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Etlik Piliç Rasyonlarına Bitkisel Ekstrakt Karışımı (Digestarom) Eklenmesinin Duodenum Ve İleum Histolojisi Üzerine Etkisi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 14, Sayı 4, 399 - 407, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.30607/kvj.960196

Öz

Etlik piliç beslemede fitojenik yem katkıları antibakteriyel, antienflamatuvar ve performans arttırıcı olarak kullanılmaktadır. Sunulan çalışmada broylerlerde antibiyotiklerin yerine alternatif olarak kullanılan fitojenik yem katkı maddelerinin rasyonlarda farklı düzeyde kullanılmasının, duodenum ve ileum morfolojisi üzerine etkilerinin araştırılması amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaçla çalışmada 48 adet erkek ROSS-308 bir günlük broyler civciv kullanıldı. Vücut ağırlıkları 43±3 g olan civcivler, her bir deney grubu 8 tekrardan oluşan (her kümeste 2 civciv olmak üzere) üç deney grubundan 24 tekrarlama kümesine rastgele ayrıldı. Kontrol grubu hayvanlar mısır/soya fasulyesi küspesine dayalı bazal diyet ile beslendi. Diğer iki deneme grubu ise 100 mg/kg (DIG100) ve 150 mg/kg (DIG150) fitojenik ürün Digestarom® ile desteklenmiş bazal diyetle beslendi. Sonuç olarak, broyler civciv rasyonlarına bitkisel ekstrakt karışımı takviyesinin genel olarak villus yüksekliği ve villus genişliğini artırdığı, tunika muskularis kalınlığını ise azalttığı belirlenmiştir. Dolayısıyla, bitkisel ekstrakt karışımı bağırsak yüzey alanını, sindirim ve emilim seviyelerini artırarak daha iyi sindirim ve absorbsiyona yol açabilir, ayrıca mikrobiyal yükü azaltarak broyler civcivlerde canlı ağırlık kazancını artırabilir.

Kaynakça

  • Agostini PS, Sola-Oriol D, Nofrarias M, Barroeta AC, Gasa J, Manzanilla EG. Role of in-feed clove supplementation on growth performance, intestinal microbiology, and morphology in broiler chicken. Livest Sci. 2012; 147: 113–118.
  • Aviagen. Ross 308 broiler: nutrition specifications. 2014. p.1–10. Available from: http://eu.aviagen.com/assets/Tech_Center/Ross_Broiler/Ross-308-Broiler-Nutrition-Specs-plant-2014-EN.pdf. Accessien date: 02.01.2016.
  • Alçiçek A, Bozkurt M, Çabuk M. The effect of a mixture of herbal essential oils, an organic acid or a probiotic on broiler performance. S Afr J Anim Sci. 2004; 34(4): 217-222.
  • Basmacıoğlu H, Tokuşoğlu Ö, Ergül M. The effect of oregano and rosemary essential oils or alpha-tocopheryl acetate on performance and lipid oxidation of meat enriched with n-3 PUFA's in broilers. S Afr J Anim Sci. 2004; 34 (3): 197-210.
  • Chacher MFA, Kamran Z, Ahsan U, Ahmad S, Koutoulis KC, Qutab Ud Din HG, Cengiz O. Use of mannan oligosaccharide in broiler diets:an overview of underlying mechanisms. Worlds Poult Sci J. 2017; 73: 831–844.
  • Cherian G, Orr A, Burke I.C, Pan W. Feeding Artemisia annua alters digesta pH and muscle lipid oxidation products in broiler chickens. Poult Sci. 2013; 92 (4): 1085-1090.
  • Conover WJ. Practical Nonparametric Statistics. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1980; pp. 229–239.
  • Crossman GA. A modification of Mallory’s connective tissue stain with a discussion of the principles involved. Anat Rec. 1937; 69(1): 33–38.
  • Culling CFA, Allison RT, Barr WT. Cellular pathology technique. Butterworths and Co Ltd London, 1985.
  • Çetin M. Göçmen M. Kanatlı hayvanların beslenmesinde antibiyotiklere alternatif olarak kekik (thyme) kullanmanın etkileri. HR Ü Z F Derg. 2013; 17(3): 35-40.
  • Du, E, Wang W, Gan L, Li Z, Guo S, Guo Y. Effects of thymol and carvacrol supplementation on intestinal integrity and immune responses of broiler chickens challenged with Clostridium perfringens. J Anim Sci Biotechnol. 2016; 7: 19.
  • Du A, Hu S. Effects of a herbal complex against Eimeria tenella infection in Chickens. J Vet Med. 2004; 51: 194–197.
  • Erhan MK. Kanatlı seslemesinde antibiyotiklere alternatif olarak kullanılan bitki ekstraktlarının performans değerleri ve diğer bazı parametreler açısından değerlendirilmesi. Alınteri Zir Bil Derg. 2015; 28(1): 45-54.
  • Gordon HA, Bruckner-Kardoss E. Effect of normal microflora on intestinal surface area. Am J Physiol. 1961; 201: 175–178.
  • Guynot ME, Marín S, Set ÚL, Sanchis V, Ramos AJ. Screening for antifungal activity of some essential oils against common spoilage fungi of bakery products. Food Sci Technol Int. 2005; 11(1): 25-32.
  • Hafeez A, Männer K, Schieder C, Zentek J. Effect of supplementation of phytogenic feed additives (powdered vs. encapsulated) on performance and nutrient digestibility in broiler chickens. Poult Sci. 2016; 95(3): 622-629.
  • Hong JC, Steiner T, Aufy A, Lien TF. Effects of supplemental essential oil on growth performance, lipid metabolites and immunity, intestinal characteristics, microbiota and carcass traits in broilers. Livest Sci. 2012; 144 (3): 253-262.
  • Humer E, Rohrer E, Windisch W, Wetscherek W, Schwarz C, Jungbauer L, Schedle KJ. Gender-specific effects of a phytogenic feed additive on performance, intestinal physiology and morphology in broiler chickens. Anim Physiol Anim Nutr. 2015: 99(4): 788-800.
  • Lee KW, Everts H, Kappert HJ, Frehner M, Losa R, Beynen AC. Effects of dietary essential oil components on growth performance, digestive enzymes and lipid metabolism in female broiler chickens, Br Poult Sci. 2003; 44(3): 450-457.
  • Markovic R, Sefer D, Krstic M, Petrujkic B. The effect of different growth promotors on broiler performance and gut morphology. Arch Med Vet. 2009; 41: 163–169.
  • Mountzouris KC, Paraskevas V, Tsirtsikos P, Palamidi I, Steiner T, Schatzmayr G, Fegeros K. Assessment of a phytogenic feed additive effect on broiler growth performance, nutrient digestibility and caecal microflora composition. Anim Feed Sci Technol. 2011; 168(3-4): 223-231.
  • Murugesan GR, Syed B, Haldar S, Pender C. Phytogenic feed additives as an alternative to antibiotic growth promoters in broiler chickens. Front Vet Sci. 2015; 2:21.
  • Namkung H, Li M, Gong J, Yu H, Cottrill M, de Lange CFM. Impact of feding blends of organic acids and herbal extracts on growth performance, gut microbiota and digestive function in newly weaned pigs. Can J Anim Sci. 2004; 84: 697–704.
  • Peng QY, Li JD, Li Z, Duan ZY, Wu YP. Effects of dietary supplementation with oregano essential oil on growth performance, carcass traits and jejunal morphology in broiler chickens. Anim Feed Sci Technol. 2016; 214: 148-153.
  • Tavangar P, Gharahveysi S, Rezaeipour V, Irani M. Efficacy of phytobiotic and toxin binder feed additives individually or in combination on the growth performance, blood biochemical parameters, intestinal morphology, and microbial population in broiler chickens exposed to aflatoxin B(1). Trop Anim Health Prod. 2021; 53(3): 335.
  • Upadhaya SD, Kim IH. Efficacy of phytogenic feed additive on performance, production and health status of monogastric animals –a review. Ann Anim Sci. 2017; 17(4): 929–948.
  • Vesna T, Lazarević M, Sinovec Z, Tokić A. The influence of different feed additives to performances and immune response in broiler chicken. Acta Vet. 2007; 57: 217–229. Yörük MA, Gül M, Hayırlı A, Macit M. The Effects of Supplementation of Humate and Probiotic on Egg Production and Quality Parameters During Late Laying Period in Hens. Poult Sci. 2004; 83: 84-88.
  • Zeng Z, Zhang S, Wang H, Piao X. Essential oil and aromatic plants as feed additives in non-ruminant nutrition: a review. J Anim Sci Biotechnol. 2015; 6: 7.

The Effect of Herbal Extract Mixture (Digestarom) Supplementation to Diets on Duodenum and Ileum Histology in Broiler Chickens

Yıl 2021, Cilt 14, Sayı 4, 399 - 407, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.30607/kvj.960196

Öz

Phytogenic feed additives are used as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and performance enhancer in the nutrition of broiler chicks. In the present study, it was aimed to investigate the effects of the usage of phytogenic feed additives which are used as an alternative to antibiotics in broilers at different levels in the rations, on the morphology of the duodenum and ileum. For this purpose, 48 male ROSS-308 one-day-old broiler chicks were used in the study. Chicks with a body weight of 43±3 g were randomly divided into 24 replicate sets from three experimental groups, each of which consisted of 8 replicates (2 chicks per house). The other two experimental groups were fed with a basal diet supplemented with 100 mg/kg (DIG100) and 150 mg/kg (DIG150) phytogenic product Digestarom®. In conclusion, it was determined that herbal extract mixture supplementation to broiler chick rations generally increased villus height and villus width, and decreased tunica muscularis thickness. Hence, herbal extract mixture might lead to better digestion and absorption by increasing the intestinal surface area, digestion and absorption levels, also increase body weight gain in broiler chicks by reducing the microbial load.

Kaynakça

  • Agostini PS, Sola-Oriol D, Nofrarias M, Barroeta AC, Gasa J, Manzanilla EG. Role of in-feed clove supplementation on growth performance, intestinal microbiology, and morphology in broiler chicken. Livest Sci. 2012; 147: 113–118.
  • Aviagen. Ross 308 broiler: nutrition specifications. 2014. p.1–10. Available from: http://eu.aviagen.com/assets/Tech_Center/Ross_Broiler/Ross-308-Broiler-Nutrition-Specs-plant-2014-EN.pdf. Accessien date: 02.01.2016.
  • Alçiçek A, Bozkurt M, Çabuk M. The effect of a mixture of herbal essential oils, an organic acid or a probiotic on broiler performance. S Afr J Anim Sci. 2004; 34(4): 217-222.
  • Basmacıoğlu H, Tokuşoğlu Ö, Ergül M. The effect of oregano and rosemary essential oils or alpha-tocopheryl acetate on performance and lipid oxidation of meat enriched with n-3 PUFA's in broilers. S Afr J Anim Sci. 2004; 34 (3): 197-210.
  • Chacher MFA, Kamran Z, Ahsan U, Ahmad S, Koutoulis KC, Qutab Ud Din HG, Cengiz O. Use of mannan oligosaccharide in broiler diets:an overview of underlying mechanisms. Worlds Poult Sci J. 2017; 73: 831–844.
  • Cherian G, Orr A, Burke I.C, Pan W. Feeding Artemisia annua alters digesta pH and muscle lipid oxidation products in broiler chickens. Poult Sci. 2013; 92 (4): 1085-1090.
  • Conover WJ. Practical Nonparametric Statistics. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1980; pp. 229–239.
  • Crossman GA. A modification of Mallory’s connective tissue stain with a discussion of the principles involved. Anat Rec. 1937; 69(1): 33–38.
  • Culling CFA, Allison RT, Barr WT. Cellular pathology technique. Butterworths and Co Ltd London, 1985.
  • Çetin M. Göçmen M. Kanatlı hayvanların beslenmesinde antibiyotiklere alternatif olarak kekik (thyme) kullanmanın etkileri. HR Ü Z F Derg. 2013; 17(3): 35-40.
  • Du, E, Wang W, Gan L, Li Z, Guo S, Guo Y. Effects of thymol and carvacrol supplementation on intestinal integrity and immune responses of broiler chickens challenged with Clostridium perfringens. J Anim Sci Biotechnol. 2016; 7: 19.
  • Du A, Hu S. Effects of a herbal complex against Eimeria tenella infection in Chickens. J Vet Med. 2004; 51: 194–197.
  • Erhan MK. Kanatlı seslemesinde antibiyotiklere alternatif olarak kullanılan bitki ekstraktlarının performans değerleri ve diğer bazı parametreler açısından değerlendirilmesi. Alınteri Zir Bil Derg. 2015; 28(1): 45-54.
  • Gordon HA, Bruckner-Kardoss E. Effect of normal microflora on intestinal surface area. Am J Physiol. 1961; 201: 175–178.
  • Guynot ME, Marín S, Set ÚL, Sanchis V, Ramos AJ. Screening for antifungal activity of some essential oils against common spoilage fungi of bakery products. Food Sci Technol Int. 2005; 11(1): 25-32.
  • Hafeez A, Männer K, Schieder C, Zentek J. Effect of supplementation of phytogenic feed additives (powdered vs. encapsulated) on performance and nutrient digestibility in broiler chickens. Poult Sci. 2016; 95(3): 622-629.
  • Hong JC, Steiner T, Aufy A, Lien TF. Effects of supplemental essential oil on growth performance, lipid metabolites and immunity, intestinal characteristics, microbiota and carcass traits in broilers. Livest Sci. 2012; 144 (3): 253-262.
  • Humer E, Rohrer E, Windisch W, Wetscherek W, Schwarz C, Jungbauer L, Schedle KJ. Gender-specific effects of a phytogenic feed additive on performance, intestinal physiology and morphology in broiler chickens. Anim Physiol Anim Nutr. 2015: 99(4): 788-800.
  • Lee KW, Everts H, Kappert HJ, Frehner M, Losa R, Beynen AC. Effects of dietary essential oil components on growth performance, digestive enzymes and lipid metabolism in female broiler chickens, Br Poult Sci. 2003; 44(3): 450-457.
  • Markovic R, Sefer D, Krstic M, Petrujkic B. The effect of different growth promotors on broiler performance and gut morphology. Arch Med Vet. 2009; 41: 163–169.
  • Mountzouris KC, Paraskevas V, Tsirtsikos P, Palamidi I, Steiner T, Schatzmayr G, Fegeros K. Assessment of a phytogenic feed additive effect on broiler growth performance, nutrient digestibility and caecal microflora composition. Anim Feed Sci Technol. 2011; 168(3-4): 223-231.
  • Murugesan GR, Syed B, Haldar S, Pender C. Phytogenic feed additives as an alternative to antibiotic growth promoters in broiler chickens. Front Vet Sci. 2015; 2:21.
  • Namkung H, Li M, Gong J, Yu H, Cottrill M, de Lange CFM. Impact of feding blends of organic acids and herbal extracts on growth performance, gut microbiota and digestive function in newly weaned pigs. Can J Anim Sci. 2004; 84: 697–704.
  • Peng QY, Li JD, Li Z, Duan ZY, Wu YP. Effects of dietary supplementation with oregano essential oil on growth performance, carcass traits and jejunal morphology in broiler chickens. Anim Feed Sci Technol. 2016; 214: 148-153.
  • Tavangar P, Gharahveysi S, Rezaeipour V, Irani M. Efficacy of phytobiotic and toxin binder feed additives individually or in combination on the growth performance, blood biochemical parameters, intestinal morphology, and microbial population in broiler chickens exposed to aflatoxin B(1). Trop Anim Health Prod. 2021; 53(3): 335.
  • Upadhaya SD, Kim IH. Efficacy of phytogenic feed additive on performance, production and health status of monogastric animals –a review. Ann Anim Sci. 2017; 17(4): 929–948.
  • Vesna T, Lazarević M, Sinovec Z, Tokić A. The influence of different feed additives to performances and immune response in broiler chicken. Acta Vet. 2007; 57: 217–229. Yörük MA, Gül M, Hayırlı A, Macit M. The Effects of Supplementation of Humate and Probiotic on Egg Production and Quality Parameters During Late Laying Period in Hens. Poult Sci. 2004; 83: 84-88.
  • Zeng Z, Zhang S, Wang H, Piao X. Essential oil and aromatic plants as feed additives in non-ruminant nutrition: a review. J Anim Sci Biotechnol. 2015; 6: 7.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Veteriner Hekimlik
Bölüm ARAŞTIRMA MAKALESİ
Yazarlar

Özay GÜLEŞ (Sorumlu Yazar)
AFYON KOCATEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ, VETERİNER HEKİMLİĞİ TEMEL BİLİMLERİ BÖLÜMÜ, VETERİNERLİK HİSTOLOJİ VE EMBRİYOLOJİ ANABİLİM DALI
0000-0001-6170-1706
Türkiye


Mustafa YILDIZ
ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ÇANAKKALE UYGULAMALI BİLİMLER YÜKSEKOKULU
0000-0003-4128-8947
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Directorate of scientific projects (BAP) (project No. VTF-16009) of Aydin Adnan Menderes University.
Proje Numarası VTF-16009
Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 14, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { kvj960196, journal = {Kocatepe Veterinary Journal}, issn = {1308-1594}, eissn = {2147-6853}, address = {}, publisher = {Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, volume = {14}, pages = {399 - 407}, doi = {10.30607/kvj.960196}, title = {The Effect of Herbal Extract Mixture (Digestarom) Supplementation to Diets on Duodenum and Ileum Histology in Broiler Chickens}, key = {cite}, author = {Güleş, Özay and Yıldız, Mustafa} }
APA Güleş, Ö. & Yıldız, M. (2021). The Effect of Herbal Extract Mixture (Digestarom) Supplementation to Diets on Duodenum and Ileum Histology in Broiler Chickens . Kocatepe Veterinary Journal , 14 (4) , 399-407 . DOI: 10.30607/kvj.960196
MLA Güleş, Ö. , Yıldız, M. "The Effect of Herbal Extract Mixture (Digestarom) Supplementation to Diets on Duodenum and Ileum Histology in Broiler Chickens" . Kocatepe Veterinary Journal 14 (2021 ): 399-407 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/kvj/issue/64946/960196>
Chicago Güleş, Ö. , Yıldız, M. "The Effect of Herbal Extract Mixture (Digestarom) Supplementation to Diets on Duodenum and Ileum Histology in Broiler Chickens". Kocatepe Veterinary Journal 14 (2021 ): 399-407
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Effect of Herbal Extract Mixture (Digestarom) Supplementation to Diets on Duodenum and Ileum Histology in Broiler Chickens AU - Özay Güleş , Mustafa Yıldız Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.30607/kvj.960196 DO - 10.30607/kvj.960196 T2 - Kocatepe Veterinary Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 399 EP - 407 VL - 14 IS - 4 SN - 1308-1594-2147-6853 M3 - doi: 10.30607/kvj.960196 UR - https://doi.org/10.30607/kvj.960196 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Kocatepe Veteriner Dergisi The Effect of Herbal Extract Mixture (Digestarom) Supplementation to Diets on Duodenum and Ileum Histology in Broiler Chickens %A Özay Güleş , Mustafa Yıldız %T The Effect of Herbal Extract Mixture (Digestarom) Supplementation to Diets on Duodenum and Ileum Histology in Broiler Chickens %D 2021 %J Kocatepe Veterinary Journal %P 1308-1594-2147-6853 %V 14 %N 4 %R doi: 10.30607/kvj.960196 %U 10.30607/kvj.960196
ISNAD Güleş, Özay , Yıldız, Mustafa . "The Effect of Herbal Extract Mixture (Digestarom) Supplementation to Diets on Duodenum and Ileum Histology in Broiler Chickens". Kocatepe Veterinary Journal 14 / 4 (Aralık 2021): 399-407 . https://doi.org/10.30607/kvj.960196
AMA Güleş Ö. , Yıldız M. The Effect of Herbal Extract Mixture (Digestarom) Supplementation to Diets on Duodenum and Ileum Histology in Broiler Chickens. Kocatepe Veterinary Journal. 2021; 14(4): 399-407.
Vancouver Güleş Ö. , Yıldız M. The Effect of Herbal Extract Mixture (Digestarom) Supplementation to Diets on Duodenum and Ileum Histology in Broiler Chickens. Kocatepe Veterinary Journal. 2021; 14(4): 399-407.
IEEE Ö. Güleş ve M. Yıldız , "The Effect of Herbal Extract Mixture (Digestarom) Supplementation to Diets on Duodenum and Ileum Histology in Broiler Chickens", Kocatepe Veterinary Journal, c. 14, sayı. 4, ss. 399-407, Ara. 2021, doi:10.30607/kvj.960196

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