Yıl 2020, Cilt 5 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 318 - 333 2020-05-18

RECENT BEHAVIORAL DIORDERS DUE TO TECHNOLOGY
TEKNOLOJİYLE BAĞLANTILI YENİ DAVRANIŞSAL BOZUKLUKLAR / RECENT BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS DUE TO TECHNOLOGY

Kamer KALİP [1] , Meltem ÇÖL [2]


Technology that eases the life is gaining more and more place in our lives with each day. For example; many activities can be performed easily with smartphones. However, smartphones may have negative effects as well as positive sides. With the widespread use of the Internet, there has been a concern that mobile phone misuse can lead to addiction. This situation is related to behavioral addiction. While there is a clear moment in substance addiction that changes in daily life can be observed, it is difficult to determine whether the problems in behavioral addiction are caused by problematic behaviors, personality traits, or other psychiatric disorders. The issue is not mobile phone or the Internet; it is the subject of recent research that their misuse may lead to withdrawal syndrome, depression, environmental incompatibility, and mood disorders. As a result of the widespread use of social media, concepts such as nomophobia, fomo and netlessphobia have emerged. Suggestions are presented for classifying these concepts as behavioral disorders according to DSM-5 criteria. New researches are needed to better understand the effects of such problems, especially in the fields of psychology, psychiatry, mental health care for children. In our study,
technology related behavioral dependencies have been studied and behavioral disorders that occur in recent years was reviewed.

Hayatın kolaylaştırılmasını sağlayan teknoloji her geçen gün hayatımızda daha fazla yer edinmektedir. Örneğin akıllı telefonlarla birçok işlem kolayca gerçekleştirilebilmektedir. Ancak akıllı telefonların olumlu yönlerinin yanında olumsuz etkilerinin de olabileceği düşünülmektedir. İnternet kullanımının da yaygınlaşmasıyla cep telefonlarının kötüye kullanımının bağımlılığa yol açabileceği endişesi doğmuştur. Burada söz edilen bağımlılık madde bağımlılığının aksine davranışsal bağımlılıkla ilgilidir. Madde bağımlılığında günlük yaşamda değişikliklerin gözlenebileceği açık bir an varken davranışsal bağımlılıkta sorunların problemli davranışlardan mı, kişilik özelliklerinden mi yoksa diğer psikiyatrik hastalıklardan mı kaynaklandığını belirlemek zordur. Sorunun cep telefonu ya da internet olmadığı; bunların kontrolsüz kullanımının yoksunluk sendromu, depresyon, çevreyle uyumsuzluk, duygu-durum bozukluklarına yol açabileceği son zamanlardaki araştırmaların konusudur. Sosyal medyanın günümüzde yaygın kullanımı sonucu bu gibi sorunlarla ilişkili olan nomofobi, fomo, netlessfobi gibi kavramlar ortaya çıkmıştır. Bu kavramların DSM-5 kriterlerinde davranışsal bozukluk olarak sınıflanması için öneriler sunulmuştur. Özellikle psikoloji, psikiyatri, çocuk ruh sağlığı ve halk sağlığı alanlarını ilgilendiren bu tür sorunların etkilerinin daha iyi anlaşılabilmesi için yeni araştırmalara ihtiyaç vardır.
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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Halk ve Çevre Sağlığı
Bölüm Derlemeler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-7147-659X
Yazar: Kamer KALİP (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: ANKARA TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7089-1644
Yazar: Meltem ÇÖL
Kurum: ANKARA TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 31 Mart 2020
Kabul Tarihi : 14 Mayıs 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 18 Mayıs 2020

Vancouver Kali̇p K , Çöl M . TEKNOLOJİYLE BAĞLANTILI YENİ DAVRANIŞSAL BOZUKLUKLAR / RECENT BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS DUE TO TECHNOLOGY. ESTÜDAM Halk Sağlığı Dergisi. 2020; 318-333.