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The Investigation of Performances of Different Proportional-Derivative Control Based Fuzzy Membership Functions in Balancing the Inverted Pendulum (IP) System on Cart

Yıl 2022, Cilt 38, Sayı 3, 483 - 499, 30.12.2022

Öz

The present study aims to balance an inverted pendulum (IP) system on cart using fuzzy controllers with different membership functions (MFs) based on proportional-derivative control. To this end, the cart was designed to track an intended trajectory in a horizontal (linear) position, while the IP was balanced in a vertical (angular) position. The designed controller system was simulated in Matlab/Simulink, and performance rates were measured for the IP’s vertical position and the cart’s horizontal position. The obtained simulation results demonstrated that triangular fuzzy membership function (MF) improved rise time, settling time and overshoot for the IP’s vertical position by 8%, 4.35% and 7.7%, respectively, compared to gaussian fuzzy MF. Similarly, for the cart’s horizontal position, triangular fuzzy MF improved rise time, settling time and overshoot by 3.8%, 3 and 30%, respectively, compared to gaussian fuzzy MF. When all performance rates are analyzed in terms of the IP’s vertical position and the cart’s horizontal position, it was found that triangular fuzzy MF displayed a more satisfactory performance compared to Gaussian fuzzy MF.

Kaynakça

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Arabalı Ters Sarkaç Sisteminin Dengelenmesi için Farklı Oransal-Türevsel Denetim Tabanlı Bulanık Üyelik Fonksiyonlarının Başarımlarının İncelenmesi

Yıl 2022, Cilt 38, Sayı 3, 483 - 499, 30.12.2022

Öz

Bu çalışmada, arabalı bir ters sarkaç (TS) sisteminin oransal-türevsel denetim tabanlı farklı üyelik fonksiyonlu (MF) bulanık denetleyiciler kullanılarak dengelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaçla araba yatay konumda (çizgisel konum) arzu edilen yörüngeyi takip ederken, sarkacın da dikey konumda (açısal konum) dengede kalması sağlanmıştır. Tasarlanan denetim sistemine ait benzetim çalışmaları Matlab/Simulink ortamında yapılmış olup sarkacın dikey ve arabanın yatay konum denetimi için elde edilen başarım değerleri ayrı ayrı verilmiştir. Benzetim çalışmasından edilen denetim başarım değerleri incelendiğinde sarkacın dikey konumu için yükselme zamanı, yerleşme zamanı ve aşım bakımından üçgen bulanık üyelik fonksiyonunun gauss bulanık üyelik fonksiyonuna göre sırasıyla %8, %4.35 ve %7.7 oranlarında iyileştirme yaptığı görülmüştür. Benzer şekilde arabanın yatay konumu için de yükselme zamanı, yerleşme zamanı ve aşım bakımından üçgen bulanık üyelik fonksiyonunun (ÜF) gauss bulanık ÜF’ye göre sırasıyla %3.8, %3 ve %30 oranlarında daha iyi denetim başarımına sahip olduğu görülmüştür. Sarkacın dikey konum ve arabanın yatay konum denetimi için tüm denetim başarım değerleri analiz edildiğinde üçgen bulanık ÜF’nin gauss bulanık ÜF’ye göre daha tatmin edici sonuçlar verdiği açıkça görülmüştür.

Kaynakça

  • [1] Peker, F., Kaya, İ., 2017. PID tip denetleyiciler kullanılarak yapılan bir ters sarkaç stabilizasyonunun performans analizi. Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi, 8(3), (2017). 563-574.
  • [2] Yoshida, K., 1999.Swing-up control of an inverted pendulum by energy-based methods. In Proceedings of the 1999 American Control Conference, 02-04 June 1999. (Vol. 6, pp. 4045-4047). IEEE.
  • [3] Razzaghi, K., Jalali, A. A., 2012. A new approach on stabilization control of an inverted pendulum, using PID controller. In Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 403, (2012), 4674-4680. Trans Tech Publications Ltd.
  • [4] Gani, A., 2014. Lineer olmayan dinamik sistemlerin denetiminde bulanık mantık esaslı denetim yöntemlerinin performansının incelenmesi. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, 95s, Kahramanmaraş.
  • [5] Furuta, K., Okutani, T., Sone, H., 1978. Computer control of a double inverted pendulum. Computers & Electrical Engineering, 5(1), 67-84.
  • [6] Jaiwat, P., Ohtsuka, T., 2014. Real-time swing-up of double inverted pendulum by nonlinear model predictive control. In 5th International Symposium on Advanced Control of Industrial Processes (pp. 290-295).
  • [7] Åström, K. J., Furuta, K., 2000. Swinging up a pendulum by energy control. Automatica, 36(2), (2000), 287-295.
  • [8] Gordillo, F., Acosta, J. A., Aracil, J.2003. A new swing-up law for the Furuta pendulum. International Journal of Control, 76(8), (2003), 836-844.
  • [9] Peker, F., & Kaya, İ., 2016. Performance analysis of an inverted pendulum stabilisation based on PID Controllers. In Proceedings International Engineering, Science and Education Conference, 01-03 December 2016 (pp. 640-646).
  • [10] Peker, F., 2017. Ters sarkaç sisteminin PI-PD denetleyici kullanılarak kontrol edilmesi. Dicle Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, 80s. Diyarbakır.
  • [11] Samara, R., Hikmarika, H., Dwijayanti, S., & Suprapto, B. Y. 2019. Comparison of Inverted Pendulum control system using Proportional–Integral–Derivative (PID) and Proportional–Integral (PI). In 2019 International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (ICECOS) (pp. 316-320). IEEE.
  • [12] Peker, F., & Kaya, I., 2017. Identification and real time control of an inverted pendulum using PI-PD controller. In 2017 21st International Conference on System Theory, Control and Computing (ICSTCC) (pp. 771-776). IEEE.
  • [13] Kuśmierz, B., Gromaszek, K., & Kryk, K., 2018. Inverted pendulum model Linear–Quadratic Regulator (LQR). In Photonics Applications in Astronomy, Communications, Industry, and High-Energy Physics Experiments 2018 (Vol. 10808, pp. 1921-1928). SPIE.
  • [14] Lee, H. W., 2017. Performance the balance of circular inverted pendulum by using lqr controlled theory. In 2017 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics-Taiwan (ICCE-TW) (pp. 415-416). IEEE.
  • [15] Wan, L. L., Lei, J., & Wu, H. X. 2014. Design of LQR Controller for the Inverted Pendulum. In Advanced Materials Research (Vol. 1037, pp. 221-224). Trans Tech Publications Ltd.
  • [16] Kumar, C., Lal, S., Patra, N., Halder, K., & Reza, M., 2012. Optimal controller design for inverted pendulum system based on LQR method. In 2012 IEEE International Conference on Advanced Communication Control and Computing Technologies (ICACCCT) (pp. 259-263). IEEE.
  • [17] Fang, H., Tang, W., & Zheng, E., 2012. Research on inverted pendulum control based on LQR. In Advances in Mechanical and Electronic Engineering (pp. 375-380). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
  • [18] Peng, Y., & Liu, Z. N., 2012. Optimal Design of LQR Controller for Single Inverted Pendulum. In Advanced Materials Research (Vol. 472, pp. 1505-1509). Trans Tech Publications Ltd.
  • [19] Wang, H., Dong, H., He, L., Shi, Y., & Zhang, Y. 2010. Design and simulation of LQR controller with the linear inverted pendulum. In 2010 international conference on electrical and control engineering (pp. 699-702). IEEE.
  • [20] Lingyan, H., Guoping, L., Xiaoping, L., & Hua, Z. 2009. The computer simulation and real-time stabilization control for the inverted pendulum system based on LQR. In 2009 Fifth International Conference on Natural Computation (Vol. 6, pp. 438-442). IEEE.
  • [21] Czyżniewski, M., Łangowski, R., Klassa, D., & Matwiszyn, M., 2021. A case study of robust sliding mode control applied to inverted pendulum on a cart. In 2021 25th International Conference on Methods and Models in Automation and Robotics (MMAR) (pp. 156-161). IEEE.
  • [22] Osman, N., Fareh, R., Tha'er, O. S., Khalid, H. M., & Ghommam, J. 2021. Inverted Pendulum System Disturbance and Uncertainty Effects Reduction using Sliding Mode-Based Control Design. In 2021 18th International Multi-Conference on Systems, Signals & Devices (SSD) (pp. 186-193). IEEE.
  • [23]Cui, J., 2019. Numerical Design Method for Nonlinear Sliding Mode Control of Inverted Pendulum. In 2019 Chinese Control Conference (CCC) (pp. 2646-2649). IEEE.
  • [24]Bsili, I., Ghabi, J., & Messaoud, H., 2015. Discrete sliding mode control of inverted pendulum. In 2015 World Symposium on Mechatronics Engineering & Applied Physics (WSMEAP) (pp. 1-6). IEEE.
  • [25]Rudra, S., & Barai, R. K., 2012. Robust adaptive backstepping control of inverted pendulum on cart system. International journal of control and automation, 5(1), 13-26.
  • [26]Deng, L., & Gao, S.,2011. The design for the controller of the linear inverted pendulum based on backstepping. In Proceedings of 2011 International Conference on Electronic & Mechanical Engineering and Information Technology (Vol. 6, pp. 2892-2895). IEEE.
  • [27] Ebrahim, A., & Murphy, G. V.2005. Adaptive backstepping controller design of an inverted pendulum. In Proceedings of the Thirty-Seventh Southeastern Symposium on System Theory, 2005. SSST'05. (pp. 172-174). IEEE.
  • [28]Singh, V. K., & Kumar, V., 2014. Adaptive backstepping control design for stabilization of inverted pendulum. In 2014 Students Conference on Engineering and Systems (pp. 1-5). IEEE.
  • [29]Korkmaz, D., Bal, C., & Gökbulut, M.,2015. Modeling of inverted pendulum on a cart by using Artificial Neural Networks. In 2015 23nd Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference (SIU) (pp. 2642-2645). IEEE.
  • [30]Mladenov, V.,2011. Application of neural networks for control of inverted pendulum. WSEAS Transactions on circuits and systems, 10(2), 49-58.
  • [31] Noh, J. S., Lee, G. H., Choi, H. J., & Jung, S.,2009. Robust control of a mobile inverted pendulum robot using a RBF neural network controller. In 2008 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics (pp. 1932-1937). IEEE.
  • [32]Kim, S. S., Lee, G. H., & Jung, S.,2008. Implementation of a neural network controller on a DSP for controlling an inverted pendulum system on an XY plane. IFAC Proceedings Volumes, 41(2), 5439-5443.
  • [33]Kharola, A., 2016. Design of a hybrid adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) controller for position and angle control of inverted pendulum (IP) systems. International Journal of Fuzzy System Applications (IJFSA), 5(1), 27-42.
  • [34]Tatikonda, R. C., Battula, V. P., & Kumar, V.,2010. Control of inverted pendulum using adaptive neuro fuzzy inference structure (ANFIS). In Proceedings of 2010 IEEE international symposium on circuits and systems (pp. 1348-1351). IEEE.
  • [35]Al-Mekhlafi, M. A., Wahid, H., & Aziz, A. A., 2018. Adaptive neuro-fuzzy control approach for a Single Inverted Pendulum System. International Journal of Electrical & Computer Engineering (2088-8708), 8(5).
  • [36]Meenakshi, R., & Manimozhi, M.,2016. Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system controller design for single stage inverted pendulum. In 2016 International Conference on Computation of Power, Energy Information and Commuincation (ICCPEIC) (pp. 472-476). IEEE.
  • [37] Tatikonda, R. C., Battula, V. P., & Kumar, V.,2010. Control of inverted pendulum using adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference structure (ANFIS). In Proceedings of 2010 IEEE international symposium on circuits and systems (pp. 1348-1351). IEEE.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Ahmet GANİ> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kayseri University
0000-0002-6487-6066
Türkiye


Hasan Rıza ÖZÇALIK Bu kişi benim
Bir kuruma bağlı değildir
0000-0003-0464-0876
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Aralık 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 38, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { erciyesfen1168339, journal = {Erciyes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Fen Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1012-2354}, address = {ERCİYES ÜNİVERSİTESİ FEN BİLİMLERİ ENSTİTÜSÜ 38039 Kayseri, TÜRKİYE}, publisher = {Erciyes Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {38}, number = {3}, pages = {483 - 499}, title = {The Investigation of Performances of Different Proportional-Derivative Control Based Fuzzy Membership Functions in Balancing the Inverted Pendulum (IP) System on Cart}, key = {cite}, author = {Gani, Ahmet and Özçalık, Hasan Rıza} }
APA Gani, A. & Özçalık, H. R. (2022). The Investigation of Performances of Different Proportional-Derivative Control Based Fuzzy Membership Functions in Balancing the Inverted Pendulum (IP) System on Cart . Erciyes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Fen Bilimleri Dergisi , 38 (3) , 483-499 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/erciyesfen/issue/74713/1168339
MLA Gani, A. , Özçalık, H. R. "The Investigation of Performances of Different Proportional-Derivative Control Based Fuzzy Membership Functions in Balancing the Inverted Pendulum (IP) System on Cart" . Erciyes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 38 (2022 ): 483-499 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/erciyesfen/issue/74713/1168339>
Chicago Gani, A. , Özçalık, H. R. "The Investigation of Performances of Different Proportional-Derivative Control Based Fuzzy Membership Functions in Balancing the Inverted Pendulum (IP) System on Cart". Erciyes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 38 (2022 ): 483-499
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Arabalı Ters Sarkaç Sisteminin Dengelenmesi için Farklı Oransal-Türevsel Denetim Tabanlı Bulanık Üyelik Fonksiyonlarının Başarımlarının İncelenmesi AU - AhmetGani, Hasan RızaÖzçalık Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - DO - T2 - Erciyes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Fen Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 483 EP - 499 VL - 38 IS - 3 SN - 1012-2354- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Erciyes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Fen Bilimleri Dergisi The Investigation of Performances of Different Proportional-Derivative Control Based Fuzzy Membership Functions in Balancing the Inverted Pendulum (IP) System on Cart %A Ahmet Gani , Hasan Rıza Özçalık %T The Investigation of Performances of Different Proportional-Derivative Control Based Fuzzy Membership Functions in Balancing the Inverted Pendulum (IP) System on Cart %D 2022 %J Erciyes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Fen Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1012-2354- %V 38 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD Gani, Ahmet , Özçalık, Hasan Rıza . "The Investigation of Performances of Different Proportional-Derivative Control Based Fuzzy Membership Functions in Balancing the Inverted Pendulum (IP) System on Cart". Erciyes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 38 / 3 (Aralık 2022): 483-499 .
AMA Gani A. , Özçalık H. R. The Investigation of Performances of Different Proportional-Derivative Control Based Fuzzy Membership Functions in Balancing the Inverted Pendulum (IP) System on Cart. Erciyes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Fen Bilimleri Dergisi. 2022; 38(3): 483-499.
Vancouver Gani A. , Özçalık H. R. The Investigation of Performances of Different Proportional-Derivative Control Based Fuzzy Membership Functions in Balancing the Inverted Pendulum (IP) System on Cart. Erciyes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Fen Bilimleri Dergisi. 2022; 38(3): 483-499.
IEEE A. Gani ve H. R. Özçalık , "The Investigation of Performances of Different Proportional-Derivative Control Based Fuzzy Membership Functions in Balancing the Inverted Pendulum (IP) System on Cart", Erciyes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, c. 38, sayı. 3, ss. 483-499, Ara. 2022

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