Yıl 2021, Cilt 3 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 344 - 358 2021-06-21

Üniversite Öğrencilerinde Kişi Nesne Yönelimleri, Sosyal Beceriler ve Cinsiyet Farklılıkları
Person - Thing Orientations, Social Skills and Gender Differences at the University Students

Didem AYHAN [1] , Arkun TATAR [2]


Farklı mesleki alanlarda, farklı düzeyde sosyal becerilere gereksinim vardır. Bununla birlikte meslek seçiminde etkili olan bireysel farklılıkları tanımlarken insan ya da nesne yönemli olarak ayrıştırmak mümkündür. Bu çalışmada üniversite öğrencilerinde mesleki ilgi doğrultusunda insan-nesne yönelimine bağlı olarak sosyal beceri düzeylerinin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaçla araştırmaya insan-nesne yönelimini yansıtan sağlık, mühendislik ve sosyal bölümlerden oluşan üç alan grubu ve bunlara ek olarak sosyal beceri düzeyi yüksek olduğu düşünülen psikoloji bölümü öğrencileri dahil edilmiştir. Tanımlayıcı türde tasarlanan bu çalışmanın verileri A Sosyal Beceri Ölçeği-80 kullanılarak çevrimiçi uygulanan bir form ile toplanmıştır. Çalışmaya kolay örnekleme yöntemiyle ulaşılan 18-37 yaşları arasında 426 kadın, 264 erkek olmak üzere toplam 690 lisans öğrencisi katılmıştır. Veriler, betimleyici istatistikler ve iki yönlü varyans analizi ile incelenmiştir. Araştırma sonuçlarında insan ve nesne yönelimi açısından gruplandırılan bölümlere göre öğrencilerin sosyal beceri düzeylerinin değişiklik gösterdiği bulunmuştur. Psikoloji bölümü öğrencileri sosyal beceri düzeyi en yüksek grup olarak belirlenmiştir. Psikoloji bölümünü sırasıyla diğer sosyal bölümler ve mühendislik bölümü takip etmiştir. Ayrıca insan yönelimli olmasına karşın sağlık bölümlerinde okuyan öğrencilerin sosyal becerileri diğer bölümlerden daha düşük çıkmıştır. Bununla birlikte, temel bir farklılık olarak kadın ve erkek öğrenciler arasında sosyal beceri düzeyi farklılığı görülmüştür. Bazı alanlarda kadın, bazı alanlarda erkek öğrencilerin sayıca fazla oluşunun da sosyal beceri değerlendirmesini etkilediği anlaşılmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlar ilgili alanyazını çerçevesinde tartışılmıştır.
Different vocational fields require different levels of social skills. At the same time, it is possible to distinguish between people or thing-oriented while defining individual differences the are effective in choosing the profession. In this study, it was aimed to examine the social skill levels of university students depending on the people-thing orientation in line with vocational interest. For this purpose, reflecting the people-thing orientation three field groups of health sciences, engineering, and social sciences and psychology departments' students who are thought to have high social skills were included. The data of this descriptive study were collected via applying online form using the A Social Skills Scale-80. A total of 690 undergraduate students, 426 females and 264 males, between the ages of 18-37 participated with convenience sampling in the study. The data were examined with descriptive statistics and two-way variance analyses. In the results of the research, it was found that the social skill levels of the students varied according to the grouped in terms of people and thing orientation. Students in the psychologhy department had the highest social skills. The Psychology department was followed by other social departments and engineering departments, respectively. Also, despite being people-oriented, the social skills of the students studying in health departments were lower than in other departments. In addition, as a basic difference, it was seen a difference in social skill levels between male and female students. It’s been understood that the high number of female students in some fields and the high number of male students in some fields also affected the evaluation of social skills. The obtained results have bee people oriented, thing oriented, vocational interest, social skills n discussed within the framework of the relevant literature
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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Eğitim, Bilimsel Disiplinler, Psikoloji, Psikoloji, Ortak Disiplinler
Yayınlanma Tarihi Yaz
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-6687-6564
Yazar: Didem AYHAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: BANDIRMA ONYEDİ EYLÜL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2369-9040
Yazar: Arkun TATAR
Kurum: MANİSA CELÂL BAYAR ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN-EDEBİYAT FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 28 Mayıs 2021
Kabul Tarihi : 20 Haziran 2021
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 21 Haziran 2021

APA Ayhan, D , Tatar, A . (2021). Üniversite Öğrencilerinde Kişi Nesne Yönelimleri, Sosyal Beceriler ve Cinsiyet Farklılıkları . Humanistic Perspective , 3 (2) , 344-358 . DOI: 10.47793/hp.944380