Yıl 2020, Cilt 5 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 667 - 681 2020-12-31

The Effects of Economic Growth and Energy Consumption on Ecological Footprint And Carbon Emissions: Evidence From Turkey
Ekonomik Büyüme ve Enerji Tüketiminin Ekolojik Ayak İzi ve Karbon Emisyonları Üzerindeki Etkisi: Türkiye Örneği

Oğuz ÖCAL [1] , Buket ALTINÖZ [2] , Alper ASLAN [3]


The aim of this paper is to explore the relationship between energy use, economic growth, and environmental pollution in Turkey for the period from 1968 to 2016 by using ARDL bounds test approach. Test findings show that an increase in economic growth and trade openness cause environmental degradation in all models. Although the energy consumption coefficient is positive in all models, it is statistically significant only in the model where the ecological footprint indicator is the dependent variable. Thus, while determining a positive relationship between environmental pollution and economic growth in Turkey, also it can be said that the energy consumption increases ecological footprint. The findings indicate that there is a need to consider not only pollution emissions but also the ecological footprint for environmental degradation. These results raise a number of policy recommendations for Turkey. The existence of an inverted-U shaped relationship between environmental degradation and economic growth actually demonstrate the successful long run sustainable growth in Turkey.
Bu çalışmanın amacı, 1968-2016 yılları arasında Türkiye’de ekonomik büyüme enerji tüketimi ve çevre kirliliği arasındaki ilişkiyi ARDL sınır testi yaklaşımını kullanarak incelemektir. Bulgular ekonomik büyüme ve dış ticaret açıklığındaki artışın tüm modellerde çevresel bozulmaya neden olduğunu göstermektedir. Enerji tüketim katsayısı tüm modellerde pozitif olmakla birlikte, sadece ekolojik ayak izi göstergesinin bağımlı değişken olduğu modelde istatistiksel olarak anlamlıdır. Böylece Türkiye’de çevre kirliliği ve ekonomik büyüme arasında pozitif bir ilişki belirlenirken, enerji tüketiminin ekolojik ayak izini artırdığı söylenebilir. Bulgular yalnızca kirlilik emisyonlarını değil aynı zamanda çevresel bozulma için ekolojik ayak izini de dikkate almanın gerekli olduğunu gösterir. Bu sonuçlar Türkiye için birçok politika önerisini gündeme getiriyor. Çevresel bozulma ile ekonomik büyüme arasında ters U şeklinde bir ilişkinin varlığı, aslında Türkiye'deki başarılı uzun vadeli sürdürülebilir büyümeyi göstermektedir.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular İktisat
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-5729-7218
Yazar: Oğuz ÖCAL (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Kayseri Üniversitesi Uygulamalı Bilimler Fakültesi
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4276-4821
Yazar: Buket ALTINÖZ
Kurum: Nişantaşı Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-1408-0921
Yazar: Alper ASLAN
Kurum: Erciyes Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2020

APA Öcal, O , Altınöz, B , Aslan, A . (2020). The Effects of Economic Growth and Energy Consumption on Ecological Footprint And Carbon Emissions: Evidence From Turkey . Ekonomi Politika ve Finans Araştırmaları Dergisi , 5 (3) , 667-681 . DOI: 10.30784/epfad.773461