Yıl 2020, Cilt 10 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 377 - 384 2020-09-30

The effect of planned training regarding breast self-examination on women’s health beliefs

Özlem DURAN AKSOY [1] , Ferit KOÇOĞLU [2]


Amaç: Araştırma, kadınlara kendi kendine meme muayenesi (KKMM) ile ilgili verilen planlı eğitimin sağlık inançlarına etkisini belirlemek amacıyla deneysel olarak yapılmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntem: Araştırma grubunu, Yarı Açık Kadın Cezaevi’nde bulunan, Halk Eğitim Merkezi ve Akşam Sanat Okulu’ndan seçilen ve Aile Sağlığı Merkezi Bölgesi’ndeki Kur’an kursuna devam eden kadınlar olmak üzere toplam 108 kadın oluşturmuştur. Araştırmanın verileri, kadınlara yönelik sosyo-demografik soru formu ve Türkçe Champion’s Health Belief Model Scale (CHBMS) ile toplanmıştır. Araştırmada kontrol grubu kullanılmamış, kadınların eğitim verilmeden önceki değerlendirmeleri, eğitimden sekiz hafta sonraki değerlendirmelerinin kontrolü olarak alınmıştır. Bulgular: Araştırmada, kadınların %32.4’ünün KKMM eğitimi aldığı ve KKMM yapmayı bildiği saptanmıştır. Son bir yıl içerisinde kadınların %15.7’sinin KKMM yaptığı, %10.2’sinin klinik meme muayenesi yaptırdığı, %10.4’ünün ise mamografi çektirdiği bulunmuştur. Eğitim faaliyeti sonrasında, CHBMS ölçeği alt boyutlarından olan duyarlılık, ciddiyet, yarar, güven ve sağlık motivasyonu algılarında olumlu yönde anlamlı bir artış olduğu saptanırken, engel algısının da olumlu yönde değişerek önemli ölçüde azaldığı belirlenmiştir (p<0.05). Sonuç: Kadınların KKMM yapma ve mamografi çektirme oranlarının düşük düzeyde olduğu, eğitim öncesi değerlendirmelere göre eğitim sonrasında CHBMS alt boyutlarında olumlu yönde anlamlı bir artış olduğu belirlenmiştir. Ebe ve hemşirelerin meme muayenesi ile ilgili eğitimlerde kadınların sağlık inançlarını göz önünde bulundurmaları ve eğitim programlarını bu doğrultuda hazırlanmaları önerilmektedir.
Kendi kendine meme muayenesi, Sağlık İnanç Modeli, ebe, hemşire, eğitim
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Orjinal Araştırma
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-0843-5589
Yazar: Özlem DURAN AKSOY (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: SİVAS CUMHURİYET ÜNİVERSİTESİ SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-8795-7638
Yazar: Ferit KOÇOĞLU
Kurum: SİVAS CUMHURİYET ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ, DAHİLİ TIP BİLİMLERİ BÖLÜMÜ
Ülke: Turkey


Destekleyen Kurum Sivas Cumhuriyet University Scientific Research Projects Commission
Proje Numarası T-369 Doctoral Thesis Project
Teşekkür The authors thank all of the women who agreed to participate in this study. They also would like to thank the managers and employees of the institutions in which the study was conducted for their cooperation.
Tarihler

Kabul Tarihi : 21 Temmuz 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Eylül 2020

AMA Duran Aksoy Ö , Koçoğlu F . The effect of planned training regarding breast self-examination on women’s health beliefs. J Contemp Med. 2020; 10(3): 377-384.