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The Effects of Cold Stratification, Cold Storage and Gibberellic acid (GA3) on Seed Germination of Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.)

Yıl 2021, Cilt 21, Sayı 2, 176 - 182, 30.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17475/kastorman.1000467

Öz

Abstract Aim of study: The effects of cold stratification, cold storage and gibberellic acid (GA3) on seed germination of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) were investigated. Area of study: Ripe berries of V.myrtillus were collected from the Kaz Mountains (İda Mount) National Park-Balıkesir province in Turkey. Material and methods: In the study five levels of cold moist stratification period, cold dry storage period (control, 15, 30, 60, 90 days) at +4 ºC and three dose of GA3 (control, 500, 1000, 1500 mg/L) treatments were applied. Data were tested independently by ANOVA according to three factors with three replications. 50 seeds were used for each treatment for each replication. Main results: Cold stratifications, cold storage and GA3 treatments did not increase the germination percentage of bilberry seeds. Germination was found between 23-40% in all experiments. Highlights: Different pretreatments are advised for increasing germination percentage of V. myrtillus L. seeds

Kaynakça

  • Aalders, L.E. & Hall, I.V. (1979). Germination of lowbush blueberry seeds as affected by sizing, planting cover, storage, and pelleting. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 59(2), 527-530.
  • Ballington, J.R, Galletta, G.J. & Pharr, D.M. (1976). Gibberellin effects on rabbiteye blueberry seed germination. HortScience, 11(4), 410-411.
  • Barney, D.L., Shafii, B. & Price, W.J., (2001). Cold stratification delays germination of black huckleberry seeds. HortScience, 36(4), 813.
  • Barney, D.L. (2003). Effects of light, surface sterilization, and fungicides on the germination of black huckleberry seeds. Small Fruits Review, 2(2), 73-80.
  • Baskin, C.C. & Baskin, J.M. (2014). Seeds ecology, biogeography, and evolution of dormancy and germination. Academic Press, San Diego.
  • Baskin, C.C., Milberg, P., Andersson, L. & Baskin, J.M. (2000). Germination studies of three dwarf shrubs (Vaccinium, Ericaceae) of Northern Hemisphere coniferous forests. Can. J. Bot., 78, 1552-1560.
  • Bewley, J.D. (1997). Seed germination and dormancy. Plant Cell, 9, 1055-1066.
  • Bilgin, S., Alım, E. & Çeliktaş Yeşil, Ö. (2011). Some fruit and seed characteristics of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) from Kaz Mountains (Mount Ida). In: Efe, R., Öztürk, M., Atalay, İ. (Editors). International Symposium on Kazdağları (Mount Ida) and Edremit, 5-7 May 2011, Edremit, Turkey, 109-119.
  • Bone, K. & Morgan, M. (1997). Bilberry: the vision herb. MediHerb Profess, Rev 59, 14.
  • Ciordia, M., Lucas, De M., Mateos, V., Rodriguez, L, Garcia, J. C. & Majada, J. (2006). Optimization of germination reguirement and seed production of wild-type Vaccinium myrtillus. Proc VIIIth International Symposium on Vaccinium Culture, Eds: Lopes da Fonseca et al. ISHS Acta Hort, 715, 85-90.
  • Davis, P.H. (1988). Flora of Turkey and The Eeast Aegean Islands. Edinburg University Press, Edinburg, UK.
  • Devlin, R.M. & Karczmarczyk, S.J. (1975). Effect of light and gibberellic acid on the germination of 'Early Black' cranberry seeds. Horticultural Research, 15, 19-22.
  • Devlin, R.M. & Karczmarczyk, S.J., (1977). Influence of light and growth regulators on cranberry seed dormancy. Journal of Horticultural Science, 52(2), 283-288.
  • Dweikat, I.M. & Lyrene, P.M. (1988). Adventitious shoot production from leaves of blueberry cultured in vitro. HortScience, 23(3), 629.
  • Dweikat, I.M. & Lyrene, P.M. (1989). Response of highbush blueberry seed germination to gibberellin A3 and 6N-benzyladenine. Can. J. Bot. 67, 3391-3393.
  • Eminağaoğlu, Ö. (2018). Vaccinium L. In: Akkemik, Ü. (Ed.), Türkiye’nin Doğal-Ekzotik Ağaç ve Çalıları, Orman Genel Müdürlüğü Yayınları, Ankara, 278-280.
  • Giba, Z., Grubisic, D. & Konjevic, R., (1993). The effect of white light, growth regulators and temperature on the germination of blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) seeds. Seed Science and Technology, 21, 521-529.
  • Grieve, M. (1971). A Modern Herbal. New York, NY: Dover Publications, 1, 385-386.
  • Griffin, J.J. & Blazich, F.A., (2002). Vaccinium L. (blueberry or cranberry). North Carolina State University. http://www.nsl.fs.fed.us/wpsm/Vaccinium.pdf (Accessed: 02 10 2010).
  • ISTA, (1996). İnternational Rules of Seed Testing, 1996. Seed Science and Technology, 24, 1-335.
  • Karabulut, B. & Çelik, H. (2013). The Effects of Gibberellin and Dry-cold Stratification on the Germination of Caucasian Whortleberry (Vaccinium arctostaphylos L.) and Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) Seeds Collected from Artvin Forest and Plateaus. In: International Caucasian Forestry Symposium, Artvin, Turkey, 24-26 October 2013, 118-1124.
  • Kemper, K. J. (1999). Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus). The Longwood Herbal Task Force. http://www.mcp.edu/herbal/bilberry/bilberry.pdf (Accessed: 01 October 2013).
  • Lopez, O.A., Barney, D.L., Shafii, B. & Price, W. J. (2008). Modeling the effects of temperature and gibberellic acid concentration on red huckleberry seed germination. HortScience, 43(1), 223-228. Milbau, A., Graae, B.J., Shevtsova, A. & Nijs, I. (2009). Effects of a warmer climate on seed germination in the subarctic. Annals of Botany 104, 287-296.
  • PFAF, (2020). Vaccinium myrtillus L. https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Vaccinium+myrtillus (Accessed:5 February 2020)
  • Ranwala, S.M.W. & Naylor, R.E.L. (2010). Production, survival and germination of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) seeds. Bot. J. Scotl., 56(1), 55-63.
  • Shahram, S. (2007). Seed dormancy and germination of Vaccinium arctostaphylos L. International Journal of Botany, 3(3), 307-311.
  • Smreciu, A., Pahl, M., Gould, K. & Fung, M. (2008). Native plants for revegetation: Propagation and Establishment. Final Report, prepared for Syncrude Canada, Ltd. and Canadian Oil Sands Network for Research and Development (CONRAD). 25 pp. plus appendices.
  • Taiz, L. & Zeiger, E. (2002). Plant physiology, 3rd ed. Sinauer Associates Publishers, Sunderland, MA.
  • Thakur, K.S. & Rathore, D.S. (1991). Blueberries. In: Mitra SK, Bose TK, Rathore DS (Eds.) Temperate Fruits. Calcutta, India: Horticulture and Allied Publishers, 672-701.
  • Turner, N. (1997). Food plants of interior first peoples. 215p, UBC, Vancouver, BC.
  • Wang, B.S.P. & Berjak, P. (2000). Beneficial effects of moist chilling on the seeds of black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P.), Annals of Botany, 86, 29-36.
  • Woodward, F.I. (1986). Ecophysiological studies on the shrub Vaccinium myrtillus L. taken from a wide altitudinal range. Oecologia, 70, 580-586.
  • Vander Kloet, S.P. & Hall, I.V. (1981). The Biological Flora of Canada. 2. Vaccinium myrtilloides Michx., velvet-leaf blueberry. Canadian Field-Naturalist, 95(3), 329-345.

Çoban Üzümü (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) Tohumlarının Çimlendirilmesinde Soğuk Katlama, Soğuk Depolama ve Gibberellik asit (GA3) Uygulamalarının Etkisi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 21, Sayı 2, 176 - 182, 30.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17475/kastorman.1000467

Öz

Çalışmanın amacı: Soğuk saklama, soğuk depolama ve gibberellik asidin (GA3) çoban üzümü (Vaccinium. myrtillus L.) tohumlarının çimlenmesi üzerine etkileri araştırılmıştır. Çalışma alanı: V. myrtillus L.’un olgun meyveleri Türkiye de Balıkesir-Kaz dağları Milli Parkı içerisinden toplanmıştır. Materyal ve yöntem: Bu çalışmada +4 °C’de beş seviyeli soğuk nemli saklama, soğuk kuru depolama periyodu (kontrol, 15, 30, 60, 90 günler) ve üç doz (kontrol, 500, 1000, 1500 mg/L) GA3 işlemleri uygulanmıştır. Elde edilen veriler, üç tekerrürlü üç faktöre göre birbirinden bağımsız olarak ANOVA ile test edilmiştir. Her bir işlem ve tekerrür için 50 adet tohum kullanılmıştır. Temel sonuçlar: Soğuk katlama, soğuk depolama ve GA3 işlemleri çoban üzümü tohumlarının çimlenme yüzdesini artırmamıştır. Tüm denemelerde çimlenme oranları %23-40 arasında bulunmuştur. Araştırma vurguları: V. myrtillus L. tohumlarının çimlenme yüzdesini arttırmak için farklı ön uygulamaların yapılması önerilmektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Aalders, L.E. & Hall, I.V. (1979). Germination of lowbush blueberry seeds as affected by sizing, planting cover, storage, and pelleting. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 59(2), 527-530.
  • Ballington, J.R, Galletta, G.J. & Pharr, D.M. (1976). Gibberellin effects on rabbiteye blueberry seed germination. HortScience, 11(4), 410-411.
  • Barney, D.L., Shafii, B. & Price, W.J., (2001). Cold stratification delays germination of black huckleberry seeds. HortScience, 36(4), 813.
  • Barney, D.L. (2003). Effects of light, surface sterilization, and fungicides on the germination of black huckleberry seeds. Small Fruits Review, 2(2), 73-80.
  • Baskin, C.C. & Baskin, J.M. (2014). Seeds ecology, biogeography, and evolution of dormancy and germination. Academic Press, San Diego.
  • Baskin, C.C., Milberg, P., Andersson, L. & Baskin, J.M. (2000). Germination studies of three dwarf shrubs (Vaccinium, Ericaceae) of Northern Hemisphere coniferous forests. Can. J. Bot., 78, 1552-1560.
  • Bewley, J.D. (1997). Seed germination and dormancy. Plant Cell, 9, 1055-1066.
  • Bilgin, S., Alım, E. & Çeliktaş Yeşil, Ö. (2011). Some fruit and seed characteristics of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) from Kaz Mountains (Mount Ida). In: Efe, R., Öztürk, M., Atalay, İ. (Editors). International Symposium on Kazdağları (Mount Ida) and Edremit, 5-7 May 2011, Edremit, Turkey, 109-119.
  • Bone, K. & Morgan, M. (1997). Bilberry: the vision herb. MediHerb Profess, Rev 59, 14.
  • Ciordia, M., Lucas, De M., Mateos, V., Rodriguez, L, Garcia, J. C. & Majada, J. (2006). Optimization of germination reguirement and seed production of wild-type Vaccinium myrtillus. Proc VIIIth International Symposium on Vaccinium Culture, Eds: Lopes da Fonseca et al. ISHS Acta Hort, 715, 85-90.
  • Davis, P.H. (1988). Flora of Turkey and The Eeast Aegean Islands. Edinburg University Press, Edinburg, UK.
  • Devlin, R.M. & Karczmarczyk, S.J. (1975). Effect of light and gibberellic acid on the germination of 'Early Black' cranberry seeds. Horticultural Research, 15, 19-22.
  • Devlin, R.M. & Karczmarczyk, S.J., (1977). Influence of light and growth regulators on cranberry seed dormancy. Journal of Horticultural Science, 52(2), 283-288.
  • Dweikat, I.M. & Lyrene, P.M. (1988). Adventitious shoot production from leaves of blueberry cultured in vitro. HortScience, 23(3), 629.
  • Dweikat, I.M. & Lyrene, P.M. (1989). Response of highbush blueberry seed germination to gibberellin A3 and 6N-benzyladenine. Can. J. Bot. 67, 3391-3393.
  • Eminağaoğlu, Ö. (2018). Vaccinium L. In: Akkemik, Ü. (Ed.), Türkiye’nin Doğal-Ekzotik Ağaç ve Çalıları, Orman Genel Müdürlüğü Yayınları, Ankara, 278-280.
  • Giba, Z., Grubisic, D. & Konjevic, R., (1993). The effect of white light, growth regulators and temperature on the germination of blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) seeds. Seed Science and Technology, 21, 521-529.
  • Grieve, M. (1971). A Modern Herbal. New York, NY: Dover Publications, 1, 385-386.
  • Griffin, J.J. & Blazich, F.A., (2002). Vaccinium L. (blueberry or cranberry). North Carolina State University. http://www.nsl.fs.fed.us/wpsm/Vaccinium.pdf (Accessed: 02 10 2010).
  • ISTA, (1996). İnternational Rules of Seed Testing, 1996. Seed Science and Technology, 24, 1-335.
  • Karabulut, B. & Çelik, H. (2013). The Effects of Gibberellin and Dry-cold Stratification on the Germination of Caucasian Whortleberry (Vaccinium arctostaphylos L.) and Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) Seeds Collected from Artvin Forest and Plateaus. In: International Caucasian Forestry Symposium, Artvin, Turkey, 24-26 October 2013, 118-1124.
  • Kemper, K. J. (1999). Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus). The Longwood Herbal Task Force. http://www.mcp.edu/herbal/bilberry/bilberry.pdf (Accessed: 01 October 2013).
  • Lopez, O.A., Barney, D.L., Shafii, B. & Price, W. J. (2008). Modeling the effects of temperature and gibberellic acid concentration on red huckleberry seed germination. HortScience, 43(1), 223-228. Milbau, A., Graae, B.J., Shevtsova, A. & Nijs, I. (2009). Effects of a warmer climate on seed germination in the subarctic. Annals of Botany 104, 287-296.
  • PFAF, (2020). Vaccinium myrtillus L. https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Vaccinium+myrtillus (Accessed:5 February 2020)
  • Ranwala, S.M.W. & Naylor, R.E.L. (2010). Production, survival and germination of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) seeds. Bot. J. Scotl., 56(1), 55-63.
  • Shahram, S. (2007). Seed dormancy and germination of Vaccinium arctostaphylos L. International Journal of Botany, 3(3), 307-311.
  • Smreciu, A., Pahl, M., Gould, K. & Fung, M. (2008). Native plants for revegetation: Propagation and Establishment. Final Report, prepared for Syncrude Canada, Ltd. and Canadian Oil Sands Network for Research and Development (CONRAD). 25 pp. plus appendices.
  • Taiz, L. & Zeiger, E. (2002). Plant physiology, 3rd ed. Sinauer Associates Publishers, Sunderland, MA.
  • Thakur, K.S. & Rathore, D.S. (1991). Blueberries. In: Mitra SK, Bose TK, Rathore DS (Eds.) Temperate Fruits. Calcutta, India: Horticulture and Allied Publishers, 672-701.
  • Turner, N. (1997). Food plants of interior first peoples. 215p, UBC, Vancouver, BC.
  • Wang, B.S.P. & Berjak, P. (2000). Beneficial effects of moist chilling on the seeds of black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P.), Annals of Botany, 86, 29-36.
  • Woodward, F.I. (1986). Ecophysiological studies on the shrub Vaccinium myrtillus L. taken from a wide altitudinal range. Oecologia, 70, 580-586.
  • Vander Kloet, S.P. & Hall, I.V. (1981). The Biological Flora of Canada. 2. Vaccinium myrtilloides Michx., velvet-leaf blueberry. Canadian Field-Naturalist, 95(3), 329-345.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Fen
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Serap BİLGİN Bu kişi benim (Sorumlu Yazar)
The Western Black Sea Forestry Research Institute
Türkiye


Esra ALIM Bu kişi benim
Western Mediterranean Agricultural Research Institute
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Eylül 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 21, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { kastorman1000467, journal = {Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty}, issn = {1303-2399}, eissn = {1309-4181}, address = {}, publisher = {Kastamonu Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, pages = {176 - 182}, doi = {10.17475/kastorman.1000467}, title = {The Effects of Cold Stratification, Cold Storage and Gibberellic acid (GA3) on Seed Germination of Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.)}, key = {cite}, author = {Bilgin, Serap and Alım, Esra} }
APA Bilgin, S. & Alım, E. (2021). The Effects of Cold Stratification, Cold Storage and Gibberellic acid (GA3) on Seed Germination of Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) . Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty , 21 (2) , 176-182 . DOI: 10.17475/kastorman.1000467
MLA Bilgin, S. , Alım, E. "The Effects of Cold Stratification, Cold Storage and Gibberellic acid (GA3) on Seed Germination of Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.)" . Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty 21 (2021 ): 176-182 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/kastorman/article/1000467>
Chicago Bilgin, S. , Alım, E. "The Effects of Cold Stratification, Cold Storage and Gibberellic acid (GA3) on Seed Germination of Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.)". Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty 21 (2021 ): 176-182
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Effects of Cold Stratification, Cold Storage and Gibberellic acid (GA3) on Seed Germination of Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) AU - Serap Bilgin , Esra Alım Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.17475/kastorman.1000467 DO - 10.17475/kastorman.1000467 T2 - Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 176 EP - 182 VL - 21 IS - 2 SN - 1303-2399-1309-4181 M3 - doi: 10.17475/kastorman.1000467 UR - https://doi.org/10.17475/kastorman.1000467 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Kastamonu Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi The Effects of Cold Stratification, Cold Storage and Gibberellic acid (GA3) on Seed Germination of Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) %A Serap Bilgin , Esra Alım %T The Effects of Cold Stratification, Cold Storage and Gibberellic acid (GA3) on Seed Germination of Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) %D 2021 %J Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty %P 1303-2399-1309-4181 %V 21 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17475/kastorman.1000467 %U 10.17475/kastorman.1000467
ISNAD Bilgin, Serap , Alım, Esra . "The Effects of Cold Stratification, Cold Storage and Gibberellic acid (GA3) on Seed Germination of Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.)". Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty 21 / 2 (Eylül 2021): 176-182 . https://doi.org/10.17475/kastorman.1000467
AMA Bilgin S. , Alım E. The Effects of Cold Stratification, Cold Storage and Gibberellic acid (GA3) on Seed Germination of Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.). Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty. 2021; 21(2): 176-182.
Vancouver Bilgin S. , Alım E. The Effects of Cold Stratification, Cold Storage and Gibberellic acid (GA3) on Seed Germination of Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.). Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty. 2021; 21(2): 176-182.
IEEE S. Bilgin ve E. Alım , "The Effects of Cold Stratification, Cold Storage and Gibberellic acid (GA3) on Seed Germination of Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.)", Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty, c. 21, sayı. 2, ss. 176-182, Eyl. 2021, doi:10.17475/kastorman.1000467

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