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INDUSTRY 4.0 APPROACH OF FIRMS IN DÜZCE REGION

Yıl 2021, Cilt 20, Sayı 80, 1773 - 1797, 20.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17755/esosder.900853

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Adam, C., Aringer-Walch, C. ve Bengler, K. (2018). Digitalization in Manufacturing – Employees, Do You Want to Work There? Proceedings of 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, 26-30 August, Florence, Italy.
  • Alpkan, L., Ergün, E., Bulut, Ç. ve Yılmaz, C. (2005). Şirket Girişimciliğinin Şirket Performansına Etkileri. Doğuş Üniversitesi Dergisi, 6(2): 175-189.
  • Atak, G. (2018). Impact Factors and Current Issues on Technology Development for Industry 4.0 Transformation in Technopark Companies: The Case of Turkey, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, İstanbul.
  • Berksun, E. (2018). Sanayide Endüstri 4.0 Süreçleri: Çorum Sanayisinde Bir Uygulama, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Hitit Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Çorum.
  • Biahmou, A., Emmer, C., Pfouga, A. ve Stjepandić, J. (2016). Digital Master as an Enabler for Industry 4.0 (İçinde Editör: M. Borsato ve diğ., Transdiciplinary Engineering: Crossing Boundaries) Proceedings. 23rd ISPE Inc. International Conference on Transdiciplinary Enginnering, 672-681.
  • Buer, S.V., Strandhagen, J.O. ve Chan, F.T.S. (2018). The link between Industry 4.0 and lean manufacturing: mapping current research and establishing a research Agenda, International Journal of Production Research, 56(8): 2924-2940.
  • Calantone, R.J., Çavuşgil, S.T. ve Zhao, Y. (2002). Learning orientation, firm innovation capability, and firm performance, Industrial Marketing Management, (31): 515-524.
  • Ciffolilli, A. ve Muscio, A. (2018). Industry 4.0: national and regional comparative advantages in key enabling Technologies, European Planning Studies, 26(12): 2323-2343.
  • Cobo, M.J., Jürgens, B., Herrero-Solana, V., Martinez, M.A. ve Herrera-Viedma, E. (2018). Industry 4.0: a perspective based on bibliometric analysis, Procedia Computer Science, (139): 364-371.
  • Çevik, D. (2019). KOBİ’lerde Sanayi 4.0’ın Uygulanabilirliği ve Yönetici Bakış Açılarının Değerlendirilmesi, Uluslararası Bilimsel Araştırmalar Dergisi (IBAD), 4(2): 277-291.
  • Dalenogare, L.S., Benitez, G.B., Ayala, N.F. ve Frank, A.G. (2018). The expected contribution of Industry 4.0 technologies for industrial Performance, International Journal of Production Economics, 204: 383-394.
  • Ellis, R.K. (2019). Revolution 4.0, https://www.td.org/magazines/td-magazine/revolution-40 (Erişim Tarihi: 20.11.2019)
  • Erdil, O. ve Kitapçı, H. (2007). TKY Araçlarının Kullanımı ve Firma Yenilikçiliğinin Yeni Ürün Geliştirme Hızı ve İşletme Performansına Etkisi, Atatürk Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi, 21: 233-245.
  • Erol, S., Jäger, A., Hold, P., Ott, K. ve Sihn, W. (2016). Tangible Industry 4.0: a scenario-based approach to learning for the future of production, Proceedings of 6th CIRP Conference on Learning Factories, 54: 13-18.
  • Flores, M., Maklin, D., Golob, M., Al-Ashaab, A. ve Tucci, C. (2018). Awareness towards Industry 4.0: key enablers and applications for Internet of Things and Big Data, Camarinha-Matos L, Afsarmanesh H, Rezgui Y. (eds), içinde Collaborative Networks of Cognitive Systems, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Springer.
  • George, D. ve Mallery, P. (2000). SPSS for Windows step by step, Taylor&Francis, Subsequent Edition.
  • Gorecky, D., Schmitt, M., Loskyll, M. ve Zühlke, D. (2014). Human Machine-Interaction in the Industry 4.0 Era, 12th IEEE International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN), 27-30 Temmuz.
  • Göksu, Ni, Koska, A., Erdem, M.B. ve Yılmaz, A. (2018). Yeni Ürün Geliştirme Noktasında Endüstri 4.0 Rolü: Kahramanmaraş Metal Mutfak Sanayiinde Bir Araştırma, PressAcademia Procedia, 7(1): 418-421.
  • Götz, M. ve Jankowska, B. (2017). Clusters and Industry 4.0 - do they fit together?, European Planning Studies, 25(9): 1633-1653.
  • Griffin, A. ve Hauser, J.R. (1995). Integrating R&D and Marketing: A Review and Analysis of the Literature, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Graduate School of Business, 13(3): 191-215.
  • Günaydın, D. (2019). Türkiye’de Dördüncü Sanayi Devrimini Beklerken: Çerkezköy Organize Sanayi Bölgesi’nde Bir Araştırma, İstanbul Üniversitesi İşletme Fakültesi İşletme İktisadı Enstitüsü Yönetim Dergisi, 29(85): 73-106.
  • Jeske, T., Weber, M.A., Würfels, M., Lennings, F. ve Stowasser, S. (2019). Opportunities of Digitalization for Productivity Management, Springer International Publishing AG.
  • Karademir, D., Öztürk, E. ve Koç, K.H. (2019). Industry 4.0 Awareness In Furniture Enterprises: Case Study of Ordu and Giresun, Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences, 4(4): 666-673.
  • Knight, G. (2000). Entrepreneurship and Marketing Strategy: The SME Under Globalization, Journal of International Marketing, 8(2): 12-32.
  • Kolberg, D. ve Zühlke, D. (2015). Lean Automation enabled by Industry 4.0 Technologies, IFAC-Papers On Line, 48(3): 1870-1875.
  • Kotler, P. (1989). From mass marketing to mass customization, Planning Review, 17(5): 10-47.
  • Kumar, R., Singh, S.P. ve Lamba, K. (2018). Sustainable robust layout using Big Data approach: A key towards industry 4.0., Journal of Cleaner Production, 204: 643-659.
  • Laudante, E. (2017). Industry 4.0, Innovation and Design: A new approach for ergonomic analysis in manufacturing system, The Design Journal, 20(1): 2724-2734.
  • Li, G., Ta, J.L. ve Chaudhry, S.S. (2019). Industry 4.0 and big data innovations, Enterprise Information Systems, 13(2): 145-147.
  • Lin, K.Y. (2018). User Experience–Based Product Design for Smart Production to Empower Industry 4.0 in the Glass Recycling Circular Economy, Computers&Industrial Engineering, 125: 729-738.
  • Maresova, P., Soukal, I., Svobodova, L., Hedvicakova, M., Javanmardi, E., Selamat, A. ve Krejcar, O. (2018). Consequences of Industry 4.0 in Business and Economics, Economies, 6(46): 1-14.
  • Marodin, G.A, Frank, A.G., Tortorella, G.L. ve Fetterman, D.C. (2017). Lean production and operational performance in the Brazilian automotive supply chain, Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 30(3-4): 1-16.
  • Mazak, A. ve Huemer, C. (2015). Standards framework for value networks in the context of Industry 4.0, IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management: 1342-1346.
  • Metin, S. ve Türkoğlu, İ. (2019). Elâzığ organize sanayi bölgesindeki firmaların Endüstri 4.0 Algısı, BAİBÜ Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 19(2): 477-496.
  • Moeuf, A., Pellerin, R., Lamouri, S., Tamayo-Giraldo, S. ve Barbaray, R. (2017). The industrial management of SMEs in the era of Industry 4.0, International Journal of Production Research, 56(3): 1118-1136.
  • Mohelska, H. ve Sokolova, M. (2018). Management Approaches For Industry 4.0-The Organizational Culture Perspective, Technological and Economic Development of Economy, 24(6): 2225-2240.
  • Müller, J.M, Kiel, D. ve Voigt, K.I. (2018). What Drives the Implementation of Industry 4.0? The Role of Opportunities and Challenges in the Context of Sustainability, Sustainability, 10(1): 1-24.
  • Özşahin, M., Ciğerim, E. ve Gök, M.Ş. (2005). Rekabet Edebilirlik ve Firma Performansı İlişkisi Üzerine Bir Saha Araştırması, Gazi Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 7(1): 143-155.
  • Patti, C.H, Hartley, S.W, Van Dessel, M.M. ve Baack, D.W. (2017). Improving integrated marketing communications practices: A comparison of objectives and results, Journal of Marketing Communications, 23(4): 351-370.
  • Posada, J., Toro, C., Barandiaran, I., Oyarzun, D., Stricker, D., de Amicis, R., Pinto, E.B., Eisert, P., Döllner, J. ve Vallarino JR, I. (2015). Visual Computing as a Key Enabling Technology for Industrie 4.0 and Industrial Internet, IEEE Computer Society, 6-40.
  • Prause, G. (2015). Sustainable Business Models And Structures For Industry 4.0. Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues, 5(2): 159-169.
  • Rauch, E., Dallasega, P. ve Matt, D.T. (2016). The way from Lean Product Development (LPD) to Smart Product Development (SPD), Proceedings of 26th CIRP Design Conference, 50: 26-31.
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DÜZCE BÖLGESİNDEKİ FİRMALARIN ENDÜSTRİ 4.0 YAKLAŞIMI

Yıl 2021, Cilt 20, Sayı 80, 1773 - 1797, 20.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17755/esosder.900853

Öz

Endüstri 4.0 kavramı ortaya atıldığı 2011 yılından beri teknolojik bir heves olmaktan çok işletmeler için zorunlu bir rekabet aracı haline gelmiş ve işletme içindeki her birim bu teknolojik gelişmelerden istifade ederek daha verimli sonuçlar elde etmeye başlamıştır. Üstelik büyük işletmelerin değil KOBİ’lerinde rağbet göstermeye başladığı yeni endüstriyel araçlar, kar pastasından daha fazla pay alabilmenin bir yolu olarak görülmeye başlanmıştır. Bu çalışmanın temel amacı Düzce bölgesinde bulunan işletmelerin Endüstri 4.0 konusundaki yaklaşımını ve algısını incelemektir. Belirlenen amaca hizmet etmesi için araştırmanın evreni Düzce ili olarak belirlenmiştir. Düzce il merkezinde yer alan ve Düzce Ticaret ve Sanayi Odasına kayıtlı aktif işletmeler araştırma birimi olarak kabul edilmiştir. Araştırmada kolayda örnekleme yöntemi kullanılmıştır. 69 işletmeden anket tekniği kullanılarak veriler elde edilmiştir. Toplanan verilere frekans, faktör, korelasyon ve regresyon analizleri uygulanmıştır. Yapılan analiz sonuçlarına göre, işletmelerin Endüstri 4.0’a yönelik genel bilgi düzeyi ile strateji ve organizasyon boyutundaki yaklaşımları, onların yenilik eğilimlerini arttırmaktadır. Endüstri 4.0’a yönetim ve organizasyon boyutundaki yaklaşımları da diğer kurumlarla (üniversiteler, ekonomik kalkınma kuruluşları, teknoloji transfer ofisleri, danışmanlık şirketleri vb.) işbirliği seviyelerini pozitif yönlü olarak etkilemektedir. Ayrıca, işletmelerin Endüstri 4.0 teknolojilerine önem verdikleri fakat bu teknolojilerden yeteri kadar yararlanamadıkları görülmüştür. Yani işletmelerin birçok Endüstri 4.0 aracına önem verdiği ancak daha az sayıda Endüstri 4.0 araçlarından yararlandığı ortaya çıkmıştır. Bütün Endüstri 4.0 araçlarına verilen önem düzeyinin yararlanma düzeyinden daha yüksek ortalamaya sahip olduğu, işletmelerin yeni gelişen teknoloji araçlarını önemsediği fakat aynı düzeyde yararlanmadığı sonucuna ulaşılmıştır. Ayrıca işletmelerin en çok kablosuz iletişim teknolojileri ile sensör teknolojilerinden yararlandığı en az ise robot ve otomasyon, makine öğrenimi ve yapay zekâ gibi konularda olduğu görülmüştür.

Kaynakça

  • Adam, C., Aringer-Walch, C. ve Bengler, K. (2018). Digitalization in Manufacturing – Employees, Do You Want to Work There? Proceedings of 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, 26-30 August, Florence, Italy.
  • Alpkan, L., Ergün, E., Bulut, Ç. ve Yılmaz, C. (2005). Şirket Girişimciliğinin Şirket Performansına Etkileri. Doğuş Üniversitesi Dergisi, 6(2): 175-189.
  • Atak, G. (2018). Impact Factors and Current Issues on Technology Development for Industry 4.0 Transformation in Technopark Companies: The Case of Turkey, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, İstanbul.
  • Berksun, E. (2018). Sanayide Endüstri 4.0 Süreçleri: Çorum Sanayisinde Bir Uygulama, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Hitit Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Çorum.
  • Biahmou, A., Emmer, C., Pfouga, A. ve Stjepandić, J. (2016). Digital Master as an Enabler for Industry 4.0 (İçinde Editör: M. Borsato ve diğ., Transdiciplinary Engineering: Crossing Boundaries) Proceedings. 23rd ISPE Inc. International Conference on Transdiciplinary Enginnering, 672-681.
  • Buer, S.V., Strandhagen, J.O. ve Chan, F.T.S. (2018). The link between Industry 4.0 and lean manufacturing: mapping current research and establishing a research Agenda, International Journal of Production Research, 56(8): 2924-2940.
  • Calantone, R.J., Çavuşgil, S.T. ve Zhao, Y. (2002). Learning orientation, firm innovation capability, and firm performance, Industrial Marketing Management, (31): 515-524.
  • Ciffolilli, A. ve Muscio, A. (2018). Industry 4.0: national and regional comparative advantages in key enabling Technologies, European Planning Studies, 26(12): 2323-2343.
  • Cobo, M.J., Jürgens, B., Herrero-Solana, V., Martinez, M.A. ve Herrera-Viedma, E. (2018). Industry 4.0: a perspective based on bibliometric analysis, Procedia Computer Science, (139): 364-371.
  • Çevik, D. (2019). KOBİ’lerde Sanayi 4.0’ın Uygulanabilirliği ve Yönetici Bakış Açılarının Değerlendirilmesi, Uluslararası Bilimsel Araştırmalar Dergisi (IBAD), 4(2): 277-291.
  • Dalenogare, L.S., Benitez, G.B., Ayala, N.F. ve Frank, A.G. (2018). The expected contribution of Industry 4.0 technologies for industrial Performance, International Journal of Production Economics, 204: 383-394.
  • Ellis, R.K. (2019). Revolution 4.0, https://www.td.org/magazines/td-magazine/revolution-40 (Erişim Tarihi: 20.11.2019)
  • Erdil, O. ve Kitapçı, H. (2007). TKY Araçlarının Kullanımı ve Firma Yenilikçiliğinin Yeni Ürün Geliştirme Hızı ve İşletme Performansına Etkisi, Atatürk Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi, 21: 233-245.
  • Erol, S., Jäger, A., Hold, P., Ott, K. ve Sihn, W. (2016). Tangible Industry 4.0: a scenario-based approach to learning for the future of production, Proceedings of 6th CIRP Conference on Learning Factories, 54: 13-18.
  • Flores, M., Maklin, D., Golob, M., Al-Ashaab, A. ve Tucci, C. (2018). Awareness towards Industry 4.0: key enablers and applications for Internet of Things and Big Data, Camarinha-Matos L, Afsarmanesh H, Rezgui Y. (eds), içinde Collaborative Networks of Cognitive Systems, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Springer.
  • George, D. ve Mallery, P. (2000). SPSS for Windows step by step, Taylor&Francis, Subsequent Edition.
  • Gorecky, D., Schmitt, M., Loskyll, M. ve Zühlke, D. (2014). Human Machine-Interaction in the Industry 4.0 Era, 12th IEEE International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN), 27-30 Temmuz.
  • Göksu, Ni, Koska, A., Erdem, M.B. ve Yılmaz, A. (2018). Yeni Ürün Geliştirme Noktasında Endüstri 4.0 Rolü: Kahramanmaraş Metal Mutfak Sanayiinde Bir Araştırma, PressAcademia Procedia, 7(1): 418-421.
  • Götz, M. ve Jankowska, B. (2017). Clusters and Industry 4.0 - do they fit together?, European Planning Studies, 25(9): 1633-1653.
  • Griffin, A. ve Hauser, J.R. (1995). Integrating R&D and Marketing: A Review and Analysis of the Literature, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Graduate School of Business, 13(3): 191-215.
  • Günaydın, D. (2019). Türkiye’de Dördüncü Sanayi Devrimini Beklerken: Çerkezköy Organize Sanayi Bölgesi’nde Bir Araştırma, İstanbul Üniversitesi İşletme Fakültesi İşletme İktisadı Enstitüsü Yönetim Dergisi, 29(85): 73-106.
  • Jeske, T., Weber, M.A., Würfels, M., Lennings, F. ve Stowasser, S. (2019). Opportunities of Digitalization for Productivity Management, Springer International Publishing AG.
  • Karademir, D., Öztürk, E. ve Koç, K.H. (2019). Industry 4.0 Awareness In Furniture Enterprises: Case Study of Ordu and Giresun, Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences, 4(4): 666-673.
  • Knight, G. (2000). Entrepreneurship and Marketing Strategy: The SME Under Globalization, Journal of International Marketing, 8(2): 12-32.
  • Kolberg, D. ve Zühlke, D. (2015). Lean Automation enabled by Industry 4.0 Technologies, IFAC-Papers On Line, 48(3): 1870-1875.
  • Kotler, P. (1989). From mass marketing to mass customization, Planning Review, 17(5): 10-47.
  • Kumar, R., Singh, S.P. ve Lamba, K. (2018). Sustainable robust layout using Big Data approach: A key towards industry 4.0., Journal of Cleaner Production, 204: 643-659.
  • Laudante, E. (2017). Industry 4.0, Innovation and Design: A new approach for ergonomic analysis in manufacturing system, The Design Journal, 20(1): 2724-2734.
  • Li, G., Ta, J.L. ve Chaudhry, S.S. (2019). Industry 4.0 and big data innovations, Enterprise Information Systems, 13(2): 145-147.
  • Lin, K.Y. (2018). User Experience–Based Product Design for Smart Production to Empower Industry 4.0 in the Glass Recycling Circular Economy, Computers&Industrial Engineering, 125: 729-738.
  • Maresova, P., Soukal, I., Svobodova, L., Hedvicakova, M., Javanmardi, E., Selamat, A. ve Krejcar, O. (2018). Consequences of Industry 4.0 in Business and Economics, Economies, 6(46): 1-14.
  • Marodin, G.A, Frank, A.G., Tortorella, G.L. ve Fetterman, D.C. (2017). Lean production and operational performance in the Brazilian automotive supply chain, Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 30(3-4): 1-16.
  • Mazak, A. ve Huemer, C. (2015). Standards framework for value networks in the context of Industry 4.0, IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management: 1342-1346.
  • Metin, S. ve Türkoğlu, İ. (2019). Elâzığ organize sanayi bölgesindeki firmaların Endüstri 4.0 Algısı, BAİBÜ Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 19(2): 477-496.
  • Moeuf, A., Pellerin, R., Lamouri, S., Tamayo-Giraldo, S. ve Barbaray, R. (2017). The industrial management of SMEs in the era of Industry 4.0, International Journal of Production Research, 56(3): 1118-1136.
  • Mohelska, H. ve Sokolova, M. (2018). Management Approaches For Industry 4.0-The Organizational Culture Perspective, Technological and Economic Development of Economy, 24(6): 2225-2240.
  • Müller, J.M, Kiel, D. ve Voigt, K.I. (2018). What Drives the Implementation of Industry 4.0? The Role of Opportunities and Challenges in the Context of Sustainability, Sustainability, 10(1): 1-24.
  • Özşahin, M., Ciğerim, E. ve Gök, M.Ş. (2005). Rekabet Edebilirlik ve Firma Performansı İlişkisi Üzerine Bir Saha Araştırması, Gazi Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 7(1): 143-155.
  • Patti, C.H, Hartley, S.W, Van Dessel, M.M. ve Baack, D.W. (2017). Improving integrated marketing communications practices: A comparison of objectives and results, Journal of Marketing Communications, 23(4): 351-370.
  • Posada, J., Toro, C., Barandiaran, I., Oyarzun, D., Stricker, D., de Amicis, R., Pinto, E.B., Eisert, P., Döllner, J. ve Vallarino JR, I. (2015). Visual Computing as a Key Enabling Technology for Industrie 4.0 and Industrial Internet, IEEE Computer Society, 6-40.
  • Prause, G. (2015). Sustainable Business Models And Structures For Industry 4.0. Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues, 5(2): 159-169.
  • Rauch, E., Dallasega, P. ve Matt, D.T. (2016). The way from Lean Product Development (LPD) to Smart Product Development (SPD), Proceedings of 26th CIRP Design Conference, 50: 26-31.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular İşletme
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Mehmet Selami YILDIZ
DÜZCE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İŞLETME FAKÜLTESİ, İŞLETME BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0002-6557-6372
Türkiye


Yıldırım YILDIRIM (Sorumlu Yazar)
Düzce Üniversitesi Akçakoca Turizm İşletmeciliği ve Otelcilik Yüksekokulu
0000-0002-5851-7788
Türkiye


Buşra KESİCİ
DÜZCE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SOSYAL BİLİMLER MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
0000-0001-7107-761X
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 20 Eylül 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 22 Mart 2021
Kabul Tarihi 5 Mayıs 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 20, Sayı 80

Kaynak Göster

APA Yıldız, M. S. , Yıldırım, Y. & Kesici, B. (2021). DÜZCE BÖLGESİNDEKİ FİRMALARIN ENDÜSTRİ 4.0 YAKLAŞIMI . Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 20 (80) , 1773-1797 . DOI: 10.17755/esosder.900853

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                                                                                                 Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi Creative Commons Atıf-GayriTicari 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı ile lisanslanmıştır.