Araştırma Makalesi
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Spiritual Well-being and Quality of Life in Patients Who Receive Treatment in Oncology Units

Yıl 2021, Cilt 9, Sayı 2, 536 - 553, 25.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.33715/inonusaglik.812182

Öz

Spiritual well-being indicates the balance in one’s life. Some diseases people may encounter throughout their lives can disrupt this balance. Spiritual well-being plays a major role in maintaining the quality of life, especially during life-threatening diseases such as cancer. Therefore, this is a cross-sectional study conducted to determine the relationship between spiritual well-being and quality of life in cancer patients. The study was completed with 87 individuals who agreed to participate in the study between November 2019 and February 2020. Data were collected using a structured survey form developed by the researchers, the Spiritual Well-being Scale (FACIT-Sp-12) (Version 4), and the Quality of Life Scale (EORTC QLQ-C30). Data were analyzed with SPSS 21.0 program. Data were evaluated using percentage, frequency, mean, standard deviation. Student’s t test was used to determine the difference between two independent variables, and ANOVA test to determine the difference between multiple independent variables. Pearson Correlation Analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between the data. In this study, the patients had a spiritual well-being mean score above the average. The patients’ mean scores on the Spiritual Well-Being Scale high and EORTC QLQ-C30 subscales were compared with the reference values of European countries. Accordingly, their symptom mean score was above the reference value, whereas their functional and general health mean scores were below the reference value. A significant relationship was found between the patients’ total spiritual well-being scores, functional scores and general health status scores.

Kaynakça

  • Acar, H. (2014). Manevi iyi oluş ve dindarlık arasındaki ilişki üzerine bir değerlendirme. C.Ü. İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi, 18(2), 391-412.
  • Ahmadi Nabil, M.R., Saini, S.M., Nasrin, N., Bahari, R., Sharip, S. (2016). I can’t pray’ –The s piritual needs of Malaysian Muslim patients suffering from depression, IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia, 15(1), 103-109.
  • Aktürk, Ü., Erci, B., Araz, M. (2017). Functional evaluation of treatment of chronic disease: Validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale. Palliative and Supportive Care, 15, 684–692.
  • Al-Natour A, Momani SMA, Qandil AMA (2017) The relationship between spirituality and quality of life of Jordanian women diagnosed with breast cancer. J Relig Health 56(6), 1–13.
  • Bai, M., Lazenby, M. (2015). A systematic review of associations between spiritual well- being and quality of life at the scale and factor levels in studies among patients with cancer. Journal Palliative Medicine, 18, 286–298.
  • Bai, M., Lazenby, M., Jeon, S., Dixon, J., McCorkle, R. (2015). Exploring the relationship between spiritual well- being and quality of life among pa-tients newly diagnosed with advanced cancer. Palliative and Supportive Care, 13, 927–935.
  • Beşer, N.G., Öz, F. (2003). Kemoterapi alan lenfomalı hastaların anksiyete-depresyon düzeyleri ve yaşam kaliteleri. Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Yüksek Okulu Dergisi, 7 (1), 47- 58.
  • Bovero, A., Leombruni, P., Miniotti, M., Rocca, G., Torta, R. (2016). Spirituality, quality of life, psychological adjustment in terminal cancer patients in hospice. European Journal of Cancer Care, 25, 961–969.
  • Breda, A.I., Watts, A.S. (2017). Expectations regarding aging, physical activity, and physical function in older adults. Gerontol Geriatr Med, 3, 1-18.
  • Büssing, A., Baumann, K., Hvidt, N. C., Koenig, H. G., Puchalski, C. M., Swinton, J. (2014). spirituality and health: editorial. evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine, 1–2.
  • Calderia, S.,Timmins, F., Carvalho, E.C. ve Vieira, M. (2017). Spiritual well-being and spiritual distress in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy: utilizing the swbq as component of holistic nursing diagnosis, J Relig Health 56, 1489–1502.
  • Chaar EA, Hallit S, Hajj A, Aaraj R, Kattan J, Jabbour H, Khabbaz LR (2018) Evaluating the impact of spirituality on the quality of life, anxiety, and depression among patients with cancer: an observational transversal study. Support Care Cancer, 26(8), 2581–2590.
  • Cheng, Q., Liu, X., Li, X., Wang, Y., Mao, T., Cheni Y. (2019). Improving spiritual well-being among cancer patients: implications for clinical care, Supportive Care in Cancer, 27, 3403-3409.
  • Çalışkan, T. Duran, S. Karadaş, A. Ergün, S., Tekir Ö. (2015). Kanser hastalarının yaşam kalitesi ve sosyal destek düzeylerinin değerlendirilmesi. KÜ Tıp Fak Derg, 17(1), 27-36.
  • Ekinci, Y., Düger, T. (2018). Kanser hastalarında kavrama kuvveti ve quadriceps kas kuvveti ile yaşam kalitesi arasındaki ilişki. Turk J Physiother Rehabil, 29(1), 27-32.
  • Folami, F.F., Onanuga K.A. (2018). Perception of spirituality, spiritual care, and barriers to the provision of spiritual care among undergraduate nurses in the University of Lagos, Nigeria. Original Research Report, 15(1), 8-12.
  • Gelin, D., Ulus, B. (2015). Hastanede kemoterapi alan hastaların yaşam kalitesi ve bunu etkileyen faktörler. Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 6(1), 31-35.
  • Güzelant, A., Göksel, T., Özkök, S., Taşbakan, S., Aysan, T. Bottomley A. (2004). The European organization for research and treatment of cancer qlq-c30: an examination into the cultural validity and reliability of the turkish version of the eortc qlqc30. European Journal of Cancer Care, 13, 135-144.
  • Hallaç, S., Öz, F. (2011). Genital kanser tanı sürecinde varoluşsal kaygı, Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar, 3(4), 595-610.
  • Hill, P. C., Pargament, K. I., Hood, R. W., Jr., Mccullough, M. E., Swyers, J. P., Larson, D. B., Zinnbauer, B. J. (2000). Conceptualizing religion and spirituality: points of commonality, points of departure. journal for the theory of social behaviour, 30, 51–77.
  • Jafari, E., Najafi, M., Sohrabi, F., Dehshiri, G.R., Soleymania, E., Heshmati, R. (2010). Life satisfaction, spirituality well-being and hope in cancer patients, Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5:1362-1366.
  • Jafari, N., Farajzadegan, Z., Loghmani, A., Majlesi, M., Jafari, N. (2014). Spiritual Well-Being and Quality of Life of Iranian Adults with Type 2 Diabetes, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 1-8.
  • Kutlutürkan, S., Öztürk, E.S., Erdoğan, S.B., İyimaya, Ö., Bay, F., Gül, F. (2019). Yaşlı kanser hastalarında yaşam kalitesinin ve semptomların değerlendirilmesi. Van Tıp Derg, 26(4), 418-426.
  • Li, L., Mo, F. K., Chan, S. L., Hui, E. P., Tang, N. S., Koh, J., ...Yeo, W. (2017). Prognostic values of EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-HCC18 index-scores in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma–clinical application of health-related quality-of-life data. BMC cancer, 17(1), 8.
  • Martoni, A.A., Varani, S., Peghetti, B., Roganti, D., Volpicella, E., Pannuti, R., Pannuti, F. (2017). Spiritual well- being of Italian advanced cancer patients in the home palliative care setting. Eur J Cancer Care, 26, 1-9.
  • Mehrabi, F. Hekmatpou, D., Abolfathi, A. (2019). The Relationship between demographic characteristics and quality of life in patients with cancer. Health Research Journal, 5 (1), 8-15.
  • Monteiro dos Reis, L.B., Leles, C.R., Matias Freire, M.C. (2019). Religiosity, spirituality, and the quality of life of patients with sequelae of head and neck cancer, Oral Diseases, 26, 838–842.
  • Murray, S.A., Kendall, M., Worth, A., Benton, T.F. (2004). Exploring the spiritual needs of people dying of lung cancer or heart failure: a prospective qualitative interview study of patients and their carers. Palliative Medicine, 18, 39-45.
  • Otuzoğlu, M. (2020) Kanser hastalarının manevi gereksinimlerini değerlendirmeye ilişkin ölçek çalışmalarının incelemesi. J Contemp Med, 10(1), 126-133.
  • Özkan, M., Akın, S. (2017). Evaluation of the effect of fatigue on functional quality of life in cancer patients. Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Dergisi, 25(3), 177-192.
  • Park, C. L. (2005). Religion as a meaning-making framework in coping with life stress. Journal of Social Issues, 61, 707-729.
  • Park,C.L, Cho, D. (2017). Spiritual well-being and spiritual distress predict adjustment in adolescent and young adult cancer survivors, Psycho-Oncology, 26, 1293–1300.
  • Pearce, MJ, Coan AD, Herndon, JE, Koenig HG, Abernethy AP (2012) Unmet spiritual care needs impact emotional and spiritual wellbeing in advanced cancer patients. Support Care Cancer, 20(10), 2269–2276.
  • Peterman, A.H., Fitchett, G., Brady, M.J., Hernandez, L., Cella, D. (2002) Measuring spiritual well-being in people with cancer: the functional assessment of chronic illness therapy—spiritual well-being scale (FACİT-SP). Ann Behav Med, 24, 49-58.
  • Rabitti, E., Cavuto, S., Ottonelli, S., De Vincenzo, F., Constantini, M. (2020). The assessment of spiritual well-being in cancer patients with advanced disease: which are its meaningful dimensions? BMC Palliative Care, 19(26), 1-8.
  • Randa,S., Uğraş, G.A., Eser, K. (2019). Meme kanserli kadınların cerrahi girişim sonrası yaşadıkları üst ekstremite sorunlarının yaşam kalitesine etkisi. Mersin Univ Saglık Bilim Derg, 12(2), 170-181.
  • Ross, L., Austin, J. (2015). Spiritual needs and spiritual support preferences of people with end-stage heart failure and their carers: Implications for nurse managers. Journal of Nursing Management, 23(1), 87–95.
  • Sajadi, M., Nizai, N., Khosravi, S., Yaghobi,A., Rezaei, M., Koenig, H.G. (2018). Effect of spiritual counseling on spiritual well-being in ıranian women with cancer: a randomized clinical trail. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 30, 79-84.
  • Salsman, J.M., Pustejovsky, J.E., Jim H.S.L., Munoz, A.R., Merluzzi, T.V., George, L., …Fitchett, G. (2015) A meta-analytic approach to examining the correlation between Religion/Spirituality and mental health in cancer. Cancer, 1, 121(21), 3769–3778.
  • Sharif, S.P., Ong, F.S. (2019). Education moderates the relationship between spirituality with quality of life and stress among Malay Muslim women with breast cancer, J Relig Health, 58, 1060–1071.
  • Shaw, R., Gullifer, J., Wood, K. (2016). Religion and spirituality: a qualitative study of older adults. Ageing International, 41, 311–330
  • Sun, V., Kim J.Y., İrish, T., Borneman, T. Sichu, R.K., Klein, L., Ferrel, B. (2016). Palliative care and spiritual well-being in lung cancer patients and family caregivers, Psycho-Oncology, 25, 1448–1455.
  • Velenik, V. Secerov-Ermenc, A. But-Hadzic, J., Zadnik, V. (2017). Health-related quality of life assessed by the EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire in the General Slovenian population. Radiol Oncol, 51(3), 342–350.
  • Wallwiener, M., Matthies, L., Simoes, E., Keilmann, L., Hartkopf, A. D., Sokolov, A. N., ...Brucker, S. Y. (2017). Reliability of an e-PRO tool of EORTC QLQ-C30 for measurement of health-related quality of life in patients with breast cancer: prospective randomized trial. Journal of medical Internet research, 19(9), e322.
  • World Health Organization Quality of Life Group. (1998) Development of the world health organization whoqol- bref quality of life assessment. Psychological Medicine, 28 (3), 551–558.
  • Yılmaz, M., Cengiz, H.Ö. (2020). The relationship between spiritual well-being and quality of life in cancer survivors, Palliative and Supportive Care, 1–8.

ONKOLOJİ BİRİMİNDE TEDAVİ ALAN HASTALARIN MANEVİ İYİ OLUŞLARI VE YAŞAM KALİTELERİ

Yıl 2021, Cilt 9, Sayı 2, 536 - 553, 25.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.33715/inonusaglik.812182

Öz

Manevi iyi oluş kişinin hayatındaki dengeye işaret etmektedir. İnsanları yaşamları boyunca karşılaşabilecekleri bazı hastalıklar bu dengeyi bozabilmektedir. Özellikle kanser gibi yaşamı tehdit eden hastalıklarda bireyin yaşam kalitesinin sürdürülmesinde manevi iyi oluşun rolü büyüktür. Bu nedenle çalışma kanser hastalarının manevi iyi oluşları ve yaşam kalitesi arasındaki ilişkiyi belirlemek için gerçekleştirilen kesitsel bir çalışmadır. Araştırma Kasım 2019-Şubat 2020 tarihleri arasında çalışmaya katılmayı kabul eden 87 hasta ile tamamlanmıştır. Veriler araştırmacılar tarafından geliştirilen yapılandırılmış soru formu, Manevi İyi Oluş Ölçeği (FACIT-Sp-12) (Version 4) ve Yaşam Kalitesi Ölçeği (EORTC QLQ-C30) ile toplanmıştır. Veriler SPSS 21.0 programı ile analiz edilmiştir. İstatiksel testlerden yüzde, frekans, ortalama, standart sapma, iki bağımsız değişken arasındaki farklılığın belirlenmesinde Student t testi ile çoklu bağımsız değişkenler arasındaki farklılığın belirlenmesinde ANOVA testi kullanıldı. Veriler arasındaki ilişkinin değerlendirilmesinde Pearson Korelasyon Analizi kullanıldı. Hastaların manevi iyi oluş puanlarının ortalamanın üstünde olduğu görüldü. Çalışmada hastaların; Manevi İyi Oluş Ölçeği’nden aldıkları puanların yüksek olduğu, EORTC QLQ-C30 alt boyutlarından aldıkları puan ortalamaları; Avrupa ülkeleri referans değerleri ile karşılaştırıldığında semptom skorunun Avrupa ülkelerinin referans değerinin üzerinde, fonksiyonel skor ve genel sağlık skorunun ise referans değerin altında olduğu görüldü. Manevi iyi oluş toplam puanının fonksiyonel skor ve genel sağlık durumu skoru ile ilişkili olduğu görüldü.

Kaynakça

  • Acar, H. (2014). Manevi iyi oluş ve dindarlık arasındaki ilişki üzerine bir değerlendirme. C.Ü. İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi, 18(2), 391-412.
  • Ahmadi Nabil, M.R., Saini, S.M., Nasrin, N., Bahari, R., Sharip, S. (2016). I can’t pray’ –The s piritual needs of Malaysian Muslim patients suffering from depression, IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia, 15(1), 103-109.
  • Aktürk, Ü., Erci, B., Araz, M. (2017). Functional evaluation of treatment of chronic disease: Validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale. Palliative and Supportive Care, 15, 684–692.
  • Al-Natour A, Momani SMA, Qandil AMA (2017) The relationship between spirituality and quality of life of Jordanian women diagnosed with breast cancer. J Relig Health 56(6), 1–13.
  • Bai, M., Lazenby, M. (2015). A systematic review of associations between spiritual well- being and quality of life at the scale and factor levels in studies among patients with cancer. Journal Palliative Medicine, 18, 286–298.
  • Bai, M., Lazenby, M., Jeon, S., Dixon, J., McCorkle, R. (2015). Exploring the relationship between spiritual well- being and quality of life among pa-tients newly diagnosed with advanced cancer. Palliative and Supportive Care, 13, 927–935.
  • Beşer, N.G., Öz, F. (2003). Kemoterapi alan lenfomalı hastaların anksiyete-depresyon düzeyleri ve yaşam kaliteleri. Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Yüksek Okulu Dergisi, 7 (1), 47- 58.
  • Bovero, A., Leombruni, P., Miniotti, M., Rocca, G., Torta, R. (2016). Spirituality, quality of life, psychological adjustment in terminal cancer patients in hospice. European Journal of Cancer Care, 25, 961–969.
  • Breda, A.I., Watts, A.S. (2017). Expectations regarding aging, physical activity, and physical function in older adults. Gerontol Geriatr Med, 3, 1-18.
  • Büssing, A., Baumann, K., Hvidt, N. C., Koenig, H. G., Puchalski, C. M., Swinton, J. (2014). spirituality and health: editorial. evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine, 1–2.
  • Calderia, S.,Timmins, F., Carvalho, E.C. ve Vieira, M. (2017). Spiritual well-being and spiritual distress in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy: utilizing the swbq as component of holistic nursing diagnosis, J Relig Health 56, 1489–1502.
  • Chaar EA, Hallit S, Hajj A, Aaraj R, Kattan J, Jabbour H, Khabbaz LR (2018) Evaluating the impact of spirituality on the quality of life, anxiety, and depression among patients with cancer: an observational transversal study. Support Care Cancer, 26(8), 2581–2590.
  • Cheng, Q., Liu, X., Li, X., Wang, Y., Mao, T., Cheni Y. (2019). Improving spiritual well-being among cancer patients: implications for clinical care, Supportive Care in Cancer, 27, 3403-3409.
  • Çalışkan, T. Duran, S. Karadaş, A. Ergün, S., Tekir Ö. (2015). Kanser hastalarının yaşam kalitesi ve sosyal destek düzeylerinin değerlendirilmesi. KÜ Tıp Fak Derg, 17(1), 27-36.
  • Ekinci, Y., Düger, T. (2018). Kanser hastalarında kavrama kuvveti ve quadriceps kas kuvveti ile yaşam kalitesi arasındaki ilişki. Turk J Physiother Rehabil, 29(1), 27-32.
  • Folami, F.F., Onanuga K.A. (2018). Perception of spirituality, spiritual care, and barriers to the provision of spiritual care among undergraduate nurses in the University of Lagos, Nigeria. Original Research Report, 15(1), 8-12.
  • Gelin, D., Ulus, B. (2015). Hastanede kemoterapi alan hastaların yaşam kalitesi ve bunu etkileyen faktörler. Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 6(1), 31-35.
  • Güzelant, A., Göksel, T., Özkök, S., Taşbakan, S., Aysan, T. Bottomley A. (2004). The European organization for research and treatment of cancer qlq-c30: an examination into the cultural validity and reliability of the turkish version of the eortc qlqc30. European Journal of Cancer Care, 13, 135-144.
  • Hallaç, S., Öz, F. (2011). Genital kanser tanı sürecinde varoluşsal kaygı, Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar, 3(4), 595-610.
  • Hill, P. C., Pargament, K. I., Hood, R. W., Jr., Mccullough, M. E., Swyers, J. P., Larson, D. B., Zinnbauer, B. J. (2000). Conceptualizing religion and spirituality: points of commonality, points of departure. journal for the theory of social behaviour, 30, 51–77.
  • Jafari, E., Najafi, M., Sohrabi, F., Dehshiri, G.R., Soleymania, E., Heshmati, R. (2010). Life satisfaction, spirituality well-being and hope in cancer patients, Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5:1362-1366.
  • Jafari, N., Farajzadegan, Z., Loghmani, A., Majlesi, M., Jafari, N. (2014). Spiritual Well-Being and Quality of Life of Iranian Adults with Type 2 Diabetes, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 1-8.
  • Kutlutürkan, S., Öztürk, E.S., Erdoğan, S.B., İyimaya, Ö., Bay, F., Gül, F. (2019). Yaşlı kanser hastalarında yaşam kalitesinin ve semptomların değerlendirilmesi. Van Tıp Derg, 26(4), 418-426.
  • Li, L., Mo, F. K., Chan, S. L., Hui, E. P., Tang, N. S., Koh, J., ...Yeo, W. (2017). Prognostic values of EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-HCC18 index-scores in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma–clinical application of health-related quality-of-life data. BMC cancer, 17(1), 8.
  • Martoni, A.A., Varani, S., Peghetti, B., Roganti, D., Volpicella, E., Pannuti, R., Pannuti, F. (2017). Spiritual well- being of Italian advanced cancer patients in the home palliative care setting. Eur J Cancer Care, 26, 1-9.
  • Mehrabi, F. Hekmatpou, D., Abolfathi, A. (2019). The Relationship between demographic characteristics and quality of life in patients with cancer. Health Research Journal, 5 (1), 8-15.
  • Monteiro dos Reis, L.B., Leles, C.R., Matias Freire, M.C. (2019). Religiosity, spirituality, and the quality of life of patients with sequelae of head and neck cancer, Oral Diseases, 26, 838–842.
  • Murray, S.A., Kendall, M., Worth, A., Benton, T.F. (2004). Exploring the spiritual needs of people dying of lung cancer or heart failure: a prospective qualitative interview study of patients and their carers. Palliative Medicine, 18, 39-45.
  • Otuzoğlu, M. (2020) Kanser hastalarının manevi gereksinimlerini değerlendirmeye ilişkin ölçek çalışmalarının incelemesi. J Contemp Med, 10(1), 126-133.
  • Özkan, M., Akın, S. (2017). Evaluation of the effect of fatigue on functional quality of life in cancer patients. Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Dergisi, 25(3), 177-192.
  • Park, C. L. (2005). Religion as a meaning-making framework in coping with life stress. Journal of Social Issues, 61, 707-729.
  • Park,C.L, Cho, D. (2017). Spiritual well-being and spiritual distress predict adjustment in adolescent and young adult cancer survivors, Psycho-Oncology, 26, 1293–1300.
  • Pearce, MJ, Coan AD, Herndon, JE, Koenig HG, Abernethy AP (2012) Unmet spiritual care needs impact emotional and spiritual wellbeing in advanced cancer patients. Support Care Cancer, 20(10), 2269–2276.
  • Peterman, A.H., Fitchett, G., Brady, M.J., Hernandez, L., Cella, D. (2002) Measuring spiritual well-being in people with cancer: the functional assessment of chronic illness therapy—spiritual well-being scale (FACİT-SP). Ann Behav Med, 24, 49-58.
  • Rabitti, E., Cavuto, S., Ottonelli, S., De Vincenzo, F., Constantini, M. (2020). The assessment of spiritual well-being in cancer patients with advanced disease: which are its meaningful dimensions? BMC Palliative Care, 19(26), 1-8.
  • Randa,S., Uğraş, G.A., Eser, K. (2019). Meme kanserli kadınların cerrahi girişim sonrası yaşadıkları üst ekstremite sorunlarının yaşam kalitesine etkisi. Mersin Univ Saglık Bilim Derg, 12(2), 170-181.
  • Ross, L., Austin, J. (2015). Spiritual needs and spiritual support preferences of people with end-stage heart failure and their carers: Implications for nurse managers. Journal of Nursing Management, 23(1), 87–95.
  • Sajadi, M., Nizai, N., Khosravi, S., Yaghobi,A., Rezaei, M., Koenig, H.G. (2018). Effect of spiritual counseling on spiritual well-being in ıranian women with cancer: a randomized clinical trail. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 30, 79-84.
  • Salsman, J.M., Pustejovsky, J.E., Jim H.S.L., Munoz, A.R., Merluzzi, T.V., George, L., …Fitchett, G. (2015) A meta-analytic approach to examining the correlation between Religion/Spirituality and mental health in cancer. Cancer, 1, 121(21), 3769–3778.
  • Sharif, S.P., Ong, F.S. (2019). Education moderates the relationship between spirituality with quality of life and stress among Malay Muslim women with breast cancer, J Relig Health, 58, 1060–1071.
  • Shaw, R., Gullifer, J., Wood, K. (2016). Religion and spirituality: a qualitative study of older adults. Ageing International, 41, 311–330
  • Sun, V., Kim J.Y., İrish, T., Borneman, T. Sichu, R.K., Klein, L., Ferrel, B. (2016). Palliative care and spiritual well-being in lung cancer patients and family caregivers, Psycho-Oncology, 25, 1448–1455.
  • Velenik, V. Secerov-Ermenc, A. But-Hadzic, J., Zadnik, V. (2017). Health-related quality of life assessed by the EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire in the General Slovenian population. Radiol Oncol, 51(3), 342–350.
  • Wallwiener, M., Matthies, L., Simoes, E., Keilmann, L., Hartkopf, A. D., Sokolov, A. N., ...Brucker, S. Y. (2017). Reliability of an e-PRO tool of EORTC QLQ-C30 for measurement of health-related quality of life in patients with breast cancer: prospective randomized trial. Journal of medical Internet research, 19(9), e322.
  • World Health Organization Quality of Life Group. (1998) Development of the world health organization whoqol- bref quality of life assessment. Psychological Medicine, 28 (3), 551–558.
  • Yılmaz, M., Cengiz, H.Ö. (2020). The relationship between spiritual well-being and quality of life in cancer survivors, Palliative and Supportive Care, 1–8.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Tıp
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Berna KÖKTÜRK DALCALI (Sorumlu Yazar)
Bandırma Onyedi Eylül Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi
0000-0002-2123-3386
Türkiye


Hanife DURGUN
Ordu Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Hemşirelik Bölümü
0000-0003-1622-8184
Türkiye


Şeyda CAN
Yalova Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi
0000-0001-9733-133X
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 25 Haziran 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 18 Ekim 2020
Kabul Tarihi 23 Mart 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 9, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Köktürk Dalcalı, B. , Durgun, H. & Can, Ş. (2021). ONKOLOJİ BİRİMİNDE TEDAVİ ALAN HASTALARIN MANEVİ İYİ OLUŞLARI VE YAŞAM KALİTELERİ . İnönü Üniversitesi Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksek Okulu Dergisi , 9 (2) , 536-553 . DOI: 10.33715/inonusaglik.812182