Araştırma Makalesi
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OKUL ÖNCESİ DÖNEMDE ÇOCUĞU OLAN EBEVEYNLERİN ÇOCUK İHMAL VE İSTİSMARINA YÖNELİK FARKINDALIKLARININ VE İSTİSMARIN ETKİLERİNE YÖNELİK BİLGİLERİNİN İNCELENMESİ

Yıl 2022, Cilt 21, Sayı 82, 559 - 571, 02.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.17755/esosder.1015552

Öz

Çalışmada, okul öncesi dönemde çocuğu olan ebeveynlerin çocuk ihmal ve istismarına yönelik farkındalıklarının ve bilgi düzeylerinin sosyo-demografik özellikler açısından incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışma nicel araştırma yöntemlerinden genel tarama modelinin tekil tarama modeli ile tasarlanmıştır. Çalışmanın örneklemi amaçlı örnekleme yöntemlerinden kartopu örnekleme ile belirlenmiş ve 502 ebeveyn çalışmaya dahil edilmiştir. Veri toplama aracı olarak kişisel bilgi formu, Ebeveynlerin Çocuk İhmali ve İstismarı Farkındalık Ölçeği, Ebeveyn İstismar Ölçeği ve Görüşme Formu kullanılmıştır. Verilerin analizinde ikili gruplar için bağımsız t Testi, ikiden fazla gruplarda ise tek yönlü varyans analizi kullanılmıştır. Çalışmanın sonucunda ebeveynlerin sosyo-demografik özelliklerinin çocuk ihmal ve istismarına yönelik bilgi ve farkındalıkları üzerinde etkili olduğu görülmüştür.

Kaynakça

  • Alzoubi, F. A., Ali, R. A., Flah, I. H., & Alnatour, A. (2018). Mothers’ knowledge & perception about child sexual abuse in Jordan. Child Abuse & Neglect, 75, 149–158. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.06.006
  • Black, D. A., Heyman, R. E., & Slep, A. M. S. (2001). Risk factors for child sexual abuse. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 6(2–3), 203–229.
  • Breslau, N., Koenen, K. C., Luo, Z., Agnew-Blais, J., Swanson, S., Houts, R. M., … Moffitt, T. E. (2014). Childhood maltreatment, juvenile disorders and adult post-traumatic stress disorder: a prospective investigation. Psychological Medicine, 44(9), 1937–1945.
  • Cicchetti, D., & Toth, S. L. (2016). Child maltreatment and developmental psychopathology: A multilevel perspective. In D. Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental psychopathology (pp. 457–512). New York, NY: Wiley.
  • Collins, M. E. (1996). Parents’ perceptions of the risk of child sexual abuse and their protective behaviors: Findings from a qualitative study. Child Maltreatment, 1(1), 53–64. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1077559596001001006
  • Daro, D., & A.C., D. (2010). Reflections on Child Maltreatment Research and Practice: Consistent Challenges. In D. D., C. D. A., H. L., & P. B. (Eds.), Advances in Child Abuse Prevention Knowledge (pp. 3–18). London: Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16327-7_1
  • Doidge, J. C., Higgins, D. J., Delfabbro, P., Edwards, B., Vassallo, S., Toumbourou, J. W., & Segal, L. (2017). Economic predictors of child maltreatment in an Australian population-based birth cohort. Children and Youth Services Review, 72, 14–25.
  • Karasar, N. (2007). Bilimsel Araştırma Yöntemi (17. editio). Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım Ltd. Şti.
  • Koçak, G., & Büyükgönenç, L. (2011). Toplumdaki bireylerin çocuk ihmal ve istismarına yönelik bilgi ve görüşleri. Hitit Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 4(1), 89–104.
  • Kotch, J. B., Lewis, T., Hussey, J. M., English, D., Thompson, R., Litrownik, A. J., … Dubowitz, H. (2008). Importance of early neglect for childhood aggression. Pediatrics, 121(4), 725–731. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2006-3622
  • Lamont, A., & Price-Robertson, R. (2013). Risk and protective factors for child abuse and neglect. Retrieved October 26, 2021, from CFCA resource sheet, Australian Institute of Family Studies, Melbourne website: https://aifs.gov.au/cfca/publications/risk-and-protective-factors-child-abuse-and-neglect
  • Lawson, M., Piel, M. H., & Simon, M. (2020). Child maltreatment during the COVID-19 pandemic: Consequences of parental job loss on psychological and physical abuse towards children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 110(2), 104709. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104709
  • Luthar, S. S., & Cicchetti, D., & Becker, B. (2000). The construct of resilience: A critical evaluation and guidelines for future work. Child Development, 71(3), 543–562.
  • Masten, A. S., & Monn, A. R. (2015). Child and family resilience: A call for integrated science, practice, and professional training. Family Relations, 64(1), 5–21.
  • Mathews, B., Pacella, R., Dunne, M. P., Simunovic, M., & Marston, C. (2020). Improving measurement of child abuse and neglect: A systematic review and analysis of national prevalence studies. PLoS One, 15(1), 1–22. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0227884
  • Mathoma, A. M., Maripe-Perera, D. B., Khumalo, L. P., Mbayi, B. L., & Seloilwe, E. S. (2006). Knowledge and perceptions of parents regarding child sexual abuse in Botswana and Swaziland. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 21(1), 67–72.
  • Mills, R., Kisely, S., Alati, R., Strathearn, L., & Najman, J. (2016). Self-reported and agency-notified child sexual abuse in a population-based birth cohort. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 74, 87–93. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2015.12.021
  • Miragoli, S., Balzarotti, S., Camisasca, E., & Di Blasio, P. (2018). Parents’ perception of child behavior, parenting stress, and child abuse potential: Individual and partner influences. Child Abuse & Neglect, 84, 146–156. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.07.034
  • Newbury, J. B., Arseneault, L., Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., Danese, A., Baldwin, J. R., & Fisher, H. L. (2018). Measuring childhood maltreatment to predict early-adult psychopathology: Comparison of prospective informant-reports and retrospective self-reports. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 96, 57–64.
  • NSPCC. (2010). Child Protection Fact Sheet-The definitions and signs of child abuse. Retrieved October 18, 2021, from The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. website: https://www.attend.org.uk/sites/default/files/The definitions and signs of child abuse - NSPCC.pdf
  • Özer, G. (2014). Ebeveynlerin çocuk cinsel istismarına dair bilinçleri, endişeleri ve aldıkları önlemler. Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, İstanbul Üniversitesi, İstanbul.
  • Pekdoğan, S. (2016). Annelerin istismar potansiyellerinin bazı değişkenler açısından incelenmesi. Ege Eğitim Dergisi, 17(2), 425–441.
  • Polat, S., Tasar, A., Ozkan, S., Yeltekin, S., Cakir, B. C., Akbaba, S., … ve Beyazova, U. (2010). Perceptions and attitudes of mothers about child neglect in Turkey. Infants & Young Children, 23(2), 122–131.
  • Rudolph, J., & Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J. (2018). Parents as protectors: A qualitative study of parents’ views on child sexual abuse prevention. Child Abuse & Neglect, 85, 28–38. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.08.016
  • Sarı, İ. (2010). Emniyet örgütünde görevli anne-babaların fiziksel istismar potansiyellerinin belirlenmesi ve istismarla ilgili aile eğitim programının etkililiği. Gazi Üniversitesi, Ankara.
  • Stoltenborgh, M., Bakermans‐Kranenburg, M. J., Alink, L. R., & van IJzendoorn, M. H. (2015). The prevalence of child maltreatment across the globe: Review of a series of meta‐analyses. Child Abuse Review, 24(2), 37–50. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1002/car.2353
  • Strathearn, L., Giannotti, M., Mills, R., Kisely, S., Najman, J., & Abajobir, A. (2020). Long-term cognitive, psychological, and health outcomes associated with child abuse and neglect. Pediatrics, 146(4), 389–403. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-043
  • Toth, S. L., & Manly, J. T. (2019). Developmental Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect: Implications for Intervention. Child Development Perspectives, 13(1), 59–64. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1111/cdep.12317
  • Ünal, H. B. (2017). Ebeveyn çocuk ihmal ve istismarı farkındalık ölçeği’nin geliştirilmesi ve uygulanması. Hacettepe Üniversitesi.
  • Uslu, R. İ., Kapçı, E. G., Yıldırım, R. ve Öney, A. E. (2010). Sociodemographic characteristics of Turkish parents in relation to their recognition of emotional maltreatment. Child Abuse and Neglect, 24, 345–353.
  • WHO. (1999). Report of the consultation on child abuse prevention. Geneva (No. WHO/HSC/PVI/99.1).
  • WHO. (2014). Health for the world’s adolescents A second chance in the second decade. Geneva, Switzerland: Who Presss.
  • Wong, W. C. W., Chen, W. Q., Goggins, W. B., Tang, C. S., & Leung, P. W. (2009). Individual, familial and community determinants of child physical abuse among high-school students in China. Social Science & Medicine, 68(10), 1819–1825. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.03.001
  • Woodruff, K., & Lee, B. (2011). Identifying and predicting problem behavior trajectories among pre-school children investigated for child abuse and neglect. Child Abuse & Neglect, 35(7), 491–503.
  • Xie, Q. W., Qiao, D. P., & Wang, X. L. (2016). Parent-involved prevention of child sexual abuse: a qualitative exploration of parents’ perceptions and practices in Beijing. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(3), 999–1010. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-015-0277-5
  • Zeanah, C. H., & Humphreys, K. L. (2018). Child abuse and neglect. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 57(9), Child abuse and neglect. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2018.06.007

EXAMINING THE AWARENESS OF PARENTS WITH PRESCHOOL CHILDREN ON CHILD NEGLECT AND ABUSE AND THEIR KNOWLEDGE ON THE EFFECTS OF ABUSE

Yıl 2022, Cilt 21, Sayı 82, 559 - 571, 02.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.17755/esosder.1015552

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Alzoubi, F. A., Ali, R. A., Flah, I. H., & Alnatour, A. (2018). Mothers’ knowledge & perception about child sexual abuse in Jordan. Child Abuse & Neglect, 75, 149–158. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.06.006
  • Black, D. A., Heyman, R. E., & Slep, A. M. S. (2001). Risk factors for child sexual abuse. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 6(2–3), 203–229.
  • Breslau, N., Koenen, K. C., Luo, Z., Agnew-Blais, J., Swanson, S., Houts, R. M., … Moffitt, T. E. (2014). Childhood maltreatment, juvenile disorders and adult post-traumatic stress disorder: a prospective investigation. Psychological Medicine, 44(9), 1937–1945.
  • Cicchetti, D., & Toth, S. L. (2016). Child maltreatment and developmental psychopathology: A multilevel perspective. In D. Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental psychopathology (pp. 457–512). New York, NY: Wiley.
  • Collins, M. E. (1996). Parents’ perceptions of the risk of child sexual abuse and their protective behaviors: Findings from a qualitative study. Child Maltreatment, 1(1), 53–64. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1077559596001001006
  • Daro, D., & A.C., D. (2010). Reflections on Child Maltreatment Research and Practice: Consistent Challenges. In D. D., C. D. A., H. L., & P. B. (Eds.), Advances in Child Abuse Prevention Knowledge (pp. 3–18). London: Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16327-7_1
  • Doidge, J. C., Higgins, D. J., Delfabbro, P., Edwards, B., Vassallo, S., Toumbourou, J. W., & Segal, L. (2017). Economic predictors of child maltreatment in an Australian population-based birth cohort. Children and Youth Services Review, 72, 14–25.
  • Karasar, N. (2007). Bilimsel Araştırma Yöntemi (17. editio). Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım Ltd. Şti.
  • Koçak, G., & Büyükgönenç, L. (2011). Toplumdaki bireylerin çocuk ihmal ve istismarına yönelik bilgi ve görüşleri. Hitit Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 4(1), 89–104.
  • Kotch, J. B., Lewis, T., Hussey, J. M., English, D., Thompson, R., Litrownik, A. J., … Dubowitz, H. (2008). Importance of early neglect for childhood aggression. Pediatrics, 121(4), 725–731. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2006-3622
  • Lamont, A., & Price-Robertson, R. (2013). Risk and protective factors for child abuse and neglect. Retrieved October 26, 2021, from CFCA resource sheet, Australian Institute of Family Studies, Melbourne website: https://aifs.gov.au/cfca/publications/risk-and-protective-factors-child-abuse-and-neglect
  • Lawson, M., Piel, M. H., & Simon, M. (2020). Child maltreatment during the COVID-19 pandemic: Consequences of parental job loss on psychological and physical abuse towards children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 110(2), 104709. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104709
  • Luthar, S. S., & Cicchetti, D., & Becker, B. (2000). The construct of resilience: A critical evaluation and guidelines for future work. Child Development, 71(3), 543–562.
  • Masten, A. S., & Monn, A. R. (2015). Child and family resilience: A call for integrated science, practice, and professional training. Family Relations, 64(1), 5–21.
  • Mathews, B., Pacella, R., Dunne, M. P., Simunovic, M., & Marston, C. (2020). Improving measurement of child abuse and neglect: A systematic review and analysis of national prevalence studies. PLoS One, 15(1), 1–22. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0227884
  • Mathoma, A. M., Maripe-Perera, D. B., Khumalo, L. P., Mbayi, B. L., & Seloilwe, E. S. (2006). Knowledge and perceptions of parents regarding child sexual abuse in Botswana and Swaziland. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 21(1), 67–72.
  • Mills, R., Kisely, S., Alati, R., Strathearn, L., & Najman, J. (2016). Self-reported and agency-notified child sexual abuse in a population-based birth cohort. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 74, 87–93. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2015.12.021
  • Miragoli, S., Balzarotti, S., Camisasca, E., & Di Blasio, P. (2018). Parents’ perception of child behavior, parenting stress, and child abuse potential: Individual and partner influences. Child Abuse & Neglect, 84, 146–156. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.07.034
  • Newbury, J. B., Arseneault, L., Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., Danese, A., Baldwin, J. R., & Fisher, H. L. (2018). Measuring childhood maltreatment to predict early-adult psychopathology: Comparison of prospective informant-reports and retrospective self-reports. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 96, 57–64.
  • NSPCC. (2010). Child Protection Fact Sheet-The definitions and signs of child abuse. Retrieved October 18, 2021, from The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. website: https://www.attend.org.uk/sites/default/files/The definitions and signs of child abuse - NSPCC.pdf
  • Özer, G. (2014). Ebeveynlerin çocuk cinsel istismarına dair bilinçleri, endişeleri ve aldıkları önlemler. Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, İstanbul Üniversitesi, İstanbul.
  • Pekdoğan, S. (2016). Annelerin istismar potansiyellerinin bazı değişkenler açısından incelenmesi. Ege Eğitim Dergisi, 17(2), 425–441.
  • Polat, S., Tasar, A., Ozkan, S., Yeltekin, S., Cakir, B. C., Akbaba, S., … ve Beyazova, U. (2010). Perceptions and attitudes of mothers about child neglect in Turkey. Infants & Young Children, 23(2), 122–131.
  • Rudolph, J., & Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J. (2018). Parents as protectors: A qualitative study of parents’ views on child sexual abuse prevention. Child Abuse & Neglect, 85, 28–38. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.08.016
  • Sarı, İ. (2010). Emniyet örgütünde görevli anne-babaların fiziksel istismar potansiyellerinin belirlenmesi ve istismarla ilgili aile eğitim programının etkililiği. Gazi Üniversitesi, Ankara.
  • Stoltenborgh, M., Bakermans‐Kranenburg, M. J., Alink, L. R., & van IJzendoorn, M. H. (2015). The prevalence of child maltreatment across the globe: Review of a series of meta‐analyses. Child Abuse Review, 24(2), 37–50. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1002/car.2353
  • Strathearn, L., Giannotti, M., Mills, R., Kisely, S., Najman, J., & Abajobir, A. (2020). Long-term cognitive, psychological, and health outcomes associated with child abuse and neglect. Pediatrics, 146(4), 389–403. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-043
  • Toth, S. L., & Manly, J. T. (2019). Developmental Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect: Implications for Intervention. Child Development Perspectives, 13(1), 59–64. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1111/cdep.12317
  • Ünal, H. B. (2017). Ebeveyn çocuk ihmal ve istismarı farkındalık ölçeği’nin geliştirilmesi ve uygulanması. Hacettepe Üniversitesi.
  • Uslu, R. İ., Kapçı, E. G., Yıldırım, R. ve Öney, A. E. (2010). Sociodemographic characteristics of Turkish parents in relation to their recognition of emotional maltreatment. Child Abuse and Neglect, 24, 345–353.
  • WHO. (1999). Report of the consultation on child abuse prevention. Geneva (No. WHO/HSC/PVI/99.1).
  • WHO. (2014). Health for the world’s adolescents A second chance in the second decade. Geneva, Switzerland: Who Presss.
  • Wong, W. C. W., Chen, W. Q., Goggins, W. B., Tang, C. S., & Leung, P. W. (2009). Individual, familial and community determinants of child physical abuse among high-school students in China. Social Science & Medicine, 68(10), 1819–1825. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.03.001
  • Woodruff, K., & Lee, B. (2011). Identifying and predicting problem behavior trajectories among pre-school children investigated for child abuse and neglect. Child Abuse & Neglect, 35(7), 491–503.
  • Xie, Q. W., Qiao, D. P., & Wang, X. L. (2016). Parent-involved prevention of child sexual abuse: a qualitative exploration of parents’ perceptions and practices in Beijing. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(3), 999–1010. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-015-0277-5
  • Zeanah, C. H., & Humphreys, K. L. (2018). Child abuse and neglect. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 57(9), Child abuse and neglect. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2018.06.007

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Eğitim, Bilimsel Disiplinler
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Fatma Betül ŞENOL (Sorumlu Yazar)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi
0000-0002-4844-4968
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 2 Nisan 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 27 Ekim 2021
Kabul Tarihi 25 Kasım 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 21, Sayı 82

Kaynak Göster

APA Şenol, F. B. (2022). OKUL ÖNCESİ DÖNEMDE ÇOCUĞU OLAN EBEVEYNLERİN ÇOCUK İHMAL VE İSTİSMARINA YÖNELİK FARKINDALIKLARININ VE İSTİSMARIN ETKİLERİNE YÖNELİK BİLGİLERİNİN İNCELENMESİ . Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 21 (82) , 559-571 . DOI: 10.17755/esosder.1015552

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                                                                                                 Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi Creative Commons Atıf-GayriTicari 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı ile lisanslanmıştır.