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Multi instrumental documentation and 3D modelling of an archaeological site: a case study in Kizilkoyun Necropolis Area

Yıl 2020, Cilt 11, Sayı 3, 1241 - 1250, 30.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.24012/dumf.801662

Öz

Şanlıurfa is one of the largest and oldest settlements in Mesopotamia. Such that Şanlıurfa, who saw the sovereignty of civilizations such as Ebla, Akkad, Sumerian, Babylon, Hittite, Hurri-Mitanni, Arami, Assyria, Persia, Macedonia, Rome, Byzantium, has announced in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List, which is 7000 years older than the Stonehenge and 7500 years older than the Egyptian pyramids. Located in the center of the city, within the Balıklı göl plateau and the historical Kızılkoyun Necropolis is one of the archaeological sites which was discovered in recent years. Kızılkoyun Necropolis with 75 tombs unearthed during the first work of continuing excavations is a candidate to become Turkey's largest Necropolis. In this study, Kızılkoyun Necropolis was first scanned with a laser scanner, and then with the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), photogrammetric products have been produced. The result of the evaluation is a surface model of the rock tombs in the region and some archaeological figures and structures have been transferred to the digital environment.

Kaynakça

  • Ekinci, A.; Paydaş, K. Taş Devrinden Osmanlıya Urfa, Şanlıurfa Valiliği, 2008; Şanlıurfa.
  • Sarıkaya L.Y. Koruma-Planlama Süreçleri Üzerine Genel Bir Değerlendirme: Soli-Pompeiopolis Örneği, Planlama Dergisi 2009; Volume 3(4), pp. 43-61.
  • Agapiou, A.; Lysandrou, V. Remote sensing archaeology: Tracking and mapping evolution in European scientific literature from 1999 to 2015, Journal of Archaeological Science Reports 2015; Volume 4, pp. 192-200.
  • Senol, H.I.; Erdogan, S.; Onal, M.; Ulukavak, M.; Memduhoglu, A.; Mutlu, S.; Yilmaz, M. 3D Modeling of A Bazaar In Ancient Harran City Using Laser Scanning Technique, International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing & Spatial Information Sciences, 2017; 42.
  • Fryskowska, A.; Stachelek, J. A no-reference method of geometric content quality analysis of 3D models generated from laser scanning point clouds for hBIM, Journal of Cultural Heritage 2018; Volume 34, pp. 95-108.
  • Shen, Y.; Lindenbergh, R.; Wang, J.; Ferreira, V. Extracting Individual Bricks from a Laser Scan Point Cloud of an Unorganized Pile of Bricks, Remote Sensing 2018; Volume 10(11), pp. 1709.
  • Galantucci, R.A.; Fatiguso, F. Advanced damage detection techniques in historical buildings using digital photogrammetry and 3D surface analysis, Journal of Cultural Heritage 2019; Volume 36, pp. 51-62.
  • Yu, L.; Zhang, Y.; Nie, Y.; Zhang, W.; Gao, H.; Bai, X.; Zhu, J. Improved detection of archaeological features using multi-source data in geographically diverse capital city sites, Journal of Cultural Heritage 2018; Volume 33, pp. 145-158.
  • Uysal, M.; Toprak, A.S.; Polat, N. DEM generation with UAV Photogrammetry and accuracy analysis in Sahitler hill, Measurement 2015; Volume 73, pp. 539-543.
  • Uysal, M.; Toprak, A.S.; Polat, N. Photo realistic 3d modeling with UAV: Gedik Ahmet pasha mosque in Afyonkarahisar, ISPRS-International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences 2013; Volume 1.2, pp. 659-662.
  • Arza-García, M.; Gil-Docampo, M.; Ortiz-Sanz, J. A hybrid photogrammetry approach for archaeological sites: Block alignment issues in a case study (the Roman camp of A Cidadela), Journal of Cultural Heritage 2019; Volume 38, pp. 195-203.
  • Wilson, L.; Rawlinson, A.; Frost, A.; Hepher, J. 3D digital documentation for disaster management in historic buildings: Applications following fire damage at the Mackintosh building, Journal of Cultural Heritage 2018; Volume 31 pp. 24–32.
  • García, M.A.; Docampo, M.G.; Sanz, J.O. A hybrid photogrammetry approach for archaeological sites: Block alignment issues in a case study (the Roman camp of A Cidadela), Journal of Cultural Heritage 2019; Volume 38, pp. 195-203.
  • Villasenín, S.P.; Docampo, M.G.; Sanz, J.O. Professional SfM and TLS vs a simple SfM photogrammetry for 3D modelling of rock art and radiance scaling shading in engraving detection, Journal of Cultural Heritage 2019; Volume 37 pp. 238–246.
  • Urfada Roma ve Bizans Dönemi, http://ekitap.kulturtu-rizm.gov.tr/TR,80732/roma-ve-bizans-do-nemi-116-639.html (Accessed on 03 March 2017)
  • Kızılkoyun Sırtları Canlandırma Projesi 2011, https://www.kentselstrateji.com/wp-content/uploads/V-07_Sanl%C4%B1urfa.pdf (Accessed on 24 Ekim 2017).
  • Öztürk Tel, H.; Kuloğlu Yüksel, F.Ş. Evaluation of the Kızılkoyun Necropolis Archaeological Site in the content of Conservation-Planning. Inonu University Journal of Arts and Design 2017; Volume 7(16), pp. 1-16.
  • Tiffany, J. 2015, Gobekli Tepe. The Barnes Review.
  • Monna, F.; et al. Documenting carved stones by 3D modelling–Example of Mongolian deer stones. Journal of Cultural Heritage 2018; Volume 34, pp. 116-128.
  • ŞURKAV Dergisi Edessa (Şanlıurfa) Kızılkoyun Nekropolü 2018 http://surkav.org.tr/surkavdergi/surkav31.pdf (Accessed on 24 Aralık 2019).
  • Kültür turizm Bakanlığı Kültür Varlıkları ve Müzeler Genel Müdürlüğü, www.kulturvarliklari.gov.tr/TR,107465/sanliurfada-roma-do-nemi-kaya-mezari.html (Accessed on 30 December 2018)
  • Çelik, B. Şanlıurfa Kent Merkezinde Çanak Çömleksiz Bir Neolitik Yerleşim: Yenimahalle, Hacettepe University Institute of Social Sciences, 2003; Unpublished Master Science Dissertation, Ankara.
  • T.C. Kültür Bakanlığı ve Unesco, Türkiye Milli Komisyonu, GAP Bölgesi'nde Kültür Varlıklarının Korunması, Yaşatılması ve Tanıtılması Sempozyumu: 01-05 Haziran 1998, Şanlıurfa
  • Kürkçüoğlu, A.C. Urfa “Fotoğraflarla Ev-vel Zaman İçinde”. Şalıurfa Belediyesi Kültür Ve Sosyal İşler Müdürlüğü yayını 2001; Ankara.
  • Lerma, J.L.; Navarro, S.; Cabrelles, M.; Villaverde, V. Terrestrial laser scanning and close-range photogrammetry for 3D archaeological documentation: The Upper Palaeolithic Cave of Parpalló as a case study, Journal of Archaeological Science 2010; Volume 37(3), pp. 499-507.
  • Porras-Amores, C.; Mazarrón, F.R.; Cañas, I.; Sáez, P.V. Terrestial laser scanning digitalization in underground constructions, Journal of Cultural Heritage 2019; Volume 38, pp. 213-220.

Yıl 2020, Cilt 11, Sayı 3, 1241 - 1250, 30.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.24012/dumf.801662

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Ekinci, A.; Paydaş, K. Taş Devrinden Osmanlıya Urfa, Şanlıurfa Valiliği, 2008; Şanlıurfa.
  • Sarıkaya L.Y. Koruma-Planlama Süreçleri Üzerine Genel Bir Değerlendirme: Soli-Pompeiopolis Örneği, Planlama Dergisi 2009; Volume 3(4), pp. 43-61.
  • Agapiou, A.; Lysandrou, V. Remote sensing archaeology: Tracking and mapping evolution in European scientific literature from 1999 to 2015, Journal of Archaeological Science Reports 2015; Volume 4, pp. 192-200.
  • Senol, H.I.; Erdogan, S.; Onal, M.; Ulukavak, M.; Memduhoglu, A.; Mutlu, S.; Yilmaz, M. 3D Modeling of A Bazaar In Ancient Harran City Using Laser Scanning Technique, International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing & Spatial Information Sciences, 2017; 42.
  • Fryskowska, A.; Stachelek, J. A no-reference method of geometric content quality analysis of 3D models generated from laser scanning point clouds for hBIM, Journal of Cultural Heritage 2018; Volume 34, pp. 95-108.
  • Shen, Y.; Lindenbergh, R.; Wang, J.; Ferreira, V. Extracting Individual Bricks from a Laser Scan Point Cloud of an Unorganized Pile of Bricks, Remote Sensing 2018; Volume 10(11), pp. 1709.
  • Galantucci, R.A.; Fatiguso, F. Advanced damage detection techniques in historical buildings using digital photogrammetry and 3D surface analysis, Journal of Cultural Heritage 2019; Volume 36, pp. 51-62.
  • Yu, L.; Zhang, Y.; Nie, Y.; Zhang, W.; Gao, H.; Bai, X.; Zhu, J. Improved detection of archaeological features using multi-source data in geographically diverse capital city sites, Journal of Cultural Heritage 2018; Volume 33, pp. 145-158.
  • Uysal, M.; Toprak, A.S.; Polat, N. DEM generation with UAV Photogrammetry and accuracy analysis in Sahitler hill, Measurement 2015; Volume 73, pp. 539-543.
  • Uysal, M.; Toprak, A.S.; Polat, N. Photo realistic 3d modeling with UAV: Gedik Ahmet pasha mosque in Afyonkarahisar, ISPRS-International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences 2013; Volume 1.2, pp. 659-662.
  • Arza-García, M.; Gil-Docampo, M.; Ortiz-Sanz, J. A hybrid photogrammetry approach for archaeological sites: Block alignment issues in a case study (the Roman camp of A Cidadela), Journal of Cultural Heritage 2019; Volume 38, pp. 195-203.
  • Wilson, L.; Rawlinson, A.; Frost, A.; Hepher, J. 3D digital documentation for disaster management in historic buildings: Applications following fire damage at the Mackintosh building, Journal of Cultural Heritage 2018; Volume 31 pp. 24–32.
  • García, M.A.; Docampo, M.G.; Sanz, J.O. A hybrid photogrammetry approach for archaeological sites: Block alignment issues in a case study (the Roman camp of A Cidadela), Journal of Cultural Heritage 2019; Volume 38, pp. 195-203.
  • Villasenín, S.P.; Docampo, M.G.; Sanz, J.O. Professional SfM and TLS vs a simple SfM photogrammetry for 3D modelling of rock art and radiance scaling shading in engraving detection, Journal of Cultural Heritage 2019; Volume 37 pp. 238–246.
  • Urfada Roma ve Bizans Dönemi, http://ekitap.kulturtu-rizm.gov.tr/TR,80732/roma-ve-bizans-do-nemi-116-639.html (Accessed on 03 March 2017)
  • Kızılkoyun Sırtları Canlandırma Projesi 2011, https://www.kentselstrateji.com/wp-content/uploads/V-07_Sanl%C4%B1urfa.pdf (Accessed on 24 Ekim 2017).
  • Öztürk Tel, H.; Kuloğlu Yüksel, F.Ş. Evaluation of the Kızılkoyun Necropolis Archaeological Site in the content of Conservation-Planning. Inonu University Journal of Arts and Design 2017; Volume 7(16), pp. 1-16.
  • Tiffany, J. 2015, Gobekli Tepe. The Barnes Review.
  • Monna, F.; et al. Documenting carved stones by 3D modelling–Example of Mongolian deer stones. Journal of Cultural Heritage 2018; Volume 34, pp. 116-128.
  • ŞURKAV Dergisi Edessa (Şanlıurfa) Kızılkoyun Nekropolü 2018 http://surkav.org.tr/surkavdergi/surkav31.pdf (Accessed on 24 Aralık 2019).
  • Kültür turizm Bakanlığı Kültür Varlıkları ve Müzeler Genel Müdürlüğü, www.kulturvarliklari.gov.tr/TR,107465/sanliurfada-roma-do-nemi-kaya-mezari.html (Accessed on 30 December 2018)
  • Çelik, B. Şanlıurfa Kent Merkezinde Çanak Çömleksiz Bir Neolitik Yerleşim: Yenimahalle, Hacettepe University Institute of Social Sciences, 2003; Unpublished Master Science Dissertation, Ankara.
  • T.C. Kültür Bakanlığı ve Unesco, Türkiye Milli Komisyonu, GAP Bölgesi'nde Kültür Varlıklarının Korunması, Yaşatılması ve Tanıtılması Sempozyumu: 01-05 Haziran 1998, Şanlıurfa
  • Kürkçüoğlu, A.C. Urfa “Fotoğraflarla Ev-vel Zaman İçinde”. Şalıurfa Belediyesi Kültür Ve Sosyal İşler Müdürlüğü yayını 2001; Ankara.
  • Lerma, J.L.; Navarro, S.; Cabrelles, M.; Villaverde, V. Terrestrial laser scanning and close-range photogrammetry for 3D archaeological documentation: The Upper Palaeolithic Cave of Parpalló as a case study, Journal of Archaeological Science 2010; Volume 37(3), pp. 499-507.
  • Porras-Amores, C.; Mazarrón, F.R.; Cañas, I.; Sáez, P.V. Terrestial laser scanning digitalization in underground constructions, Journal of Cultural Heritage 2019; Volume 38, pp. 213-220.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik, Ortak Disiplinler
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Halil İbrahim ŞENOL (Sorumlu Yazar)
HARRAN UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-0235-5764
Türkiye


Abdulkadir MEMDUHOGLU
.
0000-0002-9072-869X
Türkiye


Mustafa ULUKAVAK
.
0000-0003-2092-3075
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Eylül 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 11, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { dumf801662, journal = {Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi}, issn = {1309-8640}, eissn = {2146-4391}, address = {DÜMF Mühendislik Dergisi, Koordinatörlük ve Yayın Bürosu, Dicle Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Fakültesi 21280, Diyarbakır- Türkiye}, publisher = {Dicle Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {11}, pages = {1241 - 1250}, doi = {10.24012/dumf.801662}, title = {Multi instrumental documentation and 3D modelling of an archaeological site: a case study in Kizilkoyun Necropolis Area}, key = {cite}, author = {Şenol, Halil İbrahim and Memduhoglu, Abdulkadir and Ulukavak, Mustafa} }
APA Şenol, H. İ. , Memduhoglu, A. & Ulukavak, M. (2020). Multi instrumental documentation and 3D modelling of an archaeological site: a case study in Kizilkoyun Necropolis Area . Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi , 11 (3) , 1241-1250 . DOI: 10.24012/dumf.801662
MLA Şenol, H. İ. , Memduhoglu, A. , Ulukavak, M. "Multi instrumental documentation and 3D modelling of an archaeological site: a case study in Kizilkoyun Necropolis Area" . Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi 11 (2020 ): 1241-1250 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/dumf/issue/56929/801662>
Chicago Şenol, H. İ. , Memduhoglu, A. , Ulukavak, M. "Multi instrumental documentation and 3D modelling of an archaeological site: a case study in Kizilkoyun Necropolis Area". Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi 11 (2020 ): 1241-1250
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Multi instrumental documentation and 3D modelling of an archaeological site: a case study in Kizilkoyun Necropolis Area AU - Halil İbrahim Şenol , Abdulkadir Memduhoglu , Mustafa Ulukavak Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.24012/dumf.801662 DO - 10.24012/dumf.801662 T2 - Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1241 EP - 1250 VL - 11 IS - 3 SN - 1309-8640-2146-4391 M3 - doi: 10.24012/dumf.801662 UR - https://doi.org/10.24012/dumf.801662 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi Multi instrumental documentation and 3D modelling of an archaeological site: a case study in Kizilkoyun Necropolis Area %A Halil İbrahim Şenol , Abdulkadir Memduhoglu , Mustafa Ulukavak %T Multi instrumental documentation and 3D modelling of an archaeological site: a case study in Kizilkoyun Necropolis Area %D 2020 %J Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi %P 1309-8640-2146-4391 %V 11 %N 3 %R doi: 10.24012/dumf.801662 %U 10.24012/dumf.801662
ISNAD Şenol, Halil İbrahim , Memduhoglu, Abdulkadir , Ulukavak, Mustafa . "Multi instrumental documentation and 3D modelling of an archaeological site: a case study in Kizilkoyun Necropolis Area". Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi 11 / 3 (Eylül 2020): 1241-1250 . https://doi.org/10.24012/dumf.801662
AMA Şenol H. İ. , Memduhoglu A. , Ulukavak M. Multi instrumental documentation and 3D modelling of an archaeological site: a case study in Kizilkoyun Necropolis Area. DÜMF MD. 2020; 11(3): 1241-1250.
Vancouver Şenol H. İ. , Memduhoglu A. , Ulukavak M. Multi instrumental documentation and 3D modelling of an archaeological site: a case study in Kizilkoyun Necropolis Area. Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi. 2020; 11(3): 1241-1250.
IEEE H. İ. Şenol , A. Memduhoglu ve M. Ulukavak , "Multi instrumental documentation and 3D modelling of an archaeological site: a case study in Kizilkoyun Necropolis Area", Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi, c. 11, sayı. 3, ss. 1241-1250, Eyl. 2020, doi:10.24012/dumf.801662