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Causes of Work Accidents Experienced by Healthcare Workers: A Retrospective Five-Year Study

Yıl 2022, Cilt 11, Sayı 2, 723 - 729, 30.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.1000867

Öz

Occupational accidents are health and safety issues specific to working life. The person, place and time characteristics of work accidents can be examined. Examination of these points will be beneficial in preventing accidents. The aim of this study is to investigate the causes of occupational accidents the healthcare workers in a children’s hospital are exposed to. In this descriptive study, healthcare workers who experienced occupational accidents in a children’s hospital, were included. Occupational accident forms of the Hospital Occupational Health and Safety Unit between 2015 and 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 100 occupational accidents were reported in the last five years. The mean age of the employees who were exposed to occupational accidents was 32.6±8.5 years. 63% of the employees were women. The mean years of employment of the employees was 8.7±7.3 years. In terms of profession, 70% of the employees were nurses and 19% were cleaning staff. 45% of the occupational accidents occurred in intensive care units and 26% in pediatric clinics. 60% of the accidents occurred in the morning hours. 72% of occupational accidents were needlestick injuries, 9% were falling or bumping, 8% were exposure to blood and other infectious fluids. Most of the NSIs in nurses occurred while applying treatment, drawing blood, establishing vascular access and due to patient movement, respectively. In conclusion, the most common occupational accidents in hospitals are needlestick injuries. Among the employees, those who are exposed to work-related injuries most frequently are nurses and cleaning staff.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Bilir, N. ve Yıldız A.N. (2013). İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliği. Ankara: Hacettepe Üniversitesi Yayınları.
  • 2. International Labour Organization. (1998). Statistics of occupational injuries, Sixteenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians. Erişim adresi: https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---stat/documents/normativeinstrument/wcms_087528.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 27 Mart 2021).
  • 3. Fazili, A.B, Shah, R.J, Iqbal, Q.M, Wani, F.A. and Beenish, M. (2017). Occupational Exposure and Needlestick Injuries among Employees of a Tertiary Care Institute in Kashmir. Int J Cur Res Rev, 9 (7), 44-48.
  • 4. Quixabeiro, E.L. and Hennington É.A. (2021). Occupational exposure to sharp instrument injuries in a federal hospital. Rev Bras Med Trab, 18 (4), 381-389. https://doi.org/10.47626/1679-4435-2020-515
  • 5. Valsan C, Paul, J, Kuttichira, P, Varghese, R. and Joseph, S. (2017). Magnitude and profile of occupational exposures to blood and body fluids among health-care workers: A study from a tertiary care teaching hospital. J Patient Saf Infect Control, 5, 47-51.
  • 6. Saadeh, R, Khairallah, K, Abozeid, H, Al Rashdan, L, Alfaqih, M. and Alkhatatbeh, O. (2020). Needle Stick and Sharp Injuries Among Healthcare Workers: A retrospective six-year study. Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J, 20 (1), e54-e62. https://www.doi.org/10.18295/squmj.2020.20.01.008
  • 7. Kocur, E, Śliwa-Rak, B. and Grosicki, S. (2016). Analysis of occupational exposures to blood registered in the General Hospital in Zabrze in the years 2006-2015. Przegl Epidemiol, 70 (4), 603-615.
  • 8. Abdel-Hamied, A.M. (2017). Determinants of behavior of health care workers at Mansoura National Hospital toward needlestick injuries and hepatitis B virus infection. Benha Med J, 34, 49-57.
  • 9. Durduran, Y, Demir, L, Uyar, M, Demirtaş, A, Erdoğan, A, ve Arbağ, H. (2019). Retrospective view to occupational accidents and near miss events in healthcare staff. Kocatepe Medical Journal, 20 (3), 131-136.
  • 10. Cebeci, H. (2013). Work-Related Accidents And Employee Safety In The Hospitals: An Application At Karabuk City Centre. Business & Management Studies: An International Journal, 1 (1), 62-82. https://doi.org/10.15295/bmij.v1.i1.18
  • 11. İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliği Kanunu. (2012). Resmi Gazete. 6331, 20/06/2012.
  • 12. Sosyal Güvenlik Kurumu. (2019). SGK İstatistik Yıllıkları. Erişim adresi: http://www.sgk.gov.tr/wps/portal/sgk/tr/kurumsal/istatistik/sgk_istatistik_yilliklari (Erişim Tarihi: 7 Temmuz 2021).
  • 13. Win, K.N, Omar, N.A.A, Tuah, N.A.A, Trivedi, A.A. and Lai A,S,C. (2020). Incidence Of Occupational Sharps Injuries And Follow Up Pattern Among Healthcare Workers In Brunei Darussalam. Brunei Int Med J, 16, 42-48.
  • 14. Toraman, A.R, Battal, F, Ozturk, K. and Akcin, B. (2011). Sharps Injury Prevention for Hospital Workers. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 17 (4), 455-461.
  • 15. Gomes, S.C.S, Mendonça, I.V.d.S, Oliveira, L.P, Caldas. and A.d.J.M. (2019). Workplace accidents among hospital cleaning professionals at a hospital in the city of Maranhão, Brazil. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 24 (11), 4123-4132. https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320182411.26752017
  • 16. Elmiyeh, B, Whitaker, I.S, James, M.J, Chahal, C.A, Galea, A. and Alshafi, K.(2004). Needle-stick injuries in the National Health Service: a culture of silence. JR Soc Med, 97 (7), 326-327. doi:10.1258/jrsm.97.7.326
  • 17. Amini, M, Behzadnia, M.J, Saboori, F, Bahadori, M. and Ravangard, R. (2015). Needle-Stick Injuries Among Healthcare Workers in a Teaching Hospital. Trauma Mon, 20 (4), e18829. doi:10.5812/traumamon.18829
  • 18. Voide, C, Darling, K.E, Kenfak-Foguena A, Erard, V, Cavassini, M, and Lazor-Blanchet C. (2012). Underreporting of needlestick and sharps injuries among healthcare workers in a Swiss University Hospital. Swiss Med Wkly, 10 (142), w13523. https://www.doi.org/10.4414/smw.2012.13523
  • 19. Katsevman, G.A, Sedney, C.L, Braca-Iii, J.A, and Hatchett, L. (2020). Interdisciplinary differences in needlestick injuries among healthcare professionals in training: Improving situational awareness to prevent high-risk injuries. Work, 65 (3), 635-645. https://www.doi.org/10.3233/WOR-203118
  • 20. de Lima, G.M.N, Kawanami, G.H. and Romeiro, F.G. (2017). Occupational exposures to biological material among health professionals of Bauru Base Hospital: preventive and post-exposure measures. Rev Bras Med Trab, 15 (3), 194-199. https://www.doi.org/10.5327/Z1679443520170001

Sağlık Çalışanlarının Yaşadığı İş Kazalarının Sebepleri: Retrospektif Beş Yıllık Bir Çalışma

Yıl 2022, Cilt 11, Sayı 2, 723 - 729, 30.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.1000867

Öz

İş kazaları, çalışma hayatına özgü sağlık ve güvenlik konularıdır. İş kazalarının kişi, yer ve zaman özellikleri incelenebilir. Bu noktaların incelenmesi kazaların önlenmesi çalışmalarında yarar sağlayacaktır. Bu çalışma, çocuk hastalıkları hastanesinde çalışan sağlık çalışanlarının maruz kaldıkları iş kazası nedenlerinin araştırılması amacıyla yapılmıştır. Tanımlayıcı tipteki bu araştırma, Çocuk Hastalıkları Hastanesinde iş kazasına maruz kalan sağlık çalışanları kapsamaktadır. Hastane İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliği Birimi’nin 2015- 2019 yılları arasındaki iş kazası formları retrospektif olarak incelenmiştir. Son beş yılda toplam 100 iş kazası bildirilmiştir. İş kazasına maruz kalan çalışanların yaş ortalaması 32,6±8,5dır. Çalışanların %63’u kadındır. Çalışanların ortalama çalışma süresi 8,7±7,3 yıldır. Mesleklerine göre çalışanların %70’i hemşire, %19’u temizlik personellerinden oluşmaktadır. İş kazaların % 45’i yoğun bakımlarda, %26’sı çocuk servislerinde olmuştur. Bu iş kazaların %60’ı sabah saatlerinde meydana gelmiştir. İş kazaların %72’si iğne batması, %9’u düşme - çarpma, %8’i kan ve diğer enfekte sıvı sıçraması nedeniyle olmuştur. Hemşirelerde en sık iğne batması nedenleri sırasıyla tedavi uygularken, kan alırken, damar yolu açarken ve hasta hareketi nedeniyle olmuştur. Sonuç olarak, hastanede iş kazalarının çoğunu iğne batmalarını oluşturmaktadır. Çalışanlardan en sık hemşireler ve temizlik personeli iş kazalarına maruz kalmaktadır.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Bilir, N. ve Yıldız A.N. (2013). İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliği. Ankara: Hacettepe Üniversitesi Yayınları.
  • 2. International Labour Organization. (1998). Statistics of occupational injuries, Sixteenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians. Erişim adresi: https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---stat/documents/normativeinstrument/wcms_087528.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 27 Mart 2021).
  • 3. Fazili, A.B, Shah, R.J, Iqbal, Q.M, Wani, F.A. and Beenish, M. (2017). Occupational Exposure and Needlestick Injuries among Employees of a Tertiary Care Institute in Kashmir. Int J Cur Res Rev, 9 (7), 44-48.
  • 4. Quixabeiro, E.L. and Hennington É.A. (2021). Occupational exposure to sharp instrument injuries in a federal hospital. Rev Bras Med Trab, 18 (4), 381-389. https://doi.org/10.47626/1679-4435-2020-515
  • 5. Valsan C, Paul, J, Kuttichira, P, Varghese, R. and Joseph, S. (2017). Magnitude and profile of occupational exposures to blood and body fluids among health-care workers: A study from a tertiary care teaching hospital. J Patient Saf Infect Control, 5, 47-51.
  • 6. Saadeh, R, Khairallah, K, Abozeid, H, Al Rashdan, L, Alfaqih, M. and Alkhatatbeh, O. (2020). Needle Stick and Sharp Injuries Among Healthcare Workers: A retrospective six-year study. Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J, 20 (1), e54-e62. https://www.doi.org/10.18295/squmj.2020.20.01.008
  • 7. Kocur, E, Śliwa-Rak, B. and Grosicki, S. (2016). Analysis of occupational exposures to blood registered in the General Hospital in Zabrze in the years 2006-2015. Przegl Epidemiol, 70 (4), 603-615.
  • 8. Abdel-Hamied, A.M. (2017). Determinants of behavior of health care workers at Mansoura National Hospital toward needlestick injuries and hepatitis B virus infection. Benha Med J, 34, 49-57.
  • 9. Durduran, Y, Demir, L, Uyar, M, Demirtaş, A, Erdoğan, A, ve Arbağ, H. (2019). Retrospective view to occupational accidents and near miss events in healthcare staff. Kocatepe Medical Journal, 20 (3), 131-136.
  • 10. Cebeci, H. (2013). Work-Related Accidents And Employee Safety In The Hospitals: An Application At Karabuk City Centre. Business & Management Studies: An International Journal, 1 (1), 62-82. https://doi.org/10.15295/bmij.v1.i1.18
  • 11. İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliği Kanunu. (2012). Resmi Gazete. 6331, 20/06/2012.
  • 12. Sosyal Güvenlik Kurumu. (2019). SGK İstatistik Yıllıkları. Erişim adresi: http://www.sgk.gov.tr/wps/portal/sgk/tr/kurumsal/istatistik/sgk_istatistik_yilliklari (Erişim Tarihi: 7 Temmuz 2021).
  • 13. Win, K.N, Omar, N.A.A, Tuah, N.A.A, Trivedi, A.A. and Lai A,S,C. (2020). Incidence Of Occupational Sharps Injuries And Follow Up Pattern Among Healthcare Workers In Brunei Darussalam. Brunei Int Med J, 16, 42-48.
  • 14. Toraman, A.R, Battal, F, Ozturk, K. and Akcin, B. (2011). Sharps Injury Prevention for Hospital Workers. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 17 (4), 455-461.
  • 15. Gomes, S.C.S, Mendonça, I.V.d.S, Oliveira, L.P, Caldas. and A.d.J.M. (2019). Workplace accidents among hospital cleaning professionals at a hospital in the city of Maranhão, Brazil. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 24 (11), 4123-4132. https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320182411.26752017
  • 16. Elmiyeh, B, Whitaker, I.S, James, M.J, Chahal, C.A, Galea, A. and Alshafi, K.(2004). Needle-stick injuries in the National Health Service: a culture of silence. JR Soc Med, 97 (7), 326-327. doi:10.1258/jrsm.97.7.326
  • 17. Amini, M, Behzadnia, M.J, Saboori, F, Bahadori, M. and Ravangard, R. (2015). Needle-Stick Injuries Among Healthcare Workers in a Teaching Hospital. Trauma Mon, 20 (4), e18829. doi:10.5812/traumamon.18829
  • 18. Voide, C, Darling, K.E, Kenfak-Foguena A, Erard, V, Cavassini, M, and Lazor-Blanchet C. (2012). Underreporting of needlestick and sharps injuries among healthcare workers in a Swiss University Hospital. Swiss Med Wkly, 10 (142), w13523. https://www.doi.org/10.4414/smw.2012.13523
  • 19. Katsevman, G.A, Sedney, C.L, Braca-Iii, J.A, and Hatchett, L. (2020). Interdisciplinary differences in needlestick injuries among healthcare professionals in training: Improving situational awareness to prevent high-risk injuries. Work, 65 (3), 635-645. https://www.doi.org/10.3233/WOR-203118
  • 20. de Lima, G.M.N, Kawanami, G.H. and Romeiro, F.G. (2017). Occupational exposures to biological material among health professionals of Bauru Base Hospital: preventive and post-exposure measures. Rev Bras Med Trab, 15 (3), 194-199. https://www.doi.org/10.5327/Z1679443520170001

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

İzzettin TOKTAŞ> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Diyarbakır İl Sağlık Müdürlüğü
0000-0002-3616-9399
Türkiye


Erdal ÇAVUŞ>
Diyarbakır Çocuk Hastalıkları Hastanesi
0000-0001-6328-5777
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Herhangi bir kişi veya kuruluştan maddi destek alınmamıştır.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Haziran 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 11, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { gumussagbil1000867, journal = {Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi}, eissn = {2146-9954}, address = {}, publisher = {Gümüşhane Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {11}, number = {2}, pages = {723 - 729}, doi = {10.37989/gumussagbil.1000867}, title = {Causes of Work Accidents Experienced by Healthcare Workers: A Retrospective Five-Year Study}, key = {cite}, author = {Toktaş, İzzettin and Çavuş, Erdal} }
APA Toktaş, İ. & Çavuş, E. (2022). Causes of Work Accidents Experienced by Healthcare Workers: A Retrospective Five-Year Study . Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi , 11 (2) , 723-729 . DOI: 10.37989/gumussagbil.1000867
MLA Toktaş, İ. , Çavuş, E. "Causes of Work Accidents Experienced by Healthcare Workers: A Retrospective Five-Year Study" . Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 11 (2022 ): 723-729 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gumussagbil/issue/70821/1000867>
Chicago Toktaş, İ. , Çavuş, E. "Causes of Work Accidents Experienced by Healthcare Workers: A Retrospective Five-Year Study". Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 11 (2022 ): 723-729
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Causes of Work Accidents Experienced by Healthcare Workers: A Retrospective Five-Year Study AU - İzzettin Toktaş , Erdal Çavuş Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.37989/gumussagbil.1000867 DO - 10.37989/gumussagbil.1000867 T2 - Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 723 EP - 729 VL - 11 IS - 2 SN - -2146-9954 M3 - doi: 10.37989/gumussagbil.1000867 UR - https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.1000867 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi Causes of Work Accidents Experienced by Healthcare Workers: A Retrospective Five-Year Study %A İzzettin Toktaş , Erdal Çavuş %T Causes of Work Accidents Experienced by Healthcare Workers: A Retrospective Five-Year Study %D 2022 %J Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi %P -2146-9954 %V 11 %N 2 %R doi: 10.37989/gumussagbil.1000867 %U 10.37989/gumussagbil.1000867
ISNAD Toktaş, İzzettin , Çavuş, Erdal . "Causes of Work Accidents Experienced by Healthcare Workers: A Retrospective Five-Year Study". Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 11 / 2 (Haziran 2022): 723-729 . https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.1000867
AMA Toktaş İ. , Çavuş E. Causes of Work Accidents Experienced by Healthcare Workers: A Retrospective Five-Year Study. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2022; 11(2): 723-729.
Vancouver Toktaş İ. , Çavuş E. Causes of Work Accidents Experienced by Healthcare Workers: A Retrospective Five-Year Study. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2022; 11(2): 723-729.
IEEE İ. Toktaş ve E. Çavuş , "Causes of Work Accidents Experienced by Healthcare Workers: A Retrospective Five-Year Study", Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, c. 11, sayı. 2, ss. 723-729, Haz. 2022, doi:10.37989/gumussagbil.1000867