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The Search for the Origin of Language-5: Brain and Language

Yıl 2022, Cilt 16, Sayı 30, 21 - 37, 31.05.2022
https://doi.org/10.54316/dilarastirmalari.1075944

Öz

There are many unanswered questions about human cognitive capacities. Language is one of these cognitive capacities. Since the discoveries by Paul Broca and Carl Wernicke in the second half of the 19th century, significant advances have been made regarding the language processing in the brain. The Broca-Wernicke model, also called the classical model, assumes “modules” in the brain that serve for different functions. This view is known as the localizationism. The model called connectionism in recent years rejects the approach of modules in the brain. It suggests that brain regions work holistically in connection with each other. Researches on the origin of language also shed light on the relationship between language and brain. It is observed that the role of the brain in the functioning of language and the findings about the brain in archaic human species are frequently discussed in research on the origin of language. In this article, current findings on the relationship between brain regions and language are evaluated, and the implications of these findings on the evolution of language studies are discussed.

Kaynakça

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  • Ardila, A., Bernal, B. ve Rosselli, M. (2016b). "How Localized Are Language Brain Areas? A Review of Brodmann Areas Involvement in Oral Language". Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 31/1:112–122.
  • Beaudet, A. (2017). "The Emergence of Language in the Hominin Lineage: Perspectives from Fossil Endocasts". Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 11.
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  • Binder, J. R. (2017). "Current Controversies on Wernicke’s Area and Its Role in Language". Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports, 17/8: 58.
  • Binkofski, F. ve Buccino, G. (2004). "Motor Functions of the Broca’s Region". Brain and Language, 89/2: 362–369.
  • Bogen, J. E. ve Bogen, G. M. (1976). "Wernicke’s Region–Where Is It?". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 280/1: 834–843.
  • Braunsdorf, M., Blazquez Freches, G., Roumazeilles, L., Eichert, N., Schurz, M., Uithol, S., Bryant, K. L. ve Mars, R. B. (2021). "Does the Temporal Cortex Make Us Human? A Review of Structural and Functional Diversity of the Primate Temporal Lobe". Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 131: 400–410.
  • Broadfield, D. C., Holloway, R. L., Mowbray, K., Silvers, A., Yuan, M. S. ve Márquez, S. (2001). "Endocast of Sambungmacan 3 (Sm 3): A New Homo Erectus from Indonesia". Anatomical Record, 262/4: 369–379.
  • Bruner, E. (2013). "Language and Hybrids: Too Many Answers For Too Few Questions", J. Anthropol. Sci., 91:.245–247.
  • Bruner, E. (2017). "Language, Paleoneurology, and the Fronto-Parietal System". Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 11: 349.
  • Bruner, E., De La Cuétara, J. M., Masters, M., Amano, H. ve Ogihara, N. (2014). "Functional Craniology and Brain Evolution: From Paleontology to Biomedicine". Frontiers in Neuroanatomy, 8: 19.
  • Bruner, E. ve Holloway, R. L. (2010). "A Bivariate Approach to the Widening of the Frontal Lobes in the Genus Homo". Journal of Human Evolution, 58/2: 138–146.
  • Burns, M. ve Fahy, J. (2010). "Broca’s Area: Rethinking Classical Concepts from a Neuroscience Perspective". Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 17/6: 401–410.
  • Domanski, C. W. (2013). "Mysterious “Monsieur Leborgne”: The Mystery of the Famous Patient in the History of Neuropsychology Is Explained". Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 22/1: 47–52.
  • Dronkers, N. F., Plaisant, O., Iba-Zizen, M. T. ve Cabanis, E. A. (2007). "Paul Broca’s Historic Cases: High Resolution MR Imaging of the Brains of Leborgne and Lelong". Brain, 130: 1432–1441.
  • Du, A., Zipkin, A. M., Hatala, K. G., Renner, E., Baker, J. L., Bianchi, S., Bernal, K. H. ve Wood, B. A. (2018). Pattern and Process in Hominin Brain Size Evolution Are Scale-Dependent. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 285/1873.
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  • Falk, D. (2012). The Evolution of Broca’s Area. IBRO History of Neuroscience.
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Dilin Kökeni Arayışları-5: Beyin ve Dil

Yıl 2022, Cilt 16, Sayı 30, 21 - 37, 31.05.2022
https://doi.org/10.54316/dilarastirmalari.1075944

Öz

İnsanın bilişsel kapasiteleri ile ilgili pek çok soru cevap beklemektedir. Dil de bu bilişsel kapasitelerden biridir. Paul Broca ve Carl Wernicke’nin 19. yüzyılın ikinci yarısındaki keşiflerinden bu yana dilin beyindeki işleyişi ile ilgili önemli ilerlemeler kaydedilmiştir. Klasik model olarak da adlandırılan Broca-Wernicke modeli beyinde farklı işlevler için görev yapan modülleri varsayar. Bu görüş yerleşimci modeldir. Bağlantıcılık adı verilen model ise beyindeki modüller yaklaşımını reddeder. Beyin bölgelerinin birbirleriyle bağlantılı hâlde bütüncül olarak çalıştığını öne sürer. Dilin kökeni araştırmaları da dil ve beyin ilişkisine ışık tutar. Dilin işleyişinde beynin rolü ve arkaik insan türlerinde beyinle ilgili bulgular dilin kökeni araştırmalarına sık sık konu olur. Bu makalede beyin bölgeleri ve dil ilişkisiyle ilgili güncel bulgular değerlendirilmekte, bu bulguların dilin evrimi tartışmalarındaki etkileri tartışılmaktadır

Kaynakça

  • Aboitiz, F. (2017). A Brain for Speech: A View from Evolutionary Neuroanatomy. Londra: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
  • Aboitiz, F. (2018a). "A Brain for Speech. Evolutionary Continuity in Primate and Human Auditory-Vocal Processing". Frontiers in Neuroscience, 12(MAR): 174.
  • Aboitiz, F. (2018b). "Voice, Gesture and Working Memory in the Emergence of Speech". Interaction Studies, 19(1–2): 70–85.
  • Aboitiz, F. ve García, R. (1997). "The Evolutionary Origin of the Language Areas in the Human Brain. A Neuroanatomical Perspective". Brain Research Reviews, 25/3: 381-396.
  • Aboitiz, F., García, R., Brunetti, E. ve Bosman, C. (2009). "The Origin of Broca’s Area and Its Connections from an Ancestral Working Memory Network". Broca’s Region (Edt. Y. Grodzinsky ve K. Amunts), Oxford: Oxford University Press: 3-16.
  • Albessard-Ball, L. ve Balzeau, A. (2018). "Of Tongues and Men: A Review of Morphological Evidence for the Evolution of Language". Journal of Language Evolution, 3/1: 79–89.
  • Arbib, M. A., Aboitiz, F., Burkart, J. M., Corballis, M. C., Coudé, G., Hecht, E., Liebal, K., Myowa-Yamakoshi, M., Pustejovsky, J., Putt, S. S., Rossano, F., Russon, A. E., Schoenemann, P. T., Seifert, U., Semendeferi, K., Sinha, C., Stout, D., Volterra, V., Wacewicz, S., ve Wilson, B. (2020). "The Comparative Neuroprimatology 2018 (CNP-2018) Road Map For Research On How the Brain Got Language". How the Brain Got Language (Edt. M. Arbib). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Pub.: 370–387.
  • Ardila, A., Bernal, B. ve Rosselli, M. (2016a). "How Extended Is Wernicke’s Area? Meta-Analytic Connectivity Study of BA20 and Integrative Proposal". Neuroscience Journal, 2016, 4962562.
  • Ardila, A., Bernal, B. ve Rosselli, M. (2016b). "How Localized Are Language Brain Areas? A Review of Brodmann Areas Involvement in Oral Language". Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 31/1:112–122.
  • Beaudet, A. (2017). "The Emergence of Language in the Hominin Lineage: Perspectives from Fossil Endocasts". Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 11.
  • Benítez-Burraco, A. ve Boeckx, C. (2015). "Possible Functional Links Among Brain- and Skull-Related Genes Selected in Modern Humans". Frontiers in Psychology, 6: 794.
  • Berwick, R. C., Friederici, A. D., Chomsky, N. ve Bolhuis, J. J. (2013). "Evolution, Brain, and the Nature of Language". Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 17/2: 98.
  • Binder, J. R. (2015). "The Wernicke Area". Neurology. 85/24: 2170–2175.
  • Binder, J. R. (2017). "Current Controversies on Wernicke’s Area and Its Role in Language". Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports, 17/8: 58.
  • Binkofski, F. ve Buccino, G. (2004). "Motor Functions of the Broca’s Region". Brain and Language, 89/2: 362–369.
  • Bogen, J. E. ve Bogen, G. M. (1976). "Wernicke’s Region–Where Is It?". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 280/1: 834–843.
  • Braunsdorf, M., Blazquez Freches, G., Roumazeilles, L., Eichert, N., Schurz, M., Uithol, S., Bryant, K. L. ve Mars, R. B. (2021). "Does the Temporal Cortex Make Us Human? A Review of Structural and Functional Diversity of the Primate Temporal Lobe". Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 131: 400–410.
  • Broadfield, D. C., Holloway, R. L., Mowbray, K., Silvers, A., Yuan, M. S. ve Márquez, S. (2001). "Endocast of Sambungmacan 3 (Sm 3): A New Homo Erectus from Indonesia". Anatomical Record, 262/4: 369–379.
  • Bruner, E. (2013). "Language and Hybrids: Too Many Answers For Too Few Questions", J. Anthropol. Sci., 91:.245–247.
  • Bruner, E. (2017). "Language, Paleoneurology, and the Fronto-Parietal System". Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 11: 349.
  • Bruner, E., De La Cuétara, J. M., Masters, M., Amano, H. ve Ogihara, N. (2014). "Functional Craniology and Brain Evolution: From Paleontology to Biomedicine". Frontiers in Neuroanatomy, 8: 19.
  • Bruner, E. ve Holloway, R. L. (2010). "A Bivariate Approach to the Widening of the Frontal Lobes in the Genus Homo". Journal of Human Evolution, 58/2: 138–146.
  • Burns, M. ve Fahy, J. (2010). "Broca’s Area: Rethinking Classical Concepts from a Neuroscience Perspective". Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 17/6: 401–410.
  • Domanski, C. W. (2013). "Mysterious “Monsieur Leborgne”: The Mystery of the Famous Patient in the History of Neuropsychology Is Explained". Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 22/1: 47–52.
  • Dronkers, N. F., Plaisant, O., Iba-Zizen, M. T. ve Cabanis, E. A. (2007). "Paul Broca’s Historic Cases: High Resolution MR Imaging of the Brains of Leborgne and Lelong". Brain, 130: 1432–1441.
  • Du, A., Zipkin, A. M., Hatala, K. G., Renner, E., Baker, J. L., Bianchi, S., Bernal, K. H. ve Wood, B. A. (2018). Pattern and Process in Hominin Brain Size Evolution Are Scale-Dependent. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 285/1873.
  • Ercilasun, A. B. (2021). "Dilin Doğuşu ve Evrimi: Basamak Teorisi". Dil Araştırmaları, 15/29: 1–17.
  • Falk, D. (1983). "Cerebral Cortices of East African Early Hominids". Science, 221/4615: 1072–1074.
  • Falk, D. (2012). The Evolution of Broca’s Area. IBRO History of Neuroscience.
  • Fedorenko, E. ve Blank, I. A. (2020). "Broca’s Area Is Not a Natural Kind". Trends in Cognitive Science, 24/4: 270–284.
  • Friederici, A. D. (2017a). Language in Our Brain: The Origins of a Uniquely Human Capacity. MIT Press.
  • Friederici, A. D. (2017b). Evolution of the Neural Language Network. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 24/1: 41–47.
  • Friederici, A. D. (2020). "Hierarchy Processing in Human Neurobiology: How Specific Is It?" Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 375/1789: 20180391.
  • Friederici, A. D., Chomsky, N., Berwick, R. C., Moro, A. ve Bolhuis, J. J. (2017). "Language, Mind and Brain". Nature Human Behaviour, 1/10: 713–722.
  • Friedrich, P., Anderson, C., Schmitz, J., Schlüter, C., Lor, S., Stacho, M., Ströckens, F., Grimshaw, G.ve Ocklenburg, S. (2019). "Fundamental Or Forgotten? Is Pierre Paul Broca Still Relevant in Modern Neuroscience?" Laterality, 24/2: 125–138.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Dil ve Dil Bilim
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Caner KERİMOĞLU (Sorumlu Yazar)
Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, Buca Eğitim Fakültesi, Türkçe Eğitimi Anabilim Dalı
0000-0002-8514-8578
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Mayıs 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 16, Sayı 30

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { dilarastirmalari1075944, journal = {Dil Araştırmaları}, issn = {1307-7821}, eissn = {2757-8003}, address = {}, publisher = {Avrasya Yazarlar Birliği}, year = {2022}, volume = {16}, number = {30}, pages = {21 - 37}, doi = {10.54316/dilarastirmalari.1075944}, title = {Dilin Kökeni Arayışları-5: Beyin ve Dil}, key = {cite}, author = {Kerimoğlu, Caner} }
APA Kerimoğlu, C. (2022). Dilin Kökeni Arayışları-5: Beyin ve Dil . Dil Araştırmaları , 16 (30) , 21-37 . DOI: 10.54316/dilarastirmalari.1075944
MLA Kerimoğlu, C. "Dilin Kökeni Arayışları-5: Beyin ve Dil" . Dil Araştırmaları 16 (2022 ): 21-37 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/dilarastirmalari/issue/70113/1075944>
Chicago Kerimoğlu, C. "Dilin Kökeni Arayışları-5: Beyin ve Dil". Dil Araştırmaları 16 (2022 ): 21-37
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Dilin Kökeni Arayışları-5: Beyin ve Dil AU - Caner Kerimoğlu Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.54316/dilarastirmalari.1075944 DO - 10.54316/dilarastirmalari.1075944 T2 - Dil Araştırmaları JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 21 EP - 37 VL - 16 IS - 30 SN - 1307-7821-2757-8003 M3 - doi: 10.54316/dilarastirmalari.1075944 UR - https://doi.org/10.54316/dilarastirmalari.1075944 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Dil Araştırmaları Dilin Kökeni Arayışları-5: Beyin ve Dil %A Caner Kerimoğlu %T Dilin Kökeni Arayışları-5: Beyin ve Dil %D 2022 %J Dil Araştırmaları %P 1307-7821-2757-8003 %V 16 %N 30 %R doi: 10.54316/dilarastirmalari.1075944 %U 10.54316/dilarastirmalari.1075944
ISNAD Kerimoğlu, Caner . "Dilin Kökeni Arayışları-5: Beyin ve Dil". Dil Araştırmaları 16 / 30 (Mayıs 2022): 21-37 . https://doi.org/10.54316/dilarastirmalari.1075944
AMA Kerimoğlu C. Dilin Kökeni Arayışları-5: Beyin ve Dil. Dil Araştırmaları. 2022; 16(30): 21-37.
Vancouver Kerimoğlu C. Dilin Kökeni Arayışları-5: Beyin ve Dil. Dil Araştırmaları. 2022; 16(30): 21-37.
IEEE C. Kerimoğlu , "Dilin Kökeni Arayışları-5: Beyin ve Dil", Dil Araştırmaları, c. 16, sayı. 30, ss. 21-37, May. 2022, doi:10.54316/dilarastirmalari.1075944