Istanbul, as it was in the past, is still an important magnet for immigrants. However, it is seen that the internal migration to Istanbul has decreased in recent years. Even though the studies show similar economic and social factors-put forth by migration literature are valid for Turkey, there are doubts about whether these factors are being investigated with appropriate techniques. The gravity model that is used for investigating internal migration is a logarithmic linear model. Some studies have revealed that the logarithmic transformation causes some problems in theoretically. These problems cannot be solved by conventional estimation methods. Therefore, it is recommended to use Poisson estimators for overcoming this problem. The aim of this study is to investigate the internal migration to Istanbul with the help of various estimation techniques. The findings show that the PPML estimator is a more proper method to estimate the gravity model than the traditional least squares and panel estimators. While the results obtained by standard methods showed that the relative unemployment factor significantly increased the migration to Istanbul, the PPML results show that the relative unemployment did not have a significant effect on the explanation of the internal migration to Istanbul.
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 29 Ekim 2019
|APA||Keski̇n, H . (2019). İstanbul’a Yönelik İç Göçün Analizi: Çekim Modeli Yaklaşımı . İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 6 () , 44-58 . DOI: 10.17336/igusbd.571951|