318}, eissn = {2147-9771}, address = {}, publisher = {Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {17}, pages = {465 - 484}, doi = {10.35408/comuybd.574808}, title = {Unemployment and Crime Nexus in European Union Countries: A Panel Data Analysis}, key = {cite}, author = {Ayhan, Fatih and BURSA, NURBANU} }
APA Ayhan, F , BURSA, N . (2019). Unemployment and Crime Nexus in European Union Countries: A Panel Data Analysis. Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi , 17 (34) , 465-484 . DOI: 10.35408/comuybd.574808
MLA Ayhan, F , BURSA, N . "Unemployment and Crime Nexus in European Union Countries: A Panel Data Analysis". Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi 17 (2019 ): 465-484 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/comuybd/issue/48727/574808>
Chicago Ayhan, F , BURSA, N . "Unemployment and Crime Nexus in European Union Countries: A Panel Data Analysis". Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi 17 (2019 ): 465-484
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Unemployment and Crime Nexus in European Union Countries: A Panel Data Analysis AU - Fatih Ayhan , NURBANU BURSA Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.35408/comuybd.574808 DO - 10.35408/comuybd.574808 T2 - Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 465 EP - 484 VL - 17 IS - 34 SN - 1304-5318-2147-9771 M3 - doi: 10.35408/comuybd.574808 UR - https://doi.org/10.35408/comuybd.574808 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi Unemployment and Crime Nexus in European Union Countries: A Panel Data Analysis %A Fatih Ayhan , NURBANU BURSA %T Unemployment and Crime Nexus in European Union Countries: A Panel Data Analysis %D 2019 %J Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1304-5318-2147-9771 %V 17 %N 34 %R doi: 10.35408/comuybd.574808 %U 10.35408/comuybd.574808
ISNAD Ayhan, Fatih , BURSA, NURBANU . "Unemployment and Crime Nexus in European Union Countries: A Panel Data Analysis". Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi 17 / 34 (Eylül 2019): 465-484 . https://doi.org/10.35408/comuybd.574808
AMA Ayhan F , BURSA N . Unemployment and Crime Nexus in European Union Countries: A Panel Data Analysis. Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019; 17(34): 465-484.
Vancouver Ayhan F , BURSA N . Unemployment and Crime Nexus in European Union Countries: A Panel Data Analysis. Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019; 17(34): 484-465.