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Algılanan Rekabetçi İş Ortamı ve Nicel İş Güvencesizliğinin İşe Bağlı Gerginliğe Etkisi

Yıl 2020, Cilt 18, Sayı 37, 573 - 596, 28.07.2020
https://doi.org/10.35408/comuybd.582756

Öz

Bireyler arası rekabet ve iş güvencesizliği, günümüz çalışma hayatının temel dinamikleri olup işgören tutum ile davranışlarını önemli ölçüde etkilemektedir. Bu çalışmada, algılanan rekabetçi iş ortamı ve nicel iş güvencesizliğinin çalışanlarda işe bağlı gerginliği tetikleyip tetiklemediği incelenmiş; çalışanların benimsemiş olduğu başarı amaç yönelimlerinin, algılanan rekabetçi iş ortamı-işe bağlı gerginlik ve algılanan nicel iş güvencesizliği-işe bağlı gerginlik ilişkisinde anlamlı bir farklılaşmaya yol açıp açmadığı test edilmiştir. Saha araştırması, Adana ilinde görev yapmakta olan tıbbi satış mümessilleri üzerinde gerçekleştirilmiştir. Yürütülen anket çalışması sonucunda 226 katılımcıdan elde edilen veriler; güvenilirlik, doğrulayıcı faktör analizi, korelasyon ve hiyerarşik regresyon analizi yapılarak incelenmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlar, çalışanların algıladıkları rekabet arttıkça yaşadıkları işe bağlı gerginliğin arttığını; başarı amaç yönelimlerinin ise düzenleyici bir rol oynamadığını göstermiştir. Bununla birlikte; algılanan nicel iş güvencesizliğinin işe bağlı gerginliği pozitif yönde etkilediği; katılımcıların sahip olduğu ustalaşma ve ispatlama yönelimi düzeylerine bağlı olarak işe bağlı gerginlik düzeylerinin farklılaştığı tespit edilmiştir.  

Kaynakça

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  • Bordia, P., Hunt, E., Paulsen, N., Tourish, D., DiFonzo, N. (2004). Uncertainty during organizational change: Is it all about control? European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, Vol.13, pp.345–365
  • Brown, S. P., Cron, W. L., Slocum, J. W. (1998). Effects of Trait Competitiveness and Perceived Intraorganizational Competition on Salesperson Goal Setting and Performance. Journal of Marketing, Vol.62, No.4, pp.88-98
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  • Carayon, P., Zıjlstra, F. (1998). Relationship between job control, work pressure and strain: studies in the USA and in The Netherlands. Work & Stress, Vol.13, No.1, pp.32-48
  • Cheng, G. H.-L., Chan, D. K. S. (2008). Who suffers more from job insecurity? A meta-analytic review. Applied Psychology: An International Review, Vol.57, pp.272-303
  • Crowne, D. P. ve Marlowe, D. (1960). A New Scale of Social Desirability Independent of Psychopathology. Journal of Consulting Psychology, Vol. 24, pp.349-354
  • De Cuyper, N., De Witte, H., Elst, T. V., Handaja, Y. (2010). Objective Threat of Unemployment and Situational Uncertainty During A Restructuring: Associations with Perceived Job Insecurity and Strain. Journal of Business Psychology, Vol.25, pp.75-85
  • Debus, M. E., König, C. J., Kleinmann, M. (2014). The building blocks of job insecurity: The impact of environmental and person-related variables on job insecurity perceptions. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, Vol.87, pp.329-351
  • De Witte, H., Pienaar, J., De Cuyper, N. (2016). Review of 30 Years of Longitudinal Studies on the Association Between Job Insecurity and Health and Well-Being: Is There Causal Evidence? Australian Psychologist, Vol.51, pp.18-31
  • Diestel, S., Schmidt, K. H. (2009). Mediator and moderator effects of demands on self-control in the relationship between work load and indicators of job strain. Work & Stress, 23(1), 60-79
  • Dweck, C. S. (1986). Motivational Process Affecting Learning. American Psychologist, Vol.41, pp.1040-1048
  • Elliot, A. J., Harackiewicz, J. M. (1996). Approach and Avoidance Achievement Goals and Intrinsic Motivation: A Mediational Analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol.70, No.3, p.461-475
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  • Elliot, A. J., Jury, M., Murayama, K. (2018). Trait and perceived environmental competitiveness in achievement situations. Journal of Personality, Vol.86, pp.353-367
  • Eyi, F. (2010). Critical Thinking as a Mediator Between Job Resources and Goal Achievement. Marmara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi
  • Ferrie, J. E., Shipley, M. J., Marmot, M. G., Martikainen, P., Stansfeld, S. A., Smith, G. D. (2001). Job insecurity in white-collar workers: Toward an explanation of associations with health. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, Vol.6, pp.26-42
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  • Heponiemi, T., Elovainio, M., Pentti, J., Virtanen, M., Westerlund, H., Virtanen, P. (2010). Association of contractual and subjective job insecurity with sickness presenteeism among public sector employees. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol.52, pp.830–835
  • Hirst, G., Kippenberg, D. V., Chen, C. H., Sacramento, C. A. (2011). How Does Bureaucracy Impact Individual Creativity? A Cross-Level Investigation of Team Contextual Influences on Goal Orientation-Creativity Relationships. The Academy of Management Journal, Vol.54, No.3, pp.624-641
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  • Jonason, P. K., Wee, S., Li, N. P. (2015). Competition, autonomy, and prestige: Mechanisms through which the Dark Triad predict job satisfaction. Personality and Individual Differences, Vol.72, p.112-116
  • Joo, B. K., Park, S. (2010). Career satisfaction, organizational commitment, turnover intention: The effects of goal orientation, organizational learning culture and developmental feedback. Leadership & Organization, Vol.31, No.6, pp.482-500
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  • Kinnunen, U., Mauno, S., Na¨tti, J., Happonen, M. (2000). Organizational antecedents and outcomes of job insecurity: A longitudinal study in three organizations in Finland. Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 21, pp.443-459
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  • Matsuo, M. (2019). Effect of learning goal orientation on work engagement through job crafting: A moderated mediation approach. Personnel Review, Vol.48, No.1, pp.220-233
  • Mauno, S., Kinnunen, U., Ruokolainen, M. (2007). Job demands and resources as antecedents of work engagement: A longitudinal study. Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol.70, 149-171
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The Effect of Perceived Competitive Work Environment and Quantitative Job Insecurity on Job Strain

Yıl 2020, Cilt 18, Sayı 37, 573 - 596, 28.07.2020
https://doi.org/10.35408/comuybd.582756

Öz

Interpersonal competition and job insecurity are the main characteristics of today’s working life and affect employee attitudes and behaviors to a considerable extent. In this study, the effect of perceived competitive work environment and job insecurity on job strain was examined; and the moderating role of achievement goal orientations on perceived competitive work environment-job strain and perceived quantitative job insecurity-job strain relationship was tested. Field study was conducted on medical sales representatives working in Adana. Research data was obtained from 226 participants via survey method and analyzed by reliability, confirmatory factor analysis, correlation and hierarchical regression analysis. Study findings demonstrated that perceived work environment is related to job strain positively and the moderating role of achievement goal orientations is not significant.  Besides, the relationship of perceived quantitative job insecurity with job strain was found to be positive and moderated by mastery and proving achievement goal orientations. 

Kaynakça

  • Arnold, T., Flaherty, K. E., Voss, K. E., Mowen, J. C. (2009). Role Stressors and Retail Performance: The Role of Perceived Competitive Climate. Journal of Retailing, 85(2), pp.194-205
  • Ashford, S. J., Lee, C., Bobko, P. (1989). Content, cause, and consequences of job insecurity: A theory-based measure and substantive test. Academy of Management Journal, Vol.32, pp.803-829
  • Aslan, S. H., Alparslan, Z. N., Aslan, R. O., Kesepara, C., Ünal, M. (1998). İşe Bağlı Gerginlik Ölçeğinin Sağlık Alanında Çalışanlarda Geçerlik ve Güvenirliği. Düşünen Adam, Cilt 11, Sayı 2, ss.4-8
  • Bordia, P., Hunt, E., Paulsen, N., Tourish, D., DiFonzo, N. (2004). Uncertainty during organizational change: Is it all about control? European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, Vol.13, pp.345–365
  • Brown, S. P., Cron, W. L., Slocum, J. W. (1998). Effects of Trait Competitiveness and Perceived Intraorganizational Competition on Salesperson Goal Setting and Performance. Journal of Marketing, Vol.62, No.4, pp.88-98
  • Button, S. B., Mathieu, J. E., Zajac, D. M. (1996). Goal orientation in organizational research: A conceptual and empirical foundation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Vol.67, pp.26–48
  • Carayon, P., Zıjlstra, F. (1998). Relationship between job control, work pressure and strain: studies in the USA and in The Netherlands. Work & Stress, Vol.13, No.1, pp.32-48
  • Cheng, G. H.-L., Chan, D. K. S. (2008). Who suffers more from job insecurity? A meta-analytic review. Applied Psychology: An International Review, Vol.57, pp.272-303
  • Crowne, D. P. ve Marlowe, D. (1960). A New Scale of Social Desirability Independent of Psychopathology. Journal of Consulting Psychology, Vol. 24, pp.349-354
  • De Cuyper, N., De Witte, H., Elst, T. V., Handaja, Y. (2010). Objective Threat of Unemployment and Situational Uncertainty During A Restructuring: Associations with Perceived Job Insecurity and Strain. Journal of Business Psychology, Vol.25, pp.75-85
  • Debus, M. E., König, C. J., Kleinmann, M. (2014). The building blocks of job insecurity: The impact of environmental and person-related variables on job insecurity perceptions. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, Vol.87, pp.329-351
  • De Witte, H., Pienaar, J., De Cuyper, N. (2016). Review of 30 Years of Longitudinal Studies on the Association Between Job Insecurity and Health and Well-Being: Is There Causal Evidence? Australian Psychologist, Vol.51, pp.18-31
  • Diestel, S., Schmidt, K. H. (2009). Mediator and moderator effects of demands on self-control in the relationship between work load and indicators of job strain. Work & Stress, 23(1), 60-79
  • Dweck, C. S. (1986). Motivational Process Affecting Learning. American Psychologist, Vol.41, pp.1040-1048
  • Elliot, A. J., Harackiewicz, J. M. (1996). Approach and Avoidance Achievement Goals and Intrinsic Motivation: A Mediational Analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol.70, No.3, p.461-475
  • Elliot, A. J., Church, M. A. (1997). A Hierarchical Model of Approach and Avoidance Achievement Motivation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72(1), pp.218-232
  • Elliot, A. J. (1999). Approach and Avoidance Motivation and Achievement Goal. Educational Psychologist, Vol.34, pp.169-189
  • Elliot, A. J., Jury, M., Murayama, K. (2018). Trait and perceived environmental competitiveness in achievement situations. Journal of Personality, Vol.86, pp.353-367
  • Eyi, F. (2010). Critical Thinking as a Mediator Between Job Resources and Goal Achievement. Marmara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi
  • Ferrie, J. E., Shipley, M. J., Marmot, M. G., Martikainen, P., Stansfeld, S. A., Smith, G. D. (2001). Job insecurity in white-collar workers: Toward an explanation of associations with health. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, Vol.6, pp.26-42
  • Fletcher, T. D., Major, D. A., Davis, D. D. (2008). The interactive relationship of competitive climate and trait competitiveness with workplace attitudes, stress and performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol.29, pp.899-922
  • Hayes, A. F. (2018). Introduction to Mediation, Moderation, and Conditional Process Analysis: A Regression-Based Approach. 2nd edition, Guilford Publications, New York
  • Hellgren, J., Sverke, M., Isaksson, K. (1999). A two-dimensional approach to job insecurity: Consequences for employee attitudes and well-being. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, Vol.8, pp.179-195
  • Heponiemi, T., Elovainio, M., Pentti, J., Virtanen, M., Westerlund, H., Virtanen, P. (2010). Association of contractual and subjective job insecurity with sickness presenteeism among public sector employees. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol.52, pp.830–835
  • Hirst, G., Kippenberg, D. V., Chen, C. H., Sacramento, C. A. (2011). How Does Bureaucracy Impact Individual Creativity? A Cross-Level Investigation of Team Contextual Influences on Goal Orientation-Creativity Relationships. The Academy of Management Journal, Vol.54, No.3, pp.624-641
  • Hobfoll, S. E. (1989). Conservation of resources: A new attempt at conceptualizing stress. American Psychologist, Vol.44, pp.513-524
  • Ilgın, B. (2010). Örgütsel Vatandaşlık Davranışlarının Oluşumunda ve Sosyal Kaytarma ile İlişkisinde, Duygusal Zekâ ve Lider Üye Etkileşiminin Rolü. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Doktora Tezi
  • Jiang, L., Lavaysse, L. M. (2018). Cognitive and Affective Job Insecurity: A Meta-Analysis and a Primary Study. Journal of Management, Vol.44, No.6, pp.2307-2342
  • Johnson, D. W., Johnson, R. (1989). Cooperation and Competition: Theory and Research, Edina, MN: Interaction Book.
  • Jones, J. L., Davis, W. D., Thomas, C. H. (2017). Is Competition Engaging? Examining the Interactive Effects of Goal Orientation and Competitive Work Environment on Engagement. Human Resource Management, Vol.56, No.3, pp.389-405
  • Jonason, P. K., Wee, S., Li, N. P. (2015). Competition, autonomy, and prestige: Mechanisms through which the Dark Triad predict job satisfaction. Personality and Individual Differences, Vol.72, p.112-116
  • Joo, B. K., Park, S. (2010). Career satisfaction, organizational commitment, turnover intention: The effects of goal orientation, organizational learning culture and developmental feedback. Leadership & Organization, Vol.31, No.6, pp.482-500
  • Karasek, R. A. (1979). Job Demands, Job Decision Latitude, and Mental Strain: Implications for Job Redesign. Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol.24, No.2, pp.285-308
  • Keller, A. C., Spurk, D., Baumeler, F., Hirschi, A. (2016). Competitive climate and workaholism: Negative sides of future orientation and calling. Personality and Individual Differences, Vol.96, pp.122-126
  • Kinnunen, U., Na¨tti, J. (1994). Job insecurity in Finland: Antecedents and consequences. The European Work and Organizational Psychologist, Vol.4, pp.297-321
  • Kinnunen, U., Mauno, S., Na¨tti, J., Happonen, M. (2000). Organizational antecedents and outcomes of job insecurity: A longitudinal study in three organizations in Finland. Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 21, pp.443-459
  • Kohn, A. (1993). Why incentive plans cannot work. Harvard Business Review, Vol.71, pp.54-63
  • Li, J. J., Wong, I. A., Kim, W. G. (2016). Effects of psychological contract breach on attitudes and performance: The moderating role of competitive climate. International Journal of Hospitality Management, Vol.55, pp.1-10
  • Matsuo, M. (2019). Effect of learning goal orientation on work engagement through job crafting: A moderated mediation approach. Personnel Review, Vol.48, No.1, pp.220-233
  • Mauno, S., Kinnunen, U., Ruokolainen, M. (2007). Job demands and resources as antecedents of work engagement: A longitudinal study. Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol.70, 149-171
  • McFarlane Shore, L., Tetrick, L. (1991). A construct validity study of the survey of perceived organizational support. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol.76, pp.637-643
  • Meydan, C. H., Şeşen, H. (2015). Yapısal Eşitlik Modellemesi AMOS Uygulamaları. 2.baskı, Detay Yayıncılık, Ankara
  • Morris, M. L., Messal, C. B., Meriac, J. P. (2013). Core Self-Evaluation and Goal Orientation: Understanding Work Stress. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 24(1), pp.35-62
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Şeyda SEÇKİN> (Sorumlu Yazar)
İNÖNÜ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-2313-1340
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 28 Temmuz 2020
Gönderilme Tarihi 26 Haziran 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 18, Sayı 37

Kaynak Göster

APA Seçkin, Ş. (2020). Algılanan Rekabetçi İş Ortamı ve Nicel İş Güvencesizliğinin İşe Bağlı Gerginliğe Etkisi . Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi , 18 (37) , 573-596 . DOI: 10.35408/comuybd.582756