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Kayseri’de Satışa Sunulan Kanatlı Eti Ürünlerinde Listeria spp. Varlığının Belirlenmesi*

Yıl 2015, Cilt 12, Sayı 3, 177 - 183, 01.10.2015

Öz

 Bu çalışma, Kayseri’de satışa sunulan kanatlı eti ürünlerinde Listeria türlerinin varlığını belirlemek ve bu ürünlerin listeriozis açısından taşıdığı halk sağlığı risklerini değerlendirmek amacıyla planlanmıştır. Beş farklı kanatlı eti ürününe (Taşlık, ciğer, nugget, sosis, salam) ait örneklerden 20’şer adet olmak üzere toplam 100 örnek analiz edilmiştir. Örnekler iki aşamalı zenginleştirme prosedürünü takiben iki ayrı selektif besi yerine ekim ve biyokimyasal identifikasyon yapılmak suretiyle Listeria spp. açısından test edilmiştir. Çalışmada toplam 33 örnek (%33) Listeria spp. açısından pozitif bulunurken örneklerden 6’sının (%6) Listeria monocytogenes ile kontamine olduğu belirlenmiştir. Çalışma kapsamında iki taşlık, iki nugget ve iki ciğer örneği L. monocytogenes ile kontamine bulunurken, salam ve sosis örneklerinde L. monocytogenes’e rastlanmamıştır. Toplam 100 örneğin 14’ünün (%14) Listeria innocua, 11’inin (%11) Listeria welshimeri ve ikisinin Listeria ivanovii ile kontamine olduğu ortaya konmuştur. Yaz ve kış aylarında toplanan örneklerde Listeria spp. izolasyon oranı arasındaki fark, istatistiksel olarak önemli bulunmamıştır (p>0.05). Bu çalışma, Kayseri’de sıklıkla tüketilen çiğ, pişmeye hazır ve tüketime hazır kanatlı eti ürünlerinde L. monocytogenes ve diğer Listeria türlerinin yaygın olarak bulunmadığını göstermiştir.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Abadias M, Usall J, Anguera M, Solsona C, Vinas I. Microbiological quality of fresh, minimally-processed fruit and vegetables, and sprouts from retail establishments. Int J Food Microbiol 2008; 123: 121–9.
  • 2. Akça D, Şahin M. Kars yöresi sığırlarından alınan süt ve vajinal sıvap örneklerinden Listeria türlerinin araştırılması. Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg 2011;17: 987- 93.
  • 3. Al-Tahiri R, Omar S, Rewashdeh A. A study of the occurrence of Listeria species in raw sheep milk. Int J Dairy Technol 2008; 61: 347-51.
  • 4. Atıl E, Ertaş HB, Özbey G. Isolation and molecular characterization of Listeria spp. from animals, food and environmental samples. Vet Med Czech 2011; 56: 386-94.
  • 5. Bailey JS, Fletcher DL, Cox NA. Listeria monocytogenes colonization of broiler chickens. Poultry Sci 1990; 69: 457-61.
  • 6. Buchholz U, Mascola L. Transmission, pathogenesis, and epidemiology of Listeria monocytogenes. Infect Dis Clin Pract 2001; 10: 34-41.
  • 7. Carrique-Mas JJ, Hökeberg I, Andersson Y, Arneborn M, Tham W, Danielsson-Tham ML, Osterman B, Leffler M, Steen M, Eriksson E, Hedin G, Giesecke J. Febrile gastroenteritis after eating on-farm manufactured fresh cheese-an outbreak of listeriosis? Epidemiol Infect 2003; 130: 79-86.
  • 8. Cocolin L, Stella S, Nappi R, Bozetta E, Cantoni C, Comi G. Analysis of PCR-based methods for characterization of Listeria monocytogenes strains isolated from different sources. Int J Food Microbiol 2005; 103: 167-78.
  • 9. Crepet A, Albert I, Dervin C, Carlin F. Estimation of microbial contamination of food from prevalence and concentration data, application to Listeria monocytogenes in fresh vegetables. Appl Environ Microbiol 2007; 73: 250-8.
  • 10. Cummins AJ, Fielding AK, McLauchlin J. Listeria ivanovii infection in a patient with AIDS. J Infect 1994; 28(1): 89-91.
  • 11. Çiftçioğlu G. Kıyma, Sucuk ve Tavuk Etlerinde L.monocytogenes’in Mevcudiyeti Üzerine Araştırmalar. Doktora Tezi. İstanbul Üniv. Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Besin Hijyeni ve Teknolojisi Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul-Türkiye, 1992.
  • 12. Fallah AA, Saei-Dehkordi SS, Rahnama M, Tahmasbyi H, Mahzounieh M. Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance patterns of Listeria species isolated from poultry products marketed in Iran 2012. Food Control 2012: 28(2); 327-32.
  • 13. Garrec N, Picard-Bonnaud F, Pourcher AM. Occurrence of Listeria spp. and L. monocytogenes in sewage sludge used for land application: Effect of dewatering, liming and storage in tank on survival of Listeria species. FEMS Immunol Med Mic 2003; 35: 275-83.
  • 14. Gaulin C, Ramsay D, Ringuette L, Ismail J. First documented outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes in Quebec, 2002. Can Commun Dis Rep 2003; 29: 181-6.
  • 15. Genigeorgis CA, Dutulescu D, Garazabar JF. Prevalence of Listeria spp. in poultry meat at the supermarket and slaughterhouse level. J Food Prot 1989; 52: 618-24.
  • 16. Griffis C, Osaili T. Control of thermal meat processing (Chapter 9), In: Safety of meat and processed meat. Food Microbiology and food safety series, Fidel Toldra (Ed), Springer, New York, USA 2009: p 229-53.
  • 17. Gudbjörnsdottir B, Suihko ML, Gustavsson P, Thorkelsson G, Salo S, Sjöberg AM, Niclasen O, Bradholt S. The incidence of Listeria monocytogenes in meat, poultry and seafood plants in the Nordic countries. Food Microbiol 2004; 21: 217-25.
  • 18. Hein I, Klein D, Lehner A, Bubert A, Brandl E, Wagner M. Detection and quantification of the iap gene of Listeria monocytogenes and Listeria innocua by a new real-time quantitative PCR assay. Ress Microbiol 2001; 152: 37-46.
  • 19. International Standardization Organization. Horizontal Method for Detection of Listeria monocytogenes. ISO NORM, 11290-1-/A1. 2004.
  • 20. Issa ZM, Mustakim M, Mohamed SAS, Muda NM, Yen LH, Radu S. Antibiogram profiles of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from foods, Second International Conference on Biotechnology and Food Science (IACSIT) Press, IPCBEE vol 7, p 133- 137, 2011, Singapore.
  • 21. Kerr KG, Rotowa NA, Hawkey PM, Lacey RW. Incidence of Listeria spp. In pre cooked, chilled chicken products as determined by culture and enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA). J Food Prot 1990; 53: 606-7.
  • 22. Kum E, Yıldırım Y, Ertaş N. Kayseri’de satışa sunulan peynir örneklerinde Listeria monocytogenes varlığının klasik kültür yöntemi ile belirlenmesi. Erciyes Üniv Vet Fak Derg 2011; 8: 105-9.
  • 23. Low JC, Donachie W. A Review of Listeria monocytogenes and listeriosis. Vet J 1997;153:9-29.
  • 24. Lyautey E, Lapen DR, Wilkes G, McCleary K, Pagotto F, Tyler F, Hartmann A, Piveteau P, Rieu A, Robertson WJ, Medeiros DT, Edge TA, Gannon V, Topp E. Distribution and characteristics of Listeria monocytogenes isolates from surface waters of the South Nation River Watershed, Ontario, Canada. Appl Environ Microbiol 2007; 73(17): 5401-10.
  • 25. McLauchlin, J. The pathogenicity of Listeria monocytogenes: A public health perspective. Rev Med Microbiol 1997; 8(1): 1-14.
  • 26. Mena C, Almeida G, Carneiro L, Teixeira P, Hogg T, Gibbs PA. Incidence of Listeria monocytogenes in different food products commercialized in Portugal. Food Microbiol 2004; 21(2): 213-6.
  • 27. Osaili TM, Alaboudi AR, Nesiar EA. Prevalence of Listeria spp. and antibiotic susceptibility of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from raw chicken and ready-to- eat chicken products in Jordan. Food Control 2010: 22(3); 586-90.
  • 28. Pesavento G, Ducci B, Nieri D, Comodo N, Lo Nostro A. Prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Listeria spp isolated from raw meat and retail food. Food Control 2010; 21(5): 708-13.
  • 29. Poros-Gluchowska J, Markiewicz Z. Antimicrobial resistance of Listeria monocytogenes. Acta Microbiol Pol 2003; 52: 113-29.
  • 30. Rantsiou K, Alessandria V, Urso R, Dolci P, Cocolin L. Detection, quantification and vitality of Listeria monocytogenes in food as determined by quantitative PCR. Int J Food Microbiol 2008; 121(1): 99-105.
  • 31. Rijpens NP, Jannes G, Herman LMF. Incidence of Listeria spp. and Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat chicken and turkey products determined by polymerase chain reaction and line probe assay hybridization. J Food Prot 1997; 60(5): 548-50.
  • 32. Rocourt J, Hof H, Schrettenbrunner A, Malinverni R, Bille J. Meningite purulente aigue à Listeria seeligeri chez un adulte immunocompetent. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 1986; 116, 248-51.
  • 33. Sakaridis I, Soultos N, Iossifidou E, Papa A, Ambrosiadis I, Koidis P. Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Listeria monocytogenes isolated in chicken slaughterhouses in northern Greece. J Food Protect 2011; 74(6): 1017-21.
  • 34. Sunil M, Inyee H, James R, James A, Paul D. Effect of combining nisin and/or lysozyme with in-package pasteurization for control of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat turkey bologna during refrigerated storage. Int J Food Microbiol 2008; 25(7): 866-70.
  • 35. Şireli UT, Erol İ, Şahin S, Terzi G. Tavuk kıyma köfte ve burgerlerinde Listeria türlerinin varlığı ve kontaminasyon düzeyinin belirlenmesi. Turk J Vet Anim Sci 2002; 26: 1271-6.
  • 36. Vasilev V, Japheth R, Breuer R, Andorn N, Ben Abraham R, Yoni Y, Valinsky L, Agmon V. A survey of Listeria monocytogenes strains, isolated from ready-to-eat foods in Israel over a period of 10 years, 1998-2007. Food Control 2010; 21(8): 1179-81.
  • 37. Vitas AI, Maria Sanchez R, Aguado V, Garcia-Jalon I. Antimicrobial susceptibility of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from food and clinical cases in Navarra, Spain. J Food Protect 2007; 70(10): 2402-6.
  • 38. Yücel N, Çitak S, Önder, M. Prevalence and antibiotic resistance of Listeri species in meat products in Ankara, Turkey. Food Microbiol 2005; 22: 241-5.

Prevalence of Listeria spp. from Poultry Product Samples Sold in Kayseri

Yıl 2015, Cilt 12, Sayı 3, 177 - 183, 01.10.2015

Öz

 This study was planned to evaluate public health risks in respect to listeriozis due to the consumption of poultry products sold in Kayseri. A total of 100 poultry product samples including 20 gizzards, 20 livers, 20 nuggets, 20 sausage and 20 salami were collected and analysed for the presence of Listeria spp. using a two step enrichment procedure followed by plating on two selective agars and subsequent biochemical identification of the isolates. In this study, thirty-three samples (33%) were positive for Listeria spp. and in six samples (6%) Listeria monocytogenes was detected. Two of 20 gizzard (10%) 2 of 20 liver (10%) and 2 of 20 nugget samples (10%) were found to be contaminated with L. monocytogenes whereas no L. monocytogenes contamination was detected in sausage and salami samples. Listeria innocua was isolated from 14 of (14%) samples, Listeria welshimeri was detected in 11 samples (11%) and Listeria ivanovii was detected in only two samples (2%). No significant difference was observed between the winter and the summer samples in respect to the prevalence of Listeria spp. in the poultry products analysed (p>0.05). The present study shows that L. monocytogenes and other Listeria species are not commonly found in the samples of frequently consumed raw, ready to cook or ready to eat poultry products at the retail level in Kayseri.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Abadias M, Usall J, Anguera M, Solsona C, Vinas I. Microbiological quality of fresh, minimally-processed fruit and vegetables, and sprouts from retail establishments. Int J Food Microbiol 2008; 123: 121–9.
  • 2. Akça D, Şahin M. Kars yöresi sığırlarından alınan süt ve vajinal sıvap örneklerinden Listeria türlerinin araştırılması. Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg 2011;17: 987- 93.
  • 3. Al-Tahiri R, Omar S, Rewashdeh A. A study of the occurrence of Listeria species in raw sheep milk. Int J Dairy Technol 2008; 61: 347-51.
  • 4. Atıl E, Ertaş HB, Özbey G. Isolation and molecular characterization of Listeria spp. from animals, food and environmental samples. Vet Med Czech 2011; 56: 386-94.
  • 5. Bailey JS, Fletcher DL, Cox NA. Listeria monocytogenes colonization of broiler chickens. Poultry Sci 1990; 69: 457-61.
  • 6. Buchholz U, Mascola L. Transmission, pathogenesis, and epidemiology of Listeria monocytogenes. Infect Dis Clin Pract 2001; 10: 34-41.
  • 7. Carrique-Mas JJ, Hökeberg I, Andersson Y, Arneborn M, Tham W, Danielsson-Tham ML, Osterman B, Leffler M, Steen M, Eriksson E, Hedin G, Giesecke J. Febrile gastroenteritis after eating on-farm manufactured fresh cheese-an outbreak of listeriosis? Epidemiol Infect 2003; 130: 79-86.
  • 8. Cocolin L, Stella S, Nappi R, Bozetta E, Cantoni C, Comi G. Analysis of PCR-based methods for characterization of Listeria monocytogenes strains isolated from different sources. Int J Food Microbiol 2005; 103: 167-78.
  • 9. Crepet A, Albert I, Dervin C, Carlin F. Estimation of microbial contamination of food from prevalence and concentration data, application to Listeria monocytogenes in fresh vegetables. Appl Environ Microbiol 2007; 73: 250-8.
  • 10. Cummins AJ, Fielding AK, McLauchlin J. Listeria ivanovii infection in a patient with AIDS. J Infect 1994; 28(1): 89-91.
  • 11. Çiftçioğlu G. Kıyma, Sucuk ve Tavuk Etlerinde L.monocytogenes’in Mevcudiyeti Üzerine Araştırmalar. Doktora Tezi. İstanbul Üniv. Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Besin Hijyeni ve Teknolojisi Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul-Türkiye, 1992.
  • 12. Fallah AA, Saei-Dehkordi SS, Rahnama M, Tahmasbyi H, Mahzounieh M. Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance patterns of Listeria species isolated from poultry products marketed in Iran 2012. Food Control 2012: 28(2); 327-32.
  • 13. Garrec N, Picard-Bonnaud F, Pourcher AM. Occurrence of Listeria spp. and L. monocytogenes in sewage sludge used for land application: Effect of dewatering, liming and storage in tank on survival of Listeria species. FEMS Immunol Med Mic 2003; 35: 275-83.
  • 14. Gaulin C, Ramsay D, Ringuette L, Ismail J. First documented outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes in Quebec, 2002. Can Commun Dis Rep 2003; 29: 181-6.
  • 15. Genigeorgis CA, Dutulescu D, Garazabar JF. Prevalence of Listeria spp. in poultry meat at the supermarket and slaughterhouse level. J Food Prot 1989; 52: 618-24.
  • 16. Griffis C, Osaili T. Control of thermal meat processing (Chapter 9), In: Safety of meat and processed meat. Food Microbiology and food safety series, Fidel Toldra (Ed), Springer, New York, USA 2009: p 229-53.
  • 17. Gudbjörnsdottir B, Suihko ML, Gustavsson P, Thorkelsson G, Salo S, Sjöberg AM, Niclasen O, Bradholt S. The incidence of Listeria monocytogenes in meat, poultry and seafood plants in the Nordic countries. Food Microbiol 2004; 21: 217-25.
  • 18. Hein I, Klein D, Lehner A, Bubert A, Brandl E, Wagner M. Detection and quantification of the iap gene of Listeria monocytogenes and Listeria innocua by a new real-time quantitative PCR assay. Ress Microbiol 2001; 152: 37-46.
  • 19. International Standardization Organization. Horizontal Method for Detection of Listeria monocytogenes. ISO NORM, 11290-1-/A1. 2004.
  • 20. Issa ZM, Mustakim M, Mohamed SAS, Muda NM, Yen LH, Radu S. Antibiogram profiles of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from foods, Second International Conference on Biotechnology and Food Science (IACSIT) Press, IPCBEE vol 7, p 133- 137, 2011, Singapore.
  • 21. Kerr KG, Rotowa NA, Hawkey PM, Lacey RW. Incidence of Listeria spp. In pre cooked, chilled chicken products as determined by culture and enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA). J Food Prot 1990; 53: 606-7.
  • 22. Kum E, Yıldırım Y, Ertaş N. Kayseri’de satışa sunulan peynir örneklerinde Listeria monocytogenes varlığının klasik kültür yöntemi ile belirlenmesi. Erciyes Üniv Vet Fak Derg 2011; 8: 105-9.
  • 23. Low JC, Donachie W. A Review of Listeria monocytogenes and listeriosis. Vet J 1997;153:9-29.
  • 24. Lyautey E, Lapen DR, Wilkes G, McCleary K, Pagotto F, Tyler F, Hartmann A, Piveteau P, Rieu A, Robertson WJ, Medeiros DT, Edge TA, Gannon V, Topp E. Distribution and characteristics of Listeria monocytogenes isolates from surface waters of the South Nation River Watershed, Ontario, Canada. Appl Environ Microbiol 2007; 73(17): 5401-10.
  • 25. McLauchlin, J. The pathogenicity of Listeria monocytogenes: A public health perspective. Rev Med Microbiol 1997; 8(1): 1-14.
  • 26. Mena C, Almeida G, Carneiro L, Teixeira P, Hogg T, Gibbs PA. Incidence of Listeria monocytogenes in different food products commercialized in Portugal. Food Microbiol 2004; 21(2): 213-6.
  • 27. Osaili TM, Alaboudi AR, Nesiar EA. Prevalence of Listeria spp. and antibiotic susceptibility of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from raw chicken and ready-to- eat chicken products in Jordan. Food Control 2010: 22(3); 586-90.
  • 28. Pesavento G, Ducci B, Nieri D, Comodo N, Lo Nostro A. Prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Listeria spp isolated from raw meat and retail food. Food Control 2010; 21(5): 708-13.
  • 29. Poros-Gluchowska J, Markiewicz Z. Antimicrobial resistance of Listeria monocytogenes. Acta Microbiol Pol 2003; 52: 113-29.
  • 30. Rantsiou K, Alessandria V, Urso R, Dolci P, Cocolin L. Detection, quantification and vitality of Listeria monocytogenes in food as determined by quantitative PCR. Int J Food Microbiol 2008; 121(1): 99-105.
  • 31. Rijpens NP, Jannes G, Herman LMF. Incidence of Listeria spp. and Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat chicken and turkey products determined by polymerase chain reaction and line probe assay hybridization. J Food Prot 1997; 60(5): 548-50.
  • 32. Rocourt J, Hof H, Schrettenbrunner A, Malinverni R, Bille J. Meningite purulente aigue à Listeria seeligeri chez un adulte immunocompetent. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 1986; 116, 248-51.
  • 33. Sakaridis I, Soultos N, Iossifidou E, Papa A, Ambrosiadis I, Koidis P. Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Listeria monocytogenes isolated in chicken slaughterhouses in northern Greece. J Food Protect 2011; 74(6): 1017-21.
  • 34. Sunil M, Inyee H, James R, James A, Paul D. Effect of combining nisin and/or lysozyme with in-package pasteurization for control of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat turkey bologna during refrigerated storage. Int J Food Microbiol 2008; 25(7): 866-70.
  • 35. Şireli UT, Erol İ, Şahin S, Terzi G. Tavuk kıyma köfte ve burgerlerinde Listeria türlerinin varlığı ve kontaminasyon düzeyinin belirlenmesi. Turk J Vet Anim Sci 2002; 26: 1271-6.
  • 36. Vasilev V, Japheth R, Breuer R, Andorn N, Ben Abraham R, Yoni Y, Valinsky L, Agmon V. A survey of Listeria monocytogenes strains, isolated from ready-to-eat foods in Israel over a period of 10 years, 1998-2007. Food Control 2010; 21(8): 1179-81.
  • 37. Vitas AI, Maria Sanchez R, Aguado V, Garcia-Jalon I. Antimicrobial susceptibility of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from food and clinical cases in Navarra, Spain. J Food Protect 2007; 70(10): 2402-6.
  • 38. Yücel N, Çitak S, Önder, M. Prevalence and antibiotic resistance of Listeri species in meat products in Ankara, Turkey. Food Microbiol 2005; 22: 241-5.

Ayrıntılar

Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Osman Burak YERLİKAYA Bu kişi benim
Göl Marmara İlçe Gıda Tarım ve Hayvancılık Müdürlüğü, Manisa, Türkiye
Türkiye


Yeliz YILDIRIM
ERCİYES ÜNİVERSİTESİ, VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ, GIDA HİJYENİ VE TEKNOLOJİSİ BÖLÜMÜ, VETERİNERLİK GIDA HİJYENİ VE TEKNOLOJİSİ ANABİLİM DALI
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Ekim 2015
Başvuru Tarihi 7 Aralık 2016
Kabul Tarihi 14 Nisan 2015
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2015, Cilt 12, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ercivet273908, journal = {Erciyes Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1304-7280}, eissn = {2667-5498}, address = {}, publisher = {Erciyes Üniversitesi}, year = {2015}, volume = {12}, number = {3}, pages = {177 - 183}, title = {Kayseri’de Satışa Sunulan Kanatlı Eti Ürünlerinde Listeria spp. Varlığının Belirlenmesi*}, key = {cite}, author = {Yerlikaya, Osman Burak and Yıldırım, Yeliz} }
APA Yerlikaya, O. B. & Yıldırım, Y. (2015). Kayseri’de Satışa Sunulan Kanatlı Eti Ürünlerinde Listeria spp. Varlığının Belirlenmesi* . Erciyes Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi , 12 (3) , 177-183 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ercivet/issue/25188/273908
MLA Yerlikaya, O. B. , Yıldırım, Y. "Kayseri’de Satışa Sunulan Kanatlı Eti Ürünlerinde Listeria spp. Varlığının Belirlenmesi*" . Erciyes Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 12 (2015 ): 177-183 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ercivet/issue/25188/273908>
Chicago Yerlikaya, O. B. , Yıldırım, Y. "Kayseri’de Satışa Sunulan Kanatlı Eti Ürünlerinde Listeria spp. Varlığının Belirlenmesi*". Erciyes Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 12 (2015 ): 177-183
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Kayseri’de Satışa Sunulan Kanatlı Eti Ürünlerinde Listeria spp. Varlığının Belirlenmesi* AU - Osman Burak Yerlikaya , Yeliz Yıldırım Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - DO - T2 - Erciyes Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 177 EP - 183 VL - 12 IS - 3 SN - 1304-7280-2667-5498 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2015 ER -
EndNote %0 Erciyes Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi Kayseri’de Satışa Sunulan Kanatlı Eti Ürünlerinde Listeria spp. Varlığının Belirlenmesi* %A Osman Burak Yerlikaya , Yeliz Yıldırım %T Kayseri’de Satışa Sunulan Kanatlı Eti Ürünlerinde Listeria spp. Varlığının Belirlenmesi* %D 2015 %J Erciyes Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1304-7280-2667-5498 %V 12 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD Yerlikaya, Osman Burak , Yıldırım, Yeliz . "Kayseri’de Satışa Sunulan Kanatlı Eti Ürünlerinde Listeria spp. Varlığının Belirlenmesi*". Erciyes Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 12 / 3 (Ekim 2015): 177-183 .
AMA Yerlikaya O. B. , Yıldırım Y. Kayseri’de Satışa Sunulan Kanatlı Eti Ürünlerinde Listeria spp. Varlığının Belirlenmesi*. Erciyes Üniv Vet Fak Derg. 2015; 12(3): 177-183.
Vancouver Yerlikaya O. B. , Yıldırım Y. Kayseri’de Satışa Sunulan Kanatlı Eti Ürünlerinde Listeria spp. Varlığının Belirlenmesi*. Erciyes Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi. 2015; 12(3): 177-183.
IEEE O. B. Yerlikaya ve Y. Yıldırım , "Kayseri’de Satışa Sunulan Kanatlı Eti Ürünlerinde Listeria spp. Varlığının Belirlenmesi*", Erciyes Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 12, sayı. 3, ss. 177-183, Eki. 2015