BibTex RIS Kaynak Göster

Impact Of Guidance In Semantic Web Based Instruction On Attainment And Retention

Yıl 2013, Cilt: 2013 Sayı: 1, 1 - 16, 01.03.2013

Öz

The aim of this research is to define the impact of guidance in semantic web-based instruction on attainment and retention. Independent variable of the research is Semantic Web-Based Learning Environment. The independent variable has two sub-levels: Semantic Web-Based Learning Environment with Guidance and Semantic Web-Based Learning Environment with No Guidance. Dependent variables of the research are attainment and retention. The research was conducted in autumn semester of 2012-2013 academic year with the participation of 8th grade students at Muğla Türdü 100. Yıl Middle School. The students were impartially assigned to guided and non-guided Semantic Web-Based Learning Environments. The study was completed with 69 students that fully participated in the experimental process. Findings indicates a significant difference between the post-test scores on students in the Semantic Web-Based Learning Environment with Guidance and with No Guidance, adjusted according to pre-test scores. The findings show no significant difference between retention test scores of groups, adjusted according to post-test scores.

Kaynakça

  • ANKOLEKAR, A., KRÖTZSCH, M., (vd.), (2008). “The Two Cultures: Mashing Up Web 0 And The Semantic Web”. Journal Web Semantics, 6(1), 70-75.
  • (BATEMAN-FARZAN v.d., 2006). OATS: The Open Annotation And Tagging System, Retrieved March, 23, 2013, from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.61.9222&rep=rep1&type=pf.
  • BERNERS LEE, T. (1996) The World Wide Web: Past, Present And Future, Retrieved September 18, 2013, from http://www.w3.org/People/Berners-Lee/1996/ppf.html.
  • (BERNERS-HENDLER v.d., 2001). The Semantic Web. Scientific American, 284(5),34-43.
  • DERYAKULU, D. (2000). Yapıcı Öğrenme, A. Şimşek (Ed.), Sınıfta Demokrasi (s.) 53-77, Eğitim-Sen: Ankara.
  • DEVEDŽIĆ, V. (2006). Semantic Web And Education, Springer: New York, USA.
  • DOAN, B. L., & BOURDA, Y. (2006). An Educational System Based On Several Ontologies, Paper Presented At The The Sixth International Conference On Advanced Learning Technologies, Kerkrade, The Netherlands.
  • DOWLING, S. (2011). “Web-Based Learning: Moving From Learning Islands To Learning Environments”. The Electronic Journal for English as a Second Language, 15(2), 1-27.
  • DOWNES, S. (2005). E-learning 0, Retrieved June, 15, 2012, from http://elearnmag.acm.org/featured.cfm?aid=1104968.
  • DUTTA, B. (2006). Semantic Web Based E-Learning. Paper presented at the DRTC Conference on ICT for Digital Learning Environment, DRTC, Bangalore.
  • GAGNÉ, R. M. (1985). The Conditions Of Learning (4th ed.), Holt, Rinehart & Winston: New York.
  • (GAGNÉ-BRIGGS v.d., 1992). Principles Of İnstructional Design (4th ed.), Holt, Rinehart and Winston: New York.
  • (GAŠEVIĆ-JOVANOVIĆ v.d., 2007). “Ontology-Based Annotation Of Learning Objects Content. Interactive Learning Environment”s, 15(1), (s.), 1-26.
  • (HENZE-DOLOG v.d., 2004). “Reasoning And Ontologies For Personalized E-Learning İn The Semantic Web”. Educational Technology&Society, 7(4), (s.), 82-97.
  • (JOVANOVIĆ-GASEVIĆ v.d., 2005). “Ontology of learning object content structure”, Paper presented at the 12th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, Amsterdam.
  • (JOVANOVIĆ-KNIGHT v.d., 2006). “Learning Object Context On The Semantic Web”, Paper presented at the Sixth International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, Kerkrade, The Netherlands.
  • KURTEL, K. (2008) “Web’in Geleceği: Anlamsal Web”, Ege Akademik Bakış, (S.), 8(1), (s.), 205-2
  • KNIGHT, C., & RICHARDS, G. (2006). “An Ontology-Based Framework For Bridging Learning Design And Learning Content”. Educational Technology & Society, (S.), 9(1), (s.), 23–
  • MCLOUGHLIN, C., & LEE, M. J. W. (2010). “Personalised And Self Regulated Learning İn The Web 2.0 Era: Internal Exemplars Of İnnovative Pedagogy Using Social Software”, Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, (S.), 26(1), (s.), 28-43.
  • MERRILL, D. M. (2002). “First Principles Of İnstruction”. Educational Technology Research and Development, (S.), 50 (3),(s.), 43-59.
  • (NEJDL-WOLF v.d., 2002). EDUTELLA: A P2p Networking Infrastructure Based On RDF, Paper Presented At The 11th World Wide Web Conference (WWW2002), Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.
  • (NELSON-PALMER v.d., 2003). The LOM-RDF Binding-Priciples And İmplementation, Paper Presented At The 3rd Annual Ariadne Conference, Leuven, Belgium.
  • O’REILLY, T. (2005). What İs Web 2.0: Design Patterns And Business Models For The Next Generation Of Software, Retrieved January 12, 2013, from http://oreilly.com/web2/archive/what-is-web-20.html 12 Ocak 2013.
  • ROSEN, D., NELSON, C. (2008) “Web 2.0: A New Generation Of Learners And Education", Computers İn The Schools, Special Issue: A Special Issue on Web 2.0 in Education, 25(3-4), 211-2 doi:10.1080/07380560802370997.
  • SBIHI, B. (2009). “Towards A New Vision Of Web 2.0”, Georgian Electronic Scientific Journal: Computer Science and Telecommunications, 6(23), (s.), 36-46.
  • SUKIC, C. (2009). “Improving Elearning By Personalization”. Tecnics Technologies Education Management, 4(1), (s.), 15-20.
  • (THAKAR-MEENA v.d., 2010). “Olearner - An Ontology Based Learning Content Management System To Support Semantic Search And Contribution Of Learning Objects”. Journal of Algorithms and Computational Technology, 4(4), (s.), 587–605.
  • (VERBERT-KLERKX v.d., 2004, 25-29). Towards A Global Component Architecture For Learning Objects: An Ontology Based Approach. Paper presented at the OTM 2004 Workshop on Ontologies, Semantics and E-learning, Agia Napa, Cyprus.
  • VYGOTSKY, L. (1978). Mind İn Society: The Development Of Higher Psychological Processes. Harvard University Press: Cambridge, MA.
  • W3C. (1999). Resource description framework (RDF) model and syntax specification, Retrieved January 1, 2013, from http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-rdf-syntax-19990222/.
  • WILEY, D. A. (2001). Connecting Learning Objects To İnstructional Design Theory: A Definition, A Metaphor, And A Taxanomy. Retrieved October 14, 2013, from http://reusability.org/read/chapters/wiley.doc.
  • YALIN, H. İ. (2008). Öğretim Teknolojileri Ve Materyal Geliştirme (20. basım), Nobel Yayın Dağıtım: Ankara.
  • YANG, W., & CHEN, X. (2007). Applying Semantic Web Technologies To E-Learning, Paper Presented At The 3rd International Conference On Wireless Communications, Networking And Mobile Computing, New York, USA.

Anlamsal Web Temelli Öğretimde Yönlendirmenin Kazanıma Ve Kalıcılığa Etkisi

Yıl 2013, Cilt: 2013 Sayı: 1, 1 - 16, 01.03.2013

Öz

Bu araştırmanın amacı Anlamsal Web Temelli Öğretimde yönlendirmenin kazanıma ve kalıcılığa etkisini belirlemektir. Araştırmada öntest sontest kontrol gruplu deneysel desen kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın bağımsız değişkeni Anlamsal Web Temelli Öğrenme Ortamıdır. Bağımsız değişkenin iki alt düzeyi bulunmaktadır: yönlendirmenin olduğu Anlamsal Web Temelli Öğrenme Ortamı ve yönlendirmenin olmadığı Anlamsal Web Temelli Öğrenme Ortamı. Araştırmanın bağımlı değişkenleri ise kazanım ve kalıcılıktır. Araştırma, 2012-2013 güz döneminde, Muğla-Merkez Türdü 100. Yıl Ortaokulu 8.sınıf öğrencileri ile yürütülmüştür. Öğrenciler öğrenme ortamlarına yansız olarak atanmıştır ve araştırma deneysel sürecin tümüne katılan 69 öğrenci ile tamamlanmıştır. Araştırma sonuçları, öntest puanları kontrol edildiğinde yönlendirme olan ve olmayan Anlamsal Web Temelli Öğrenme Ortamında çalışan öğrencilerin sontest puanları arasında anlamlı bir farklılık olduğunu göstermiştir. Gruplar arasında sontest puanlarına göre düzeltilmiş kalıcılık testi puanları arasında ise anlamlı bir fark bulunamamıştır.

Kaynakça

  • ANKOLEKAR, A., KRÖTZSCH, M., (vd.), (2008). “The Two Cultures: Mashing Up Web 0 And The Semantic Web”. Journal Web Semantics, 6(1), 70-75.
  • (BATEMAN-FARZAN v.d., 2006). OATS: The Open Annotation And Tagging System, Retrieved March, 23, 2013, from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.61.9222&rep=rep1&type=pf.
  • BERNERS LEE, T. (1996) The World Wide Web: Past, Present And Future, Retrieved September 18, 2013, from http://www.w3.org/People/Berners-Lee/1996/ppf.html.
  • (BERNERS-HENDLER v.d., 2001). The Semantic Web. Scientific American, 284(5),34-43.
  • DERYAKULU, D. (2000). Yapıcı Öğrenme, A. Şimşek (Ed.), Sınıfta Demokrasi (s.) 53-77, Eğitim-Sen: Ankara.
  • DEVEDŽIĆ, V. (2006). Semantic Web And Education, Springer: New York, USA.
  • DOAN, B. L., & BOURDA, Y. (2006). An Educational System Based On Several Ontologies, Paper Presented At The The Sixth International Conference On Advanced Learning Technologies, Kerkrade, The Netherlands.
  • DOWLING, S. (2011). “Web-Based Learning: Moving From Learning Islands To Learning Environments”. The Electronic Journal for English as a Second Language, 15(2), 1-27.
  • DOWNES, S. (2005). E-learning 0, Retrieved June, 15, 2012, from http://elearnmag.acm.org/featured.cfm?aid=1104968.
  • DUTTA, B. (2006). Semantic Web Based E-Learning. Paper presented at the DRTC Conference on ICT for Digital Learning Environment, DRTC, Bangalore.
  • GAGNÉ, R. M. (1985). The Conditions Of Learning (4th ed.), Holt, Rinehart & Winston: New York.
  • (GAGNÉ-BRIGGS v.d., 1992). Principles Of İnstructional Design (4th ed.), Holt, Rinehart and Winston: New York.
  • (GAŠEVIĆ-JOVANOVIĆ v.d., 2007). “Ontology-Based Annotation Of Learning Objects Content. Interactive Learning Environment”s, 15(1), (s.), 1-26.
  • (HENZE-DOLOG v.d., 2004). “Reasoning And Ontologies For Personalized E-Learning İn The Semantic Web”. Educational Technology&Society, 7(4), (s.), 82-97.
  • (JOVANOVIĆ-GASEVIĆ v.d., 2005). “Ontology of learning object content structure”, Paper presented at the 12th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, Amsterdam.
  • (JOVANOVIĆ-KNIGHT v.d., 2006). “Learning Object Context On The Semantic Web”, Paper presented at the Sixth International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, Kerkrade, The Netherlands.
  • KURTEL, K. (2008) “Web’in Geleceği: Anlamsal Web”, Ege Akademik Bakış, (S.), 8(1), (s.), 205-2
  • KNIGHT, C., & RICHARDS, G. (2006). “An Ontology-Based Framework For Bridging Learning Design And Learning Content”. Educational Technology & Society, (S.), 9(1), (s.), 23–
  • MCLOUGHLIN, C., & LEE, M. J. W. (2010). “Personalised And Self Regulated Learning İn The Web 2.0 Era: Internal Exemplars Of İnnovative Pedagogy Using Social Software”, Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, (S.), 26(1), (s.), 28-43.
  • MERRILL, D. M. (2002). “First Principles Of İnstruction”. Educational Technology Research and Development, (S.), 50 (3),(s.), 43-59.
  • (NEJDL-WOLF v.d., 2002). EDUTELLA: A P2p Networking Infrastructure Based On RDF, Paper Presented At The 11th World Wide Web Conference (WWW2002), Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.
  • (NELSON-PALMER v.d., 2003). The LOM-RDF Binding-Priciples And İmplementation, Paper Presented At The 3rd Annual Ariadne Conference, Leuven, Belgium.
  • O’REILLY, T. (2005). What İs Web 2.0: Design Patterns And Business Models For The Next Generation Of Software, Retrieved January 12, 2013, from http://oreilly.com/web2/archive/what-is-web-20.html 12 Ocak 2013.
  • ROSEN, D., NELSON, C. (2008) “Web 2.0: A New Generation Of Learners And Education", Computers İn The Schools, Special Issue: A Special Issue on Web 2.0 in Education, 25(3-4), 211-2 doi:10.1080/07380560802370997.
  • SBIHI, B. (2009). “Towards A New Vision Of Web 2.0”, Georgian Electronic Scientific Journal: Computer Science and Telecommunications, 6(23), (s.), 36-46.
  • SUKIC, C. (2009). “Improving Elearning By Personalization”. Tecnics Technologies Education Management, 4(1), (s.), 15-20.
  • (THAKAR-MEENA v.d., 2010). “Olearner - An Ontology Based Learning Content Management System To Support Semantic Search And Contribution Of Learning Objects”. Journal of Algorithms and Computational Technology, 4(4), (s.), 587–605.
  • (VERBERT-KLERKX v.d., 2004, 25-29). Towards A Global Component Architecture For Learning Objects: An Ontology Based Approach. Paper presented at the OTM 2004 Workshop on Ontologies, Semantics and E-learning, Agia Napa, Cyprus.
  • VYGOTSKY, L. (1978). Mind İn Society: The Development Of Higher Psychological Processes. Harvard University Press: Cambridge, MA.
  • W3C. (1999). Resource description framework (RDF) model and syntax specification, Retrieved January 1, 2013, from http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-rdf-syntax-19990222/.
  • WILEY, D. A. (2001). Connecting Learning Objects To İnstructional Design Theory: A Definition, A Metaphor, And A Taxanomy. Retrieved October 14, 2013, from http://reusability.org/read/chapters/wiley.doc.
  • YALIN, H. İ. (2008). Öğretim Teknolojileri Ve Materyal Geliştirme (20. basım), Nobel Yayın Dağıtım: Ankara.
  • YANG, W., & CHEN, X. (2007). Applying Semantic Web Technologies To E-Learning, Paper Presented At The 3rd International Conference On Wireless Communications, Networking And Mobile Computing, New York, USA.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Halit KARALAR Bu kişi benim

Doç. Dr. Selçuk ÖZDEMİR Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Mart 2013
Gönderilme Tarihi 17 Haziran 2014
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2013 Cilt: 2013 Sayı: 1

Kaynak Göster

APA KARALAR, H., & ÖZDEMİR, D. D. S. (2013). Anlamsal Web Temelli Öğretimde Yönlendirmenin Kazanıma Ve Kalıcılığa Etkisi. Uluslararası Türk Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi, 2013(1), 1-16.