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Statü Temelli Turizm Tüketimine Teorik Bir Bakış

Yıl 2019, Cilt 3, Sayı 3, 470 - 487, 31.10.2019
https://doi.org/10.32958/gastoria.579860

Öz

Turizm yazınında, seyahat tercihlerinin çoğunlukla statüye göre modellendiği yönündeki araştırmaların varlığına rağmen, konu ile ilgili yapılan yazın taraması sonucunda statüye dayalı turizm tüketimine yönelik çalışmaların yabancı yazında birkaç çalışma ile sınırlı kaldığı görülürken; Türkçe yazında ise konuya yönelik teorik ya da ampirik bir çalışmaya rastlanmamıştır. Yapılan araştırmalar, turistlerin konforsuz bir seyahat veya fiziksel zorluklara hazır olmamaları pahasına dahi olsa, gerçekleştirmek istedikleri faaliyetlerin kendilerine statü ve prestij kazandıracak olması nedeniyle birtakım turistik faaliyetlere katılabileceklerini göstermiştir. Dünyadaki artışına paralel olarak, ülkemizde de lüks turizm destinasyonlarındaki, türlerindeki ve lüks segmentteki konaklama işletmelerindeki artış da göz önüne alınarak; statü temelli turizm tüketimi konusunun teorik anlamda ele alınmasının, özellikle yerli yazındaki boşluğu doldurması ve konu ile ilgili ileride yapılacak ampirik çalışmalara kaynak oluşturması açısından önemli olduğu düşünülmektedir. Çalışmanın ayrıca, turizm pazarlamacılarına ve destinasyon yöneticilerine de lüks turistik ürünler konusunda etkili pazarlama stratejileri geliştirmeleri açısından fikir verebileceği düşünülmektedir. 

Kaynakça

  • Aliabet, Serdar (2016). “Türkiye’de Lüks Turizm ve Lüks Tatil”, https://www.myfikirler.org/turkiyede-luks-turizm-ve-luks-tatil.html, Erişim Tarihi: 08.10.2018.
  • Alptekin, Cenk (2016). “Türkiye’de Lüks Turizm ve Lüks Tatil”, https://www.myfikirler.org/turkiyede-luks-turizm-ve-luks-tatil.html, Erişim Tarihi: 09.10.2018.
  • Amatulli, Cesare; Guido, Gianluigi (2012). Externalised vs. Internalised Consumption of Luxury Goods: Propositions and Implications for Luxury Retail Marketing. The International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research, 22(2), 189-207.
  • Aydın, Fatih (2016). “Türkiye’de Lüks Turizm ve Lüks Tatil”, https://www.myfikirler.org/turkiyede-luks-turizm-ve-luks-tatil.html, Erişim Tarihi: 09.10.2018.
  • Azman, Inoormaziah; Chan, Jennifer Kim Lian (2010). Health and Spa Tourism Business: Tourists’ Profiles and Motivational Factors. Health, Wellness and Tourism: Healthy Tourists, Healthy Business, 9-24.
  • Babaoğul, Müberra; Buğday, Esna Betül (2012). Gösteriş Tüketimine Karşı Gönüllü Sadelik. Tüketici Yazıları III, IISB:978-605-88778-2-5.
  • Baumeister, Roy; Leary, Mark (1995). The Need to Belong: Desire for Interpersonal Attachments as a Fundamental Human Motivation, Psychological Bulletin. The American Psychological Association, 117(3), 497-529.
  • Baumgarth, Carsten; Scheneider, Gülpınar; Ceritoğlu, Bahar (2008). Lüks Markalar Gerçekten Güçlü Markalar Mı: Türkiye’deki Temel, Premium ve Lüks Markaların Faydaları ve Marka Güçlerine İlişkin Ampirik Bir Çalışma. Marmara Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 2(25), 535-564.
  • Bearden, William; Hardesty, David; Rose, Randall (2001). Consumer Self-Confidence: Refinements in Conceptualization and Measurement. Journal of Consumer Research, 28(1), 121-134.
  • Benea, Ioana Alexandra (2014). Influences of Social Media on the Tourism and Hospitality Industry. Modul Vienna University, Department of New Media Technology, Bachelor Thesis, Vienna.
  • Berger, Jonah; Ward, Morgan (2010). Subtle Signals of Inconspicuous Consumption. Journal of Consumer Research, 37(4), 555-569.
  • Billings, Linda (2006). Exploration for the Masses? or Joyrides for the Ultra-Rich? Prospects for Space Tourism. Space Policy, 22(3), 162-164.
  • Boğa, Özlem; Başçı, Ahmet (2016). Ağızdan Ağıza Pazarlamanın Gösterişçi Tüketim Üzerine Etkisi. Öneri Dergisi, 12(45), 463-489.
  • Buzgan, Turan (2017). “Sağlık Turizminde Daha Fazla Para Harcanıyor”, https://www.dunya.com/saglik/saglik-turizminde-daha-fazla-para-harcaniyor-haberi-377738, Erişim Tarihi: 09.10.2018.
  • Campbell, John (2005). “Where Do We Stand? Common Mechanisms in Organizations and Social Movements Research.” in Social Movements and Organization Theory. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Clark, Ronald; Zboja, James; Goldsmith, Ronald (2007). Status Consumption and Role-Relaxed Consumption: A Tale of Two Retail Consumers. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 14(1), 45-59.
  • Correia, Antónia; Kozak, Metin (2012). Exploring Prestige and Status on Domestic Destinations: The Case of Algarve. Annals of Tourism Research, 39, 1951-67.
  • Correia, Antónia; Moital, Miguel (2009). Handbook of Tourist Behavior. New York: Routledge.
  • Crompton, John (1979). Motivations for Pleasure Vacation. Annals of Tourism Research, 6(4), 408-424.
  • Crouch, David (2013). Leisure/Tourism Geographies: Practices and Geographical Knowledge. Routledge.
  • Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly; Rochberghalton, Eugene (1981). Object Lessons. Psychology Today, 15(12), 79-85.
  • De Botton, Alain (2010). Statü Endişesi. (Çev: Ahu Sıla Bayer), Sel Yayıncılık.
  • Demirel, İdil (2018). “Farklı Kültürlerin Peşinde Lüks Tatil”, https://www.sabah.com.tr/turizm/2018/04/08/farkli-kulturlerin-pesinde-luks-tatil, Erişim Tarihi: 10.10.2018.
  • Duran, Hakan (2007). “Belek Zengin Turistin Gözde Mekânı Olacak”, http://www.turizmhaberleri.com/haberayrinti.asp?ID=5260, Erişim Tarihi: 09.10.2018.
  • Eastman, Jacqueline; Eastman, Kevin (2015). Conceptualizing a Model of Status Consumption Theory: An Exploration of the Antecedents and Consequences of the Motivation to Consume for Status. Marketing Management Journal, 25(1), 1-15.
  • Eastman, Jacqueline; Fredenberger, Bill; Campbell, David; Calvert, Stephen (1997). The Relationship between Status Consumption and Materialism: A Cross-cultural Comparison of Chinese, Mexican, and American student. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 5(1), 52-66.
  • Eastman, Jacqueline; Goldsmith, Ronald; Flynn, Leisa Reinecke (1999). Status Consumption in Consumer Behavior: Scale Development and Validation. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 7(3), 41-52.
  • Ger, Güliz; Belk, Russell (1996). Cross Cultural Differences in Materialism. Journal of Economic Psychology, 17(1), 55-77.
  • Godey, Bruno; Manthiou, Aikaterini; Pederzoli, Daniele; Rokka, Joonas; Aiello, Gaetano; Donvito, Raffaele; Singh, Rahul (2016). Social Media Marketing Efforts of Luxury Brands: Influence on Brand Equity and Consumer Behavior. Journal of Business Research, 69(12), 1-9.
  • Gottdiener, Mark (2000). New Forms of Consumption: Consumers, Culture, and Commodification, USA: Rowman&Littlefield Publishers.
  • Gökaliler, Ebru; Aybar, Ayda Sabuncuoğlu; Gülay, Göker (2011). Bir Statü Tüketimi Göstergesi Olarak Iphone Markalı Akıllı Telefon Algısı: Üniversite Öğrencileri Üzerine Bir Araştırma. Selçuk İletişim, 7(1), 36-48.
  • Güllülü, Uğur; Ünal, Sevtap; Bilgili, Bilsen (2010). Kendini Gösterim ve Kişilerarası Etkileşimin Gösterişçi Tüketim Üzerindeki Etkilerini Belirlemeye Yönelik Bir Araştırma. Hacettepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 28(1), 105-139.
  • Güneştutar, Ercan (2009). “Bir Yat, 40 Turistten Fazla Para Bırakıyor”, http://www.turizmhaberleri.com/haberayrinti.asp?ID=14478, Erişim Tarihi: 09.10.2018.
  • Han, Young Jee; Nunes, Joseph; Drèze, Xavier (2010). Signaling Status with Luxury Goods: The Role of Brand Prominence. Journal of Marketing, 74(4), 15-30.
  • Heaney, Joo-Gim; Goldsmith, Ronald; Jusoh, Wan Jamaliah Wan (2005). Status Consumption Among Malaysian Consumers: Exploring Its Relationships with Materialism and Attention-to-Social-Comparison-Information. Journal of International Consumer Marketing, 17(4), 83-98.
  • IPK International (2017). “ITB World Travel Trends Report 2016 / 2017”, https://www.itbberlin.de/media/itb/itb_dl_all/itb_presse_all/World_Travel_Trends_Report_2016_2017.pdf, Erişim Tarihi: 08.10.2018.
  • Ivanic, Aarti; Nunes, Joseph (2009). The Intrinsic Benefits of Status: The Effects of Evoking Rank. Advances in Consumer Research, 36, 12-13.
  • Karamehmet, Bilge; Aydın, Gökhan (2015). A Study on Consumer Perception of Luxery Destination in Turkey. Journal of Management Marketing and Logistics, 2(4), 307-318.
  • Kılıç, Büşra (2018). “Düğün ve Lüks Turizminde Yeni Strateji”, http://www.bik.gov.tr/dugun-ve-luks-turizminde-yeni-strateji/, Erişim Tarihi: 09.10.2018.
  • Kilsheimer, Jacqueline (1993). Status Consumption: The Development and Implications of a Scale Measuring the Motivation to Consume for Status. The Florida State University, Phd. Dissertation, UMI.
  • Kozhanazar, Arna (2014). Uzay Turizmi: Kazakistan’ın Uzay Turizmi Alanındaki Potansiyeli Üzerine Bir Analiz. İstanbul Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, İstanbul.
  • Liu, Hongbo; Wu, Laurie; Li, Xiang (2018). Social Media Envy: How Experience Sharing on Social Networking Sites Drives Millennials’ Aspirational Tourism Consumption. Journal of Travel Research, 2018, 0047287518761615.
  • MacCannell, Dean (1999). The Tourist: A New Theory of the Leisure Class. University of California Press.
  • Marcoux, Jean-Sebastien; Filiatrault, Pierre; Cheron, Emmanuel (1997). The Attitudes Underlying Preferences of Young Urban Educated Polish Consumers Towards Products Made in Western Countries. Journal of International Consumer Marketing, 9(4), 5-29.
  • Miller, Geoffrey (2012). Tüketimin Evrimi: Cinsiyet, Statü ve Tüketim. (Çev. Gülçin Vardar), İstanbul: Alfa Basım Yayım Dağıtım San. Tic. Ltd. Şti.
  • O'cass, Aron; Mcewen, Hmily (2004). Exploring Consumer Status and Conspicuous Consumption. Journal of Consumer Behaviour: An International Research Review, 4(1), 25-39.Odabaşı, Yavuz (1999). Tüketim Kültürü-Yetinen Toplumdan Tüketen Topluma. İstanbul: Sistem Yayıncılık.
  • Öztarakçı, Fatih (2017). “Deniz Üzerinde Lükste Sınır Tanımayan Turizmci”, http://www.bodrummuhabiri.com/deniz-uzerinde-lukste-sinir-tanimayan-turizmci/, Erişim Tarihi: 01.10.2018.
  • Öztürk, Ali Şafak (2016). “Türkiye’de Lüks Turizm ve Lüks Tatil”, https://www.myfikirler.org/turkiyede-luks-turizm-ve-luks-tatil.html, Erişim Tarihi: 09.10.2018.
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  • Roberts, James; Gwin, Carol; Martińez, Carlos Ruy (2014). The Influence of Family Structure on Consumer Behavior: A Re-Inquiry and Extension of Rindfleisch et al.(1997) in Mexico. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 12.1: 61-79.
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A Theoretical Overview of Status Based Tourism Consumption

Yıl 2019, Cilt 3, Sayı 3, 470 - 487, 31.10.2019
https://doi.org/10.32958/gastoria.579860

Öz

  • Despite the existence of researches which show that tourism preferences are mostly modeled according to status in the literature, it is observed that studies on tourism based on status as a result of literature review are limited to a few studies in foreign literature. It is also seen that there is also no theoretical or empirical study on status based tourism consumption in the Turkish literature. Researches has shown that even if the tourists are not ready for an uncomfortable travel or physical difficulties, they can participate in some touristic activities due to the fact that the activities they want to perform will give them status and prestige. In parallel to the increase in the world, taking into account the increase of luxury tourism destinations, types and accommodation establishments in the luxury segment in our country; the theoretical consideration of status-based tourism consumption is thought to be important especially in terms of filling the gap in domestic literature and providing a source for future empirical studies. It is also thought that the study will provide an opportunity for tourism marketers and destination managers to develop effective marketing strategies for luxury touristic products.

Kaynakça

  • Aliabet, Serdar (2016). “Türkiye’de Lüks Turizm ve Lüks Tatil”, https://www.myfikirler.org/turkiyede-luks-turizm-ve-luks-tatil.html, Erişim Tarihi: 08.10.2018.
  • Alptekin, Cenk (2016). “Türkiye’de Lüks Turizm ve Lüks Tatil”, https://www.myfikirler.org/turkiyede-luks-turizm-ve-luks-tatil.html, Erişim Tarihi: 09.10.2018.
  • Amatulli, Cesare; Guido, Gianluigi (2012). Externalised vs. Internalised Consumption of Luxury Goods: Propositions and Implications for Luxury Retail Marketing. The International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research, 22(2), 189-207.
  • Aydın, Fatih (2016). “Türkiye’de Lüks Turizm ve Lüks Tatil”, https://www.myfikirler.org/turkiyede-luks-turizm-ve-luks-tatil.html, Erişim Tarihi: 09.10.2018.
  • Azman, Inoormaziah; Chan, Jennifer Kim Lian (2010). Health and Spa Tourism Business: Tourists’ Profiles and Motivational Factors. Health, Wellness and Tourism: Healthy Tourists, Healthy Business, 9-24.
  • Babaoğul, Müberra; Buğday, Esna Betül (2012). Gösteriş Tüketimine Karşı Gönüllü Sadelik. Tüketici Yazıları III, IISB:978-605-88778-2-5.
  • Baumeister, Roy; Leary, Mark (1995). The Need to Belong: Desire for Interpersonal Attachments as a Fundamental Human Motivation, Psychological Bulletin. The American Psychological Association, 117(3), 497-529.
  • Baumgarth, Carsten; Scheneider, Gülpınar; Ceritoğlu, Bahar (2008). Lüks Markalar Gerçekten Güçlü Markalar Mı: Türkiye’deki Temel, Premium ve Lüks Markaların Faydaları ve Marka Güçlerine İlişkin Ampirik Bir Çalışma. Marmara Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 2(25), 535-564.
  • Bearden, William; Hardesty, David; Rose, Randall (2001). Consumer Self-Confidence: Refinements in Conceptualization and Measurement. Journal of Consumer Research, 28(1), 121-134.
  • Benea, Ioana Alexandra (2014). Influences of Social Media on the Tourism and Hospitality Industry. Modul Vienna University, Department of New Media Technology, Bachelor Thesis, Vienna.
  • Berger, Jonah; Ward, Morgan (2010). Subtle Signals of Inconspicuous Consumption. Journal of Consumer Research, 37(4), 555-569.
  • Billings, Linda (2006). Exploration for the Masses? or Joyrides for the Ultra-Rich? Prospects for Space Tourism. Space Policy, 22(3), 162-164.
  • Boğa, Özlem; Başçı, Ahmet (2016). Ağızdan Ağıza Pazarlamanın Gösterişçi Tüketim Üzerine Etkisi. Öneri Dergisi, 12(45), 463-489.
  • Buzgan, Turan (2017). “Sağlık Turizminde Daha Fazla Para Harcanıyor”, https://www.dunya.com/saglik/saglik-turizminde-daha-fazla-para-harcaniyor-haberi-377738, Erişim Tarihi: 09.10.2018.
  • Campbell, John (2005). “Where Do We Stand? Common Mechanisms in Organizations and Social Movements Research.” in Social Movements and Organization Theory. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Clark, Ronald; Zboja, James; Goldsmith, Ronald (2007). Status Consumption and Role-Relaxed Consumption: A Tale of Two Retail Consumers. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 14(1), 45-59.
  • Correia, Antónia; Kozak, Metin (2012). Exploring Prestige and Status on Domestic Destinations: The Case of Algarve. Annals of Tourism Research, 39, 1951-67.
  • Correia, Antónia; Moital, Miguel (2009). Handbook of Tourist Behavior. New York: Routledge.
  • Crompton, John (1979). Motivations for Pleasure Vacation. Annals of Tourism Research, 6(4), 408-424.
  • Crouch, David (2013). Leisure/Tourism Geographies: Practices and Geographical Knowledge. Routledge.
  • Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly; Rochberghalton, Eugene (1981). Object Lessons. Psychology Today, 15(12), 79-85.
  • De Botton, Alain (2010). Statü Endişesi. (Çev: Ahu Sıla Bayer), Sel Yayıncılık.
  • Demirel, İdil (2018). “Farklı Kültürlerin Peşinde Lüks Tatil”, https://www.sabah.com.tr/turizm/2018/04/08/farkli-kulturlerin-pesinde-luks-tatil, Erişim Tarihi: 10.10.2018.
  • Duran, Hakan (2007). “Belek Zengin Turistin Gözde Mekânı Olacak”, http://www.turizmhaberleri.com/haberayrinti.asp?ID=5260, Erişim Tarihi: 09.10.2018.
  • Eastman, Jacqueline; Eastman, Kevin (2015). Conceptualizing a Model of Status Consumption Theory: An Exploration of the Antecedents and Consequences of the Motivation to Consume for Status. Marketing Management Journal, 25(1), 1-15.
  • Eastman, Jacqueline; Fredenberger, Bill; Campbell, David; Calvert, Stephen (1997). The Relationship between Status Consumption and Materialism: A Cross-cultural Comparison of Chinese, Mexican, and American student. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 5(1), 52-66.
  • Eastman, Jacqueline; Goldsmith, Ronald; Flynn, Leisa Reinecke (1999). Status Consumption in Consumer Behavior: Scale Development and Validation. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 7(3), 41-52.
  • Ger, Güliz; Belk, Russell (1996). Cross Cultural Differences in Materialism. Journal of Economic Psychology, 17(1), 55-77.
  • Godey, Bruno; Manthiou, Aikaterini; Pederzoli, Daniele; Rokka, Joonas; Aiello, Gaetano; Donvito, Raffaele; Singh, Rahul (2016). Social Media Marketing Efforts of Luxury Brands: Influence on Brand Equity and Consumer Behavior. Journal of Business Research, 69(12), 1-9.
  • Gottdiener, Mark (2000). New Forms of Consumption: Consumers, Culture, and Commodification, USA: Rowman&Littlefield Publishers.
  • Gökaliler, Ebru; Aybar, Ayda Sabuncuoğlu; Gülay, Göker (2011). Bir Statü Tüketimi Göstergesi Olarak Iphone Markalı Akıllı Telefon Algısı: Üniversite Öğrencileri Üzerine Bir Araştırma. Selçuk İletişim, 7(1), 36-48.
  • Güllülü, Uğur; Ünal, Sevtap; Bilgili, Bilsen (2010). Kendini Gösterim ve Kişilerarası Etkileşimin Gösterişçi Tüketim Üzerindeki Etkilerini Belirlemeye Yönelik Bir Araştırma. Hacettepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 28(1), 105-139.
  • Güneştutar, Ercan (2009). “Bir Yat, 40 Turistten Fazla Para Bırakıyor”, http://www.turizmhaberleri.com/haberayrinti.asp?ID=14478, Erişim Tarihi: 09.10.2018.
  • Han, Young Jee; Nunes, Joseph; Drèze, Xavier (2010). Signaling Status with Luxury Goods: The Role of Brand Prominence. Journal of Marketing, 74(4), 15-30.
  • Heaney, Joo-Gim; Goldsmith, Ronald; Jusoh, Wan Jamaliah Wan (2005). Status Consumption Among Malaysian Consumers: Exploring Its Relationships with Materialism and Attention-to-Social-Comparison-Information. Journal of International Consumer Marketing, 17(4), 83-98.
  • IPK International (2017). “ITB World Travel Trends Report 2016 / 2017”, https://www.itbberlin.de/media/itb/itb_dl_all/itb_presse_all/World_Travel_Trends_Report_2016_2017.pdf, Erişim Tarihi: 08.10.2018.
  • Ivanic, Aarti; Nunes, Joseph (2009). The Intrinsic Benefits of Status: The Effects of Evoking Rank. Advances in Consumer Research, 36, 12-13.
  • Karamehmet, Bilge; Aydın, Gökhan (2015). A Study on Consumer Perception of Luxery Destination in Turkey. Journal of Management Marketing and Logistics, 2(4), 307-318.
  • Kılıç, Büşra (2018). “Düğün ve Lüks Turizminde Yeni Strateji”, http://www.bik.gov.tr/dugun-ve-luks-turizminde-yeni-strateji/, Erişim Tarihi: 09.10.2018.
  • Kilsheimer, Jacqueline (1993). Status Consumption: The Development and Implications of a Scale Measuring the Motivation to Consume for Status. The Florida State University, Phd. Dissertation, UMI.
  • Kozhanazar, Arna (2014). Uzay Turizmi: Kazakistan’ın Uzay Turizmi Alanındaki Potansiyeli Üzerine Bir Analiz. İstanbul Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, İstanbul.
  • Liu, Hongbo; Wu, Laurie; Li, Xiang (2018). Social Media Envy: How Experience Sharing on Social Networking Sites Drives Millennials’ Aspirational Tourism Consumption. Journal of Travel Research, 2018, 0047287518761615.
  • MacCannell, Dean (1999). The Tourist: A New Theory of the Leisure Class. University of California Press.
  • Marcoux, Jean-Sebastien; Filiatrault, Pierre; Cheron, Emmanuel (1997). The Attitudes Underlying Preferences of Young Urban Educated Polish Consumers Towards Products Made in Western Countries. Journal of International Consumer Marketing, 9(4), 5-29.
  • Miller, Geoffrey (2012). Tüketimin Evrimi: Cinsiyet, Statü ve Tüketim. (Çev. Gülçin Vardar), İstanbul: Alfa Basım Yayım Dağıtım San. Tic. Ltd. Şti.
  • O'cass, Aron; Mcewen, Hmily (2004). Exploring Consumer Status and Conspicuous Consumption. Journal of Consumer Behaviour: An International Research Review, 4(1), 25-39.Odabaşı, Yavuz (1999). Tüketim Kültürü-Yetinen Toplumdan Tüketen Topluma. İstanbul: Sistem Yayıncılık.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Buket BULUK> (Sorumlu Yazar)
ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TURİZM FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-5646-6166
Türkiye


Sabri Haluk ERDEM>
ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TURİZM FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-4007-1175
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum YOKTUR
Proje Numarası YOKTUR
Teşekkür YOKTUR
Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Ekim 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 3, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @tez Özeti { gastoria579860, journal = {Gastroia: Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research}, issn = {2602-4144}, address = {}, publisher = {Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {3}, number = {3}, pages = {470 - 487}, doi = {10.32958/gastoria.579860}, title = {Statü Temelli Turizm Tüketimine Teorik Bir Bakış}, key = {cite}, author = {Buluk, Buket and Erdem, Sabri Haluk} }
APA Buluk, B. & Erdem, S. H. (2019). Statü Temelli Turizm Tüketimine Teorik Bir Bakış . Gastroia: Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research , Vol. 3 No.3 , 470-487 . DOI: 10.32958/gastoria.579860
MLA Buluk, B. , Erdem, S. H. "Statü Temelli Turizm Tüketimine Teorik Bir Bakış" . Gastroia: Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research 3 (2019 ): 470-487 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gastoria/issue/50020/579860>
Chicago Buluk, B. , Erdem, S. H. "Statü Temelli Turizm Tüketimine Teorik Bir Bakış". Gastroia: Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research 3 (2019 ): 470-487
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Statü Temelli Turizm Tüketimine Teorik Bir Bakış AU - BuketBuluk, Sabri HalukErdem Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.32958/gastoria.579860 DO - 10.32958/gastoria.579860 T2 - Gastroia: Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 470 EP - 487 VL - 3 IS - 3 SN - 2602-4144- M3 - doi: 10.32958/gastoria.579860 UR - https://doi.org/10.32958/gastoria.579860 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Gastroia: Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research Statü Temelli Turizm Tüketimine Teorik Bir Bakış %A Buket Buluk , Sabri Haluk Erdem %T Statü Temelli Turizm Tüketimine Teorik Bir Bakış %D 2019 %J Gastroia: Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research %P 2602-4144- %V 3 %N 3 %R doi: 10.32958/gastoria.579860 %U 10.32958/gastoria.579860
ISNAD Buluk, Buket , Erdem, Sabri Haluk . "Statü Temelli Turizm Tüketimine Teorik Bir Bakış". Gastroia: Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research 3 / 3 (Ekim 2019): 470-487 . https://doi.org/10.32958/gastoria.579860
AMA Buluk B. , Erdem S. H. Statü Temelli Turizm Tüketimine Teorik Bir Bakış. Gastroia: Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research. 2019; 3(3): 470-487.
Vancouver Buluk B. , Erdem S. H. Statü Temelli Turizm Tüketimine Teorik Bir Bakış. Gastroia: Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research. 2019; 3(3): 470-487.
IEEE B. Buluk ve S. H. Erdem , "Statü Temelli Turizm Tüketimine Teorik Bir Bakış", Gastroia: Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research, c. 3, sayı. 3, ss. 470-487, Eki. 2019, doi:10.32958/gastoria.579860