Yıl 2020, Cilt 5 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 168 - 175 2020-05-18

LEVEL OF HEALTH LITERACY AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG RURAL AND URBAN SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN SANLIURFA PROVINCE, TURKEY
KIRSAL VE KENTSEL YAŞAMDAKİ ORTAOKUL ÖĞRENCİLERİNDE SAĞLIK OKURYAZARLIĞI DÜZEYİ VE İLİŞKİLİ FAKTÖRLER, ŞANLIURFA TÜRKİYE / LEVEL OF HEALTH LITERACY AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG RURAL AND URBAN SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN SANLIURFA PROVINCE, TURKEY

Mehmet Enes GÖKLER [1] , Nimetcan MEHMET [2] , Salih MOLLAHALİLOĞLU [3]


Low health literacy is a major source of poor health status among all age group. Aim of this study is to investigate level of health literacy and factors associated with it among children in the rural and urban secondary school in Sanliurfa province of Turkey. The cross –sectional study was carried out among children aged 12-15 years old in urban and rural areas in the Southeast Anatolia Region of Turkey. Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q47) was used for data collection. In this study, general internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) of the HLS-EU-Q47; was found to be 0.916. Total 1,997 chidden participated from 18 schools in the study, 47.2% were females and 52.8% were males. The age of the participant’s ranged from 12 to 15 years. The mean (SD) of measured weight, height, and BMI of the students were 47.2 ± 10.7 kg, 154.4 ± 7.8 cm, and 19.6 ± 3.5 kg/m2, respectively. The prevalence of obesity, overweight and underweight were 6.5%, 13.8%, and 6.3% respectively. The prevalence of having daily breakfast, soft-drink, fruit, and tooth brushing frequency were 53.6%, 14.4%, 39.3%, and 38.5% respectively. Generally, the HL level was very low among the children in this study. 

Düşük sağlık okuryazarlığı, tüm yaş grupları arasında kötü sağlık durumunun önemli bir nedenidir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Türkiye'nin Şanlıurfa ilindeki kırsal ve kentsel ortaokuldaki çocuklar arasında sağlık okuryazarlığı düzeyini ve bununla ilişkili faktörleri araştırmaktır. Bu çalışma Türkiye'nin Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesi'ndeki kentsel ve kırsal alanlarda 12-15 yaş arası çocuklar arasında gerçekleştirilen . kesitsel tipte bir çalışmadır. Veri toplama için Sağlık Okuryazarlığı Anketi (HLS-EU-Q47) kullanılmıştır. Bu çalışmada, HLS-EU-Q47'nin genel iç tutarlılığı (Cronbach's alpha); 0.916 olarak bulunmuştur. Çalışmaya 18 okuldan toplam 1.997 kişi katıldı,% 47.2'si kadın,% 52.8'i erkekti. Katılımcının yaşı 12 ile 15 arasında değişmekte idi. Öğrencilerin ölçülen ağırlık, boy ve VKİ ortalamaları (SD) sırasıyla 47.2 ± 10.7 kg, 154.4 ± 7.8 cm ve 19.6 ± 3.5 kg / m2 idi. Obezite, aşırı kilo ve düşük kilo prevalansı sırasıyla% 6.5,% 13.8 ve% 6.3 idi. Günlük kahvaltı, meşrubat, meyve ve diş fırçalama sıklığı sıklığı sırasıyla% 53.6,% 14.4,% 39.3 ve% 38.5 idi. Genel olarak, bu çalışmada sağlık okuryazarlığı düzeyi çocuklar arasında çok düşük tespit edildi.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Halk ve Çevre Sağlığı
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-1524-8565
Yazar: Mehmet Enes GÖKLER
Kurum: Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-7854-7044
Yazar: Nimetcan MEHMET (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7384-4106
Yazar: Salih MOLLAHALİLOĞLU
Kurum: Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 11 Nisan 2020
Kabul Tarihi : 15 Mayıs 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 18 Mayıs 2020

Vancouver Gökler M , Mehmet N , Mollahali̇loğlu S . LEVEL OF HEALTH LITERACY AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG RURAL AND URBAN SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN SANLIURFA PROVINCE, TURKEY. ESTÜDAM Halk Sağlığı Dergisi. 2020; 168-175.