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EXAMINATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERSONALITY TRAITS AND VOCATIONAL INTERESTS: IN A SAMPLE OF THE UK UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS

Yıl 2021, Cilt 20, Sayı 80, 1997 - 2008, 20.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17755/esosder.862105

Öz

The main purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between personality traits (“dark” (i.e. Dark Triad) and “bright” (i.e. HEXACO)) and vocational interests (i.e. RIASEC) in individualist (UK) culture (Hofstede, 1991; Schwartz, 2006), achieved by considering Individualism-Collectivism (I-C) Theory within a group of undergraduate samples in the UK. The participants were 445 individualist undergraduate students. The results provide suggestions: Apart from other relations, Extraversion (part of ‘bright’ side) and Dark Triad personality traits are positively, while Honesty-humility (part of ‘bright’ side) is negatively related with Enterprising, suggesting that these could be considered together when examining the relationship between personality and vocational interests. Limitations, implications and further studies are discussed.

Kaynakça

  • Babiak, P. (1995). When psychopaths go to work: A case study of an industrial psychopath. Applied Psychology, 44(2), 171-188.
  • Burr, V. (1995). An introduction to social constructionism. London, England: Routledge. De Bruin, G.P. (2002). The relationship between personality traits and vocational interests. Journal of Industrial Psychology, 28(1), 49-52.
  • Caldwell-Harris, C.L., & Aycicegi, A. (2006). When personality and culture clash: The psychological distress of allocentrics in an individualist culture and idiocentrics in a collectivist culture. Transcultural Psychiatry, 43, 331-361.
  • Campbell, D. T., & Fiske, D. W. (1959). Convergent and discriminant validation by the multitrait-multimethod matrix. Psychological Bulletin, 56(2), 81-105.
  • Cronbach, L. J., & Meehl, P. E. (1955). Construct validity in psychological tests. Psychological Bulletin, 52, 281–302.
  • Donnellan, M. B., Oswald, F. L., Baird, B. M., & Lucas, R. E. (2006). The Mini-IPIP Scales: Tiny-yet-effective measures of the Big Five Factors of Personality. Psychological Assessment, 18(2), 192-203.
  • Dumont, L. (1986). Essays on individualism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Fan, W., Cheung, F. M., Leong, F. L., & Cheung, S. F. (2012). Personality traits, vocational interests, and career exploration: A cross‐cultural comparison between American and Hong Kong students. Journal of Career Assessment, 20, 105–119.
  • Goldberg, L. R. (1990). An Alternative “Description of Personality”: The Big-Five Factor Structure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 1216-1229.
  • Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture’s consequences: International differences in work-related values. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
  • Hofstede, G. (1991). Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind. London, UK: McGraw-Hill.
  • Holtrop, D., Born, M. P., & De Vries, R. E. (2015). Relating the Spherical representation of vocational interests to the HEXACO personality model. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 89, 10-20.
  • Hsu, F. L. K. (1960). Rugged individualism reconsidered. Colorado Review, 9, 143–62.
  • Hui, C. H., & Triandis, H. C. (1986). Individualism–collectivism: A study of cross-cultural researchers. Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 17, 225–248.
  • Jonason, P.K., & Webster, G.D. (2012). A protean approach to social influence: Dark Triad Personalities and Social Influence Tactics. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 521-526.
  • Jonason, P. K., Wee, S., Li, N. P., & Jackson, C. (2014). Occupational niches and the Dark Triad traits. Personality and Individual Differences, 69, 119–123.
  • Kagitçibasi, C. (1997). Individualism and collectivism. In J. W. Berry, M. H. Segall, & C. Kagitçibasi (Eds.), Handbook of cross-cultural psychology: Social behavior and applications (Vol. 3, pp. 1-49). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
  • Kowalski, C. M., Vernon, P. A., & Schermer, J. A. (2017). Vocational interests and dark personality: Are there dark career choices? Personality and Individual Differences, 104, 43-47.
  • Larson, L. A., Wei, M., Wu, T.-F., Borgen, F. H., & Bailey, D. C. (2007). Discriminating among educational majors and career aspirations in Taiwanese undergraduates: The contribution personality and self-efficacy. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 54, 395-408.
  • Leuty, M. E., Hansen, J. I. C., & Speaks, S. Z. (2016). Vocational and Leisure Interests: A Profile-Level Approach to Examining Interests. Journal of Career Assessment, 24(2), 215–239.
  • Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. Psychological review, 98(2), 224-253.
  • McKay, D. A. & Tokar, D.M. (2012). The HEXACO and five-factor models of personality in relation to RIASEC vocational interests. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 81(2), 138–149.
  • McLarnon, M. J. W., Carswell, J. J., & Schneider, T. J. 2015. A case of mistaken identity? Latent profiles in vocational interests. Journal of Career Assessment, 23, 166-185.
  • Oyserman, D., Coon, H. M., & Kemmelmier, M. (2002). Rethinking individualism and collectivism: Evaluation of theoretical assumptions and meta-analyses. Psychological Bulletin, 128, 3–72.
  • Ott-Holland, C., Huang, J. L., Ryan, A. M., Elizondo, F., & Wadlington, P. L. (2013). Culture and vocational interests: The moderating role of collectivism and gender egalitarianism. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 60(4), 569–581.
  • Paulhus, D. L., & Jones, D. N. (2011). Introducing a short measure of the Dark Triad. Poster presented at the meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Antonio.
  • Peng, K., Nisbett, R. E., & Wong, N. Y. C. (1997). Validity problems comparing values across cultures and possible solutions. Psychological Methods, 2(4), 329-344.
  • Perera, H. N., & McIlveen, P. (2017). Profiles of career adaptivity and their relations with adaptability, adapting, and adaptation. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 98, 70-84.
  • Pozzebon, J. A., Visser, B. A., Ashton, M. C., Lee, K., & Goldberg, L. R. (2010). Psychometric characteristics of a public-domain self-report measure of vocational interests: The oregon vocational interest scales. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92(2), 168–174.
  • Rounds, J., Mazzeo, S.E., Smith, T.J., Hubert, L., Lewis, P., & Rivkin, D. (1999). O*NET Computerized Interest Profiler: Reliability, validity, and comparability. Retrieved June 25, 2015, http://www.onetcenter.org/dl_files/IP_RVS.pdf.
  • Sagiv, L., & Roccas, S. (2000). Traits and values: The five-factor model and the Schwartz value theory. Paper presented at the 27th International Congress of Psychology, Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Schneider, T. J., McLarnon, M. J. W. & Carswell, J. J. (2017). Career Interests, Personality, and the Dark Triad. Journal of Career Assessment, 25(2), 338-351.
  • Schwartz, S.H. (2006). ‘A theory of cultural value orientations: explication and applications’. Comparative Sociology, 5(2), 137–182.
  • Sibley, C. G., Luyten, N., Purnomo, M., Mobberley, A., Wootton, L. W., Hammond, M. D., & McLellan, L. (2011). The Mini-IPIP6: Validation and extension of a short measure of the Big-Six factors of personality in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 40(3), 142-159.
  • Sinha J.B.P. (2014). Collectivism and Individualism. In: Psycho-Social Analysis of the Indian Mindset. Springer, New Delhi.
  • Soh, S., & Leong, F. T. L. (2000). Cross-cultural validity of vertical and horizontal individualism and collectivism in Singapore: Relationships with values, interests, college majors and organizational preferences. Manuscript submitted for publication.
  • Triandis, H. C. (1994). Theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of collectivism individualism. In U. Kim, H. C. Triandis, C. Kagitcibasi, S. C. Choi, & G. Yoon (Eds.), Individualism and collectivism: Theory, method, and application (pp. 41–51). Thousand Oaks: Sage.
  • Triandis, H. C. (1995). Individualism and collectivism. Boulder, CO: West View Press.
  • Warlick, C. A., Ingram, P. B., Ternes, M. S., & Krieshok, T. S. (2018). An Investigation into the Structural Form of the O*NET–Interest Profiler–Short Form. Journal of Career Assessment, 26(3), 503–514.
  • Wong, C. S., & Wong, P. M. (2006). Validation of the Wong’s career interest assessment questionnaire and the revised Holland’s hexagonal model of occupational interests in four Chinese societies. Journal of Career Development, 32, 378–393.
  • Woods, S. A., & Hampson, S. E. (2010). Predicting Adult Occupational Environments from Gender and Childhood Personality Traits. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95(6), 1045–1057.

EXAMINATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERSONALITY TRAITS AND VOCATIONAL INTERESTS: IN A SAMPLE OF THE UK UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS

Yıl 2021, Cilt 20, Sayı 80, 1997 - 2008, 20.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17755/esosder.862105

Öz

Bu çalışmanın temel amacı, bireyci (BK) kültürde kişilik özellikleri (“karanlık” (yani Karanlık Üçlü) ve “parlak” (yani HEXACO)) ile mesleki ilgi alanları (yani RIASEC) arasındaki ilişkiyi araştırmaktır (Hofstede, 1991; Schwartz, 2006), Birleşik Krallık'taki bir grup lisans örneği içinde Bireycilik-Kolektivizm (IC) Teorisini dikkate alarak elde edildi. Katılımcılar 445 bireyci lisans öğrencisiydi. Sonuçlar öneriler sunar: Diğer ilişkilerin yanı sıra Dışadönüklük ('parlak' tarafın bir parçası) ve Karanlık Üçlü kişilik özellikleri olumlu, Dürüstlük-alçakgönüllülük ('parlak' tarafın bir parçası) ise Girişimcilik ile olumsuz yönde ilişkilidir ve bunların olabileceğini düşündürür kişilik ve mesleki çıkarlar arasındaki ilişkiyi incelerken birlikte ele alınır. Sınırlamalar, çıkarımlar ve daha ileri çalışmalar tartışılmaktadır.

Kaynakça

  • Babiak, P. (1995). When psychopaths go to work: A case study of an industrial psychopath. Applied Psychology, 44(2), 171-188.
  • Burr, V. (1995). An introduction to social constructionism. London, England: Routledge. De Bruin, G.P. (2002). The relationship between personality traits and vocational interests. Journal of Industrial Psychology, 28(1), 49-52.
  • Caldwell-Harris, C.L., & Aycicegi, A. (2006). When personality and culture clash: The psychological distress of allocentrics in an individualist culture and idiocentrics in a collectivist culture. Transcultural Psychiatry, 43, 331-361.
  • Campbell, D. T., & Fiske, D. W. (1959). Convergent and discriminant validation by the multitrait-multimethod matrix. Psychological Bulletin, 56(2), 81-105.
  • Cronbach, L. J., & Meehl, P. E. (1955). Construct validity in psychological tests. Psychological Bulletin, 52, 281–302.
  • Donnellan, M. B., Oswald, F. L., Baird, B. M., & Lucas, R. E. (2006). The Mini-IPIP Scales: Tiny-yet-effective measures of the Big Five Factors of Personality. Psychological Assessment, 18(2), 192-203.
  • Dumont, L. (1986). Essays on individualism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Fan, W., Cheung, F. M., Leong, F. L., & Cheung, S. F. (2012). Personality traits, vocational interests, and career exploration: A cross‐cultural comparison between American and Hong Kong students. Journal of Career Assessment, 20, 105–119.
  • Goldberg, L. R. (1990). An Alternative “Description of Personality”: The Big-Five Factor Structure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 1216-1229.
  • Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture’s consequences: International differences in work-related values. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
  • Hofstede, G. (1991). Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind. London, UK: McGraw-Hill.
  • Holtrop, D., Born, M. P., & De Vries, R. E. (2015). Relating the Spherical representation of vocational interests to the HEXACO personality model. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 89, 10-20.
  • Hsu, F. L. K. (1960). Rugged individualism reconsidered. Colorado Review, 9, 143–62.
  • Hui, C. H., & Triandis, H. C. (1986). Individualism–collectivism: A study of cross-cultural researchers. Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 17, 225–248.
  • Jonason, P.K., & Webster, G.D. (2012). A protean approach to social influence: Dark Triad Personalities and Social Influence Tactics. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 521-526.
  • Jonason, P. K., Wee, S., Li, N. P., & Jackson, C. (2014). Occupational niches and the Dark Triad traits. Personality and Individual Differences, 69, 119–123.
  • Kagitçibasi, C. (1997). Individualism and collectivism. In J. W. Berry, M. H. Segall, & C. Kagitçibasi (Eds.), Handbook of cross-cultural psychology: Social behavior and applications (Vol. 3, pp. 1-49). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
  • Kowalski, C. M., Vernon, P. A., & Schermer, J. A. (2017). Vocational interests and dark personality: Are there dark career choices? Personality and Individual Differences, 104, 43-47.
  • Larson, L. A., Wei, M., Wu, T.-F., Borgen, F. H., & Bailey, D. C. (2007). Discriminating among educational majors and career aspirations in Taiwanese undergraduates: The contribution personality and self-efficacy. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 54, 395-408.
  • Leuty, M. E., Hansen, J. I. C., & Speaks, S. Z. (2016). Vocational and Leisure Interests: A Profile-Level Approach to Examining Interests. Journal of Career Assessment, 24(2), 215–239.
  • Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. Psychological review, 98(2), 224-253.
  • McKay, D. A. & Tokar, D.M. (2012). The HEXACO and five-factor models of personality in relation to RIASEC vocational interests. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 81(2), 138–149.
  • McLarnon, M. J. W., Carswell, J. J., & Schneider, T. J. 2015. A case of mistaken identity? Latent profiles in vocational interests. Journal of Career Assessment, 23, 166-185.
  • Oyserman, D., Coon, H. M., & Kemmelmier, M. (2002). Rethinking individualism and collectivism: Evaluation of theoretical assumptions and meta-analyses. Psychological Bulletin, 128, 3–72.
  • Ott-Holland, C., Huang, J. L., Ryan, A. M., Elizondo, F., & Wadlington, P. L. (2013). Culture and vocational interests: The moderating role of collectivism and gender egalitarianism. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 60(4), 569–581.
  • Paulhus, D. L., & Jones, D. N. (2011). Introducing a short measure of the Dark Triad. Poster presented at the meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Antonio.
  • Peng, K., Nisbett, R. E., & Wong, N. Y. C. (1997). Validity problems comparing values across cultures and possible solutions. Psychological Methods, 2(4), 329-344.
  • Perera, H. N., & McIlveen, P. (2017). Profiles of career adaptivity and their relations with adaptability, adapting, and adaptation. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 98, 70-84.
  • Pozzebon, J. A., Visser, B. A., Ashton, M. C., Lee, K., & Goldberg, L. R. (2010). Psychometric characteristics of a public-domain self-report measure of vocational interests: The oregon vocational interest scales. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92(2), 168–174.
  • Rounds, J., Mazzeo, S.E., Smith, T.J., Hubert, L., Lewis, P., & Rivkin, D. (1999). O*NET Computerized Interest Profiler: Reliability, validity, and comparability. Retrieved June 25, 2015, http://www.onetcenter.org/dl_files/IP_RVS.pdf.
  • Sagiv, L., & Roccas, S. (2000). Traits and values: The five-factor model and the Schwartz value theory. Paper presented at the 27th International Congress of Psychology, Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Schneider, T. J., McLarnon, M. J. W. & Carswell, J. J. (2017). Career Interests, Personality, and the Dark Triad. Journal of Career Assessment, 25(2), 338-351.
  • Schwartz, S.H. (2006). ‘A theory of cultural value orientations: explication and applications’. Comparative Sociology, 5(2), 137–182.
  • Sibley, C. G., Luyten, N., Purnomo, M., Mobberley, A., Wootton, L. W., Hammond, M. D., & McLellan, L. (2011). The Mini-IPIP6: Validation and extension of a short measure of the Big-Six factors of personality in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 40(3), 142-159.
  • Sinha J.B.P. (2014). Collectivism and Individualism. In: Psycho-Social Analysis of the Indian Mindset. Springer, New Delhi.
  • Soh, S., & Leong, F. T. L. (2000). Cross-cultural validity of vertical and horizontal individualism and collectivism in Singapore: Relationships with values, interests, college majors and organizational preferences. Manuscript submitted for publication.
  • Triandis, H. C. (1994). Theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of collectivism individualism. In U. Kim, H. C. Triandis, C. Kagitcibasi, S. C. Choi, & G. Yoon (Eds.), Individualism and collectivism: Theory, method, and application (pp. 41–51). Thousand Oaks: Sage.
  • Triandis, H. C. (1995). Individualism and collectivism. Boulder, CO: West View Press.
  • Warlick, C. A., Ingram, P. B., Ternes, M. S., & Krieshok, T. S. (2018). An Investigation into the Structural Form of the O*NET–Interest Profiler–Short Form. Journal of Career Assessment, 26(3), 503–514.
  • Wong, C. S., & Wong, P. M. (2006). Validation of the Wong’s career interest assessment questionnaire and the revised Holland’s hexagonal model of occupational interests in four Chinese societies. Journal of Career Development, 32, 378–393.
  • Woods, S. A., & Hampson, S. E. (2010). Predicting Adult Occupational Environments from Gender and Childhood Personality Traits. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95(6), 1045–1057.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Psikoloji, Ortak Disiplinler
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Ufuk BARMANPEK (Sorumlu Yazar)
BINGOL UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-1473-4841
Türkiye


Catherine STEELE Bu kişi benim
Leicester University
0000-0003-4793-0726
United Kingdom

Yayımlanma Tarihi 20 Eylül 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 18 Ocak 2021
Kabul Tarihi 24 Mayıs 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 20, Sayı 80

Kaynak Göster

APA Barmanpek, U. & Steele, C. (2021). EXAMINATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERSONALITY TRAITS AND VOCATIONAL INTERESTS: IN A SAMPLE OF THE UK UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS . Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 20 (80) , 1997-2008 . DOI: 10.17755/esosder.862105

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                                                                                                 Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi Creative Commons Atıf-GayriTicari 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı ile lisanslanmıştır.