Yıl 2019, Cilt 20 , Sayı 4, Sayfalar 282 - 288 2019-10-21

AQUATIC EXERCISES IN CHILDREN WITH CEREBRAL PALSY
SEREBRAL PALSİ’Lİ ÇOCUKLARDA SU İÇİ EGZERSİZLER

SEVDA ADAR [1] , HASAN TOKTAŞ [2]


The aim of the treatment of cerebral palsy (CP) which is accompanied with especially motor disorders is to increase functionality, improve capabilities, and sustain health in terms of locomotion, cognitive development, social interaction and independence. Various methods such as neurophysiological approaches (bobath, vojta, rood methods), conventional exercises, electrical stimulation, constrained induced movement therapy, occupational therapy, bracing and assistive devices are used in SP rehabilitation. In addition, other treatment methods such as hippotherapy, hydrotherapy (aquatic exercises), play therapy, acupuncture, massage, suit therapy, craniosacral therapy and feldenkrais methods can be applied.  Aquatic therapy approaches are one of the popular therapy methods in the treatment of children with CP. Aquatic activities may have the potential to affect fitness, function and participation. It is thought that the rehabilitation approaches in which the child is active, induce neuroplasticity and these approaches can be applied in water. Aquatic exercises offer children numerous opportunities to improve their functional status, mobility and self-confidence, and to learn new movement patterns. Buoyancy, viscosity and hydrostatic pressure are the physical qualities of water which assists or resists to the body. As like the exercise approaches which applied on the land can be adapted to the water environment, there are also some approaches specific to aquatic therapy (Halliwick Therapy, Watsu, Bad Ragaz Ring Method). Aerobic exercises, mainly swimming, are usually applied. Every child needs his/her own personel aquatic exercise program. Aquatic exercises can be effective in spasticity, motor functions, aerobic capacity, quality of life and social relations of children with CP. The aim of this article is to provide a general view to aquatic exercise applications and their effects in children with CP based on the literature.

Çocuklarda ön planda motor bozukluklarla seyreden serebral palsi (SP) tedavisinde amaç, fonksiyonelliği artırmak, yetenekleri geliştirmek ve hareket, bilişsel gelişim, sosyal etkileşim ve bağımsızlık açısından sağlığı sürdürmek olmalıdır. SP rehabilitasyonunda nörofizyolojik yaklaşımlar (bobath, vojta, rood yöntemleri), konvansiyonel egzersizler, elektriksel stimulasyon, zorunlu kullanım tedavisi, iş uğraşı terapisi, ortezleme ve yardımcı cihazlar gibi çeşitli yöntemler kullanılmaktadır. Ek olarak hippoterapi, hidroterapi (su içi egzersizler), oyun terapisi, akupunktur, masaj, suit terapi, kraniosakral terapi ve feldenkrais gibi tedavi yöntemleri de uygulanabilir. Su içi yaklaşımlar SP’li çocukların rehabilitasyonunda popüler tedavi yöntemlerinden biridir. Su içi aktivitelerin zindelik halini, fonksiyonu ve katılımı etkileme potansiyeli olabilir. Çocuğun aktif olduğu rehabilitasyon yaklaşımlarının nöroplastisiteyi indüklediği düşünülmektedir ve bu yaklaşımlar su içi ortamda uygulanabilir. Su içi egzersizler çocuklara fonksiyonel durumu, mobiliteyi ve kendine güveni artıran, yeni hareket paternlerini öğrenmeyi sağlayan sayısız deneyim fırsatı sunar. Kaldırma kuvveti, viskozite ve hidrostatik basınç suyun vücudu asiste eden ya da direnç gösteren fiziksel özellikleridir. Karada uygulanan egzersiz yaklaşımları su içi ortama uyarlanabileceği gibi su içi tedavilere özgü bazı yaklaşımlar da (Halliwick Terapi, Watsu, Bad Ragaz Halka Metodu) mevcuttur. Sıklıkla yüzme başta olmak üzere aerobik egzersizler uygulanır. Her çocuk kendine özgü su içi egzersiz programına ihtiyaç duyar. Su içi egzersizler SP’li çocukların spastisiteleri, motor fonksiyonları, aerobik kapasiteleri, yaşam kaliteleri ve sosyal ilişkileri üzerine etkili olabilir.  Bu derlemenin amacı SP’li çocuklarda su içi egzersiz uygulamalarına ve etkilerine literatüre dayalı olarak genel bir bakış sağlamaktır. 

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Tıp
Yayımlanma Tarihi Ekim 2019
Bölüm Derlemeler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-4294-6761
Yazar: SEVDA ADAR (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: ÖZEL ORUÇOĞLU FİZİK TEDAVİ VE REHABİLİTASYON C TİPİ TIP MERKEZİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1260-0412
Yazar: HASAN TOKTAŞ
Kurum: TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 21 Ekim 2019

Bibtex @derleme { kocatepetip464804, journal = {Kocatepe Tıp Dergisi}, issn = {1302-4612}, eissn = {2149-7869}, address = {}, publisher = {Afyonkarahisar Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {20}, pages = {282 - 288}, doi = {10.18229/kocatepetip.464804}, title = {SEREBRAL PALSİ’Lİ ÇOCUKLARDA SU İÇİ EGZERSİZLER}, key = {cite}, author = {ADAR, SEVDA and TOKTAŞ, HASAN} }
APA ADAR, S , TOKTAŞ, H . (2019). SEREBRAL PALSİ’Lİ ÇOCUKLARDA SU İÇİ EGZERSİZLER. Kocatepe Tıp Dergisi , 20 (4) , 282-288 . DOI: 10.18229/kocatepetip.464804
MLA ADAR, S , TOKTAŞ, H . "SEREBRAL PALSİ’Lİ ÇOCUKLARDA SU İÇİ EGZERSİZLER". Kocatepe Tıp Dergisi 20 (2019 ): 282-288 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/kocatepetip/issue/49573/464804>
Chicago ADAR, S , TOKTAŞ, H . "SEREBRAL PALSİ’Lİ ÇOCUKLARDA SU İÇİ EGZERSİZLER". Kocatepe Tıp Dergisi 20 (2019 ): 282-288
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - SEREBRAL PALSİ’Lİ ÇOCUKLARDA SU İÇİ EGZERSİZLER AU - SEVDA ADAR , HASAN TOKTAŞ Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.18229/kocatepetip.464804 DO - 10.18229/kocatepetip.464804 T2 - Kocatepe Tıp Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 282 EP - 288 VL - 20 IS - 4 SN - 1302-4612-2149-7869 M3 - doi: 10.18229/kocatepetip.464804 UR - https://doi.org/10.18229/kocatepetip.464804 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Kocatepe Tıp Dergisi SEREBRAL PALSİ’Lİ ÇOCUKLARDA SU İÇİ EGZERSİZLER %A SEVDA ADAR , HASAN TOKTAŞ %T SEREBRAL PALSİ’Lİ ÇOCUKLARDA SU İÇİ EGZERSİZLER %D 2019 %J Kocatepe Tıp Dergisi %P 1302-4612-2149-7869 %V 20 %N 4 %R doi: 10.18229/kocatepetip.464804 %U 10.18229/kocatepetip.464804
ISNAD ADAR, SEVDA , TOKTAŞ, HASAN . "SEREBRAL PALSİ’Lİ ÇOCUKLARDA SU İÇİ EGZERSİZLER". Kocatepe Tıp Dergisi 20 / 4 (Ekim 2019): 282-288 . https://doi.org/10.18229/kocatepetip.464804
AMA ADAR S , TOKTAŞ H . SEREBRAL PALSİ’Lİ ÇOCUKLARDA SU İÇİ EGZERSİZLER. KTD. 2019; 20(4): 282-288.
Vancouver ADAR S , TOKTAŞ H . SEREBRAL PALSİ’Lİ ÇOCUKLARDA SU İÇİ EGZERSİZLER. Kocatepe Tıp Dergisi. 2019; 20(4): 288-282.