Araştırma Makalesi
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Yıl 2020, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, 47 - 58, 31.01.2020

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Alabi AO, Cob ZC, Jones DA and Latchford JW (1999) Influence of algal exudates and bacteria on growth and survival of white shrimp larvae fed entirely on microencapsulated diets. Aquac Int .7,137– 158.
  • AOAC (2000) Official methods of analysis of Association of Analytical Chemist. 15th Edn. Washington DC.
  • Baskerville-Bridges B and Kling LJ (2000) Development and evaluation of microparticulate diets for early weaning of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) larvae. Aquac Nutr. 6,171– 182.
  • Bligh EG and Dyer WJ (1959) A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification, Canadian Journal of Biochemistry and Physiology 37, 911–917.
  • Boza JJ, Jimenez J, Martínez O, Suarez MD and Gil A (1994) Nutritional Value and Antigenicity of Two Milk Protein Hydrolysates in Rats and Guinea Pigs. The Journal of Nutritional 124,1978–1986.
  • Cahu CL and Zambonino Infante JL (1995a) Effect of the Molecular form of Dietary Nitrogen Supply in Sea Bass Larvae: Response of Pancreatic Enzymes and Intestinal Peptidases. Fish Physiol Biochem. 14,209–214.
  • Cahu CL and Zambonino Infante JL (1995b) Maturation of the Pancreatic and Intestinal Digestive Functions in Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax): Effect of Weaning with Different Protein Sources. Fish Physiol Biochem. 14,431–437.
  • Cahu, CL, Zambonino Infante JL, Quazuguel P and Le Gass MM (1999) Protein Hydrolysate vs. Fish Meal in Compound Diets for 10–day Old Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) Larvae. Aquaculture 171,109–119.
  • Carvalho AP, Oliva–Teles A and Bergot P (2003) A preliminary study on the molecular weight profile of soluble protein nitrogen in live food organisms for fish larvae. Aquaculture 225,445–449.
  • Diken G (2017) The use of some animal and vegetable protein sources in the microdiets of meagre (Argyrosomus regius Asso, 1801) larvae. Institute of Science. PhD Thesis, 454 pp, Isparta, Turkey.
  • Guthrie KM, Rust MB, Langdon CJ and Barrows FT (2000) Acceptability of various microparticulate diets to first-feeding walleye Stizostedion vitreum larvae. Aquac Nutr 6,153– 158.
  • Hamre K (2006) Nutrition in cod (Gadus morhua) larvae and juveniles, ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil 63(2), 267-274.
  • Heinen JM (1981) Evaluation of some binding agents for crustacean diets. Progressive Fish Culturist 43(3),142-145.
  • Kovalenko EE, D’Abramo LR, Ohs CL and Buddington RK (2002) A successful microbound diet for larval culture of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Aquaculture 210,385–395.
  • Kvale A, Yufera M, Nygard E, Aursland K, Harboe T and Hamre K (2006) Leaching properties of three different micropaticulate diets and preference of the diets in cod (Gadus morhua L.) larvae. Aquaculture 251,402-415.
  • Langdon CJ (1983) New techniques and their application to studies of bivalve nutrition. In: G.D. Pruder, C.J. Langdon and D. Conklin (Editors). Biochemical and Physiological Approaches to Shellfish Nutrition. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Aquaculture Nutrition, Rehoboth Beach, Delaware, October 1981. World Mariculture Society, Spec. Publ. 2, 305-320.
  • Lopez-Alvarado J, Langdon CJ, Teshima S and Kanazawa A (1994) Effects of coating and encapsulation of crystalline amino acids on leaching in larval feeds. Aquaculture 122, 335-346.
  • Lopez–Alvarado L and Kanazawa A (1995) Optimum Levels of Crystalline Amino Acids in Diets For Larval Red Sea Bream (Pagrus major). ICES Marine Science Symposia 201,100–105.
  • Naz M (2007) The changes in digestive enzymes and hormones of gilthead seabream larvae (Sparus aurata, L 1758) fed on Artemia nauplii enriched with different amino acids. PhD Thesis, Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, Turkey.
  • Naz M and Yúfera M (2012) Na–Alginat Mikrokapsüllerinin Biyokimyasal Kompozisyonları Üzerine Bir Çalışma. Journal of Fisheries Sciences 6,150–154.
  • Ozkizilcik S and Cahu FE (1996) Preparation and characterization of a complex microencapsulated diet for striped bass Morone saxatilis larvae. J. Microencapsul. 13, 331–343.
  • Ronnestad I, Conceicao LEC, Arago C and Dinis MT (2000) Free amino acids are absorbed faster and assimilated more efficiently than protein in postlarval Senegal sole (Solea senegalensis). J Nutr.130, 2809-2812.
  • SPSS (1993) SPSS for windows base system user’s guide, release 8.0.2.Chicago USA
  • Szlaminska M, Escaffre AM, Charlon N and Bergot P (1993) Preliminary data on semi synthetic diets for goldfish (Carassius auratus L.) larvae. In:Kaushik, S.J., Luquet, P. (Eds.), Fish Nutrition in Practice. INRA, Paris, pp.607-612.Les colloques, 61.
  • Yufera M, Kolkovski S, Fernandez-Diaz C and Dabrowski K (2003) Free amino acid leaching from protein-walled microencapsulated diet for fish larvae. Aquaculture 214,273-287.
  • Yufera M, Fernández-Díaz C and Pascual E (2005) Food microparticles for larval fish prepared by internal gelation. Aquaculture 245,253-262.
  • Zambonino Infante JL, Cahu CL and Peres A (1997) Partial substitution of di-and tripeptides for native proteins in sea bass diet improves Dicentrarchus labrax larval development. J Nutr. 127, 608-614.

DENİZ BALIKLARININ BESLENMESİNDE KULLANILAN TİCARİ MİKROYEMLER VE ALGİNAT ÜRETİM METODUYLA ÜRETİLEN MİKROYEMLERİN BESİNSEL KAYIPLARININ İN VİTRO OLARAK BELİRLENMESİ

Yıl 2020, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, 47 - 58, 31.01.2020

Öz

Mevcut çalışmada, deniz balıkları larvalarının beslenmesinde kullanılan ticari mikroyemler (Orange Start S (100-200µ), Caviar (200-300µ), Caviar (300-500µ) ve Orange Grow L (500-800µ)) ve laboratuar şartlarında alginat üretim metoduyla (100-200µ-200-300µ, 300-500µ ve 500-800µ) üretilen mikroyemlerin, biyokimyasal kompozisyonlarının, moleküler ağırlık profillerinin ve 4 farklı (1.dakka, 3.dakka, 5.dakka ve 15.dakka) zaman aralığındaki besinsel kayıplarının belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır.

Laboratuar ölçekli üretilen mikroyemlerin kül değerleri arasında istatistiksel farklılıklar gözlenmemiştir (p>0,05). Buna karşılık protein ve lipit değerleri arasındaki farklılıkların istatistiksel olarak önemli olduğu tespit edilmiştir (p<0,05). En yüksek ve en düşük kül, lipit ve protein değerleri sırasıyla %13,29±0,23-%11,43±0,74, %16,43±0,30-%13,68±0,08 ve %53,6±0,12- %50,85±0,89 olarak belirlenmiştir. Test edilen mikroyemlerin en yüksek ve en düşük moleküler ağırlık ve besinsel kayıplarının % dağılımları sırasıyla 2532>= Da ve 2532-13000 Da aralığında olduğu bulunmuştur. Mikroyemlerin 67000<=Da, 13700-67000 Da ve 2532-13000 Da’a ait moleküler ağırlık profillerinin ve besinsel kayıplarının %30’dan daha düşük olduğu belirlenmiştir.  

Çalışmanın sonuçları, 2532>= Da bakımından yüksek moleküler ağırlığa sahip hammaddelerin rasyonlarda kullanımı sonucunda kültür tanklarında yüksek oranlarda besinsel kayıplara neden olacağını ortaya koymuştur. Besinsel kayıpları açısından,  alginat mikroyemlerin, Orange Start S   (100-200µ) ve Orange Grow L (500-800µ)’den daha iyi bir performans sergileyebilecekleri, aynı zamanda Caviar (200-300µ) ve Caviar (300-500µ)’ı ikame edebileceği belirlenmiştir.

Kaynakça

  • Alabi AO, Cob ZC, Jones DA and Latchford JW (1999) Influence of algal exudates and bacteria on growth and survival of white shrimp larvae fed entirely on microencapsulated diets. Aquac Int .7,137– 158.
  • AOAC (2000) Official methods of analysis of Association of Analytical Chemist. 15th Edn. Washington DC.
  • Baskerville-Bridges B and Kling LJ (2000) Development and evaluation of microparticulate diets for early weaning of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) larvae. Aquac Nutr. 6,171– 182.
  • Bligh EG and Dyer WJ (1959) A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification, Canadian Journal of Biochemistry and Physiology 37, 911–917.
  • Boza JJ, Jimenez J, Martínez O, Suarez MD and Gil A (1994) Nutritional Value and Antigenicity of Two Milk Protein Hydrolysates in Rats and Guinea Pigs. The Journal of Nutritional 124,1978–1986.
  • Cahu CL and Zambonino Infante JL (1995a) Effect of the Molecular form of Dietary Nitrogen Supply in Sea Bass Larvae: Response of Pancreatic Enzymes and Intestinal Peptidases. Fish Physiol Biochem. 14,209–214.
  • Cahu CL and Zambonino Infante JL (1995b) Maturation of the Pancreatic and Intestinal Digestive Functions in Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax): Effect of Weaning with Different Protein Sources. Fish Physiol Biochem. 14,431–437.
  • Cahu, CL, Zambonino Infante JL, Quazuguel P and Le Gass MM (1999) Protein Hydrolysate vs. Fish Meal in Compound Diets for 10–day Old Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) Larvae. Aquaculture 171,109–119.
  • Carvalho AP, Oliva–Teles A and Bergot P (2003) A preliminary study on the molecular weight profile of soluble protein nitrogen in live food organisms for fish larvae. Aquaculture 225,445–449.
  • Diken G (2017) The use of some animal and vegetable protein sources in the microdiets of meagre (Argyrosomus regius Asso, 1801) larvae. Institute of Science. PhD Thesis, 454 pp, Isparta, Turkey.
  • Guthrie KM, Rust MB, Langdon CJ and Barrows FT (2000) Acceptability of various microparticulate diets to first-feeding walleye Stizostedion vitreum larvae. Aquac Nutr 6,153– 158.
  • Hamre K (2006) Nutrition in cod (Gadus morhua) larvae and juveniles, ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil 63(2), 267-274.
  • Heinen JM (1981) Evaluation of some binding agents for crustacean diets. Progressive Fish Culturist 43(3),142-145.
  • Kovalenko EE, D’Abramo LR, Ohs CL and Buddington RK (2002) A successful microbound diet for larval culture of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Aquaculture 210,385–395.
  • Kvale A, Yufera M, Nygard E, Aursland K, Harboe T and Hamre K (2006) Leaching properties of three different micropaticulate diets and preference of the diets in cod (Gadus morhua L.) larvae. Aquaculture 251,402-415.
  • Langdon CJ (1983) New techniques and their application to studies of bivalve nutrition. In: G.D. Pruder, C.J. Langdon and D. Conklin (Editors). Biochemical and Physiological Approaches to Shellfish Nutrition. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Aquaculture Nutrition, Rehoboth Beach, Delaware, October 1981. World Mariculture Society, Spec. Publ. 2, 305-320.
  • Lopez-Alvarado J, Langdon CJ, Teshima S and Kanazawa A (1994) Effects of coating and encapsulation of crystalline amino acids on leaching in larval feeds. Aquaculture 122, 335-346.
  • Lopez–Alvarado L and Kanazawa A (1995) Optimum Levels of Crystalline Amino Acids in Diets For Larval Red Sea Bream (Pagrus major). ICES Marine Science Symposia 201,100–105.
  • Naz M (2007) The changes in digestive enzymes and hormones of gilthead seabream larvae (Sparus aurata, L 1758) fed on Artemia nauplii enriched with different amino acids. PhD Thesis, Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, Turkey.
  • Naz M and Yúfera M (2012) Na–Alginat Mikrokapsüllerinin Biyokimyasal Kompozisyonları Üzerine Bir Çalışma. Journal of Fisheries Sciences 6,150–154.
  • Ozkizilcik S and Cahu FE (1996) Preparation and characterization of a complex microencapsulated diet for striped bass Morone saxatilis larvae. J. Microencapsul. 13, 331–343.
  • Ronnestad I, Conceicao LEC, Arago C and Dinis MT (2000) Free amino acids are absorbed faster and assimilated more efficiently than protein in postlarval Senegal sole (Solea senegalensis). J Nutr.130, 2809-2812.
  • SPSS (1993) SPSS for windows base system user’s guide, release 8.0.2.Chicago USA
  • Szlaminska M, Escaffre AM, Charlon N and Bergot P (1993) Preliminary data on semi synthetic diets for goldfish (Carassius auratus L.) larvae. In:Kaushik, S.J., Luquet, P. (Eds.), Fish Nutrition in Practice. INRA, Paris, pp.607-612.Les colloques, 61.
  • Yufera M, Kolkovski S, Fernandez-Diaz C and Dabrowski K (2003) Free amino acid leaching from protein-walled microencapsulated diet for fish larvae. Aquaculture 214,273-287.
  • Yufera M, Fernández-Díaz C and Pascual E (2005) Food microparticles for larval fish prepared by internal gelation. Aquaculture 245,253-262.
  • Zambonino Infante JL, Cahu CL and Peres A (1997) Partial substitution of di-and tripeptides for native proteins in sea bass diet improves Dicentrarchus labrax larval development. J Nutr. 127, 608-614.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Deniz ve Tatlı Su Biyolojisi
Bölüm Research Articles
Yazarlar

Mahmut Can KUŞÇU Bu kişi benim
İSKENDERUN TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MÜHENDİSLİK VE FEN BİLİMLERİ ENSTİTÜSÜ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ TEMEL BİLİMLERİ (YL) (TEZLİ)
Türkiye


Mehmet NAZ> (Sorumlu Yazar)
İSKENDERUN TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-5129-8498
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Ocak 2020
Gönderilme Tarihi 25 Ekim 2019
Kabul Tarihi 8 Ocak 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 3, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Kuşçu, M. C. & Naz, M. (2020). DENİZ BALIKLARININ BESLENMESİNDE KULLANILAN TİCARİ MİKROYEMLER VE ALGİNAT ÜRETİM METODUYLA ÜRETİLEN MİKROYEMLERİN BESİNSEL KAYIPLARININ İN VİTRO OLARAK BELİRLENMESİ . Mediterranean Fisheries and Aquaculture Research , 3 (1) , 47-58 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/medfar/issue/52185/638469

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