Yıl 2019, Cilt 12 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 1356 - 1369 2019-12-31

The Effect of Cadmium and Nickel on Some Ecophysiological Characteristics of Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.)
Karabuğday Bitkisinin (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.) Bazı Ekofizyolojik Özellikleri Üzerine Kadmiyum ve Nikel’in Etkisi

Sema LEBLEBİCİ [1]


Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.) is an annual herbaceous plant species belonging to the genus Fagopyrum from the Polygonaceae family. Buckwheat is resistant to changes in abiotic factor such as salinity, temperature change. One of the most important abiotic factors is the presence of heavy metals in the environment. In this study the effect of Cd and Ni metals on seed germination rate, root length, root and stem fresh-dry weight, root and stem biomass and Cd and Ni tolerance index of buckwheat plant were investigated. Different concentrations of Cd and Ni samples were compared with the control group. According to the results, seed germination rate decreased but there was not much decrease. In the Cd and Ni applied samples, it was determined that as the concentration increased, the root length, root and stem fresh-dry weight and the amount of biomass decreased. It was determined that Cd was more effective than Ni metal in the ecophysiological parameters examined of buckwheat plant.

Karabuğday bitkisi (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.) Polygonaceae (Kuzukulağıgiller) familyasından Fagopyrum cinsine ait tek yıllık otsu bir bitki türüdür.  Karabuğday tuzluluk, sıcaklık değişimi gibi abiyotik faktörde meydana gelen değişimlere dayanıklı bir türdür. Abiyotik faktörlerden en önemlilerinden biri ise ortamda ağır metallerin varlığıdır. Bu çalışmada Cd ve Ni metallerinin karabuğday bitkisinin tohum çimlenme oranı, kök uzunluğu, kök ve gövde taze-kuru ağırlığı, kök ve gövde biyokütlesi ve Cd ve Ni tolerans indeksine etkisi araştırılmıştır. Farklı konsantrasyonlarda uygulanan Cd ve Ni kontrol grubu ile karşılaştırılarak elde edilen sonuçlar değerlendirilmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre çimlenme oranı azalmış ancak önemli bir azalma görülmemiştir. Cd ve Ni uygulanan örneklerde konsantrasyon artışına bağlı olarak kök uzunluğu, kök ve gövde taze-kuru ağırlığı ve biyokütle miktarında azalma olduğu tespit edildi. Karabuğday bitkisinin incelenen ekofizyolojik parametrelerinde Cd’un Ni metaline göre daha etkili olduğu belirlendi.

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Orcid: 0000-0002-3762-6408
Yazar: Sema LEBLEBİCİ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: BİLECİK ŞEYH EDEBALİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { erzifbed521581, journal = {Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {1307-9085}, eissn = {2149-4584}, address = {}, publisher = {Erzincan Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {12}, pages = {1356 - 1369}, doi = {10.18185/erzifbed.521581}, title = {Karabuğday Bitkisinin (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.) Bazı Ekofizyolojik Özellikleri Üzerine Kadmiyum ve Nikel’in Etkisi}, key = {cite}, author = {LEBLEBİCİ, Sema} }
APA LEBLEBİCİ, S . (2019). Karabuğday Bitkisinin (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.) Bazı Ekofizyolojik Özellikleri Üzerine Kadmiyum ve Nikel’in Etkisi. Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi , 12 (3) , 1356-1369 . DOI: 10.18185/erzifbed.521581
MLA LEBLEBİCİ, S . "Karabuğday Bitkisinin (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.) Bazı Ekofizyolojik Özellikleri Üzerine Kadmiyum ve Nikel’in Etkisi". Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 12 (2019 ): 1356-1369 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/erzifbed/issue/51325/521581>
Chicago LEBLEBİCİ, S . "Karabuğday Bitkisinin (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.) Bazı Ekofizyolojik Özellikleri Üzerine Kadmiyum ve Nikel’in Etkisi". Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 12 (2019 ): 1356-1369
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Karabuğday Bitkisinin (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.) Bazı Ekofizyolojik Özellikleri Üzerine Kadmiyum ve Nikel’in Etkisi AU - Sema LEBLEBİCİ Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.18185/erzifbed.521581 DO - 10.18185/erzifbed.521581 T2 - Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1356 EP - 1369 VL - 12 IS - 3 SN - 1307-9085-2149-4584 M3 - doi: 10.18185/erzifbed.521581 UR - https://doi.org/10.18185/erzifbed.521581 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi Karabuğday Bitkisinin (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.) Bazı Ekofizyolojik Özellikleri Üzerine Kadmiyum ve Nikel’in Etkisi %A Sema LEBLEBİCİ %T Karabuğday Bitkisinin (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.) Bazı Ekofizyolojik Özellikleri Üzerine Kadmiyum ve Nikel’in Etkisi %D 2019 %J Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi %P 1307-9085-2149-4584 %V 12 %N 3 %R doi: 10.18185/erzifbed.521581 %U 10.18185/erzifbed.521581
ISNAD LEBLEBİCİ, Sema . "Karabuğday Bitkisinin (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.) Bazı Ekofizyolojik Özellikleri Üzerine Kadmiyum ve Nikel’in Etkisi". Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 12 / 3 (Aralık 2020): 1356-1369 . https://doi.org/10.18185/erzifbed.521581
AMA LEBLEBİCİ S . Karabuğday Bitkisinin (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.) Bazı Ekofizyolojik Özellikleri Üzerine Kadmiyum ve Nikel’in Etkisi. Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2019; 12(3): 1356-1369.
Vancouver LEBLEBİCİ S . Karabuğday Bitkisinin (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.) Bazı Ekofizyolojik Özellikleri Üzerine Kadmiyum ve Nikel’in Etkisi. Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2019; 12(3): 1369-1356.