Yıl 2019, Cilt 12 , Sayı 4, Sayfalar 670 - 681 2019-12-15

Avrupa Popülizmi Ve Yerelcilikle Olan Bağlari
European Populism and Its Ties with Localism

Soner AKIN [1] , Yakup BULUT [2]

Yerelcilik, merkezi bir yerde veya merkezi bir otoritede yoğunlaşmış güçlerin veya işlevlerin yeniden dağıtılması veya atanması sürecidir. Günümüzde yerelcilik, idari faaliyetlerin yürütüldüğü sorun veya bölgeye en yakın örgütsel seviyeden hareketle sorumluluk dağılımı, planlanması ve uygulanmasıdır. Batıda, eyalet ve belediye düzeyindeki hükümetlerle paylaşılan federal ve federal ücretler bunun ilk örneği olmuştur. AB üyeliği sürecinde, pek çok kurucu yetki, devletçiliğin azaltılması nezdinde popülizm ve merkezileşmenin azalmasıyla, önceki dönemlerin de temel değerlerinden biri olan devlete ait işletmelerin özelleştirilmesi ve devlet idaresinde merkezi olmayan bir hükümet tarzının kurulması gibi yenilikler ile uygulanmıştı. Şimdilerde ise AB’de yerel siyasette, şaşırtıcı bir biçimde popülist tarzda muhafazakar, yerelci ve geleneksel değerlerin savunuculuğunu savunma eğilimi artmış; bölgeselcilikte hızlı bir ekonomik gelişmenin peşine düşmek ve böylece entegrasyon döneminden geri durup nispeten modern ve müreffeh bir seviyede kalma stratejileri yaygınlık kazanmıştır. Bu çalışmada, AB’de entegrasyon süreçlerine zıtlık arz eden ve iktidar ilişkilerinin yerelcilik üzerinde yer değiştirmesi olarak ortaya çıkan bu yeni tutum ve kökenleri araştırılmıştır. Mayıs 2019’da yapılan Avrupa seçimleri popülizmin yükselişiyle göze çarpmaktadır. Siyaseten temsilde optimum orana yaklaşmak için, sosyal ve idari açıdan atılan adımların rolü de burada tartışılmıştır.

Localism is the process of redistribution or assignment of powers or functions concentrated in a central place or in a central authority. Today, localism is the allocation of responsibility, planning and implementation of change from the highest organizational level closer to the problem or area in which the activities are carried out. An example is the federal and federal fees that are shared with state and municipal levels of government. In the process of EU membership, many constituent powers implemented innovations such as alleviation of statism, populism and centralization, one of the basic values of previous periods, privatization of state-owned enterprises, and the establishment of a decentralized government style in state administration, advocating for conservative, nativist and traditional values at local, surprisingly in a populist style, promising a rapid economic development across regionalism, and thus maintained a relatively modern and prosperous level in integration period. In this study, the displacement of the relations of power over the localism, which is the return of the said integration processes, will be explained. The European elections of May 2019 were to be marked by the rise of populism. In order to approach an optimum ratio, the role of the urban power networks in the new era in social and administrative terms was discussed

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Siyasi Bilimler
Yayınlanma Tarihi Winter | Kış 2019
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi

Orcid: 0000-0002-2403-8041
Yazar: Soner AKIN
Ülke: Turkey

Orcid: 0000-0002-0838-4200
Yazar: Yakup BULUT (Sorumlu Yazar)
Ülke: Turkey


Yayımlanma Tarihi : 15 Aralık 2019

APA Akın, S , Bulut, Y . (2019). European Populism and Its Ties with Localism . Kent Akademisi , 12 (4) , 670-681 . DOI: 10.35674/kent.644499