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Does Self-Esteem Really Matter? Determining the Role of Self-Esteem in Cynical-Silent Employees

Yıl 2021, Cilt 16, Sayı 3, 615 - 637, 01.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.17153/oguiibf.901024

Öz

The aim of this paper is twofold. First, it was aimed to determine whether there are positive associations between cynicism and acquiescent and defensive silence, and negative association between cynicism and prosocial silence. Second, drawing on behavioral plasticity theory, potential moderating effects of self-esteem in the predicted associations were explored. A quantitative research was designed, and 522 employees included in the research. Even though self-esteem had a moderating effect on cynical-prosocial silent employees, and unlike the behavioral plasticity theory it did not have any critical buffer role. Within the context of current study, therefore, it has been concluded that self-esteem is not as significant as it has been exaggerated in the literature.

Kaynakça

  • Abraham, R, (2000), “Organizational Cynicism: Bases and Consequences”, Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs, Vol. 126, No. 3: 269-92.
  • Akbolat, M., Işık, O., & Kahraman, G. (2014), “Sağlık Çalışanlarının Sinik Davranışlar Gösterme Eğilimi”, Kastamonu Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, C. 4, S. 2: 84-95.
  • Altınöz, M., Çakıroğlu, D., Çöp, S., & Kahraman, E. (2017), “Örgütsel Sessizliğin Ögütsel Sinizm üzerine Etkisi: Bir Alan Araştırması”, Electronic Journal of Vocational Colleges, C.7, S. 2: 73-79.
  • Amah, O. E. &, Okafor, C. A. (2008), “Relationships Among Silence Climate, Employee Silence Behaviour and Work Attitudes: The Role of Self-Esteem and Locus of Control”, Asian Journal of Scientific Research, Vol. 1, No. 1: 1-11.
  • Andersson, L. M., & Bateman, T. S. (1997), “Cynicism in the workplace: some causes and effects”, Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 18, No. 5: 449-469. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1379(199709)18:5<449::AID-JOB808>3.0.CO;2-O.
  • Bagheri, G., Zarei, R., & Aeen, M. N. (2012), “Organizational Silence: Basic Concepts and Its Development Factors”, Ideal Type of Management, Vol. 1, No. 1: 47-58.
  • Battle, J. (1978), “Relationship between Self-Esteem and Depression”, Psychological Reports, Vol. 42, No. 3: 745-746. doi:10.2466/pr0.1978.42.3.745.
  • Baumeister, R. F., Campbell, J. D., Krueger, J. I., & Vohs, K. D. (2003), “Does High Self-Esteem Cause Better Performance, Interpersonal Success, Happiness, or Healthier Lifestyles?”, Psychological Science in the Public Interest, Vol. 4, No. 1: 1-44. https://doi.org/10.1111%2F1529-1006.01431.
  • Bowen, F., & Blackmon, K. (2003), “Spirals of Silence: The Dynamic Effects of Diversity on Organizational Voice”, Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 40, No. 6: 1393-1417. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-6486.00385.
  • Brockner, J. (1988), “Issues in organization and management series. Self-esteem at work: Research, theory, and practice”, Lexington Books/D. C. Heath and Com.
  • Çakıcı, A. (2007), “Örgütlerde Sessizlik: Sessizliğin Teorik Temelleri ve Dinamikleri”, Ç.Ü. Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, C. 16, S. 1: 145-162.
  • Cartwright, S., & Holmes, N. (2006), “The meaning of work: The challenge of regaining employee engagement and reducing cynicism”, Human Resource Management Review, Vol. 16, No. 2: 199-208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrmr.2006.03.012.
  • Çaylak, E., & Altuntaş, S. (2017), “Organizational Silence Among Nurses: The Impact on Organizational Cynicism and Intention to Leave Work”, Journal of Nursing Research, Vol. 25, No. 2: 90-98 doi: 10.1097/JNR.0000000000000139.
  • Chiaburu, D. S., Peng, A. C., Oh, İ. S., Banks, G. C., & Lomeli, L. C. (2013), “Antecedents and consequences of employee organizational cynicism: A meta-analysis”, Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol. 83, No. 2: 181-197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2013.03.007.
  • Crocker, J., & Luhtanen, R. K. (2003), “Level of Self-Esteem and Contingencies of Self-Worth: Unique Effects on Academic, Social, and Financial Problems in College Students”, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 29, No. 6: 701-712. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0146167203029006003.
  • Crocker, J., & Park, L. E. (2004), “The Costly Pursuit of Self-Esteem”, Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 130, No. 3: 392–414. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.130.3.392.
  • Çuhadaroğlu, F. (1986), “Adolesanlarda Benlik Saygısı”, Uzmanlık Tezi, Hacettepe Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Psikiyatri Anabilim Dalı, Ankara.
  • De los Santos, J. A. A., Rosales, R. A., Falguera, C. C., Firmo, C. N., Tsaras, K., & Labrague, L. J. (2020), “Impact of organizational silence and favoritism on nurse's work outcomes and psychological well‐being”, Nursing Forum, Vol. 55, No. 4: 782– 792. https://doi.org/10.1111/nuf.12496.
  • Dean, J. W., Brandes, P., & Dharwadkar, R. (1998), “Organizational Cynicism”, The Academy of Management Review, Vol.23, No. 2: 341-352. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.1998.533230.
  • Demirtaş, Z., Özdemir, T. Y., & Küçük, Ö. (2016), “Okulların Bürokratik Yapısı, Örgütsel Sessizlik ve Örgütsel Sinizm Arasındaki İlişki”, Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Yönetimi, C. 22, S. 2: 193-216.
  • Diener E., & Diener M. (2009), “Cross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem”, Culture and Well-Being. Social Indicators Research Series, (Ed. E. Diener) Vol. 38, Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2352-0_4.
  • Dyne, L.V., Ang, S., & Botero, I.C. (2003), “Conceptualizing Employee Silence and Employee Voice as Multidimensional Constructs”, Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 40, No. 6: 1359-1392. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-6486.00384.
  • Erdoğdu, M. (2018), “Effect of Organizational Justice Behaviors on Organizational Silence and Cynicism: A Research on Academics from Schools of Physical Education and Sports”, Universal Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 6, No. 4: 733-741. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2018.060416.
  • Farjam, S., Almodarresi, S. M. A., Pirvali, E., Saberi, H., & Malekpour, S. (2018), “The mediator effect of occupational burnout on the relationship between organizational cynicism and organizational silence (Case of study: employees of Farokhshahr social security organization hospital)”, Revista Publicando, Vol. 15, No. 2: 1136-1159.
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Benlik Saygısı Gerçekten Önemli midir? Sinik-Sessiz Çalışanlarda Benlik Saygısının Belirlenmesi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 16, Sayı 3, 615 - 637, 01.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.17153/oguiibf.901024

Öz

Bu çalışmanın iki amacı bulunmaktadır. İlk olarak, sinizm ile kabullenici ve savunmacı sessizlik arasında pozitif ve sinizm ile özgeci sessizlik arasındaki negatif ilişkilerin olup olmadığını tespit etmek amaçlanmıştır. İkincisi, davranışsal esneklik teorisine dayanarak tahmin edilen ilişkilerde benlik saygısının potansiyel düzenleyici etkileri araştırılmıştır. Nicel bir araştırma tasarlanmış ve araştırmaya 522 çalışan dahil edilmiştir. Her ne kadar benlik saygısının sinik-özgeci sessiz çalışanlar üzerinde düzenleyicisi etkisi olsa da davranışsal esneklik teorisinin aksine, kritik bir tampon rolünün olmadığı gözlemlenmiştir. Bu nedenle mevcut çalışma bağlamında, benlik saygısının literatürde abartıldığı ölçüde kayda değer olmadığı sonucuna varılmıştır.

Kaynakça

  • Abraham, R, (2000), “Organizational Cynicism: Bases and Consequences”, Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs, Vol. 126, No. 3: 269-92.
  • Akbolat, M., Işık, O., & Kahraman, G. (2014), “Sağlık Çalışanlarının Sinik Davranışlar Gösterme Eğilimi”, Kastamonu Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, C. 4, S. 2: 84-95.
  • Altınöz, M., Çakıroğlu, D., Çöp, S., & Kahraman, E. (2017), “Örgütsel Sessizliğin Ögütsel Sinizm üzerine Etkisi: Bir Alan Araştırması”, Electronic Journal of Vocational Colleges, C.7, S. 2: 73-79.
  • Amah, O. E. &, Okafor, C. A. (2008), “Relationships Among Silence Climate, Employee Silence Behaviour and Work Attitudes: The Role of Self-Esteem and Locus of Control”, Asian Journal of Scientific Research, Vol. 1, No. 1: 1-11.
  • Andersson, L. M., & Bateman, T. S. (1997), “Cynicism in the workplace: some causes and effects”, Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 18, No. 5: 449-469. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1379(199709)18:5<449::AID-JOB808>3.0.CO;2-O.
  • Bagheri, G., Zarei, R., & Aeen, M. N. (2012), “Organizational Silence: Basic Concepts and Its Development Factors”, Ideal Type of Management, Vol. 1, No. 1: 47-58.
  • Battle, J. (1978), “Relationship between Self-Esteem and Depression”, Psychological Reports, Vol. 42, No. 3: 745-746. doi:10.2466/pr0.1978.42.3.745.
  • Baumeister, R. F., Campbell, J. D., Krueger, J. I., & Vohs, K. D. (2003), “Does High Self-Esteem Cause Better Performance, Interpersonal Success, Happiness, or Healthier Lifestyles?”, Psychological Science in the Public Interest, Vol. 4, No. 1: 1-44. https://doi.org/10.1111%2F1529-1006.01431.
  • Bowen, F., & Blackmon, K. (2003), “Spirals of Silence: The Dynamic Effects of Diversity on Organizational Voice”, Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 40, No. 6: 1393-1417. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-6486.00385.
  • Brockner, J. (1988), “Issues in organization and management series. Self-esteem at work: Research, theory, and practice”, Lexington Books/D. C. Heath and Com.
  • Çakıcı, A. (2007), “Örgütlerde Sessizlik: Sessizliğin Teorik Temelleri ve Dinamikleri”, Ç.Ü. Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, C. 16, S. 1: 145-162.
  • Cartwright, S., & Holmes, N. (2006), “The meaning of work: The challenge of regaining employee engagement and reducing cynicism”, Human Resource Management Review, Vol. 16, No. 2: 199-208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrmr.2006.03.012.
  • Çaylak, E., & Altuntaş, S. (2017), “Organizational Silence Among Nurses: The Impact on Organizational Cynicism and Intention to Leave Work”, Journal of Nursing Research, Vol. 25, No. 2: 90-98 doi: 10.1097/JNR.0000000000000139.
  • Chiaburu, D. S., Peng, A. C., Oh, İ. S., Banks, G. C., & Lomeli, L. C. (2013), “Antecedents and consequences of employee organizational cynicism: A meta-analysis”, Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol. 83, No. 2: 181-197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2013.03.007.
  • Crocker, J., & Luhtanen, R. K. (2003), “Level of Self-Esteem and Contingencies of Self-Worth: Unique Effects on Academic, Social, and Financial Problems in College Students”, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 29, No. 6: 701-712. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0146167203029006003.
  • Crocker, J., & Park, L. E. (2004), “The Costly Pursuit of Self-Esteem”, Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 130, No. 3: 392–414. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.130.3.392.
  • Çuhadaroğlu, F. (1986), “Adolesanlarda Benlik Saygısı”, Uzmanlık Tezi, Hacettepe Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Psikiyatri Anabilim Dalı, Ankara.
  • De los Santos, J. A. A., Rosales, R. A., Falguera, C. C., Firmo, C. N., Tsaras, K., & Labrague, L. J. (2020), “Impact of organizational silence and favoritism on nurse's work outcomes and psychological well‐being”, Nursing Forum, Vol. 55, No. 4: 782– 792. https://doi.org/10.1111/nuf.12496.
  • Dean, J. W., Brandes, P., & Dharwadkar, R. (1998), “Organizational Cynicism”, The Academy of Management Review, Vol.23, No. 2: 341-352. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.1998.533230.
  • Demirtaş, Z., Özdemir, T. Y., & Küçük, Ö. (2016), “Okulların Bürokratik Yapısı, Örgütsel Sessizlik ve Örgütsel Sinizm Arasındaki İlişki”, Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Yönetimi, C. 22, S. 2: 193-216.
  • Diener E., & Diener M. (2009), “Cross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem”, Culture and Well-Being. Social Indicators Research Series, (Ed. E. Diener) Vol. 38, Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2352-0_4.
  • Dyne, L.V., Ang, S., & Botero, I.C. (2003), “Conceptualizing Employee Silence and Employee Voice as Multidimensional Constructs”, Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 40, No. 6: 1359-1392. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-6486.00384.
  • Erdoğdu, M. (2018), “Effect of Organizational Justice Behaviors on Organizational Silence and Cynicism: A Research on Academics from Schools of Physical Education and Sports”, Universal Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 6, No. 4: 733-741. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2018.060416.
  • Farjam, S., Almodarresi, S. M. A., Pirvali, E., Saberi, H., & Malekpour, S. (2018), “The mediator effect of occupational burnout on the relationship between organizational cynicism and organizational silence (Case of study: employees of Farokhshahr social security organization hospital)”, Revista Publicando, Vol. 15, No. 2: 1136-1159.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Osman USLU (Sorumlu Yazar)
SAKARYA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-0571-6281
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Aralık 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 22 Mart 2021
Kabul Tarihi 29 Mayıs 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 16, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

APA Uslu, O. (2021). Does Self-Esteem Really Matter? Determining the Role of Self-Esteem in Cynical-Silent Employees . Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi , 16 (3) , 615-637 . DOI: 10.17153/oguiibf.901024