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Comparison of Factor Structures of the Long Form Five Factor Personality Inventory and Long Form HEXACO Personality Inventory-Revised

Yıl 2021, Cilt 3, Sayı 3, 610 - 625, 24.10.2021
https://doi.org/10.47793/hp.978662

Öz

The aim of the present study was to compare the factor structures of the long form of the HEXACO Personality Inventory-Revised (HEXACO-PI-R) and the long form The Five Factor Personality Inventory (5FPI-LF), and to examine similarities and differences between these two inventories that have different factor structures. A total of 1005 people, 483 men and 522 women, between the ages of 18 and 68 participated in the study. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to predict the HEXACO-PI-R scores with the 5FPI-LF factor and sub-dimension scores, and the 5FPI-LF scores with the HEXACO-PI-R factor and sub-dimension scores. 5FPI-LF factor and sub-dimension scores predicted the HEXACO-PI-R factors, respectively, Honesty-Humility at the rates of 27%, 21%, Emotionality at the rates of 49%, 37%, Extraversion at the rates of 65%, 62%, Agreeableness at the rates of 55%, 51%, Conscientiousness at the rates of 65%, 57%, and Openness to Experience at the rates of 38%, 35%. HEXACO-PI-R factor and subdimension scores predicted the 5FPI-LF factors, respectively, Emotional Instability at the rates of 59%, 50%, Extraversion at the rates of 58%, 55%, Agreeableness at the rates of %63, 57%, Conscientiousness at the rates of 66%, 60%, and Openness to Experience at the rates of 48%, 43%. There was no difference observed between the average values obtained in predicting factor total scores of the two inventories with each others’ sub-dimension and factor total scores. In addition, the correlation coefficient of 0.98 was computed between the rates obtained in predicting the factors and the sub-dimensions.

Kaynakça

  • Allport, G. W. ve Odbert, H. S. (1936). Trait-names: A psycho-lexical study. Psychological Monographs, 47 (1), 1-171. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0093360
  • Almagor, M., Tellegen, A. ve Waller, N. G. (1995). The Big Seven Model: A cross-cultural replication and further exploration of the basic dimensions of natural language trait descriptors. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69 (2), 300-307. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.69.2.300
  • Ashton, M. C. ve Lee, K. (2001). A theoretical basis for the major dimensions of personality. European Journal of Personality, 15 (5), 327-353. https://doi.org/10.1002/per.417
  • Ashton, M. C. ve Lee, K. (2005). Honesty-Humility, the Big Five, and the Five-Factor Model. Journal of Personality, 73 (5), 1321-1354. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2005.00351.x
  • Ashton, M. C. ve Lee, K. (2007). Empirical, theoretical, and practical advantages of the HEXACO model of personality structure. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11 (2), 150-166. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088868306294907
  • Ashton, M. C. ve Lee, K. (2008a). The HEXACO model of personality structure and the importance of the H factor. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2 (5), 1952-1962. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9004.2008.00134.x
  • Ashton, M. C. ve Lee, K. (2008b). The prediction of Honesty-Humility-related criteria by the HEXACO and Five-Factor Models of personality. Journal of Research in Personality, 42 (5), 1216-1228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2008.03.006
  • Ashton, M. C. ve Lee, K. (2009). An investigation of personality types within the HEXACO personality framework. Journal of Individual Differences, 30 (4), 181-187. https://doi.org/10.1027/1614-0001.30.4.181
  • Ashton, M. C., Lee, K. ve de Vries, R. E. (2014). The HEXACO honesty-humility, agreeableness, and emotionality factors a review of research and theory. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 18 (2), 139-152. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088868314523838
  • Ashton, M. C., Lee, K. ve Goldberg, L. R. (2004). A hierarchical analysis of 1,710 English personality-descriptive adjectives. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87 (5), 707-721. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.87.5.707
  • Ashton, M. C., Lee, K., de Vries, R. E., Perugini, M., Gnisci, A. ve Sergi, I. (2006). The HEXACO model of personality structure and indigenous lexical personality dimensions in Italian, Dutch, and English. Journal of Research in Personality, 40 (6), 851-875. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2005.06.003
  • Ashton, M. C., Lee, K., Perugini, M., Szarota, P., de Vries, R. E., di Blas, L., …Raad, B. (2004). A six-factor structure of personality-descriptive adjectives: Solutions from psycholexical studies in seven languages. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86 (2), 356-366. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.86.2.356
  • Barrett, P. T., Petrides, K. V., Eysenck, S. B. ve Eysenck, H. J. (1998). The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire: An examination of the factorial similarity of P, E, N, and L across 34 countries. Personality and Individual Differences, 25 (5), 805-819. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(98)00026-9
  • Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C. ve Comrey, A. L. (1992). Validation of the Comrey Personality Scales on an Italian sample. Journal of Research in Personality, 26 (1), 21-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/0092-6566(92)90056-A
  • Cattell, R. B. (1943). The description of personality: Basic traits resolved into clusters. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 38 (4), 476-506. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0054116
  • Costa, P. T. ve McCrae, R. R. (1995). Primary traits of Eysenck's PEN system: Three-and five-factor solutions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69 (2), 308-317. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.69.2.308
  • Digman, J. M. (1990). Personality structure: Emergence of the Five-Factor Model. Annual Review of Psychology, 41 (1), 417-440. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ps.41.020190.002221
  • Eysenck, S. B., Eysenck, H. J. ve Barrett, P. (1985). A revised version of the Psychoticism Scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 6 (1), 21-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/0191-8869(85)90026-1
  • Goldberg, L. R. (1990). An alternative "description of personality": The Big-Five factor structure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59 (6), 1216-1229. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.59.6.1216
  • Goldberg, L. R. (1992). The development of markers for the Big-Five factor structure. Psychological Assessment, 4 (1), 26-42.
  • Goldberg, L. R. (1993). The structure of phenotypic personality traits. American Psychologist, 48 (1), 26-34. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.48.1.26
  • Hogan, R. ve Hogan, J. (2007). Hogan Personality Inventory manual (3rd Ed.). Tulsa, OK: Hogan Press.
  • Lee, K. ve Ashton, M. C. (2004). Psychometric properties of the HEXACO Personality Inventory. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 39 (2), 329-358. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327906mbr3902_8
  • Lee, K. ve Ashton, M. C. (2008). The HEXACO personality factors in the indigenous personality lexicons of English and 11 other languages. Journal of Personality, 76 (5), 1001-1054. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2008.00512.x
  • Lee, K. ve Ashton, M. C. (2014). The Dark Triad, the Big Five, and the HEXACO model. Personality and Individual Differences, 67, 2-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.01.048
  • Lee, K., Ogunfowora, B. ve Ashton, M. C. (2005). Personality traits beyond the Big Five: Are they within the HEXACO space? Journal of Personality, 73 (5), 1437-1463. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2005.00354.x
  • McCrae, R. R. ve Costa, P. T. (1985). Updating Norman's "adequate taxonomy": Intelligence and personality dimensions in natural language and in questionnaires. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49 (3), 710-721.
  • McCrae, R. R. ve Costa, P. T. (1987). Validation of the Five-Factor Model of personality across instruments and observers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52 (1), 81-90. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.52.1.81
  • Norman, W. T. (1963). Toward an adequate taxonomy of personality attributes: Replicated factor structure in peer nomination personality ratings. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 66 (6), 574-583. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0040291
  • Piedmont, R. L. ve Aycock, W. (2007). An historical analysis of the lexical emergence of the Big Five personality adjective descriptors. Personality and Individual Differences, 42 (6), 1059-1068. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2006.09.015
  • Saucier, G. (2002). Gone too far-or not far enough? Comments on the article by Ashton and Lee (2001). European Journal of Personality, 16 (1), 55-62. https://doi.org/10.1002/per.432
  • Simms, L. J., Williams, T. F. ve Nus, E. (2017). Assessment of the Five Factor Model. In T. A. Widiger (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of the Five Factor Model (pp. 353-380). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Somer, O., Korkmaz, M. ve Tatar, A. (2002). Beş faktör kişilik envanterinin geliştirilmesi-I: Ölçek ve alt ölçeklerin oluşturulması. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 17 (49), 21-33.
  • Somer, O., Korkmaz, M. ve Tatar, A. (2004). Kuramdan uygulamaya Beş Faktör Kişilik Modeli ve Beş Faktör Kişilik Envanteri (5FKE). İzmir: Ege Üniversitesi Basımevi.
  • Tatar, A. (2016). Beş Faktör Kişilik Envanterinin Kısa Formunun Geliştirilmesi. Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi, 17 (Ek.1), 14-23. https://doi.org/10.5455/apd.202977
  • Tatar, A. (2017). Büyük Beş-50 Kişilik Testinin Türkçeye çevirisi ve Beş Faktör Kişilik Envanteri Kısa Formu ile karşılaştırılması. Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi, 18 (1), 51-61. https://doi.org/10.5455/apd.220580
  • Tatar, A. (2018a). Çok Boyutlu Kişilik Envanterinin geliştirilmesi: Madde seçimi ve faktör yapısının oluşturulması. Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi, 19 (Ek 2), 5-13. https://doi.org/10.5455/apd.1977
  • Tatar, A. (2018b). Gözden Geçirilmiş Uzun ve Kısa Form Altı Faktörlü Kişilik Envanteri (HEXACO-PI-R) Türkçe Formunun psikometrik özelliklerinin incelenmesi. Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi, 19 (Özel sayı.1), 5-13. https://doi.org/10.5455/apd.283098
  • Thielmann, I., Akrami, N., Babarovic, T., Belloch, A., Bergh, R., Chirumbolo, A., ...Lee, K. (2020). The HEXACO-100 across 16 languages: A large-scale test of measurement invariance. Journal of Personality Assessment, 102 (5), 714-726. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2019.1614011
  • Zuckerman, M., Kuhlman, D. M., Joireman, J., Teta, P. ve Kraft, M. (1993). A comparison of three structural models for personality: The Big Three, the Big Five, and the Alternative Five. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65 (4), 757-768. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.65.4.757

Uzun Form Beş Faktör Kişilik Envanteri ve Gözden Geçirilmiş Uzun Form Altı Faktörlü Kişilik Envanteri Faktör Yapılarının Karşılaştırması

Yıl 2021, Cilt 3, Sayı 3, 610 - 625, 24.10.2021
https://doi.org/10.47793/hp.978662

Öz

Bu çalışmada, Altı Faktörlü Kişilik Envanteri uzun formunun (HEXACO-KE-100-Tr) ve Beş Faktör Kişilik Envanteri (5FKE-UF) uzun formunun faktör yapılarının karşılaştırılması ve farklı faktör yapılarına sahip iki envanter arasındaki benzerlik ve farklılıkların incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışmaya 18-68 yaşları arasında 483 erkek, 522 kadın olmak üzere toplam 1005 kişi katılmıştır. HEXACOKE-100-Tr faktör puanlarının 5FKE-UF faktör ve alt boyut toplam puanlarıyla, 5FKE-UF faktör puanlarının da HEXACO-KE-100-Tr faktör ve alt boyut toplam puanlarıyla yordanması için çoklu doğrusal regresyon analizi yapılmıştır. HEXACO-KE-100-Tr faktörleri, 5FKE-UF alt boyut ve faktör toplam puanlarıyla, sırasıyla Dürüstlük-Alçak Gönüllülük %27, %21, Duygusallık %49, %37, Dışadönüklük %65, %62, Uyumluluk %55, %51, Sorumluluk %65, %57 ve Deneyime açıklık %38, %35 oranında yordanmıştır. 5FKE-UF faktörleri, HEXACO-KE-100-Tr alt boyut ve faktör toplam puanlarıyla, sırasıyla Duygusal Tutarsızlık %59, %50, Dışadönüklük %58, %55, Yumuşakbaşlılık / Geçimlilik %63, %57, Öz-Denetim / Sorumluluk %66, %60 ve Gelişime Açıklık %48, %43 oranında yordanmıştır. Her iki envanterin faktörlerinin, diğer envanterin alt boyut toplam puanlarıyla yordanma oran ortalamaları arasında ve faktör toplam puanlarıyla yordanma oran ortalamaları arasında farklılık görülmemiştir. Ayrıca, alt boyutlarla yordanma oranları ile faktörlerle yordanma oranları arasında 0.98 düzeyinde bağıntı katsayısı hesaplanmıştır.

Kaynakça

  • Allport, G. W. ve Odbert, H. S. (1936). Trait-names: A psycho-lexical study. Psychological Monographs, 47 (1), 1-171. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0093360
  • Almagor, M., Tellegen, A. ve Waller, N. G. (1995). The Big Seven Model: A cross-cultural replication and further exploration of the basic dimensions of natural language trait descriptors. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69 (2), 300-307. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.69.2.300
  • Ashton, M. C. ve Lee, K. (2001). A theoretical basis for the major dimensions of personality. European Journal of Personality, 15 (5), 327-353. https://doi.org/10.1002/per.417
  • Ashton, M. C. ve Lee, K. (2005). Honesty-Humility, the Big Five, and the Five-Factor Model. Journal of Personality, 73 (5), 1321-1354. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2005.00351.x
  • Ashton, M. C. ve Lee, K. (2007). Empirical, theoretical, and practical advantages of the HEXACO model of personality structure. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11 (2), 150-166. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088868306294907
  • Ashton, M. C. ve Lee, K. (2008a). The HEXACO model of personality structure and the importance of the H factor. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2 (5), 1952-1962. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9004.2008.00134.x
  • Ashton, M. C. ve Lee, K. (2008b). The prediction of Honesty-Humility-related criteria by the HEXACO and Five-Factor Models of personality. Journal of Research in Personality, 42 (5), 1216-1228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2008.03.006
  • Ashton, M. C. ve Lee, K. (2009). An investigation of personality types within the HEXACO personality framework. Journal of Individual Differences, 30 (4), 181-187. https://doi.org/10.1027/1614-0001.30.4.181
  • Ashton, M. C., Lee, K. ve de Vries, R. E. (2014). The HEXACO honesty-humility, agreeableness, and emotionality factors a review of research and theory. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 18 (2), 139-152. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088868314523838
  • Ashton, M. C., Lee, K. ve Goldberg, L. R. (2004). A hierarchical analysis of 1,710 English personality-descriptive adjectives. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87 (5), 707-721. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.87.5.707
  • Ashton, M. C., Lee, K., de Vries, R. E., Perugini, M., Gnisci, A. ve Sergi, I. (2006). The HEXACO model of personality structure and indigenous lexical personality dimensions in Italian, Dutch, and English. Journal of Research in Personality, 40 (6), 851-875. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2005.06.003
  • Ashton, M. C., Lee, K., Perugini, M., Szarota, P., de Vries, R. E., di Blas, L., …Raad, B. (2004). A six-factor structure of personality-descriptive adjectives: Solutions from psycholexical studies in seven languages. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86 (2), 356-366. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.86.2.356
  • Barrett, P. T., Petrides, K. V., Eysenck, S. B. ve Eysenck, H. J. (1998). The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire: An examination of the factorial similarity of P, E, N, and L across 34 countries. Personality and Individual Differences, 25 (5), 805-819. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(98)00026-9
  • Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C. ve Comrey, A. L. (1992). Validation of the Comrey Personality Scales on an Italian sample. Journal of Research in Personality, 26 (1), 21-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/0092-6566(92)90056-A
  • Cattell, R. B. (1943). The description of personality: Basic traits resolved into clusters. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 38 (4), 476-506. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0054116
  • Costa, P. T. ve McCrae, R. R. (1995). Primary traits of Eysenck's PEN system: Three-and five-factor solutions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69 (2), 308-317. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.69.2.308
  • Digman, J. M. (1990). Personality structure: Emergence of the Five-Factor Model. Annual Review of Psychology, 41 (1), 417-440. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ps.41.020190.002221
  • Eysenck, S. B., Eysenck, H. J. ve Barrett, P. (1985). A revised version of the Psychoticism Scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 6 (1), 21-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/0191-8869(85)90026-1
  • Goldberg, L. R. (1990). An alternative "description of personality": The Big-Five factor structure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59 (6), 1216-1229. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.59.6.1216
  • Goldberg, L. R. (1992). The development of markers for the Big-Five factor structure. Psychological Assessment, 4 (1), 26-42.
  • Goldberg, L. R. (1993). The structure of phenotypic personality traits. American Psychologist, 48 (1), 26-34. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.48.1.26
  • Hogan, R. ve Hogan, J. (2007). Hogan Personality Inventory manual (3rd Ed.). Tulsa, OK: Hogan Press.
  • Lee, K. ve Ashton, M. C. (2004). Psychometric properties of the HEXACO Personality Inventory. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 39 (2), 329-358. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327906mbr3902_8
  • Lee, K. ve Ashton, M. C. (2008). The HEXACO personality factors in the indigenous personality lexicons of English and 11 other languages. Journal of Personality, 76 (5), 1001-1054. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2008.00512.x
  • Lee, K. ve Ashton, M. C. (2014). The Dark Triad, the Big Five, and the HEXACO model. Personality and Individual Differences, 67, 2-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.01.048
  • Lee, K., Ogunfowora, B. ve Ashton, M. C. (2005). Personality traits beyond the Big Five: Are they within the HEXACO space? Journal of Personality, 73 (5), 1437-1463. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2005.00354.x
  • McCrae, R. R. ve Costa, P. T. (1985). Updating Norman's "adequate taxonomy": Intelligence and personality dimensions in natural language and in questionnaires. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49 (3), 710-721.
  • McCrae, R. R. ve Costa, P. T. (1987). Validation of the Five-Factor Model of personality across instruments and observers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52 (1), 81-90. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.52.1.81
  • Norman, W. T. (1963). Toward an adequate taxonomy of personality attributes: Replicated factor structure in peer nomination personality ratings. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 66 (6), 574-583. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0040291
  • Piedmont, R. L. ve Aycock, W. (2007). An historical analysis of the lexical emergence of the Big Five personality adjective descriptors. Personality and Individual Differences, 42 (6), 1059-1068. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2006.09.015
  • Saucier, G. (2002). Gone too far-or not far enough? Comments on the article by Ashton and Lee (2001). European Journal of Personality, 16 (1), 55-62. https://doi.org/10.1002/per.432
  • Simms, L. J., Williams, T. F. ve Nus, E. (2017). Assessment of the Five Factor Model. In T. A. Widiger (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of the Five Factor Model (pp. 353-380). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Somer, O., Korkmaz, M. ve Tatar, A. (2002). Beş faktör kişilik envanterinin geliştirilmesi-I: Ölçek ve alt ölçeklerin oluşturulması. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 17 (49), 21-33.
  • Somer, O., Korkmaz, M. ve Tatar, A. (2004). Kuramdan uygulamaya Beş Faktör Kişilik Modeli ve Beş Faktör Kişilik Envanteri (5FKE). İzmir: Ege Üniversitesi Basımevi.
  • Tatar, A. (2016). Beş Faktör Kişilik Envanterinin Kısa Formunun Geliştirilmesi. Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi, 17 (Ek.1), 14-23. https://doi.org/10.5455/apd.202977
  • Tatar, A. (2017). Büyük Beş-50 Kişilik Testinin Türkçeye çevirisi ve Beş Faktör Kişilik Envanteri Kısa Formu ile karşılaştırılması. Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi, 18 (1), 51-61. https://doi.org/10.5455/apd.220580
  • Tatar, A. (2018a). Çok Boyutlu Kişilik Envanterinin geliştirilmesi: Madde seçimi ve faktör yapısının oluşturulması. Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi, 19 (Ek 2), 5-13. https://doi.org/10.5455/apd.1977
  • Tatar, A. (2018b). Gözden Geçirilmiş Uzun ve Kısa Form Altı Faktörlü Kişilik Envanteri (HEXACO-PI-R) Türkçe Formunun psikometrik özelliklerinin incelenmesi. Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi, 19 (Özel sayı.1), 5-13. https://doi.org/10.5455/apd.283098
  • Thielmann, I., Akrami, N., Babarovic, T., Belloch, A., Bergh, R., Chirumbolo, A., ...Lee, K. (2020). The HEXACO-100 across 16 languages: A large-scale test of measurement invariance. Journal of Personality Assessment, 102 (5), 714-726. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2019.1614011
  • Zuckerman, M., Kuhlman, D. M., Joireman, J., Teta, P. ve Kraft, M. (1993). A comparison of three structural models for personality: The Big Three, the Big Five, and the Alternative Five. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65 (4), 757-768. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.65.4.757

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Psikoloji, Uygulamalı
Yayınlanma Tarihi Sonbahar
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Arkun TATAR (Sorumlu Yazar)
Manisa Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Psikoloji Bölümü
0000-0002-2369-9040
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Yok
Proje Numarası Yok
Teşekkür -
Yayımlanma Tarihi 24 Ekim 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 4 Ağustos 2021
Kabul Tarihi 18 Eylül 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 3, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

APA Tatar, A. (2021). Uzun Form Beş Faktör Kişilik Envanteri ve Gözden Geçirilmiş Uzun Form Altı Faktörlü Kişilik Envanteri Faktör Yapılarının Karşılaştırması . Humanistic Perspective , 3 (3) , 610-625 . DOI: 10.47793/hp.978662

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Humanistic Perspective

2019


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