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MERHAMET DOYUMU ÖLÇEĞİNİN GELİŞTİRİLMESİ

Yıl 2021, Cilt 20, Sayı 80, 2019 - 2036, 20.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17755/esosder.910301

Öz

Merhamet doyumu kişinin merhametli eylemlerde bulunmaktan dolayı elde ettiği memnuniyet halidir. Bu çalışmanın amacı yetişkinlerin merhamet doyumlarını belirlemeye yönelik Merhamet Doyumu ölçeğinin geliştirilmesidir. Ölçeğin psikometrik özelliklerinin belirlenebilmesi için 504 yetişkinden veri toplanmıştır. Yapılan açımlayıcı faktör analizi sonucunda 12 madde tek bir faktör altında toplanmış ve bu tek faktörlü yapı toplam varyansın %56,14’ünü açıklamıştır. Elde edilen bu tek faktörlü yapı doğrulayıcı faktör analizi ile test edilmiş ve elde edilen uyum değerlerinin (2/sd= 2.563; RMSEA=.079, RMR=.027, IFI=.95, CFI=0.96, NFI=.92, RFI=.90, GFI=.92, AGFI=.88) iyi uyum gösterdikleri bulunmuştur. Merhamet Doyumu ölçeğinin iç tutarlılık katsayısı .92 ve yarı güvenirlik katsayısı ise .90 olarak bulunmuştur. Sonuç olarak, yetişkinlerin merhamet doyumu düzeylerini belirlemeye yönelik geliştirilen Merhamet Doyumu Ölçeğinin geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçme aracı olduğu saptanmıştır.

Kaynakça

  • Adams, R.E., Boscarino, J.A. ve Figley, C.R. (2006) Compassion fatigue and psychological distress among social workers:a validation study. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 76(1), 103-108. DOI: 10.1037/0002-9432.76.1.103
  • Akdeniz, S. ve Deniz, M. E. (2016). Merhamet ölçeğinin Türkçeye uyarlanması: geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. The Journal of Happiness And Well-Being, 4(1), 50-61.
  • Akın, A. ve Eker, H. (2012). Duyarlı sevgi ölçeği: geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Uludağ Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi,25(1), 75-85.
  • Akın, Ü., Akın, A. ve Abacı, R. (2007). Öz-duyarlık ölçeği: geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 33, 1-10.
  • Alkema, K., Linton, J. M. ve Davies, R. (2008). A study of the relationship between self-care, compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue and burnout among hospice professionals. Journal of Social Work in End-of-Life & Palliative Care, 4(2), 101-119. doi: 10.1080/15524250802353934
  • Ames, M., Salmon, E., Holly, C. ve Kamienski, M. (2017). Strategies that reduce compassion fatigue and increase compassion satisfaction in nurses: A systematic review protokol. Joanna Briggs Institute Database of Systematic Review and Implementation Reports, 15(7), 1800-1804. DOI: 10.11124/JBISRIR-2016-003142
  • Annalakshmi, N. ve Jayanthy, C. (2019). Analysis of compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction among secondary school teacher. The International Journal of Analytical and Experimental Modal Analysis, 11(10), 282-833. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/338422909
  • Berzoff, J. ve Kita, E. (2010). Compassion fatigue and countertransference: Two different concepts. Clinical Social Work Journal, 38, 341-349. doi:10.1007/s10615-010-0271-8
  • Bollen, K. A. (1989). Structural equations with latent variables. New York: Wiley.
  • Boyle, D. (2017). Compassion fatigue: The cost of caring. Wolters Kluwer Health, 48-51. DOI-10.1097/01.NURSE.0000461857.48809.a1
  • Browne, M. W. ve Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Bollen & J. S. Long (Eds.), Testing structural models. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
  • Byrne, B. M. (2005). Factor analytic models: Viewing the structure of an assessment instrument from three perspectives. Journal of Personality Assessment, 85(1), 17-32.
  • Chang J., Fresco J. ve Green, B. (2014). The development and validation of the compassion of others’ lives scale. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 4(5), 33-42.
  • Cho, H., Noh, S., Park, S., Ryu, S., Misan, V. ve Lee, J. S. (2018). The development and validation of the lovingkindness-compassion scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 124, 141-144. Doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2017.12.019
  • Coetzee, S. K. ve Klopper, H. C. (2010). Compassion fatigue within nursing practice: A concept analysis. Nursing and Health Sciences, 12, 235-243. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2018.2010.00526.x
  • Conrad, D. ve Kellar-Guenther, Y. (2006). Compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction among Colorado child protection workers. Child Abuse & Neglect, 30, 1071-1080. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2006.03.009
  • Cosley, B. J., McCoy, S. K., Saslow, L. R. ve Epel, E. S. (2010). Is compassion for others stress buffering? Consequences of compassion and social support for physiological reactivity to stress. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 816-823. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2010.04.008
  • Coşkun, H., Kavakli, O., Babayigit, M. ve Chang, J. (2017). The psychometric evaluation of the Turkish version of the compassion of others’ lives scale (The COOL). International Journal of Caring Sciences, 10(2), 637-646.
  • Crowley, S. L. ve Fan, X. (1997). Structural equation modeling: Basic Concepts and applications in personality assessment research. Journal of Personality Assessment, 68(3), 508-31.
  • Curtis, K., Horton, K. ve Smith, P. (2012). Student nurse socialisation in compassionate practice: A grounded theory study. Nurse Education Today, 32, 790-795. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2012.04.012
  • Çınarlı, T. (2019). Acil hemşirelerinde merhamet yorgunluğunu etkileyen faktörler. Yayımlanmamış Doktora Tezi. Samsun: Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi.
  • Dasan, S., Gohil, P., Cornelius, V. ve Taylor, C. (2015). Prevalence, causes and consequences of compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue in emergency care: A mixed-methods study of UK NHS Consultants. Emergency Medicine Journal, 32(8), 588–594. doi:10.1136/emermed-2014-203671
  • Decker, J. T., Brown, J. L. C., Ong, J. ve Stiney-Ziskind, C. A. (2015). Mindfulness, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction among social work interns. Social Work & Christianity, 42(1), 28-52. ISSN 0737-5778
  • Deniz, M. E., Kesici, Ş. ve Sümer, A. S. (2008). The validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Self-Compassion Scale. Social Behavior and Personality, 36(9), 1151-1160.
  • DePanfilis, D. (2006). Compassion fatigue, burnout and compassion satisfaction: Implications for retention of workers. Child Abuse & Neglect, 30, 1067-1069. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2006.08.002
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DEVELOPMENT OF COMPASSION SATISFACTION SCALE

Yıl 2021, Cilt 20, Sayı 80, 2019 - 2036, 20.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17755/esosder.910301

Öz

Compassion satisfaction is the pleasure that a person obtains from doing compassionate actions. The aim of this study is to develop the Compassion Satisfaction Scale to determine the compassion satisfaction of adults. Data were collected from 504 adults to determine the psychometric properties of the scale. At the end of the exploratory factor analysis, 12 items were collected under a single factor and this single factor structure explained 56.14% of the total variance. Also, this single factor structure was tested with Confirmatory Factor Analysis and it was found that the obtained fit values (2/sd= 2.563; RMSEA=.079, RMR=.027, IFI=.95, CFI=0.96, NFI=.92, RFI=.90, GFI=.92, AGFI=.88) showed a good fit. The internal consistency coefficient of the Compassion Satisfaction scale was .92 and the split-half reliability coefficient was .90. As a result, it was determined that the Compassion Satisfaction Scale developed to determine the levels of compassion satisfaction of adults is a valid and reliable measurement tool.

Kaynakça

  • Adams, R.E., Boscarino, J.A. ve Figley, C.R. (2006) Compassion fatigue and psychological distress among social workers:a validation study. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 76(1), 103-108. DOI: 10.1037/0002-9432.76.1.103
  • Akdeniz, S. ve Deniz, M. E. (2016). Merhamet ölçeğinin Türkçeye uyarlanması: geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. The Journal of Happiness And Well-Being, 4(1), 50-61.
  • Akın, A. ve Eker, H. (2012). Duyarlı sevgi ölçeği: geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Uludağ Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi,25(1), 75-85.
  • Akın, Ü., Akın, A. ve Abacı, R. (2007). Öz-duyarlık ölçeği: geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 33, 1-10.
  • Alkema, K., Linton, J. M. ve Davies, R. (2008). A study of the relationship between self-care, compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue and burnout among hospice professionals. Journal of Social Work in End-of-Life & Palliative Care, 4(2), 101-119. doi: 10.1080/15524250802353934
  • Ames, M., Salmon, E., Holly, C. ve Kamienski, M. (2017). Strategies that reduce compassion fatigue and increase compassion satisfaction in nurses: A systematic review protokol. Joanna Briggs Institute Database of Systematic Review and Implementation Reports, 15(7), 1800-1804. DOI: 10.11124/JBISRIR-2016-003142
  • Annalakshmi, N. ve Jayanthy, C. (2019). Analysis of compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction among secondary school teacher. The International Journal of Analytical and Experimental Modal Analysis, 11(10), 282-833. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/338422909
  • Berzoff, J. ve Kita, E. (2010). Compassion fatigue and countertransference: Two different concepts. Clinical Social Work Journal, 38, 341-349. doi:10.1007/s10615-010-0271-8
  • Bollen, K. A. (1989). Structural equations with latent variables. New York: Wiley.
  • Boyle, D. (2017). Compassion fatigue: The cost of caring. Wolters Kluwer Health, 48-51. DOI-10.1097/01.NURSE.0000461857.48809.a1
  • Browne, M. W. ve Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Bollen & J. S. Long (Eds.), Testing structural models. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
  • Byrne, B. M. (2005). Factor analytic models: Viewing the structure of an assessment instrument from three perspectives. Journal of Personality Assessment, 85(1), 17-32.
  • Chang J., Fresco J. ve Green, B. (2014). The development and validation of the compassion of others’ lives scale. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 4(5), 33-42.
  • Cho, H., Noh, S., Park, S., Ryu, S., Misan, V. ve Lee, J. S. (2018). The development and validation of the lovingkindness-compassion scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 124, 141-144. Doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2017.12.019
  • Coetzee, S. K. ve Klopper, H. C. (2010). Compassion fatigue within nursing practice: A concept analysis. Nursing and Health Sciences, 12, 235-243. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2018.2010.00526.x
  • Conrad, D. ve Kellar-Guenther, Y. (2006). Compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction among Colorado child protection workers. Child Abuse & Neglect, 30, 1071-1080. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2006.03.009
  • Cosley, B. J., McCoy, S. K., Saslow, L. R. ve Epel, E. S. (2010). Is compassion for others stress buffering? Consequences of compassion and social support for physiological reactivity to stress. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 816-823. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2010.04.008
  • Coşkun, H., Kavakli, O., Babayigit, M. ve Chang, J. (2017). The psychometric evaluation of the Turkish version of the compassion of others’ lives scale (The COOL). International Journal of Caring Sciences, 10(2), 637-646.
  • Crowley, S. L. ve Fan, X. (1997). Structural equation modeling: Basic Concepts and applications in personality assessment research. Journal of Personality Assessment, 68(3), 508-31.
  • Curtis, K., Horton, K. ve Smith, P. (2012). Student nurse socialisation in compassionate practice: A grounded theory study. Nurse Education Today, 32, 790-795. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2012.04.012
  • Çınarlı, T. (2019). Acil hemşirelerinde merhamet yorgunluğunu etkileyen faktörler. Yayımlanmamış Doktora Tezi. Samsun: Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi.
  • Dasan, S., Gohil, P., Cornelius, V. ve Taylor, C. (2015). Prevalence, causes and consequences of compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue in emergency care: A mixed-methods study of UK NHS Consultants. Emergency Medicine Journal, 32(8), 588–594. doi:10.1136/emermed-2014-203671
  • Decker, J. T., Brown, J. L. C., Ong, J. ve Stiney-Ziskind, C. A. (2015). Mindfulness, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction among social work interns. Social Work & Christianity, 42(1), 28-52. ISSN 0737-5778
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Psikoloji, Ortak Disiplinler
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Eşref NAS (Sorumlu Yazar)
VAN YÜZÜNCÜ YIL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-4524-9534
Türkiye


Ramazan SAK
VAN YÜZÜNCÜ YIL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-7504-9429
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 20 Eylül 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 5 Nisan 2021
Kabul Tarihi 7 Temmuz 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 20, Sayı 80

Kaynak Göster

APA Nas, E. & Sak, R. (2021). MERHAMET DOYUMU ÖLÇEĞİNİN GELİŞTİRİLMESİ . Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 20 (80) , 2019-2036 . DOI: 10.17755/esosder.910301

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                                                                                                 Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi Creative Commons Atıf-GayriTicari 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı ile lisanslanmıştır.