Yıl 2016, Cilt 31 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 321 - 331 2016-10-23

Yerel ceviz çeşidinde (Juglans regia L.) abiyotik stres faktörlerine karşı dayanıklılık mekanizmasının belirlenmesi
Determining of resistance mechanism against abiotic stress factories in native walnut variety (Juglans regia L.)

Nezahat Turfan [1]


Bu çalışmada yerel ceviz (Juglans regia) genotipinin farklı abiyotik stres faktörlerine karşı tepkisi araştırılmıştır. Bunun için 5 L hacminde 2:2:1 oranında harç (torf:bahçe toprağı:kum) karışımı içeren saksılarda yetiştirilen 5-6 yapraklı ceviz fidanlarına tuz (75, 150 ve 225 mM NaCl), ağır metal (2 mg/L FeCl3, NiCl2 ve ZnCl2), kireç (2 g/L CaCO3), fabrika baca tozu (2 g/L) ve kurak (%50) stresi uygulamaları altı hafta süresince uygulanmıştır. Uygulamalardan sonra toplanan yaprak örneklerinde fotosentetik pigment, protein, prolin miktarı, malondialdehit (MDA) ve hidrojen peroksit (H2O2) konsantrasyonu, APx, CAT ve SOD aktiviteleri ölçülmüştür. Bulgulara göre klorofil b, toplam klorofil ve karotenoit miktarı kireç ve ağır metal uygulamasında; protein demir, baca tozu ve çinko uygulamasında; prolin, H2O2, APx ve SOD değerleri tüm stres uygulamalarında; CAT değeri çinko, nikel ve kireç uygulamalarında yüksek bulunmuştur. MDA içeriği ise kireç uygulamasında yüksek, diğer gruplarda düşüktür. Sonuç olarak yerel ceviz genotipi, tuz konsantrasyonları ve kuraklığa duyarlı; ağır metal toksisitesine toleranslı ve fabrika baca tozu ve CaCO3 uygulamalarına ise orta derecede toleranslı bulunmuştur.
This study investigated the reactions of native walnut genotype (Juglans regia L.) against different abiotic stress factors. For this purpose, 5-6 leaves seedlings grown in the plastic pots having the mixture of peat, garden soil and sand (2:2:1) were treated with salinity (75, 150 and 225 mM NaCl), heavy metals (2 mg/L FeCl3, NiCl2 and ZnCl2), lime (2 g/L CaCO3), pollution (2 g/L factory flue dust) and drought (50%) for six weeks. After the treatments, photosynthetic pigment, proline, total soluble protein, peroxidation level (MDA-malondialdehyde), H2O2, APx, CAT and SOD activities in the leaf samples were analysed. Results showed that chlorophyll b and total chlorophyll and carotenoids were highest for the lime and heavy metals treatments, whereas total soluble protein was highest for iron, zinc and factory flue dust treatments. CAT activity was highest for zinc, nickel and lime treatments, while proline, H2O2 concentration, APx and SOD activity were highest for all treatments. Lipid peroxidation level (malondialdehyde-MDA) starch showed an increase only with the lime treated leaves but it was lower with other treatments. In conclusion, the results indicate that the studied walnut genotype is much tolerant for heavy metal toxicity while it is susceptible to salinity concentrations and drought. In addition, walnut variety shows medium tolerance against the factory flue dust and lime.
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Bölüm Bahçe Bitkileri
Yazarlar

Yazar: Nezahat Turfan

Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 23 Ekim 2016

Bibtex @ { omuanajas269984, journal = {Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1308-8750}, eissn = {1308-8769}, address = {}, publisher = {Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi}, year = {2016}, volume = {31}, pages = {321 - 331}, doi = {10.7161/omuanajas.269984}, title = {Yerel ceviz çeşidinde (Juglans regia L.) abiyotik stres faktörlerine karşı dayanıklılık mekanizmasının belirlenmesi}, key = {cite}, author = {Turfan, Nezahat} }
APA Turfan, N . (2016). Yerel ceviz çeşidinde (Juglans regia L.) abiyotik stres faktörlerine karşı dayanıklılık mekanizmasının belirlenmesi. Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi , 31 (3) , 321-331 . DOI: 10.7161/omuanajas.269984
MLA Turfan, N . "Yerel ceviz çeşidinde (Juglans regia L.) abiyotik stres faktörlerine karşı dayanıklılık mekanizmasının belirlenmesi". Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 31 (2016 ): 321-331 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/omuanajas/issue/25593/269984>
Chicago Turfan, N . "Yerel ceviz çeşidinde (Juglans regia L.) abiyotik stres faktörlerine karşı dayanıklılık mekanizmasının belirlenmesi". Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 31 (2016 ): 321-331
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Yerel ceviz çeşidinde (Juglans regia L.) abiyotik stres faktörlerine karşı dayanıklılık mekanizmasının belirlenmesi AU - Nezahat Turfan Y1 - 2016 PY - 2016 N1 - doi: 10.7161/omuanajas.269984 DO - 10.7161/omuanajas.269984 T2 - Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 321 EP - 331 VL - 31 IS - 3 SN - 1308-8750-1308-8769 M3 - doi: 10.7161/omuanajas.269984 UR - https://doi.org/10.7161/omuanajas.269984 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi Yerel ceviz çeşidinde (Juglans regia L.) abiyotik stres faktörlerine karşı dayanıklılık mekanizmasının belirlenmesi %A Nezahat Turfan %T Yerel ceviz çeşidinde (Juglans regia L.) abiyotik stres faktörlerine karşı dayanıklılık mekanizmasının belirlenmesi %D 2016 %J Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1308-8750-1308-8769 %V 31 %N 3 %R doi: 10.7161/omuanajas.269984 %U 10.7161/omuanajas.269984
ISNAD Turfan, Nezahat . "Yerel ceviz çeşidinde (Juglans regia L.) abiyotik stres faktörlerine karşı dayanıklılık mekanizmasının belirlenmesi". Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 31 / 3 (Ekim 2016): 321-331 . https://doi.org/10.7161/omuanajas.269984
AMA Turfan N . Yerel ceviz çeşidinde (Juglans regia L.) abiyotik stres faktörlerine karşı dayanıklılık mekanizmasının belirlenmesi. Anadolu Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2016; 31(3): 321-331.
Vancouver Turfan N . Yerel ceviz çeşidinde (Juglans regia L.) abiyotik stres faktörlerine karşı dayanıklılık mekanizmasının belirlenmesi. Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi. 2016; 31(3): 331-321.