Yıl 2019, Cilt 31 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 118 - 125 2019-06-30

Determination of Major Problems of Raw Hide and Soaking Process in Leather Industry

Didem BERBER [1] , Meral BİRBİR [2]


ABSTRACT

Hide quality is adversely affected during salt-curing and soaking processes especially due to bacterial activities of microorganisms. These organisms may cause irreversible grain damage, pinpricks, disruption of collagen fibers, uneven dyeing that cannot be recovered by leather production process. To determine major problems on salted and soaked skins/hides, a questionnaire study was applied to leather technicians in Leather Organized Tannery Region, Istanbul, Turkey in both 2009 and 2018. While most tanneries were processing hides/skins imported from foreign countries in 2009, local cattle hides are processed in 2018. Conventional salt curing method has been applied in warehouses. The most striking point is that the salt was applied randomly during preservation. Although tanneries do not store rawhide more than one month, there is no information about how long they store in warehouses. The tanneries reported red spots, unpleasant odor, hair slip, loss of elasticity, holes in grain surface, bacterial and fungal growth on skin/hides. Leather-making processes are performed at ambient temperature of tanneries. No difference was observed in application of soaking process in both 2009 and 2018 surveys. This questionnaire study showed that most of problems were related with microbial damage and bloodstain, burns due to manure and flaying mistakes at slaughterhouses.

skins, hides, leather, questionnaire
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Fen, Mühendislik, Temel Bilimler
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-5813-160X
Yazar: Didem BERBER (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Marmara Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-6681-5892
Yazar: Meral BİRBİR
Kurum: Marmara Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Haziran 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jeps470865, journal = {International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2636-8277}, address = {fbedergi@marmara.edu.tr}, publisher = {Marmara Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {31}, pages = {118 - 125}, doi = {10.7240/jeps.470865}, title = {Determination of Major Problems of Raw Hide and Soaking Process in Leather Industry}, key = {cite}, author = {BERBER, Didem and BİRBİR, Meral} }
APA BERBER, D , BİRBİR, M . (2019). Determination of Major Problems of Raw Hide and Soaking Process in Leather Industry. International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences , 31 (2) , 118-125 . DOI: 10.7240/jeps.470865
MLA BERBER, D , BİRBİR, M . "Determination of Major Problems of Raw Hide and Soaking Process in Leather Industry". International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences 31 (2019 ): 118-125 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/jeps/issue/47132/470865>
Chicago BERBER, D , BİRBİR, M . "Determination of Major Problems of Raw Hide and Soaking Process in Leather Industry". International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences 31 (2019 ): 118-125
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Determination of Major Problems of Raw Hide and Soaking Process in Leather Industry AU - Didem BERBER , Meral BİRBİR Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.7240/jeps.470865 DO - 10.7240/jeps.470865 T2 - International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 118 EP - 125 VL - 31 IS - 2 SN - -2636-8277 M3 - doi: 10.7240/jeps.470865 UR - https://doi.org/10.7240/jeps.470865 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences Determination of Major Problems of Raw Hide and Soaking Process in Leather Industry %A Didem BERBER , Meral BİRBİR %T Determination of Major Problems of Raw Hide and Soaking Process in Leather Industry %D 2019 %J International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences %P -2636-8277 %V 31 %N 2 %R doi: 10.7240/jeps.470865 %U 10.7240/jeps.470865
ISNAD BERBER, Didem , BİRBİR, Meral . "Determination of Major Problems of Raw Hide and Soaking Process in Leather Industry". International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences 31 / 2 (Haziran 2019): 118-125 . https://doi.org/10.7240/jeps.470865
AMA BERBER D , BİRBİR M . Determination of Major Problems of Raw Hide and Soaking Process in Leather Industry. JEPS. 2019; 31(2): 118-125.
Vancouver BERBER D , BİRBİR M . Determination of Major Problems of Raw Hide and Soaking Process in Leather Industry. International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences. 2019; 31(2): 125-118.