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MISIR HİYEROGLİFLERİNİ ÇÖZÜME GÖTÜREN DİLBİLİM ANAHTARLARI

Yıl 2013, Cilt 1, Sayı 17, 39 - 52, 01.02.2013

Öz

Bu çalışma Mısır hiyerogliflerinin çözümü konusunda yaşanılan uzun ve karmaşık süreci incelemekte ve bu bağlamda, Mısır medeniyetinin gizli kalmış sırrının çözümünde dilbilimin oynadığı anahtar rolü ortaya koymayı amaçlamaktadır. Jean-François Champollion, üzerinde eski hiyeroglifler, orta kısmında o zaman bilinmeyen bir dil ve alt kısmında Yunanca olmak üzere üç farklı dil yer alan Reşit (Rosetta) Taşı’nı inceleyerek, kelimelerdeki seslerin ideografik işaretlerle olan ilişkisini ortaya çıkarmıştır. Champollion, Reşit Taşı’nda bulunan ve özel isimler içerdiği saptanan kartuşlardan, Eski Mısır Koptik dilinden, Yunanca çeviriye sahip olan Filay dikili taşından ve Mısırlı tarihçi Monetho’nun Mısır firavunlarınının soy ağacını çıkarırken anlattıklarından yola çıkarak geniş bir dilbilim çalışması yürütmüştür. Champallion’ın hiyerogliflerin çözümüne (a) çeviriyi doğru kullanma, (b) diller arasındaki etkileşimi dikkate alma ve (c) dilin yaşayan bir unsur olduğunun ayırdına varma gibi dilbilimsel özellikleri analiz ederek ulaştığı açıkça görülmektedir.

Kaynakça

  • ADKINS Lesley & ADKINS, Roy: (2000). The Keys of Egypt: The Obsession to Decipher Egyptian Hieroglyphs. New York: Harper Collins.
  • ALLEN Don. Cameron: (1960). “Predecessors of Champollion”, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Journal V (104), s. 527-547
  • BYRD Melanie: (1998).The Napoleonic Institute of Egypt. Napoleonic Scrholarship: The Journal of the International series.org/ins/scholarship98/c_institute.html V (1,) N (2), Retrived from
  • http://www.napoleon
  • BUDGE, E. A. Wallis: (1893). The Reşit Stone: From TheMummy, Chapters on Egyptian Funeral Archaeology Cambridge: University Press.
  • COLLIER Mark & MANLEY Bill: (1998). How to Read Egyptian. Berkeley, Los Angeles: California University Press.
  • DAVIES W.V: (1998) . Reading Past: EgyptianHieroglyphs. Berkeley, Los Angeles: California University Press.
  • FAGAN Brian: (1975).The Rape of the Nile: Tomb Robbers, Tourists and Archaeologists in Egypt. New York: Charles ScribnerísSons.
  • FAIRFAX, Ferdinand: (2005). BBC Egypt Series: The Mystery of the Reşit Stone. United Kingdom: BBC.
  • GREPPO J. G. H: (1831). “Essay on the Hieroglyphic System of M. Champollion, Jr. and on the Advantages Which It Offers to Sacred Criticism art”,The North American Review, V (32), s. 95-127.
  • GRIFFITH F LI: (1951). “The Decipherment of the Hieroglyphs”, The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, V (37), s. 38-46.
  • HOOKER J,T: (1990). Reading the Past. University of California Press/British Museum.
  • LAMBROS D. C: (1970). The Reşit Stone and Its Decipherment: National Security Agency.
  • PARKINSON Richard: (1999). CrackingtheCodes: Reşit Stone andDecipherment. Berkeley, Los Angeles: California University Press.
  • RAY John: (2008). Reşit Stone: And the Re-birth of Ancient Egypt. London, Profile Books.
  • ROBINSON Andrew: (2008). “Deciphering Vanished Script”. Nature.V(455), s. (1033-1034).
  • WEISSBACH Muriel. Mirak: (1999) Jean François Champollion And the True Story of Egypt. Fidelio. V(VIII), N(3), s.26-39.
  • Şekil 4: http://www.usask.ca/antiquities/collection/egyptian/Reşitstone.html Şekil 9:
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dendera_zodiac

LİNGUİSTİC KEYS LEADİNG TO THE SOLUTİON OF EGYPTIAN HIEROGLYPHS

Yıl 2013, Cilt 1, Sayı 17, 39 - 52, 01.02.2013

Öz

The paper examines the long and complex process of the decipherment of the Egyptian hieroglyphs, highlighting the decisive role that the linguistic theories played in unlocking the secret behind the Egyptian civilization. Through the three different languages on the same inscription on the Rosetta Stone with Ancient Hieroglyphs at the top, another unknown language in the middle and the Greek at the bottom, scholars such as Jean- François Champollion was able to decipher the script, and showed that the Egyptian writing system was a combination of phonetic and ideographic signs through the cartouches used in the Rosetta Stone, proper names from Ancient Egyptian Coptic, Philae Obelisk on the temple island, Philae with Greek translation and an Egyptian historian Manetho who recorded the Egyptian Pharaoh lineage in Greek. It is obvious that Champollion’s solution is achieved through analyzing certain linguistic aspects of hieroglyphs, namely, (a) appropriate use of translation, (b) interaction between different languages, and (c) distinguishing between living and dead languages. 

Kaynakça

  • ADKINS Lesley & ADKINS, Roy: (2000). The Keys of Egypt: The Obsession to Decipher Egyptian Hieroglyphs. New York: Harper Collins.
  • ALLEN Don. Cameron: (1960). “Predecessors of Champollion”, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Journal V (104), s. 527-547
  • BYRD Melanie: (1998).The Napoleonic Institute of Egypt. Napoleonic Scrholarship: The Journal of the International series.org/ins/scholarship98/c_institute.html V (1,) N (2), Retrived from
  • http://www.napoleon
  • BUDGE, E. A. Wallis: (1893). The Reşit Stone: From TheMummy, Chapters on Egyptian Funeral Archaeology Cambridge: University Press.
  • COLLIER Mark & MANLEY Bill: (1998). How to Read Egyptian. Berkeley, Los Angeles: California University Press.
  • DAVIES W.V: (1998) . Reading Past: EgyptianHieroglyphs. Berkeley, Los Angeles: California University Press.
  • FAGAN Brian: (1975).The Rape of the Nile: Tomb Robbers, Tourists and Archaeologists in Egypt. New York: Charles ScribnerísSons.
  • FAIRFAX, Ferdinand: (2005). BBC Egypt Series: The Mystery of the Reşit Stone. United Kingdom: BBC.
  • GREPPO J. G. H: (1831). “Essay on the Hieroglyphic System of M. Champollion, Jr. and on the Advantages Which It Offers to Sacred Criticism art”,The North American Review, V (32), s. 95-127.
  • GRIFFITH F LI: (1951). “The Decipherment of the Hieroglyphs”, The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, V (37), s. 38-46.
  • HOOKER J,T: (1990). Reading the Past. University of California Press/British Museum.
  • LAMBROS D. C: (1970). The Reşit Stone and Its Decipherment: National Security Agency.
  • PARKINSON Richard: (1999). CrackingtheCodes: Reşit Stone andDecipherment. Berkeley, Los Angeles: California University Press.
  • RAY John: (2008). Reşit Stone: And the Re-birth of Ancient Egypt. London, Profile Books.
  • ROBINSON Andrew: (2008). “Deciphering Vanished Script”. Nature.V(455), s. (1033-1034).
  • WEISSBACH Muriel. Mirak: (1999) Jean François Champollion And the True Story of Egypt. Fidelio. V(VIII), N(3), s.26-39.
  • Şekil 4: http://www.usask.ca/antiquities/collection/egyptian/Reşitstone.html Şekil 9:
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dendera_zodiac

ЛИНГВИСТИЧЕСКИЕ МЕТОДЫ РАСШИФРОВЫВАНИЯ ЕГИПЕТСКИХ ИЕРОГЛИФОВ

Yıl 2013, Cilt 1, Sayı 17, 39 - 52, 01.02.2013

Öz

В статье рассматривается долгий и запутанный период исследования Египетских иероглифов. Цель этой статьи показать решающую роль лингвистических методов в разрешений его тайны. Жан Франс Шамполион изучив трёхязычную (сверху иероглифы, в конце Греческий, а между ними по тем временам пока ещё неизвестный язык) надпись т.н. Розетты, установил, что между звуками имеется союз типа идеографических указаний. Шамполион, поработав над картушами Розетты, содержающие собственные имена, языком древнеегиптянских коптов, греческим переводом фалайской стелы, генеалогией египетских фараонов, установленный египетским историком Монето , осуществил весьма важную лингвистическую работу. Из этого делается вывод, что Шамполеон а) правильно пользовался переводом, б) принимал во внимание языковые содействия, г) установил лингвистические особенности языка, как живого элемента.

Kaynakça

  • ADKINS Lesley & ADKINS, Roy: (2000). The Keys of Egypt: The Obsession to Decipher Egyptian Hieroglyphs. New York: Harper Collins.
  • ALLEN Don. Cameron: (1960). “Predecessors of Champollion”, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Journal V (104), s. 527-547
  • BYRD Melanie: (1998).The Napoleonic Institute of Egypt. Napoleonic Scrholarship: The Journal of the International series.org/ins/scholarship98/c_institute.html V (1,) N (2), Retrived from
  • http://www.napoleon
  • BUDGE, E. A. Wallis: (1893). The Reşit Stone: From TheMummy, Chapters on Egyptian Funeral Archaeology Cambridge: University Press.
  • COLLIER Mark & MANLEY Bill: (1998). How to Read Egyptian. Berkeley, Los Angeles: California University Press.
  • DAVIES W.V: (1998) . Reading Past: EgyptianHieroglyphs. Berkeley, Los Angeles: California University Press.
  • FAGAN Brian: (1975).The Rape of the Nile: Tomb Robbers, Tourists and Archaeologists in Egypt. New York: Charles ScribnerísSons.
  • FAIRFAX, Ferdinand: (2005). BBC Egypt Series: The Mystery of the Reşit Stone. United Kingdom: BBC.
  • GREPPO J. G. H: (1831). “Essay on the Hieroglyphic System of M. Champollion, Jr. and on the Advantages Which It Offers to Sacred Criticism art”,The North American Review, V (32), s. 95-127.
  • GRIFFITH F LI: (1951). “The Decipherment of the Hieroglyphs”, The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, V (37), s. 38-46.
  • HOOKER J,T: (1990). Reading the Past. University of California Press/British Museum.
  • LAMBROS D. C: (1970). The Reşit Stone and Its Decipherment: National Security Agency.
  • PARKINSON Richard: (1999). CrackingtheCodes: Reşit Stone andDecipherment. Berkeley, Los Angeles: California University Press.
  • RAY John: (2008). Reşit Stone: And the Re-birth of Ancient Egypt. London, Profile Books.
  • ROBINSON Andrew: (2008). “Deciphering Vanished Script”. Nature.V(455), s. (1033-1034).
  • WEISSBACH Muriel. Mirak: (1999) Jean François Champollion And the True Story of Egypt. Fidelio. V(VIII), N(3), s.26-39.
  • Şekil 4: http://www.usask.ca/antiquities/collection/egyptian/Reşitstone.html Şekil 9:
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dendera_zodiac

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yrd. Doç. Dr. M. Naci Kayaoğlu Bu kişi benim


Ayşe Çetinoğlu Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Şubat 2013
Başvuru Tarihi 21 Temmuz 2014
Kabul Tarihi
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2013, Cilt 1, Sayı 17

Kaynak Göster

APA Kayaoğlu, Y. D. D. M. N. & Çetinoğlu, A. (2013). MISIR HİYEROGLİFLERİNİ ÇÖZÜME GÖTÜREN DİLBİLİM ANAHTARLARI . Karadeniz Uluslararası Bilimsel Dergi , 1 (17) , 39-52 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/kdeniz/issue/16858/175471