Araştırma Makalesi
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Sünger Altlık Uygulamasının Sütçü Mandalar ve İneklerde Beslenme ve Dinlenme Davranışları Üzerine Etkileri

Yıl 2019, Cilt 12, Sayı 4, 378 - 383, 31.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.30607/kvj.582968

Öz

Bu çalışmada, sünger yataklık uygulamasının sütçü mandalar ve süt ineklerinde beslenme ile yatma davranışı üzerine etkileri değerlendirilmiştir. Çalışmada 44 baş sütçü Anadolu manda melezi (Bubalus bubalis) ve 18 baş İsviçre Esmeri süt ineği kullanılmıştır. Sünger altlık uygulamasından önce tüm hayvanlar beton zeminde grup halinde serbest biçimde barındırılmıştır. Hayvanların davranışları, sünger uygulamasının 15 gün önce ve sonrasında çiftlikte bulunan kapalı devre kamera sistemi ile 24 saat kaydedilmiştir. Davranış verileri, her bir hayvan türü için her bir padokta % /saat olarak ifade edilmiştir. Tüm yatma davranış şekilleri, dinlenme davranışı olarak kabul edilmiştir. Sünger altlık uygulaması sonrasında; mandalarda yatan hayvan sayısında artış görülürken, ineklerde dinlenme davranışına altlık uygulamasının bir etkisi olmamıştır. Beklenmedik şekilde, altlık uygulamasının ardından beslenme davranışı gösteren ortalama manda sayısında düşüş görülmüştür. Elde edilen veriler, mandaların yönetim stratejileri ve barınma konusundaki değişikliklere ineklerden daha farklı tepkiler verebileceğini göstermiştir. Ancak bireysel hayvan verilerini içeren ve daha geniş çaplı davranış gözlemlerinin olduğu çalışmalar, sütçü mandaların modern entansif yönetim stratejilerine nasıl tepkiler oluşturabileceğinin anlaşılmasına yardımcı olabilir.       

Kaynakça

  • De Arcipreste, Mancera KF, Miguel-Pacheco GG, Galindo, F. Plasticity and consistency of lying and ruminating behaviors of heifers exposed to different cubicle availability: A glance at individuality. Appl Anim Behav Sci. 2018; 205: 1-7.
  • De Rosa G, Grasso F, Braghieri A, Bilancione A, Di Francia A, Napolitano F. Behavior and milk production of buffalo cows as affected by housing system. J Dairy Sci. 2009; 2: 907-912.
  • Eicher SD, Lay DC Jr, Arthington JD, Schutz MM. Effects of rubber flooring during the first 2 lactations on production, locomotion, hoof health, immune functions, and stress. J Dairy Sci. 2013; 96: 3639-3651.
  • FAO. Livestock and production database. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#home; Access Date: 20.05.2019.
  • Fisher AD, Verkerk GA, Morrow CJ, Matthews LR. The effects of feed restriction and lying deprivation on pituitaryadrenal axis regulation in lactating cows. Livest Prod Sci. 2002; 73: 255-263.
  • Haley DB, Rushen J, de Passille AM. Behavioural indicators of cow comfort: activity and resting behaviour of dairy cows in two types of housing. Can J Anim Sci. 2000; 80: 257-263.
  • Ito K, Weary DM, von Keyserlingk MA. Lying behavior: Assessing within- and between-herd variation in free-stall-housed dairy cows. J Dairy Sci. 2009; 92: 4412-4420.
  • Jensen MB, Pedersen LJ, Munksgaard L. The effect of reward duration on demand functions of rest in dairy heifers and lying requirements as measured by demand functions. Appl Anim Behav Sci. 2005; 90: 207-217.
  • Krohn CC, Munksgaard L. Behaviour of dairy cows kept in extensive (loose housing/pasture) or intensive (tie-stall) environments. II. Lying and lying-down behaviour. Appl Anim Behav Sci. 1993; 37: 1-6.
  • Munksgaard L, Lovendahl P. Effects of social and physical stressors on growth hormone levels in dairy cows. Can J Anim Sci. 1993;73: 847-853.
  • Napolitano F, Pacelli C, Grasso F, Braghieri A, de Rosa G. The behaviour and welfare of buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) in modern dairy enterprises. Animal. 2013; 7: 1704-1713.
  • Neave HW, Weary DM, von Keyserlingk MAG. Review: Individual variability in feeding behaviour of domesticated ruminants. Animal. 2018; 12: s419-s430.
  • NRC. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 7th rev. ed., The National Academic Press, Washington DC, USA. 2001.
  • Odyuo LT, Jana DN, Das N. Maintenance behaviour of Murrah buffalo under an intensive management system. Appl Anim Behav Sci. 1995; 45: 293-299.
  • Rulquin H, Caudal JP. Effects of lying or standing on mammary blood flow and heart rate in dairy cows. Ann Zootech. 1992; 41:101.
  • Salzano A, Licitra F, D’Onofrio N, Balestrieri ML, Limone A, Campanile G, D’Occhio MJ, Neglia G. Space allocation in intensive Mediterranean buffalo production influences the profile of functional biomolecules in milk and dairy products. J Dairy Sci. 2019; In Press doi: 10.1016/0168-1591(95)00573-B.
  • Sindhu JS, Arora S. Buffalo Milk, In: Encyclopedia of Dairy Sciences, Ed; Fuquay JW, 2nd Ed., Elsevier Academic Press, MA, USA. 2011; pp. 503-511.
  • Thomas CS, Nordstrom J, Svennersten-Sjaunja K, Wiktorsson H. Maintenance and milking behaviours of Murrah buffaloes during two feeding regimes. Appl Anim Behav Sci. 2005; 91:261-276.
  • Tripaldi C, De Rosa G, Grasso F, Terzano GM, Napolitano F. Housing system and welfare of buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) cows. Anim Sci. 2004; 78: 477-483.
  • Tucker CB, Weary DM, de Pasille AM, Campbell B, Rushen J. Flooring in front of the feed bunk affects feeding behavior and use of freestalls by dairy cows. J Dairy Sci. 2006; 89: 2065-2071.

Effects of Rubber Flooring on Feeding and Resting Behavior of Dairy Buffalo and Cows

Yıl 2019, Cilt 12, Sayı 4, 378 - 383, 31.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.30607/kvj.582968

Öz

This experiment evaluated the effects of rubber laying surface on feeding and lying behavior kinetics of dairy buffaloes and cows. Fifty-four Anatolian dairy buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) and 18 Brown Swiss dairy cows were used in the experiment. The animals group-housed in pens with concrete floor before the rubber flooring. The behavior of the animals was recorded 24 hours for 15 days before and after rubber flooring with a video camera system in the barn. Behavior data were expressed as % of observed animal in pen per hour for each species. Lying down behavior was assumed in a resting manner. The average number of buffaloes laying down increased after rubber flooring while there was no effect on resting behavior of the cows. The rubber flooring had no effect on feeding behavior of cows. Unexpectedly, the percent of buffaloes displaying feeding behavior decreased after rubber flooring. Results suggested that water buffalo may have different responses to management and housing strategies compared with the cows. However, further comparative studies with individual animal data and wide-spread behavioral observations may support a better understanding of behavioral response to modern intensive management strategies in dairy buffaloes.

Kaynakça

  • De Arcipreste, Mancera KF, Miguel-Pacheco GG, Galindo, F. Plasticity and consistency of lying and ruminating behaviors of heifers exposed to different cubicle availability: A glance at individuality. Appl Anim Behav Sci. 2018; 205: 1-7.
  • De Rosa G, Grasso F, Braghieri A, Bilancione A, Di Francia A, Napolitano F. Behavior and milk production of buffalo cows as affected by housing system. J Dairy Sci. 2009; 2: 907-912.
  • Eicher SD, Lay DC Jr, Arthington JD, Schutz MM. Effects of rubber flooring during the first 2 lactations on production, locomotion, hoof health, immune functions, and stress. J Dairy Sci. 2013; 96: 3639-3651.
  • FAO. Livestock and production database. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#home; Access Date: 20.05.2019.
  • Fisher AD, Verkerk GA, Morrow CJ, Matthews LR. The effects of feed restriction and lying deprivation on pituitaryadrenal axis regulation in lactating cows. Livest Prod Sci. 2002; 73: 255-263.
  • Haley DB, Rushen J, de Passille AM. Behavioural indicators of cow comfort: activity and resting behaviour of dairy cows in two types of housing. Can J Anim Sci. 2000; 80: 257-263.
  • Ito K, Weary DM, von Keyserlingk MA. Lying behavior: Assessing within- and between-herd variation in free-stall-housed dairy cows. J Dairy Sci. 2009; 92: 4412-4420.
  • Jensen MB, Pedersen LJ, Munksgaard L. The effect of reward duration on demand functions of rest in dairy heifers and lying requirements as measured by demand functions. Appl Anim Behav Sci. 2005; 90: 207-217.
  • Krohn CC, Munksgaard L. Behaviour of dairy cows kept in extensive (loose housing/pasture) or intensive (tie-stall) environments. II. Lying and lying-down behaviour. Appl Anim Behav Sci. 1993; 37: 1-6.
  • Munksgaard L, Lovendahl P. Effects of social and physical stressors on growth hormone levels in dairy cows. Can J Anim Sci. 1993;73: 847-853.
  • Napolitano F, Pacelli C, Grasso F, Braghieri A, de Rosa G. The behaviour and welfare of buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) in modern dairy enterprises. Animal. 2013; 7: 1704-1713.
  • Neave HW, Weary DM, von Keyserlingk MAG. Review: Individual variability in feeding behaviour of domesticated ruminants. Animal. 2018; 12: s419-s430.
  • NRC. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 7th rev. ed., The National Academic Press, Washington DC, USA. 2001.
  • Odyuo LT, Jana DN, Das N. Maintenance behaviour of Murrah buffalo under an intensive management system. Appl Anim Behav Sci. 1995; 45: 293-299.
  • Rulquin H, Caudal JP. Effects of lying or standing on mammary blood flow and heart rate in dairy cows. Ann Zootech. 1992; 41:101.
  • Salzano A, Licitra F, D’Onofrio N, Balestrieri ML, Limone A, Campanile G, D’Occhio MJ, Neglia G. Space allocation in intensive Mediterranean buffalo production influences the profile of functional biomolecules in milk and dairy products. J Dairy Sci. 2019; In Press doi: 10.1016/0168-1591(95)00573-B.
  • Sindhu JS, Arora S. Buffalo Milk, In: Encyclopedia of Dairy Sciences, Ed; Fuquay JW, 2nd Ed., Elsevier Academic Press, MA, USA. 2011; pp. 503-511.
  • Thomas CS, Nordstrom J, Svennersten-Sjaunja K, Wiktorsson H. Maintenance and milking behaviours of Murrah buffaloes during two feeding regimes. Appl Anim Behav Sci. 2005; 91:261-276.
  • Tripaldi C, De Rosa G, Grasso F, Terzano GM, Napolitano F. Housing system and welfare of buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) cows. Anim Sci. 2004; 78: 477-483.
  • Tucker CB, Weary DM, de Pasille AM, Campbell B, Rushen J. Flooring in front of the feed bunk affects feeding behavior and use of freestalls by dairy cows. J Dairy Sci. 2006; 89: 2065-2071.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Veteriner Hekimlik
Bölüm ARAŞTIRMA MAKALESİ
Yazarlar

Eyüp Eren GÜLTEPE Bu kişi benim (Sorumlu Yazar)
0000-0002-2404-1232
Türkiye


İbrahim Sadi ÇETİNGÜL
0000-0002-7608-6176


İsmail BAYRAM
0000-0002-9993-7092


Hesna KANDIR Bu kişi benim
0000-0000-0000-0000


Beytullah KENAR
0000-0001-6573-680X


Tuba BÜLBÜL
0000-0000-0000-0000


Cangir UYARLAR
0000-0002-7803-2454


Ümit ÖZÇINAR Bu kişi benim
0000-0002-1143-1215

Destekleyen Kurum Afyon Kocatepe University Scientific Research Projects Commission
Proje Numarası 13.VF.ALTY.01
Teşekkür The authors thank the staff of Afyon Kocatepe University Animal Teaching & Research Center (Afyonkarahisar, Turkey) for their assistance with this study. The study was totally funded by Afyon Kocatepe University Scientific Research Projects Commission (Project No. 13.VF.ALTY.01). The results were partially presented in ICVAS 2016. Afyon Kocatepe University Animal Care and Use Committee decided that this study did not require the approval of the ethics committee (Case No.49533702/100).
Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 12, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { kvj582968, journal = {Kocatepe Veterinary Journal}, issn = {1308-1594}, eissn = {2147-6853}, address = {}, publisher = {Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {12}, number = {4}, pages = {378 - 383}, doi = {10.30607/kvj.582968}, title = {Effects of Rubber Flooring on Feeding and Resting Behavior of Dairy Buffalo and Cows}, key = {cite}, author = {Gültepe, Eyüp Eren and Çetingül, İbrahim Sadi and Bayram, İsmail and Kandır, Hesna and Kenar, Beytullah and Bülbül, Tuba and Uyarlar, Cangir and Özçınar, Ümit} }
APA Gültepe, E. E. , Çetingül, İ. S. , Bayram, İ. , Kandır, H. , Kenar, B. , Bülbül, T. , Uyarlar, C. & Özçınar, Ü. (2019). Effects of Rubber Flooring on Feeding and Resting Behavior of Dairy Buffalo and Cows . Kocatepe Veterinary Journal , 12 (4) , 378-383 . DOI: 10.30607/kvj.582968
MLA Gültepe, E. E. , Çetingül, İ. S. , Bayram, İ. , Kandır, H. , Kenar, B. , Bülbül, T. , Uyarlar, C. , Özçınar, Ü. "Effects of Rubber Flooring on Feeding and Resting Behavior of Dairy Buffalo and Cows" . Kocatepe Veterinary Journal 12 (2019 ): 378-383 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/kvj/issue/48417/582968>
Chicago Gültepe, E. E. , Çetingül, İ. S. , Bayram, İ. , Kandır, H. , Kenar, B. , Bülbül, T. , Uyarlar, C. , Özçınar, Ü. "Effects of Rubber Flooring on Feeding and Resting Behavior of Dairy Buffalo and Cows". Kocatepe Veterinary Journal 12 (2019 ): 378-383
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of Rubber Flooring on Feeding and Resting Behavior of Dairy Buffalo and Cows AU - Eyüp Eren Gültepe , İbrahim Sadi Çetingül , İsmail Bayram , Hesna Kandır , Beytullah Kenar , Tuba Bülbül , Cangir Uyarlar , Ümit Özçınar Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.30607/kvj.582968 DO - 10.30607/kvj.582968 T2 - Kocatepe Veterinary Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 378 EP - 383 VL - 12 IS - 4 SN - 1308-1594-2147-6853 M3 - doi: 10.30607/kvj.582968 UR - https://doi.org/10.30607/kvj.582968 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Kocatepe Veteriner Dergisi Effects of Rubber Flooring on Feeding and Resting Behavior of Dairy Buffalo and Cows %A Eyüp Eren Gültepe , İbrahim Sadi Çetingül , İsmail Bayram , Hesna Kandır , Beytullah Kenar , Tuba Bülbül , Cangir Uyarlar , Ümit Özçınar %T Effects of Rubber Flooring on Feeding and Resting Behavior of Dairy Buffalo and Cows %D 2019 %J Kocatepe Veterinary Journal %P 1308-1594-2147-6853 %V 12 %N 4 %R doi: 10.30607/kvj.582968 %U 10.30607/kvj.582968
ISNAD Gültepe, Eyüp Eren , Çetingül, İbrahim Sadi , Bayram, İsmail , Kandır, Hesna , Kenar, Beytullah , Bülbül, Tuba , Uyarlar, Cangir , Özçınar, Ümit . "Effects of Rubber Flooring on Feeding and Resting Behavior of Dairy Buffalo and Cows". Kocatepe Veterinary Journal 12 / 4 (Aralık 2019): 378-383 . https://doi.org/10.30607/kvj.582968
AMA Gültepe E. E. , Çetingül İ. S. , Bayram İ. , Kandır H. , Kenar B. , Bülbül T. , Uyarlar C. , Özçınar Ü. Effects of Rubber Flooring on Feeding and Resting Behavior of Dairy Buffalo and Cows. Kocatepe Veterinary Journal. 2019; 12(4): 378-383.
Vancouver Gültepe E. E. , Çetingül İ. S. , Bayram İ. , Kandır H. , Kenar B. , Bülbül T. , Uyarlar C. , Özçınar Ü. Effects of Rubber Flooring on Feeding and Resting Behavior of Dairy Buffalo and Cows. Kocatepe Veterinary Journal. 2019; 12(4): 378-383.
IEEE E. E. Gültepe , İ. S. Çetingül , İ. Bayram , H. Kandır , B. Kenar , T. Bülbül , C. Uyarlar ve Ü. Özçınar , "Effects of Rubber Flooring on Feeding and Resting Behavior of Dairy Buffalo and Cows", Kocatepe Veterinary Journal, c. 12, sayı. 4, ss. 378-383, Ara. 2019, doi:10.30607/kvj.582968

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