Steel Special Moment Frames (SMFs) are favored seismic force-resisting systems due to their architectural flexibility and high ductility. While shallow columns (section depth less than 356 mm) were commonly used in these systems before the Northridge earthquake, deeper columns (section depth greater than 356 mm) have become more popular in recent years to meet code-enforced story drift requirements economically. However, limited research exists on the hinging behavior of deep columns under axial compression and cyclic drift. Since deep columns exhibit larger slenderness ratios and are more susceptible to local and global buckling, understanding their behavior is crucial. This study investigates the behavior of fifteen four-story steel SMFs using finite element program simulations, focusing on four key factors affecting frame behavior: 1) Column bracing, 2) Beam bracing, 3) Column stiffening, and 4) Strong Column Weak Beam (SCWB) ratio. The influence of axial force level and column section properties is also examined. Results demonstrate that deep columns may experience local and/or global instabilities at relatively low story drift levels. Findings suggest that SMF performance can be enhanced by bracing deep columns at the top and bottom levels of beam flanges and adding stiffeners to the columns' web. Controlling column shortening by increasing the SCWB ratio is also recommended.
This study was supported by the Scientific and Technology Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) through fellowship program.
Steel Special Moment Frame (SMF) is a preferred seismic force-resisting system for its architectural flexibility and high ductility. Before the Northridge earthquake, shallow columns (section depth less than 356 mm.) were used generally in these seismic force-resisting systems. However, to achieve economy in design, there were growing trend to use deeper columns (section depth greater than 356 mm.) to satisfy the code-enforced story drift requirements in recent years. Despite the wide use of these columns, very few research were available on the deep columns hinging behavior under axial compression and cyclic drift. Since a deep column has larger slenderness ratio and is more vulnerable to both local and global buckling, it is essential to investigate its behavior. These buckling modes can severely affect the response of the SMFs by producing undesirable effects such as axial shortening, which increases as the applied forces of compression becomes larger.
In this study, total of fifteen four-story steel SMFs’ behavior was investigated using the finite element program simulations. Four key factors that affect the behavior of these frames were studied: 1) Column bracing; 2) Beam bracing; 3) Column stiffening; and 4) Strong Column Weak Beam (SCWB) ratio. Effect of the axial force level and the column section properties were also investigated for broadening the investigation. It is shown that deep columns can suffer local and/or global instabilities even at relatively low story drift levels. The findings indicate that the performance of SMFs can be improved by bracing deep columns at the top and bottom level of beam flanges and by adding stiffeners on the web of these columns. It is suggested that column shortening can be controlled by increasing SCWB ratio.
|Erken Görünüm Tarihi||19 Haziran 2023|
|Yayımlanma Tarihi||20 Haziran 2023|
|Gönderilme Tarihi||17 Ekim 2022|
|Yayımlandığı Sayı||Yıl 2023 Cilt: 14 Sayı: 2|